The Algerian people's Democratic Republic, a country in North Africa. In Arabic sounds like al-Cezair ("Islands"); this name owes its origin to a small island near the capital, the port city of Algeria. The special geographical conditions of Algeria is the Sahara desert is the most famous and mysterious desert in the world, since ancient times attracted the attention of thousands of travellers and researchers. Like many other attractions in Algeria: the numerous ruins of ancient cities of the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans and Byzantines. The main part of the population is concentrated in the highlands, although quite a large number of people live in the Sahara desert. Quite a long time, Algeria was a French colony, which explains the wide spread of the French language and culture in the country. Now Algeria - people's Democratic Republic, which has the basic characteristics of constitutional government: the Constitution, multi-party system, the judicial system. Although Algeria is rather the Muslim world, religion is very ambiguous, and underscores the diversity of the image of the country. In economic terms, Algeria is a well developed country, a greater role in developing countries have oil and gas sectors.
For entry into the country you need a visa agreement. Also, you must consider currency exchange and customs fees.
In General, Algeria is an attractive destination with many tourists. Stay in this country prepares to each lasting impression and a lot of new discoveries.
A country in North Africa. On the North it is washed by the Mediterranean sea. On the East it borders with Tunisia and Libya, on the South by Niger, Mali and Mauritania in the West to Morocco. The area of the country 2381741 sq. km.
Algeria has four main physical regions. In the North, stretching along the coast and going South from 80 to 190 km, is tel consisting of narrow valleys, ending part of the Atlas mountain range. In the Atlas mountains originates main river of the country Calif, which flows into the Mediterranean sea. South's rivers almost none. Further South lies the second region is a High Plateau, several depressions which in the rainy season form small lakes. When dry they turn into the salty area, called the SCHOTT or Chott. The third region - Saharan part of the Atlas mountains. Fourth, occupying more than 90% of the country, - the Algerian Sahara: a stone desert. In the South region are mount Ahaggar and the highest point of Algeria mount Tahat (3003 m).
The country's capital is the ancient city of Algeria, lying amphitheatre in the hills near the Bay of the same name. Most of the buildings built of light construction material, give the city an elegant look. Original Arabic Kasbah in the old part of town with a bizarre mess of narrow streets and one-story houses with flat roofs, slim mosques and other buildings in the Oriental style. Among them are built in the XVII century mosque-tomb of Sidd Abdurrahman and the Jami al-Jadid.
But if anyone dares to visit Algeria, I do it mostly to see the Kasbah (old town), the only one of its kind remaining on Earth. Full dark dead ends and alleys, mysterious city, the heart of Algeria. Stranger and incurious it shows only blank walls. But, populated and alive, these old quarters remained unchanged since the sixteenth century. This is the world of the middle ages, a world where every step face night and day, shadow and light.
Another gem in the necklace of the Algerian rarities - Constantine, one of the most beautiful and unusual cities in the world. Located on the North-East of the country, relatively close to the border with Tunisia. The city suddenly comes up and coming from behind the pile of rocks, gorges and steep cliffs.
Once the turbulent river Rummel carved into the rocks of the island. On the island there was a city - Xantic. The river had gone, leaving the eternal companion of him the space to the right and left, top and bottom. Our swallow's Nest very vaguely resembles this flying above the ground of the city. One of the streets is called: "the Boulevard of the Abyss". And Constantine joke: "all cities crows shitting on people, and Constantine - the people at Raven".
Additional area attractions - the healing power Hammam Mascoutin. They say it heals all diseases (including diabetes). The water is very hot after the Icelandic geysers - 98 degrees. Travellers are recommended to take raw eggs to eat, cook at the source. For unbelievers, pre Anousheh in the source arm or leg, there is a medical center.
For centuries Algeria was ruled by Rome (42 - 429), vandals (429 - 534), the Byzantines. The Muslim Arabs appeared in North Africa in the seventh century They spread Islam, Arab culture and language. In the XVI century. Algeria was conquered by the Turks and became part of the Ottoman Empire. From 1830 to 1962, Algeria was a French colony. Political independence was attained after eight years of bloody war in July 1962
Beautiful white city, situated amphitheatrically on the slope of Djurdjura, stretching along the coast on 16 km.
The town is surrounded by green gardens, parks and boulevards. Its multi-storey blocks are built up zdaniami villas. Above the town rises the Catholic Cathedral of Notre-Dame daric, the dome of which is seen far from the sea.
Preserved Kasbah (fortress) - old Muslim area with a bizarre mess of narrow streets and one-story houses with flat roofs, slim mosques and other buildings in the Oriental style. There are built in the XVII century mosque-tomb of Sidd Abdarrahman the Jami al-Jadid, "old town", the Museum of ancient history and antiquity, the mosque-tomb of Sidd Abdurrahman and the Jami al-Jadid.
Algeria is the largest port, economic and cultural center. In Algeria are the nation's oldest University, national library, Museum of fine arts, antique and medieval art, ancient history and Ethnography, and a large Botanical garden.
The city Tipasa located near Algeria, is an ancient Punic trading-item Mediterranean, conquered by the Romans and transformed into a strategic base for the conquest of the kingdoms of Mauritania. Currently, there is a unique group of buildings of the Roman, early Christian, Byzantine origin, located next to the local monuments - KBOR er, Rumia and great Royal mausoleum of Mauritania.
Constantine - "Eastern capital" of Algeria, the third largest city (750 thousand inhabitants), located in the mountains, on both sides of a deep gorge. The Museum Cirta in Constantine is famous for its archaeological exhibits. The old city walls built by the Arabs of the sculptures of the Roman period.
