Austria - mountains and lakes; many beautiful landscapes; castles, palaces and monasteries; historic towns; varied cuisine, as well as theaters, opera houses, concert halls; friendly people; possible physical culture and sports, family holidays ... The capital of Austria - Vienna - a city of waltzes and parks. In Vienna, a huge number of hotels of any class. Feature of the center of Vienna - the numerous monuments to composers who lived here ...
Austria is located in the heart of Europe. In the north of the country borders with the Czech Republic, in the north-east - with Slovakia in the east - with Hungary, in the south - with Slovenia, Italy and Switzerland, in the west - with Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Germany. Most of the territory occupied by the Alps and their foothills, the highest point - the city of the Grossglockner (3797 m). The total area of the country is 83.8 thousand square kilometers.
In Austria, considered the most beautiful country in Central Europe, tourists are attracted by the beauty of Vienna and the famous ski resorts, as well as the picturesque alpine village of Tyrol, magnificent national parks and "Lake District" in the west of the country.
Vienna is located in a picturesque area of the middle reaches of the Danube and surrounded by beautiful ridges of the Vienna Woods - one of the most beautiful cities in the world and the "musical capital of Europe." Merge many cultures over the centuries has created here a unique architecture that was badly damaged during the Second World War, but almost completely rebuilt hardworking crowns.
Symbol of the city - St. Stephen's Cathedral (Stephansdom), the patron saint of the capital of Austria. Cathedral for over 800 years. Under the cathedral are ancient catacombs - the burial place of the representatives of the Habsburg dynasty, its interior decoration just charmingly beautiful, and its spire is embedded Turkish cannonball released to the Cathedral during the Turkish siege of the city in the XVI century. On the walls you can see the Stephansdom measures of length, size and weight, which in the Middle Ages was checked when buying goods, and with its observation deck offers a magnificent view over the Danube and Vienna. On the contrary, the cathedral is a beautiful area and Shtefansplatts postmodern glass building commercial center Haas House. Departs from the square Graben, "the heart of the city", another symbol of Vienna, which focused on such famous landmarks as the column Peytzoyle hotel Sacher and Peterskirche church. Here are the most fashionable shops and. Interesting to see the nearby Mihaelerkirhe, San Marie am Gestade, Frantsiskanerkirhe, neo-Gothic Town Hall (1872-1883), the one of the most beautiful squares in the world - Iozefplatts located on it the Palace Chapel and Burgtheater (1874-1888), the building Parliament (1883), in front of which stands a statue of Pallas Athena, and the famous Vienna Opera House (1861-1869) - the venue for the annual Opera Ball cult.
Several south-west of the Graben and Iozefplatts lies the majestic Hofburg Imperial Palace complex (XIII-XIX cc.), Built on the site of the Bavarian fort (1278), which now houses a number of government organizations in the country and the OSCE. In the rooms of the palace are located the Spanish Riding School - Winter famous arena Habsburg (1735), an exhibition of treasures "Shattskammer" (in her collection made in 962, the crown of the Holy Roman Empire and the Austrian imperial crown), a separate room "Burgundy treasuries" (regalia , ceremonial robes, jewels and relics of the Order of the Golden Fleece, and the Dukes of Burgundy, including "Sacred spear", which was allegedly pierced the crucified Christ), the imperial reception hall and bedroom Kaiser Franz Josef.
In separate buildings of the complex are located Vienna House of the Arts, a unique Austrian National Library (XVIII c.), Which has collected more than 2 million books, music, manuscripts and ancient manuscripts, as well as the court church Avgustinkirhe and one of the richest art collections of the world - Gallery Albertina (1800).
Next to the Hofburg Palace is a unique workshop Petit Pointe, where for many centuries made embroidered with tiny crosses handbags, brooches and miniature snuff.
Be sure to visit the Church of St. Ruprecht and the summer residence of the Habsburgs - Schönbrunn Palace, in which more than 1,400 rooms and halls. Now there are available Armory Museum, a collection of costumes and horse-drawn carriages "supply train", a beautiful park with fountains, a conservatory and zoo. Fine examples of architecture are located on a hill in the south-eastern part of the city palace of Prince Eugene of Savoy - Belvedere Castle (1714-1723), with the Austrian Gallery of Art XIX-XX centuries. (the largest collection of Klimt, Schiele and Kokoschka) and the rests of the Archduke Ferdinand, the baroque church Karlskirche (1739) and the Stadtpark, the University, the Palace of Count Manfelda funds and the Vatican Church.
Pride of Vienna - the most beautiful parks, diverse in their appearance and purpose. Prater is considered the most "popular" Park Vienna (effective from the XVIII century.) And is famous for the largest Ferris wheel in the world (65 meters) and great restaurants. In an historic Augarten Park regularly hosts dozens of musical performances and symphonic concerts. The famous Park "Vienna Woods", located in the neighborhood of the capital, in the foothills of the Eastern Alps - is a forest area with their own towns and hotels, spas and thermal springs. Bounded on one side, a picturesque valley of the Danube and vineyards, and on the other - the famous resort area of Baden and Bad Voslau, "Vienna Woods" is a favorite holiday destination for conventions and visitors.
In the Austrian capital, certainly more interesting museums than any other city in the world.
