Bangladesh is a country in South Asia, in the North-Eastern part of the Indian sub-continent, bordering the Bay of Bengal of the Indian ocean. On the West, North and East by India, on the South-East Burma (Myanmar). A large part of the country is lowland alluvial plains with elevations less than 10 m above sea level within the total Delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna (Jamuna), which flooded almost every year.
Bangladesh is a country in South Asia, in the North-Eastern part of the Indian sub-continent, bordering the Bay of Bengal of the Indian ocean. On the West, North and East by India, on the South-East Burma (Myanmar). A large part of the country is lowland alluvial plains with elevations less than 10 m above sea level within the total Delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna (Jamuna), which flooded almost every year. Relatively lofty territory - Chittagong hills (the highest point of the country, Modoc, Moil, 1003 m) is less than one tenth of the area of the country. Along the Eastern and Northern borders with India are low hills Madhpur, the height of which does not exceed 30 m in the South-West of the country are extensive mangrove swamps of the Sundarbans. The country covers an area of approximately 144 sq. miles Capital Dhaka.
Foreign tourism in Bangladesh is not very developed, but the country has quite a few interesting attractions. For the established image of the country as area of permanent cyclones and floods, hiding amazingly lush and beautiful land with a rich history and diversity of cultures and traditions, unusual for a country of such a small size. A distinctive feature of the internal routes for Bangladesh is the widespread use of a well-developed system of water transport, while travelling on the water quite slow. Be sure to visit the archaeological sites Dating back more than 2000 BC, the longest beach and the largest mangrove coast in the world, mansions Maharaj XIII-XIX-th centuries and many ancient temples, lost in the jungle.
The capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, located on the North Bank of the rapid river Buriganga almost in the center of the country and more like the legendary Babylon, than the modern capital. The oldest section of the city lies to the North from the shoreline. She experienced a period of highest development in the era of the reign of the Mughals, when Dhaka was one of the largest shopping centres of the great Empire. Now the Old Town is a vast area between the two main water transport terminals, Sadarghat and Badam Tole, where experiences from observing everyday life of the river is especially charming. The main attraction of the capital is situated in the Old Town unfinished Fort Lalbagh, Dating from the year 1678. Here are the many mosques, including the famous Hussain Dalan. The national Museum of Bangladesh, located to the North of the Old Town, has a fine collection of art and archaeology. In addition, the Dhaka more than 700 mosques, the tomb of Pari Bibi, Parliament building, built in 1982, and in the old part of the city's traditional large bazaars. Dhaka is the capital of rickshaws in the world, only officially registered here more than 300 thousand brightly painted rickshaws, without which no cost, no event. When servicing tourists travel in rickshaws as "mandatory"as using two-storey red bus in London.
Chittagong (264 km South-East of Dhaka) is the second largest city in Bangladesh. It is located on the North Bank of the river Karnaphuli and has an interesting old district Sadarghat along the coastline, which clearly shows the importance of river trade for the life of the city. Nearby is the old Portuguese enclave of Patharghata, one of the few areas in the country, which has kept Christianity. Mosque, Shahi JAMA-e-Masjid and quads Mubarak is the most impressive and beautiful buildings in the city. Also worth a visit Ethnological Museum in a Modern City, which has interesting displays depicting the tribes and peoples of Bangladesh. Beautiful views of the city, besides, what is important in the face of constant local heat, constantly ventilated and cooled by the sea breezes, opens from the Fairy hill ("Fairy Hills") in the so-called "British Town in the North-Western sector of the city.
The area of the Chittagong Hills (60 km to the East of the city) includes a lot of wooded hills, picturesque gorges and cliffs covered with dense jungle canopy, bamboo, loach, and wild grapes. The region encompasses four major valleys formed by the rivers Karnaphuli, FeNi, Change and Matamuhuri. This is not typical of the topography and culture of the area of Bangladesh, where the majority of citizens, the Buddhist tribes and the population density is relatively low, which helped to maintain the natural conditions are relatively ruined.
