Belgium - a small European state, which borders the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg and France. Lost between the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg and France, Belgium - one of the smallest countries in Europe.
Capital - Brussels.
Lost between the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg and France, Belgium - one of the countries of Mother Europe. North part of the country - a solid plain south - in the power of the picturesque Ardennes, and the coastline of the North Sea is sticking fashionable resorts. And at the bottom Belgium crossed network of water canals.
Belgian landscape is diverse - it is a river gorge and the Ardennes, flat plains under farmland. Pride of the country - large Ardensky forest on the border with Germany and Luxembourg and wide, sandy beaches on the north coast, which stretch for 60 miles. In rural areas, many historic towns, castles and churches. Northern coast of Belgium stretches for 60 km from the French to the Dutch border continuous chain of resorts and sandy beaches. Ardennes region known for its food, forests, lakes, rivers and caves.
Belgium - a historic, cultural identity and full of various monuments and attractions of the country. Almost every city has a large Belgian world-famous attractions, churches and castles, palaces and buildings of the medieval guilds, preserving the memory of the wealth of the medieval trade of Flanders and Walloon counties.
History has left many traces in the land of Belgium medieval city, the bell tower, monasteries, centuries-old streets, church spiers above each village, gray locks era heroes of Dumas and even the era of the Crusades.
In the famous capital - Brussels is a royal palace built in the XV century and the Cathedral of St.. Michael, built in XIII-XVI centuries in the Brabant Gothic style, famous for its stained glass windows. Next to the town hall is 90 meters high watchtower. At the administrative area of the Palace of Nations of the XVIII century, in front of him is a beautiful park on the other side of which is a modern Royal Palace. Not far from the Grand Place, the street Etyuv are famous fountain, "calling card of the city," Mannequin Pis - "Manneken Pis", dating back to the XVII century, and the Palace of Nations - the parliament. To the west of the Grand-Place is the Exchange 1873 built one of the most prestigious stages in Europe - Opera Monnaie, Place Rogier, the Church of St.. Catherine in the eponymous square, surrounded by old houses XVII-XVIII centuries., As well as picturesque, always thronged by the people central boulevards.
San Park - is an amazing tropical park. It consists of a vast area in which to build a house on a quarterly basis - villa accommodation holidaymakers. In the middle of the camp is a gigantic structure - tropical city under the hood. There is a "Terra Park" with the evergreen winter garden, fountains, giant aquariums, with sitting in the trees parrots of different colors. Here scattered restaurants and shops, games for children and administrative services.
Liege - the largest and one of the oldest cities in Wallonia. Here, in the first place is to visit the area of St. Lambert, Palais des Prince-Bishops, at the Museum of Walloon Life, and Museum of Walloon Art, see the Town Hall and the Church of St.. Jacob, as well as an ancient symbol of the independence of the city - Perron (fountain and pillar with four lions ), which is located on the market square March.
Modave - castle of the Counts de Marche. He was first mentioned in 1233 as a reinforcement that protects nearby town. Its building, which we can see today, refers to the 17th century, although some buildings were destroyed and re-erected on the site for many centuries. The castle itself stands in the center of a very beautiful nature reserve and offers 20 richly decorated and furnished rooms. Amazing decorative plaster and tapestries of the 17th century, the stunning French porcelain and crystal of the 19th century will delight every visitor. The castle musical evenings, as well as Christmas.
Autoworld contains one of the finest collections of old cars in the world. He proposes to examine the history of the car through a unique collection that contains more than 450 copies of various origins. Exposure of horse carriage, two-door sports sedans fifties, limousines dreams and popular cars.
Most are full of holidays in Brussels in July and August. In the first Thursday of July a grand pageant Ommegang - a huge parade titled nobility, dressed in period costumes.
Colorful spectacle - day Belgium. It is a public holiday, which takes place on 21 July and the first day of the celebration of the Brussels Fair, which lasts for a month. Also during the year carried out a lot of jazz festivals, religious processions, local fairs, festivals and days of classical music.
Festive carnival marks the arrival of spring. For most people, it helps to get rid of the winter melancholy and shake things up, to prepare for the renewal of spring. During the celebration Ipres (Ypres) - Kattenfestival, holiday cats, with a central bell tower of the city emit large amounts of artificial cats straight into the crowd.