No tourist will not be able to resist the temptation to visit the famous Viennese cafes and restaurants that are an inherent part of the same city as the Stephansdom or "Crooked House" Hundertwasser-House. Viennese cafés - the oldest in the world. The most well known classic "Maria Theresa," fashionable "Up-and-Co" modernist "Museum" and "Mozart", "Fiacre", "Central", "Melange" and "Demel" where going to the most motley crowd, Freud's favorite cafe - "Landman" respectable "Sacher" and "Havelka", whose walls are decorated with paintings left as payment by famous artists, as well as "Dommayer" which debuted Strauss.
Restaurants capital is not less famous and charming. Historical "Piaristenkeller" has two private museums and offers prescription XVIII century. Restaurant "Greyhenbeysl" - the oldest "public house" in Vienna, in the XVI century, it was working the restaurant. It visited almost all the famous people of the country and the world - from Beethoven and Strauss, to Mark Twain and Chaliapin. Also famous restaurants "Plachutta" on Auhofshtrasse, "Temple" on Pratershtrasse, "Hansen" and "Shtomah", as well as wine cellars ("Heurige") district of Grinzing. Total in Vienna more than 180 cozy "heurige" - from tiny, no larger than a living room, where patrons from the surrounding streets, to huge, elegant furnished rooms where you can meet and simple crown and aristocrat of "high society."
Surroundings of Vienna
Surroundings of Vienna no less good than the capital itself. On the banks of the Danube, 70 km west of Vienna, lie the ruins of the fortress of Durnstein (XII century.), Which was a prisoner of the legendary English King Richard the Lionheart. In Tulln, in the castle all year Attsenburg go concerts devoted to Schubert (in these places are the estate of his uncle the great composer, in which he was often). According to the "Nibelungenlied", it is here that occurred the first battle of the legendary Siegfried with the king of the Huns Etzel (Attila). Nearby are the ruins of Araburg - the last stronghold of the Protestants in Austria. 25 km southwest of Vienna located Cistercian monasteries of Heiligenkreuz. In Gumpoldskirhene towering castle of German knights to the parish church of St.. Statue of St. Michael and. Nepomuk on the picturesque bridge, as well as the famous wine cellars. Very close to Vienna is the town of Klosterneuburg, where local monks have been producing wine for nearly a thousand years, so the local school of winemaking is one of the oldest in Europe.
Baden is 25 km south of the capital, in the green hills of the Vienna Woods, fields and vineyards, lies the famous Baden. This resort with healing hot sulfur springs was known in Roman times - here in II. n. e. camped Roman cohort, here spent the last years of his life Marcus Aurelius. In 1804-1834, the city was the imperial summer residence, here come all the nobility and figures of culture and art. Baden healing water use in our day for bathing, drinking and prevention of rheumatic diseases, arthritis, diseases of the spine and joints, as well as for general rehabilitation and wellness. Be sure to visit Terezienbad ("bath Theresa") and Tereziengarten ("Theresa's garden") with a variety of exotic plants, which was founded in 1792 in honor of the Empress Maria Theresa.
Baden parks themselves are separate places - in the spa park every day a band plays and there is a gazebo "temple Beethoven" flower clock and monuments Strauss and Lanner, and from late June to early September Festival takes place on the operetta "summer scene". Doblhofpark known for its castle Schloss Weikersdorf and wonderful rose garden, which annually holds the famous "Baden days of roses." Urban parks and gardens on the outskirts of the city gradually merge with the Vienna Woods and vineyards of the valley Helental.
In Baden is the largest casino in Europe in the magnificent Palace of Congresses, the gallery of the house-museum of Beethoven's grand villa Menotti, Junger Gallery, Museum of Emperor Franz Joseph, a museum of dolls and games, beautiful race track, a lot of quiet street with houses and villas in the style of "Biedermeier ", a large pedestrian area, cozy coffee and Heurigen. Baden is next to the most beautiful church of Klosterneuburg, historical Purkersdorf, as well as many luxury villas and parks.
Federal Province of Lower Austria lies in the lower reaches of the Danube in the north-east of the country, on the border with the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The provincial capital - St. Pölten. It is the oldest Austrian town and the youngest capital of the state. It is interesting to visit the Town Hall, the Museum "Im Hof" on Hessshtrasse Palace Pottenbrun with a collection of medieval goblets Palace Shallaburg, urban cultural center with the Festival hall, exhibition hall and a modern tower, the Historical Museum of Lower Austria and the Museum of Contemporary Art in the Baroque palace Karmeliterhof, Romance -gotichesky Cathedral House on the Square Domplatz museum episcopate Bischofshofen and Abbey Herzogenburg, Nussdorf and dinosaur Park Traysmauer.
From St. Polten starts most trips to the area of vineyards - the Wachau valley, surrounded by dense coniferous forests countless small lakes region Waldviertel or at the foot of scenic Mount Foralpenland. In Asparn-en-der Tsayya is prehistoric open-air museum in Spitz an der Donau - Museum of navigation, and in Waldkirchen an der Thaya - Puppet Museum.