Rangmati - lush and green rural area belonging to the tribe of chakma, is open to visitors and is considered one of the best areas of tourism in the country. The pride of the district - lake Kaptai, surrounded by dense tropical evergreen forest is a unique area measured Patriarchal life in harmony with nature. While already the lake itself is beautiful, though descended from the paintings ink straw fishing village located on the coast, make a visit to this area of Rangamati really spent standing on his efforts. Boats can be hired here, will allow you to explore the lake in all its splendor, you can also try a unique type of diving - dive in the thickets of the Lotus and the hunt for lake perch, some instances of which up to 50 kg.
In the research Museum of Varendra in Rajani are the most extensive collection of exhibits on the history, anthropology and archaeology of the country. The ruins of Mainamati in the past (VII-XII centuries) was an important centre of Buddhist culture. Now it is more than 50 scattered around the monuments of history and culture, but the most important of them is Salban Vihara, Kotila Moore and Charptr Moore. Salban Vihara is a very well-planned Buddhist monastery, with an area of about 1700 square meters, as would be growing together with the temple complex in the center of the courtyard. Nearby is a Museum representing numerous artefacts found in produced here earthwork operations, which include terracotta plaques, bronze statues, bronze caskets, coins, jewelry and relief cult of the stupa with Buddhist inscriptions. Kotila Moore represents three large stupa represents the Buddha, Dharma and Sangha, the Three Precious stone of Buddhism". The most important discoveries in Carpaty Moore was finding four Royal decrees, engraved on copper plates, three of which belonged to the medieval rulers of Chandra, and the fourth - Sri Virendar virgin, later Hindu ruler, were considered purely literary character. Unfortunately, at present, some of the main ruins are located within a military base and cannot be visited without permission from military officials. The monastery of Somapuri Vihara (VIII century) in Paharpur first was the largest Buddhist monastery South of the Himalayas. Now it is one of the most impressive archaeological sites, not only in Bangladesh but also in the whole of South Asia complex covers more than 11 hectares. A large quadrangle with cells of the monks ' cells, form the impressive exterior walls and buildings of the courtyard. In the centre of the increase of the courtyard is one of the most ancient in the world of Buddhist stupas in the 20 m high, which dominates the surrounding countryside. The walls of the monastery are richly decorated with well-preserved terracotta bas-reliefs, and a small Museum has a representative collection of religious objects found during the excavations.
Putia (23 km East of Rajshahi and 16 km to the West from the General) has the largest number of historically important Hindu structures in Bangladesh. The most amazing sights of the village - the Govinda Temple, which was built between 1823 and 1895 for years one of the Maharaja Worthwhile. It is a large square building, crowned by a set of miniature ornamental towers and incredibly difficult to execute terracotta bas-reliefs depicting scenes from Hindu epics. Decorative Temple Siwy is an excellent example of the Hindu style with five spires common in North Indian architecture. The temple has three tapering tiers, headed by four spiral spires, decorated with delicate stone carvings and sculptural works, which, unfortunately, were mutilated in the course of numerous wars. The temple of Jagannath (XVI century) - one of the finest examples of temple-shaped huts. Five-meter wall of the temple, gradually tapering, graceful form a separate tower, which rises to 10 meters. The Western facade of the temple is decorated with bands of Terra-cotta bas-reliefs geometrically perfect shape.
In Parangal interesting XVI century mosque and Fort Erakor (1660). In Barisal there is a unique natural phenomenon known as the "guns of Barisal" - a mysterious noise, resembling artillery cannonade, the source of which it is impossible to find - it seems that the air itself causes this crash.
Cox's Bazaar is the only seaside resort and the beach near the border with Burma. This place has a distinct Burmese colour and relatively poorly developed infrastructure of recreation, but its great beaches and clean sea without sharks (which in itself is quite rare in these parts), attract thousands of tourists not only from all over the country but also from abroad. Pay special attention to the local Islamic morality - even modestly-dressed people, especially women, may be punished too, "calling the appearance and exposure of the body, women are supposed to swim at least in the trousers. To the South of Cox's Bazaar are more isolated beach - beaches Himachal, Inani.