July 21 - Day of bringing King Leopold I of the oath of allegiance to the Belgian Parliament constitution in 1831
November 15 - Day of the royal dynasty - 1866
July 11 - the feast of the Dutch Cultural Community
September 27 - French-speaking cultural community celebration
May 25 - Ascension Day
January 1 - New Year
May 1 - Labor Day
November 1 - All Saints' Day
November 11 - Armistice Day
Moderate sea, gentle enough. The average annual temperature is about 12 C, in January - +3 C on the coast to -1 C in the Ardennes, in July - 14-18 C. In this case, often there are times when the weather is "knocked out" from the scope of the seasonal rhythm - often come in the summer cool moist winds from the Atlantic, bringing incessant rains and relatively cold weather, and in winter the same marine cyclones bring warm and wet weather. Precipitation falls mainly in autumn and winter in the form of rain (from 700-900 mm. Lowland areas up to 1200-1500 mm. Mountains). Relative humidity is quite high throughout the year.
Far from Moscow at 2:00.
Under the constitution, the people of Belgium is divided into three linguistic communities: French, Flemish and German. Official languages - French, Dutch (Flemish) and German. District Distribution Dutch (Flanders) is located in the north of the country and has 5,860,000 inhabitants. (58%), French (Wallonia) - 3.29 million (32.2%), the population of Brussels - about 80% of Francophones and 20% of the Flemings. In the east, the Walloon region the spread of the German language, which is home to 67 thousand. Pers.
Euro (EURO), 1 EURO = 100 EURO cent. Banknotes: 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 euros. Coins: 2 and 1 euro; 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.
For short-term entry to Belgium (not more than 90 days within 6 months) Russian citizens must have a passport and a Schengen visa, obtained on the basis of invitation or tourist voucher.
Traditional cuisine Belgium
Belgian cuisine has many components that are based on the standards of French and German culinary traditions - are widely used meat, seafood, vegetables, potatoes, butter, cheese, cream, beer and wine, at the same time and still shows the influence of medieval cooking - are widely used mustard, herbs, spices and mixing sweet with sour or sweet with salty.
Traditional snacks are considered prawns with tomato mayonnaise "la tomato krevett", croquettes of raw shrimp and melted parmesan cheese, served with fried parsley leaves "Crockett-on-parmesan" Asparagus Flemish with a sauce of butter with beaten egg and chopped parsley "asperzh a la Flamand" variety of sandwiches with slices of white cheese, decorated with radishes and onions, salads and snacks made from potatoes and pickled vegetables and savory cheeses "le EEV", "le fromage de Bruxelles" or "Mara" and m. g.
Entree often represented soup with fish and oysters in the broth of celery. Everywhere offers grilled steak with different sauces, which can be ordered "frit" - golden potato slices. Very popular "Flemish chop" - fried in beer or pork loin with prunes, Ardennes ham "Jambon d'ardenn" rabbit in beer "les lapen a la Biere" salty cheese pies "la tarte al-jot" and "flamish" - stewed chicken with grapes, meat, honey and mustard in a spicy fruit sauce, eels with vegetables and herbs "les angy about beliefs", fried mussels "le-frith mul superstar" and raw mussels "le mul park "Ardennes trout" la truit ardennez "stuffed with smoked ham and slices of bacon, and mehelenskaya cuckoo" la cookie de raspberries "or brussels fowl" la pulyard de Bruxelles "and others.
For dessert every city offered their dishes such as creamy meringue in Malmedy, sweet biscuits "cookies" in Dinan, almond cakes and caramel biscuits in Bruges, waffles "ribbed", small, dry cakes of Ghent - "gentse-Mocha" and, of course, the famous Brussels "Praslin". Chocolate is considered to be a true Belgian product, its best-known brands - "Korn la Tucson d'Or", "Godiva", "Neuhaus" and "white" chocolate "Leonidas".
The national drink of Belgium - beer. Today there are more than 1,000 brands, and new beers are created almost every day. The most famous are Gueuse, Jupiler, Maes, Stella Artois, Leffe, Hoegaarden, Lambic and Trappist. You can even find a beer with the addition of cherry ("cry") and raspberry juice ("Framboise"), as well as sweet and sour beer "Gooden gangs." Grapes are grown on the slopes of the Sambre, in Thorney, Hainaut and around Brussels, and the country's quite a lot of their own high-quality wines, but a lot of it is imported to and from abroad.
Political system Belgium
Kingdom of Belgium - a federal state, a constitutional parliamentary monarchy. The Constitution of Belgium, on February 7, 1831, as last amended July 14, 1993, when the Belgian Parliament approved the constitutional reform of the state system in the country, which completed the process of federalization, which began in the 70s.
The population is 10.2 million. Persons, the average population density is among the highest in Europe. The ethnic composition of the population is quite colorful. Ethnic groups: Flemings - 55% Walloons - 33%, French, Germans. In Belgium resides about 1 million. Thousand. Foreigners (Italians, Moroccans, French, Turkish, Dutch, Spanish, and others.).