The climate of Algeria in the Northern part of the subtropical. Here the average annual temperature is +16 C. the Average January temperature is +5-12 C, July - 25 C, rainfall of up to 1200 mm in the mountains and 200-400 mm in the plains. The Central and southern parts of the country, with a tropical climate, occupied by the Sahara desert, where the average daily temperature fluctuations reach +30 C, and rainfall is less than 50 mm per year. Frequent dust storms and dry wind from the desert regions.
Behind Moscow in the summer - 3 hours in winter and 2 hours.
Language Arabic, French.
Algerian Dinar, equal to 100 centimes. Walking other currencies Smoking, use of credit cards and tourist travellers cheques difficult, is possible only in the capital. Currency exchange can be made only in banks and official exchange offices.
The validity of the visa is 30 days. Consular fee - $ 8). USA. Visa-free transit is not permitted. When crossing the border must present a passport with entry visa and filled the card, which shall include: full NAME, gender, date and place of birth, nationality, occupation, address of permanent place of residence, passport number, time and place of its issuance, the points EN route, the address of stay in the host country. In the case of entry with children on the reverse side of the card indicates their surnames, first names, date and place of birth. Russian citizens arriving for longer than 3 months, are registered in the local police with the card "residence permit", paying 400 dinars, arrived for a period up to 3 months - only register. Due to the complex situation in ALGERIA and special stay moving is permitted only when accompanied by armed guards. When importing Pets must present a veterinary certificate with the stamp of vaccination.
To photograph the colorful local population is difficult: do not waste words, "population" turns his back. Surprised this is only the profane. Enough to see the Muslim burial - at the graves do not specify dates, names and surnames. Only shards of the broken jug remind leaked lives, which should not remain a single reminder. At birth man bought HIS jug. The time has gone. The pitcher of life filled - it can only be split.
The knowledge of the religion of other Nations helps, at least, to avoid unpleasant situations. So, if the shop you will be in close proximity to the person whose not fragrant head is full of sand, then your displeasure will be felt by others very unfriendly.
Prayer should start after washing - cleanliness, according to the Qur'an, is half of faith. If water is not close, its function performs the sand. And your neighbor is much more clean than you, for he is a pure soul.
Traditional cuisine Algeria
Kitchen in Algeria has a great variety. On hot very popular hubset with cheese and spinach, or torta with meat, pies, potatoes, baked in a white sauce, with many different seasonings.
Very popular in Algeria are fish dishes. Fish fry, soar, stuffed, baked in a variety of sauces and seasonings. Prepared mainly marine fish, although not rare, and dishes of river fish. Especially popular couscous with fish.
The country produces many wines. This is mainly pink and red table wines. On the territory of Algeria grapes have existed since ancient times. The mention of wine within it belongs to the era of the Roman Empire.
Political system Algeria
State - the Republic (in fact, the military regime). The head of state is the President. The head of government is the Prime Minister. The highest legislative body - the Parliament (unicameral National people's Assembly). Algeria is a member of the UN, the IMF, the OAU, the Arab League, OPEC.
31 million people.
The import of foreign currency is unlimited (Declaration required). At the entrance is currency convertible currency equivalent to 1000 Algerian Dinara. Failure to comply with the minimum rules of the currency will lead to the refusal of the customs service in the implementation of customs formalities. Violation of exchange rules is punishable by law, up to criminal liability. Permitted the export of foreign currency. It is necessary to present the Declaration for entry into the country, to check for exchange, held in Algeria on currency exchange operations, leaving valuable items declared when entering the country. Persons not living in Algeria, are obliged to pay for the tickets in convertible currency at the official exchange rate of the local Dinara. Allowed duty-free importation (per person): cigarettes - 200 PCs 100 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 250 grams. tobacco one brand, 2 litres of wine or 1 liter of spirits, 50g of perfume or 250, free water, 5 films, 5 video and 5 audio cassettes, 1 carpet, personal jewellery and articles of gold, platinum and silver (filing required), valuable items required to work within the necessary things home items within personal needs. Prohibited: narcotics, pornographic literature, weapons and ammunition, documentaries, recorded videotapes and other items, contrary to good taste, local mores and morals, animals and plants, endangered species, classic artwork. By special permission of the relevant authorities are: movies, photo and video tapes, seeds and plants (required phytosanitary certificate), works of art, objects of archaeological value (mandatory certification bodies culture, art and historical documents (requires permission of the Committee of the National people's Assembly).
Medical aid Algeria
Medical care is paid.
Passenger transport by rail and bus. 4 daily trains run from Algeria in Oran, one of Algeria in Esch-Shelef, one from Oran in Tlemcen, and two night from Algeria in the sights of Annaba and Constantine. Railways in laghouat and Biskra not function. In Tunisia and Morocco trains no. The train is more expensive than the bus, but is faster, for example, from Algeria in Oran - 4.5 hours. Buses are the main means of transportation of Algerians, because the ticket prices are not so high - one Dinar per one kilometer. In the direction of Algeria - the sights of Annaba because of the danger of terrorism buses at night do not go. Roads everywhere good quality.
Electric network corresponds to Russia's standard 220 volts. Plugs and sockets in the main correspond to Russia, where appropriate adapter for western outlets is available at local hotels and shops.
You should not experiment with clothes, otherwise you can be a participant in the scene, when trembling with rage Algerians can "tear" the Europeans, whose clothes sewn coins. For them it is an insult and blasphemy. Because the prophet Mohammed was a merchant, and the profession is in the Muslim world is considered honorable and decent, and money have earned great respect.