Saint Martin is a small island, only 8 sq km of coral 10 km South-West from the southern coast of the mainland. It is a small tropical Paradise with white sandy beaches, framed by thickets of coconut palms and bountiful marine life. This is the best place in the country for sunbathing, clean and peaceful place even without the ubiquitous mosquitoes, capable in any location in the country to completely ruin the mood of even the most patient traveler.
National Park the Sundarbans - the largest mangrove forest in the world - 38,5 thousand square kilometers of forest, of which approximately one third part is always in the water. Rowing boat - the only way to get around the most interesting places of the national Park, which stretches nearly 80 km from the coast to the inland areas of the country. Here there are about 400 Royal Bengal tigers (one of the largest populations of this species in the world) and approximately 30 thousand deer. The Park also serves as the home of a peculiar people "sea Gypsies", the whole fishing family which catch fish here, using a unique "gear" - manual, specially trained otters.
Subequatorial monsoon and tropical. Two main seasons - winter (October-February) and spring-summer (March-September, known in Bangladesh as "a little rainy season"). The spring-summer season - the period of heavy tropical rains that come almost daily. There is also a "season of cyclones from may to June and October to November. The average January temperature +12-25, April (the hottest month) 23-34 C. Annual rainfall is about 2,000 to 3,000 mm in the North-East of the country - up to 5000 mm, About 80% of the precipitation falls during the season of cyclones from may to mid October. During rains and overflowing of rivers Delta is subject to severe flooding. The best time to visit Bangladesh is the cold season from October to February when the weather is dry and cool. It is not recommended to visit in April, when the humidity and high temperatures make the stay unbearable.
The transition from summer to winter time and Vice versa is not, so winter is the time difference with Moscow is 3 hours, and in summer +2 hours.
The official language is Bengali (Bengali), in the service sector and in public institutions speak English, widely spoken languages Urdu, chakma, mage, etc.
Taka (Tk), is equal to 100 Pais. In circulation are banknotes in denominations of 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 1 Taka, and coins 500, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5 1 Pais.
When exchanging cash (recommended in banks and authorized exchange offices) is preferable to the use of pounds. Almost all small traders and taxi drivers accept US dollars.
Credit cards (especially "American Express") and traveler's checks in U.S. dollars are accepted by major banks of the country, on a par with the British pound sterling and quite easy to use in most hotels, guesthouses and restaurants in Dhaka and Chittagong, but outside of major cities, their use is virtually impossible. Tip (or "baksheesh") the clerk is likely to be needed in almost every currency everywhere except in the more isolated rural areas. Outside of Dhaka and Chittagong to exchange pounds or other currencies is already problematic.
To enter the country you need a passport and visa. For a visa should contact the Consulate of Bangladesh and to present a valid passport, completed in English three questionnaires, three pictures, and the original invitation (Pets his facsimile copy). The minimum visa processing time is 15 days. When the visa will be charged a fee for reimbursement of actual expenses, which is $ 25. USA.
Any person crossing the border of Bangladesh, is obliged to fill in the so-called migration card (disembarkation card), and also to register their stay in the country. At check-in form of accounting, which the owner is sent to the competent authority for registration of the foreigner.
Recent political and criminal situation in Bangladesh has a tendency to deterioration that affects the standards for personal safety during the stay in the country. While in Bangladesh, as in any Muslim country, you should follow certain norms and rules of conduct dictated by religious canons. This refers to the form of clothes (mostly for women), the use of alcoholic beverages, as well as the observance of certain rules in the days of the Muslim Holy month of Ramadan (the ban on drinking in the daytime food, water, Smoking etc). When moving down the street is better to go as a couple or in a group, choosing rather crowded places. You should also try to use a yellow taxi. Certain risks are also various marches and demonstrations of the population, which usually ends in clashes with police.