Castles and palaces
Across the region, scattered medieval castles and palaces. Very interesting Artshtetten Palace (XVI c.) With a museum of Franz Ferdinand, the palace church and the crypt, where are buried Franz Ferdinand and his wife were killed in Sarajevo in 1914, the most beautiful palaces of Lower Austria are considered Baroque Riegersburg (1735) and Renaissance Shallaburg. However, they are not inferior to the ancient fortress Rappottenshtayn, one of the mainstays of Freemasonry - a baroque palace Rosenau, Renaissance palace Weitra (1606), the former frontier fortress Raabas (XI cent.), The Wiener Neustadt (XIII c.) With the chapel of St.. George (1460), Renaissance castles and Grayllenshteyn Rosenberg Ort Castle (XIII c.) in Orth an der Donau with the Museum of Fisheries and local history museum, the summer residence of the emperor - Laxenburg and many other majestic buildings.
Lovely and local monasteries - the Benedictine Abbey of Seitenstetten (1112, rebuilt in 1719-1947), the Austrian Baroque masterpiece - Melk (976, rebuilt in 1702-1736), the Altenburg (1144) and Göttweig (1083), Augustinian Durnstein (1410), Herzogenburg (1244) and Klosterneuburg (1114) with a magnificent treasure trove of art, as well as the Cistercian Abbey of Heiligenkreuz (1133) with a Romanesque church, chapel (1295 g .) and XIII century stained-glass windows.
National Park Danube-Auen is the largest nature reserve in Central Europe, and protects more than 5 thousand. Species of animals and birds, being both a wonderful holiday destination. Tayatal National Park is located in the valley of one of the most beautiful rivers in Europe - Taya, which is the most western point, where the forests are typical for many species of Pannonia. Neighborhood of the river "littered" with beautiful meadows, beautiful cliffs of Paleozoic rocks and cliffs teeming with mountains, which gives the park a unique appearance.
Styria - Austria's federal province, bordering with Slovenia and famous for a huge number of medieval castles and the "Land of Lakes" Salzkammergut. Ancient castles and monasteries scattered throughout the area. Here are the biggest in the country with a baroque castle Riegersburg gothic chapel, this knight's hall and a collection of medieval weapons, Renaissance castle Herbershtayn (XIII-XVII centuries). Armory room and family portraits, the pilgrimage church of Mariazell (1157) from the treasury, chapel with silver altar (1727) and the miraculous statue of the XIII century, the former Cistercian abbey in Neuberg an der-Myurts (1350-1612), the Augustinian monastery in Vorau (1163), the oldest Austrian monastery of the Order Cistercians of the Rhine (1129), or a unique Benedictine monastery in Hess (1000), as well as many other historical and architectural monuments.
The administrative center of Styria, Graz - one of the oldest outposts of the Austrian Empire at the Turkish border and one of the most distinctive cities in the country. In the city you can see the Episcopal Palace, the ruins of the destroyed in 1805 by Napoleon Schlossberg (XI cent.) With a clock tower and belfry Urturm Glokkenturm Cathedral Teutonic Knights (XIII c.), Romer (XVI c.) Church Domkirhe (XII c.), Mausoleum of Emperor Ferdinand II (1614), the famous Opera House, which takes place in January Opera Ball opera-Redyuit and holiday "Christmas in Styria" (January), the University, the Museum of Styria (including the Museum of Applied Arts with a rich collection articles made of tin and iron), Museum of Criminology, Arsenal ("Tseikhgauz") with the world's largest collection of medieval weapons (more than 30 thousand. exhibits), the Museum of Aeronautics, Schloss-Egenburg (1625), the archaeological museum, gallery Alta -Galeri with a large collection of medieval art and the Palace of Herbstein (XVII century.), which now also houses an art gallery.
The most attractive holiday destination in Styria is a "Country of lakes" Salzkammergut. Grundlsee Lake (length 6 km, width - about a kilometer) forms together with the lake Altauszeer picturesque alpine landscape, which for decades has attracted the attention of tourists and artists. On Lake Toplitts with its jagged cliffs and rocky shores of the Dead Mountains has long been a legend. No less picturesque and charming Lake Stubenberg am See in the east of Styria, and about Peggau are beautiful stalactite caves.
Southern Carinthia, which for the beauty of its nature is often referred to as "Austrian Riviera" - it countless mountains and valleys, picturesque lakes around 1270, on the banks of which are scattered small resort towns with first class hotels, beautiful beaches and a complete infrastructure of rest, as well as well-known ski centers.
Klagenfurt and the main resorts
The capital of Carinthia, Klagenfurt, founded in 1252 at the picturesque Lake Wörthersee. This is a very beautiful place, famous for its fleet of "Minimundus" - a museum reduced up to 25 times the masterpieces of world architecture, as well as a miniature, but fully functioning railway and a small port with models of ships. Local attractions include the Renaissance Town Hall with "stamp room" Baroque Bishop's Palace (XVIII c.), The Cathedral (XVI c.), The Museum of Carinthia, as well as reptiles Hap Zoo and Dinosaur Park - one of the richest collections of amphibians in Europe. In the western bay Worthersee, of the forested ridges of the Alps, lies Velden am Wörthersee - one of the best lake resorts in the country with the most modern hotels, casinos, beach cafes, shops and excellent cuisine and beautiful resorts Portschach am Worthersee with center water activities, Warmbad-Filiah with its thermal springs and a national park (20 ha), green and picturesque Krumpendorf Maria Werth on a small peninsula on the southern shore of the lake. Therme Bad Blumau (15 thousand. Sq. Meters of water area) with indoor and outdoor thermal pools (water temperature 36 C) is considered one of the most modern and technically advanced in Europe - here you can go almost all conceivable procedures.