The following goods may be imported into Belgium without customs duties:
- For those arriving from the EU countries with dutiable goods: 800 cigarettes, 200 cigars and 1 kg of tobacco; 90 liters of wine (including up to 60 liters of sparkling wine); 10 liters of spirits; 20 liters of fortified wine; 110 liters of beer; 250 ml of spirits;
- For those who arrive from other countries: 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco; 2 liters of wine; 1 liter of spirits or 8 liters of Luxembourg wines (other than the Luxembourg border); 50 ml of perfume and 250ml of eau de toilette; other products, costing up to 2,000 Belgian francs.
Prohibited Items: No canned meat. Others are not canned foods must be declared.
Medical aid Belgium
For emergencies, as in most countries, it is enough to design an international health insurance. Medical services of high quality and quite expensive, but first aid is free. But for all follow-up visits to the doctor will have to pay.
Working hours Belgium
On weekdays, banks are usually open from 9.30 am to 15.30 or 16.00. Some banks are closed at lunchtime. On Saturday, Sunday and public holidays, the banks are closed. Many currency exchange offices work on weekends.
Day for museums, usually on Monday. In Bruges museums are closed on Tuesday and Wednesday, in Tournai - Tuesday.
Standard opening hours - from 10.00 to 18.00. On Sunday, the shops are closed. Flea markets and markets for the sale of the old things work on Saturday and Sunday.
The transport system in Belgium - modern and well developed, although quite inexpensive. At the same time, vehicles are comfortable and well equipped. However, even though the vast network of bus routes, car rental is still the best option for travel to Belgium.
The whole country is covered by the railroad, the structure of which is very well thought out and effective. Most rapid transport - this long-distance trains, followed by inter-regional and then local. In large cities such as Brussels and Antwerp, underground works and other forms of public transport, including trams, etc. Taxis that crowd at all central bus stations and airports, are expensive and work exclusively on the counter. You can also hire a boat to explore the rivers and canals.
Domestic Airlines in view of the small size of the country's relatively short, but the number of flights connecting both Belgian and other European cities, and the country is sufficiently large. The current Belgian tax on arrival in the country is paid immediately upon purchase of tickets. Brussels National Airport in Zaventem (8 km. From the city center) is connected to the city center by train, which gets to the city center in 15 minutes, as well as minibuses and buses. All modes of transport go about every 20 minutes.
In order to take the car in Belgium is necessary to have a standard set of documents: license, passport, credit card, sufficient funds to pay for insurance. Roads across the country for free, with good lighting at night, and the quality of web delights. The maximum permitted speed on the highway - 120 km / h., On national roads - 90 km / h., In the settlements - 50 km / h. Penalties for any violations are huge - so it's best to go by the rules.
During warmer months, the ideal means of transportation for Belgium (as, indeed, and other Benelux countries) is a bicycle. Bicycle Rental in every city. In addition, popular hitchhiking - travel here take very willingly.
If you pay for a tip to leave is not necessarily because the interest on them and VAT are included in the cost of services in restaurants and hotels. But if you are satisfied with the level of service, it does not hurt to leave a little more put on the account. The wait staff in the cinemas and theaters to expect a tip of about 0.50 euros, and in the public toilets decided to leave 0.25 euros for duty.
Helpful information Belgium
Police phone number - 101, accidents and ambulance - 100 In big cities there are working around the clock pharmacies (usually one per district - information by phone 02 / 479-1818). If the closest you pharmacy is closed, its windows must be poster with location nearest open pharmacy.
From a phone booth in Belgium can call anywhere in the world, and thanks to digital communication quality will be excellent. By the method of payment payphones are divided into three types: accepts payment in the form of coins, pay-phone card, with payment by credit card. As a rule, there are vending machines and telephone directories.
You can buy a phone card at any newsstand.
Depending on the time limit the cost of phone cards ranging from 3 to 25 euros. The most expensive rate - from 8.00 to 12.00 on weekdays. A reduced rate - from 18.00 to 08.00 on weekdays and all weekend. You can also call a mail via the operator or from a hotel room, but it will cost significantly more.
In Belgium, there are quite a lot of access points Wi-Fi. Standards GSM 900/1800. Roaming have major Russian operators.
The international dialing code of Belgium - 32.
To call Russia, for example, in Brussels, you need to dial the following sequence of numbers: 8-10-32 (Code Belgium) - 2 (code of Brussels) - the local number.
To call to Moscow, you should dial the international access code line - 00, then code of Russia - 7, area code and the local phone number.