In itself it is desirable always to have the document proving the identity.
Most transactions and purchases (especially in the markets) require trade, which is seen as an integral part of the process of sale, with the right trade, you can reduce the price by 2-3 times, especially in the market and in private shops. In large state-owned stores to bargain is not accepted.
Traditional cuisine Bangladesh
Cooking Bengalis is a just a real art form. A terrific blend of aromatic spices gives this dish a delicious taste. Once you start, you simply will not be able to break away from the meal. Many people may have already tried Bengali cuisine, not knowing. For example, approximately 80% restaurants in the UK, specialises in Bengali recipes. Very tasty fish in different sauces, rice dishes, meat, poultry, vegetables and seafood. Bengali cuisine is also known for a number of sweets prepared from milk and dairy products. RESO-gall bodies Kahlo Yam, changes, Misti DOI, semi, chamcham: - this series can continue indefinitely.
Kitchen Bengali certainly something special. However, almost all foreigners living here prefer Thai, Chinese or Indian cuisine, not to mention European (where it is rare). All this can be found in restaurants that serve really tasty and quality food.
As for the "Indian" dishes in the UK, it may be noted that in this country the biggest Bengali Diaspora, they have restaurants (about 9 thousand throughout the UK). Hence the kitchen "Indian" is more understandable for the British brand.
Political system Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a constitutional parliamentary Republic, is part of the British Commonwealth. The head of state is the President. The head of government is the Prime Minister. The legislative body is the unicameral National Assembly.
About 128 million people, Bangladesh is the most overpopulated country in the world). Over 98% of the population are Bengalis, the rest of the Nations - chakma could, Santana, Bihari and other
The customs legislation of Bangladesh are allowed to bring in any amount of foreign currency, including cheques. While large sums are subject to mandatory Declaration. To take out a foreign currency is permitted only if the monetary amount is the remainder of the declared upon arrival, otherwise you must obtain permission from the relevant government authorities.
Items of hand baggage, with the exception of goods prohibited to be imported or exported from Bangladesh, are passed through the state border within the boundaries of personal needs (not in commercial quantity) duty-free. Prohibited the importation of drugs, weapons, gold ingots and wafers, materials of a pornographic nature.
Medical aid Bangladesh
All visitors must have a valid international certificate of vaccination against yellow fever. It is recommended that vaccination against malaria.
Public health insurance in the country does not exist. For Medicaid is better to go to private clinics, equipment which meets the modern requirements. Payment for medical services is made in cash.
Sanitary-epidemiological situation in the country is quite intense. The lack of a centralized system of water supply and sanitation is a cause of constant occurrence of intestinal infections. High humidity and an average annual temperature of 28 degrees create favorable conditions for the development of intestinal diseases. Every year there are outbreaks of hepatitis C. the rainy Season is a good time for breeding of mosquitoes and the mosquitoes that carry dengue fever and malaria. It is at this time is the peak annual epidemics of these diseases.
The country has three international airport (Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet), who fly planes 16 international airlines. Until October 2001 among them was the Russian "Aeroflot". The total length of Railways is about 3000 km, but most of them were built over a century ago and now is in poor condition (with a frequency of every few months in the press reported descended from rail train). The length of roads is about 14,000 km of Traffic - driver. Waterways - 6000 km.
Potable water Bangladesh
Almost all of the soil in Bangladesh has a high concentration of arsenic, and therefore, most of the local water is not suitable for consumption. This, however, does not apply to drinking water sold in plastic bottles (among which, however, there are many fakes).
Power supply 220 C., 50 Hz.
In most restaurants in the country almost never give a tip, but the waiters frequented by foreigners institutions supposed to leave 5% of the total bill.
Helpful information Bangladesh
Emergency phone numbers: police: 999 (in Bengali); fire: 199 (in Bengali). Telephone country code - 880.