Castles and monasteries
In Carinthia many medieval castles and monasteries - lock port on the river. Drow Landskron over the lake Osiaher See and Carinthian main fortress - castle Hohostervits and Dominican monastery frieze with magnificent basilica (1300), the Benedictine abbey of St. Paul im Lavantal (1091), Ossiach (based roughly in 1028) and Millstatt (1060-1068), with the Basilica (XII century.), Romanesque arcade and a great museum. In Maria Saal is the Museum of wooden architecture in the open air, which is the real peasant houses a full size, as well as architectural features, traditions and way of life of the Austrian countryside. In Treffene located Puppet Museum Ellie Riel, which displays a lovely doll (more than 650), by the mistress of the museum itself. In Gmund - Private Car Museum "Porsche" - more than 30 models of machines known brand since the 50-ies of XX century.
But the real treasure of Carinthia - its nature. Here are the most famous lake country - Wörthersee, Ossiacher See, Millshtetter See and Weissensee, as well as small Afritser See, Faakersee with unique landscapes, Feld am See, Koychaher Zee Klopeiner See (the warm in Austria), Pressegger See Lengzee and in which the water is amazingly clean and, thanks to the hot springs, warm. Mountain robbing located near Eisenkappel in southwestern Carinthia, is famous for its stalactite caves. The National Park Nockberg, which is situated on an altitude of 1300-2440 meters, you can enjoy the majestic mountain scenery and discover the ancient traditions of Austria. Hohe Tauern National Park, covering an area of 1187 square meters. km, attracted by the beauty of its peaks, glaciers, lakes and waterfalls, alpine flora and fauna, as well as wonderful mountain village of Heiligenblut ("Holy Blood"), turned into a modern tourist center. Reserve Rozegg protects more than 350 different species of animals and fragile alpine flora. Nearby there are terrible and Ragga gorge, over which are stretched at a great height suspension bridges.
Federal Province of Upper Austria is located in the north of the country, on the border with the Czech Republic and Germany.
Linz - the main city in the world and a major port on the Danube. The main attractions of Linz - Trinity Column (1723), Landhauz (Town Hall, XVI c.), Cathedral Alter House (XVII century.), People's Garden and Castle Kefermarkt Weinberg (XV cent.). Like many places in Austria, Linz is famous for its museums - the Museum of Upper Austria, the City Museum, the New Gallery and the Diocesan Museum.
Castles and monasteries
In Upper Austria, is also a huge number of historic castles - Walch in Fёklamarkt, palaces and Orth Lanshlosse (XVII century.) In Gmunden, the former residence of landfyursta in Wels (VIII cent.), The largest castle in Upper Austria - Shaunberg Fortress Clam with arched Renaissance courtyard and two Gothic chapels Graynburg Renaissance castle with arched gallery (1621), a hall for events, the chapel and the Maritime Museum, and a host of other, equally remarkable constructions.
The most famous monasteries in the country's provincial baroque Saint Florian (1071), is located in the same city at the burial site of St. Florian. Gorgeous rooms, collection chamber music festival and theatrical performances in the palace Tillisburg (July), attracts thousands of tourists. In the abbey church buried Anton Bruckner, located close to the original Fire Museum and a former hunting lodge (1729) with a hunting museum in Hohenbrunn. No less interesting monasteries in Mondsee (748) - the most ancient monastery in Upper Austria, the Benedictine Abbey in Lambahe (1056) with a church dating back to 1080, Convent of the Order of the Trappists in Engelstselle (1293), Abbey Shlegl (1218) with an underground chapel, and was founded in 777, the abbey of Benedictine Kremsmünster, famous for its Imperial hall (1694) and the Observatory (1759).
Popular "Lake District" Salzkammergut continues in Upper Austria. Lake Attersee, Irrsee, Traunsee, Halshtedter See Mondsee and are ideal for water sports and leisure activities. On the shore of the Wolfgangsee lies the beautiful resort of St. Wolfgang with a museum of dolls and majestic villa Vahler and the surrounding area is scattered many interesting places. In Mondsee - a museum of peasant farming under the open sky "Rauhhaus." Steyr is certainly worth a visit its famous museums weapons factories. In Obertraum - stalactite and ice caves. In Natternbah - the largest amusement park in Austria "Wild West" in Hinterbrühl - a unique underground lake, and Gaenserndorf - "Safari Park".
Federal province of Tyrol, which borders with Italy, Switzerland and Germany, often called "the heart of the Alps." There are more than 600 peaks - "three-thousander" and 5 glaciers. Combined with excellent environment, this allows the region to be considered one of the best winter resorts in the world.
The main city of Tirol - Innsbruck. Known since the XIII century., And from the XVI century. was the residence of Emperor Maximilian. It is a center of art and crafts of watchmaking, as well as one of the legendary mountain resorts in the country. Innsbruck - the legend of skiing: the city twice hosted the Winter Olympic Games (1964 and 1976). All six ski areas in the vicinity of the city combined into a single "Big Innsbruck ski pass" of 52 lifts. There are about 120 km of perfectly prepared slopes at altitudes ranging from 900 to 3200 m, over 100 km of lowland trails, a snowboard park and a variety of trekking trails on the slopes of the surrounding mountains and the town itself - a network of shops and restaurants, an exciting nightlife and casinos.
In addition, you can see the Innsbruck Hofburg Imperial Palace (XIV-XVIII centuries). Franciscan Cathedral (XVI c.), The Arsenal, the Arc de Triomphe (1756), the court church Hofkirche (XVI c.) With bronze tombs of the emperors, the castle Fyurstenburg (XV c.), St. column. Anne (1703), the City tower, the Palace Museum Maximilianeum Goldenes Dahl ("Golden Roof"), Schloss Ambras, ethnographic Museum Ferdinandeum with a collection of Gothic paintings, Alpine zoo with cyclorama and Tyrolean Museum of art. In the town of Wattens, near Innsbruck, in an underground cave is the Museum of Crystal Austrian company "Swarovski" - the famous "Swarovski Crystal Worlds." This is a real labyrinth of seven rooms connected by narrow corridors and stairways. In the halls exhibited the smallest (0.8 mm) and the largest (310 thousand. Carats) crystal crystals world, included in the Guinness Book of Records, as well as the famous "potekshie watch" Dali made of crystal, front door decorations favorite horse Indian maharajah, mosaic path hall-crystal and built of artificial crystal wall 11 m high and weighing 12 tons!
On the road from Innsbruck to Italy is Europabryukke - the highest bridge in Europe (height 200 m, length - 800 m), crosses the valley Viptalya. In Stams attractive Renaissance castle Tratsberg with armory and the abbey of the Cistercian Order (1273) with a Romanesque church. Schwarz - Castle Froyndsberg (XI cent., Rebuilt in 1472), the Franciscan Monastery (1507) and the ancient silver mine. In Hal - Castle Hazegg (XI cent.) And Mint (1477). In Lienz - Castle Brook, bunk Late Gothic chapel with frescoes, the local museum and the ruins of a chapel beginning of the XIII century. in Haynfelse. Beautiful landscape resplendent with many beautiful lakes, the largest of which, Achen, stretched between the mountains of the Karwendel and Rofan. Suitable for swimming and lake Pillersee Schwarzsee are close to Kitzbühel, on the border with Germany, you can swim in the lake Walchsee, and at the foot of the beautiful Dolomites, has the largest lake in East Tyrol - Tristaher See.
Federal Province Zaltsburgerland located in the center of the country. Capital - Salzburg, birthplace of the great Mozart, which sits at the very foot of the Alps. Salzburg stunningly picturesque and famous for its rich culture and annual music festival. Symbols of the city are considered to Hohensalzburg Fortress (1077-1861), with a body of "Salzburg Bull" (XVI c.), Which served as the residence of the Prince-Archbishops (1595-1619) and gave the name of the city, and surrounded by three squares Salzburg Cathedral (VIII in., rebuilt in 1611-1628), the Mirabell castle (1606-1727), the church and amaze - Collegiate, Trinity, Ursulines, and Austria's oldest monastery of St.. Peter (696 g) - in his catacombs as early as 250, the Christians prayed. Also of interest to small and cozy space with "toy" houses - Alter Markt Platz and Waag, Baroque Museum (the second most important art collection of the country), the Toy Museum, House of Nature, a beautiful zoo and a house on Getreidegasse, the birthplace of the great Mozart . Since 1920, the city hosts the famous music festival that attracts music lovers from all over Europe.
8 km from the city is Hellbrunn Palace (1615), considered one of the finest examples of landscape art in the world, and not inferior to Versailles or Peterhof, and in Tennengebirge south of Salzburg - a cave Eisriesenwelt ("world ice giants"). In Nockberge is the oldest convent north of the Alps (dated to 715), in Mattsee - the Collegiate Church of the Benedictine abbey (about 770), and in Mihaelboyerne - Benedictine abbey (817), with the Basilica of the XI century. In Werfen sure to visit the fortress Hohenwerfen (1077) and the ice caves in Seekirchen - Amusement Park "Fantasy", and in Hallein - salt mines in Europe and the only Museum of the Celts in the open air.
Salzburg can easily reach the lake region Flahgau where lie the beautiful mountain lake Obertrumer See, Mattsee, Wallersee, as well as popular Zeller See, Fuschl and Wolfgang.
Partly federal province of Burgenland is the easternmost country on the border with Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia. In Eisenstadt, capital of Burgenland, interesting area Esterházy Platz, Esterházy Palace with four wings Baroque (1663-1672), the Hall of Haydn and beautiful ceremonial halls, park on Gaydngasse, Haydn House, Franciscan Church (1625) with crypt of the Esterházy family, the town hall, the church Kalvarinbergkirhe m Haydn mausoleum near the church Bergkirchen.
Lake Neusiedl and its surroundings
A special attraction is the only steppe lake in Europe Neusiedler See National Park Neusiedler See-Seewinkel. Completely surrounded by reeds, brackish ponds and marshes, is extensive (length - 33.5 km, width - 12 km), but shallow (1.8 m) lake is a great place to live in a large number of animals and rare birds, and also a favorite spot of the Austrians. South-west of its coast runs a whole series of old castles and monasteries - a baroque palace in Halbturn (1711), a former Servite Monastery in Loretto (1651), the ruins of the largest fortress in Burgenland Landze fortress Burg Schlaining (1272 ), a medieval fortress (XV-XVII centuries.) and the Franciscan Monastery (1648) in Güssing and many others.
The westernmost province of Austria, Vorarlberg, on the border of Switzerland and Germany. In the provincial capital, Bregenz, located on the southern shore of Lake Constance, interesting town hall, the tower of St. Martinsturm (XVII century.) With a small museum of weapons, palaces Thurn and Taxis, House congresses and festivals, museum-Landes Vorarlberg Muzeum with a collection of paintings by the Austrian artists and "safari-zoo" on Mount Pfander (1064 m). The mountain can be reached by using the lift. There are breathtaking views of the lake and surrounding area.
Temperate, transitional continental, strongly depends on the height. Winters are mild with frequent snowfalls, the coldest winter month - January, temperatures in the valleys fall to -2 C, in mountainous areas - to -14 C. Summers are warm and sunny, the warmest months - July and August, the temperature is about 20 C. precipitation ranges from 600 mm in the east of the country, up to 2000 mm in the western and south-western slopes of the Alps.
Far from Moscow at 2:00.
Official language - German (with a distinctive Austrian accent).
EUR (Euro), equal to 100 cents. In the back of banknotes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros, as well as coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents.
To enter Austria needed a passport and visa. With the accession of Austria to the countries of the Schengen Agreement, December 1, 1997 issued a single Schengen visa in the following categories:
A visa (transit visa to travel by plane) - visa for foreign nationals who must have a Schengen visa for transit in the international transit area of the airport. This visa does not permit entry to the territory of Austria.
In visa (transit visa) - visa for foreign nationals who must have a Schengen visa for transit through the territory of the Schengen States of the country, has not joined the Schengen Agreement to another country that has not joined the Schengen agreement. This visa is issued for travel up to 5 days.
Visa C (for a short stay) gives the right to enter the Schengen area for up to 90 days within 6 months starting from the first entry in one of the Schengen countries.
National visa D entitles you to stay in Austria with 3 to 6 months without a temporary residence permit or a residence permit. This visa entitles only for transit through the Schengen countries for up to 5 days, but not to stay in other Schengen countries.
To obtain a tourist visa to Austria, you must have:
• Passport valid for three months after the expiry of the visa;
• Original letter of invitation;
• One fully and accurately completed application application (application form) for obtaining Austrian visa in German or English, signed personally by the applicant;
• One size color photograph pasted 3,5h4,5 see on a light background, taken recently before filing;
• Photocopy of the passport (or other identification document) person who submits the documents to the consulate;
• Hotel reservation confirmation plus 100% of payment for accommodation (fax / original invoice), or a voucher to welcome and service from the Austrian travel agencies;
• Proof of the applicant's funds are available for the trip (eg, credit card or bank statement) + certificate from the employer on the salary for the last three months and a copy of the employment contract;
• Health insurance and accident insurance (worth at least? 30-000)
• Air ticket or other travel documents;
• Certificate from the employer indicating income (in English or German) for unemployed - a bank statement, credit card and so on. G., For students - certificate from the school;
• Paid the visa fee of EUR 35 (taking into account the bank's commission amount of the fee will be about 45 euros).
About 78% of the population are Catholics, 5% - Protestants 2% - Muslims, 12% - atheists.
Official holidays and weekends Austria
January 1 - New Year
January 6 - Epiphany, the day of the Three Saints
May 1 - Labor Day, Easter Monday
August 15 - Assumption of the Virgin, or Ascension Whit
October 26 - National Day of the Republic of Austria
November 1 - All Saints' Day
December 8 - Conception of the Virgin Mary
December 25 - Christmas
December 26 - St. Stephen's Day
Festivals and Events
Number of celebrations and festivities is huge, and most of them are somehow connected with music and cultural events of the country.
In Vienna, the Days of Haydn (early March), Days of sacred music (early March - mid April), Vienna Festival (May - June), the Vienna Music Summer (mid-June - mid-September), the International Music Youth Festival (July), Festival "Spektakulum "(July), Days of Schubert (November), operetta Festival in Baden (end of June - mid September), and others.
In Innsbruck - concerts in the palace Ambras (mid-June - early August) and Early Music Festival (the second half of August). In Salzburg - Mozart's week (the last week of January), Easter Festival, the Salzburg Festival at Whitsun, concerts in Hohensalzburg Fortress (Easter - end of October), concerts in the Palace of Mirabell (all year), Salzburg Marionette Theatre (all year), Salzburg Festival (the end of July - end of August), Days of Culture in Salzburg (October), Advent concerts (December), and Mozart's music festivals.
Eisenstadt - International Haydn Days (mid-September), concerts of Haydn at the Esterhazy Palace (mid September - early October). In Graz - "Shtiriada" (June-July), the festival "Autumn in Styria" (end of September - end of October), concerts in the palace Eggenberg (May-September), and others.
Linz - the International Bruckner Festival (mid September - early October), the exhibition Ars Electronics (mid-September) and others. Mörbisch - Lake Festival (July-August, Saturdays and Sundays). Austrian Grand Prix racing in Formula 1 is held at the circuit A1-Ring in Spielberg in May-July.
Traditional cuisine Austria
Austrian cuisine is very traditional and vary considerably in different lands of the country. In the national cuisine heavily Italian and German influence, a lot in common with a kitchen and Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovenia and even Turkey. It is the world's only national cuisine, named after the capital, and not the country that is "Vienna" and not "Austrian".
Austrian main meat dish - the famous Wiener Schnitzel. This fried breaded veal large piece of soft, certainly closing edge of the plate, served with vegetable salads. Another symbol of Viennese cuisine - fried chicken "bakhun", as well as Kaiser omelet (rather airy cake whipped eggs) "Kaiserschmarrn" boiled beef with apple horseradish "Tafelspitz" trout fillet, noodles with cheese "kasnocken" and cheese soup carp in Serbian, dried ham, similar to Italian "pasta" - "nockerln" and delicate goose liver. A variety of dishes made from sauerkraut, for example, dumplings and sauerkraut "krotspattsn" hot "hoarneystnidey" and a variety of side dishes. In Austria and bake delicious bread, which, unlike other countries in Europe, is present at the table.
And so by the number of sweet Viennese cuisine has no equal in the world. Apart from the traditional apple pie "apfelshtrudel" the world famous chocolate "zahertorten" rum cake "gugelhupf" sweet souffle "Salzburger nockerln" baked in egg white bread with jam and sugar "Arme Ritter", apricot dumplings "marilenknёdl" Viennese pancakes, cakes and pastries.
Tyrolean cuisine is a great variety of dishes and "satiety", the most popular soup with bacon, sautéed potatoes, flour, meat and bacon "grestl" broth with liver dumplings "liberknedl", a variety of fresh salads and grilled meat in the first place - the famous Wiener Schnitzel, and a variety of Italian dishes. Styria characterized by an abundance of dishes from stews with various spices and roots, as well as an indispensable presence on the table of local wine. In Carinthia and Salzburg, a large number of dishes of Slavic origin - dumplings with cottage cheese, dumplings, noodles with ham "shinkenflekerln" browns "Straub" pancakes "palachinke" with sweet fillings, fried trout and a variety of baked dishes.
In Austria, produces many varieties of good beer and wine. Austrians themselves prefer to use a light wine "heurige" also produced such wonderful varieties like Riesling "Grüner Veltliner" and "Muller Thurgau" of the Wachau Valley, Red Wine "Shilher" or white wine "Muskateller" and "Morrigan" from Western Styria , as well as dry wines from Burgenland.
Special mention deserve the Viennese coffee houses, is home to the European culture of coffee consumption, and this "calling card" of the country, where the offer is usually at least 30-50 varieties of coffee - coffee with cream "melange" espresso with cream "Browner", "cappuccino", cold black coffee with rum or brandy, strong espresso, "Kurtz" or weaker "ferlengerter" double "mocha" with lots of whipped cream "einspanner" and countless other types of coffee.
Political system Austria
Austria - a federal parliamentary republic with a presidential form of government. The head of state - the president, who is elected for six years by universal suffrage. Federal Chancellor heads the government, whose members are appointed by the president. Legislative - bicameral parliament (National Council and the Federal Council). Administrative unit - the land, which is headed by the governor.
About 7.9 million people. Austrians make up about 91% of the population, the Germans - 3%, is also home to the Croats, Slovenes, Czechs, and Hungarians.
There are no restrictions on the import or export of foreign and local currency (export more than 3.5 thousand. Euros declared). In addition to personal items, you can import the goods and souvenirs in an amount not exceeding 180 euros per person (if the goods are imported through the border with Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia or the Czech Republic - 70 euros per person). Duty-free imports of wine - up to 2 liters, spirits - up to 1 liter, cigarettes - 200 pcs. (or cigars - 50 pcs., or tobacco - up to 250 g), the spirits - to 50 g, toilet water - up to 0.25 liters and gifts totaling no more than 70 euros per person.
Without specific permission is prohibited import and export of goods and objects of historical and artistic value, drugs, weapons, gold bullion, as well as certain medications.
Medical aid Austria
Medical care is mainly paid. Before the trip, you must make an international health insurance. Certificate of vaccination is required. If necessary, contact the best medical center at the Russian embassy.
Working hours Austria
Banks are open Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday from 8.00 to 12.00 and from 13.30 to 15.00, and on Thursday - from 8.00 to 12.30 and from 13.30 to 17.30. Bank branches in airports and major railway stations operate from 6.30 to 22.30, including on weekends.
Shops in everyday work from 8.00 to 18.30, and some of them may be closed during the lunch break for 1-2 hours; Saturday - 13.00; every first Saturday of the month - to 17.00. On Sundays and during national holidays stores are closed. Resorts and tourist centers and stores can work until 21:00, and the train-station places - 23:00.
For owners of tourist cards is a flexible system of discounts. At night buses (from 00.30 to 04.00) fare costs about $ 2, the travel is not valid. The penalty for ticketless travel - $ 40 plus the cost of travel.
Tickets for travel in coaches are a bit cheaper than rail.
Hitchhiking is easy enough, but on freeways vote is prohibited. Better to do it in front of the entrance to the track, and always with a name sign.
If necessary to get from one city to another in a passing car, it is better not to vote on the highway, and to appeal to a specialized agency "Mitfahrzentrale". For a small fee, it will find the car.
Road and driving rules
Movement sided. Tolls on freeways and highways are taxed (even in cities), confirming his payment receipts are valid for a week, month or year. In the winter, some of the roads and passes in the Tyrol closed because of avalanche danger. In some regions of the binding chains. Paid parking from Monday to Friday from 9.00 to 19.00 on Saturday paid parking in the city center (also from 9.00 to 13.00). The parking in the city center - 90 minutes in underground garages - not limited.
Domestic air in Austria are small and are mainly a means to transport passengers of the regional centers for international flights departing from Vienna airport.
Domestic flights are served by a subsidiary of the Austrian national carrier Austrian - Tyrolean Airways. Typically, these are small regional jets. From Innsbruck to Vienna run six flights a day from Klagenfurt - five of Salzburg - four.
Tariffs on these flights can be relatively small and start at 89 euros round trip without fees (from Innsbruck - from 139 euros).
Buses in Austria play a supporting role in relation to the trains. Long-distance routes not only commuter. The main function of the buses (they are in Austria called "e-mail") - Transportation of passengers to the train stations. Average rate of the trip - a few euros, but if your trip, combined with a transfer to the train, you should buy a single ticket from the beginning to the end - it will be cheaper than buying tickets separately on the bus and train. Bus timetables are available on the website of the Austrian railways.
Road Transportation and the Metro
Public transport in most cities of Austria represented by buses and trams, trolley buses sometimes. Vienna city transport consists of buses, trams, subway (U-Bahn) and suburban trains (S-Bahn).
Single tickets on any mode of transport costs 1.5 euros (driver - 2 euro). Day pass costs about 5 euros a ticket for three days - 12 euro. As three days, but with discounts at museums, visiting attractions and restaurants The tourist travel Vienna Card.
Ticket for the calendar week (Monday-Sunday) costs 12.5 euros. Ticket for 8 days (not necessarily consecutive) costs 24 euros. This ticket is also beneficial to tourists traveling two, three or four of them - they can use it at the same time, paying off one day each. All tickets must be validated before the first ride.
Taxis can be ordered by phone (at train stations and large hotels are on duty around the clock), "catch" on the street are often meaningless.
The train is the primary means of transportation in Austria. Hourly flights of the national railway company Ö BB connect all major cities of the country. Austrian trains are among the most reliable and comfortable in Europe.
For fast long-distance trains are EC (OEC), IC (OIC), D, ICE. Regional trains are referred to as E and R, suburban - S.
Standard rates are sufficiently large. Directions from Vienna to Salzburg (3 hours) will cost 36 euros in the second class and 57 euros in the first. From Salzburg to Innsbruck (2 hours) - € 29 in second class and 48 in the first. A move across the country from Vienna to Bregenz (8 hours) is in the afternoon train 56 euros in the second class and 86 euros in the first.
The fare for all types of trains is the same, surcharges for speed or class train no. Buy a return ticket does not give any discount, but if you go a few passengers, each beginning with the second, going for half price.
Internal night message boils down to the train Vienna-Bregenz. You can also get to the international night trains - for example, the Vienna-Zurich. If you want a sleeper, for it should pay to the regular ticket price - about 20 euros for the couch, sleeping car more expensive. But if you buy a ticket in advance, you can sometimes be a special offer - from 29 euros per trip, including tickets and reservations.
If you intend to make several trips to Austria, then the best option would be the ticket Euro Domino Austria. This ticket costs 84 euros for three arbitrary day unlimited rides for a month plus 11 euros for each additional day. Total can buy up to 5 additional days. For youth up to 26 years, the prices below - 64 euros for the first three days plus 8 euros for each additional.
Voltage is 220 V, 50 Hz, European-style sockets.
Tipping is 5% of the order value in the larger restaurants to leave 10% of the total bill. The server is required to return the delivery of the bill, and after that, in the same napkin, it is necessary to leave a tip. The bar and café where you can leave the small coins. In the outdoor cafes do not give a tip. The taxi driver to leave 10% above the counter, you can just leave the coins with the date.
Helpful information Austria
Throughout Austria - 1611.
Internal information service of the country - 08.
Traffic News - 03 or (0) 512/1550.
Central Railway reference Vienna - (222) 17-17.
The Russian Embassy in Austria - 714-71-69
Consulate - 712-32-33
Representation of "Aeroflot" - 512-15-01
Ambulance - 144.
Police - 133.
Fire - 122.
"The Salvation Army" - (0222) 214-483-04 (for men), 317-21-47 (for women).
Emergency Road Service OAMTS - 120, the Secretariat - (0) 512 / 3320-0.
Emergency service ARBO - 123, Secretariat - (0) 512/345123.
Pharmacy background - 15-50