Brazil - gorgeous exotic country with beautiful beaches, ancient Indian traditions and colorful colonial architecture. Brazil is considered one of the most developed countries of the continent.
Federative Republic of Brazil - the largest country in South America. Brazil occupies the eastern and central parts (47.3% of the total area of the continent).
Brazil borders with almost all South American countries (except Chile and Ecuador) in the north - with French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela; in the west - with Colombia, Peru, Bolivia; in the south-west - with Paraguay, Argentina; in the south - with Uruguay. In the north, east and south-east of Brazil by the Atlantic Ocean, where it owns a number of islands of Fernando de Noronha, Rocas, Sao Paulo, Trindade, Martin you. The length of the coastline - 7.4 thousand. Km. The coastline is indented rather weak, but there are coves and bays, which are used as natural harbors.
Capital - Brasilia.
While vacationing in Brazil, be sure to take a tour in Ouro Preto, a city that was once the center of gold mining. This small town is famous for its unusual architecture. One of the most famous monuments - the church of San Francisco de Asis, designed by the eminent Brazilian architect the late eighteenth century.
The new capital of Brazil - Brasilia impresses its ultra-modern architecture, visiting all its tourists. Brazilians joke that one of the most famous architects of German descent Brazilian Oscar Niemeyer built it not for the people, and for cars and air conditioners. But this is just a joke, in fact it is young, but very developed cultural center of Brazil, built for a perfect relaxation and enjoyment of modern life.
Macae - a city in southeastern Brazil average. Masaya is famous for its oranges, windless weather and how the whole country - the Brazilian football. Here leisure travelers who are accustomed to the comfort and quality of service.
Agra Dos Reis - a modern international tourist resort, located just 155 km from Rio de Janeiro. Residents of Rio, tired of the hustle and bustle of its own private beach in Angra go for a relaxing, comfortable stay. Here you can comfortably stay right on the ocean, one of the most beautiful beaches.
Alagoas - a small town in southeastern Brazil. It is famous for clean lakes and the Brazilian "forest" of orange trees. Here, in a rural quiet and cozy and take a rest for those who do not like the hustle and bustle of big cities.
Arax - a small town in the central part of Brazil. There are provincial peace and quiet. The proximity of the sea has a beach holiday. Fresh air and lush greenery raise vitality. It's easy and not expensive to relax.
Buzios peninsula, stretching about 5 miles, is located at the intersection of the Brazilian and the Antarctic ocean currents. As a consequence, the west coast of the peninsula washed by the warm and tranquil waters of the east coast is incident on a cold and high waves.
Buenos Aires - it's the same city with the Argentine capital. Just different sizes. In Brazil, Buenos Aires - the province, famous for its football club and a giant 30-meter statue of the Savior Jesus Christ, built in 1931 on top of the Corcovado.
Varginha - is a small town in the central part of Brazil, who became known throughout the world for the alleged UFO crash occurred on the outskirts of his January 20, 1996. This case became a sensation not only in the world of ufology. First results of a large-scale work of researchers objectively communicated through the media to the public. Another city is famous for popular band "Tuatha de Danann", so here are flowing music fans and fans of flying saucers.
Vila Velha - it's an old Brazilian city with a very interesting history. There attract tourists rather unusual for the kind of education that can capture the imagination and even seem built by someone from outer space: the abundance of naked rocks extremely bizarre and even sophisticated forms. The ancient Indian legend says that these rocks - the remains of a very large city, where life is suddenly gone, and all the buildings turned to stone. Therefore, the area is called "Vila Velha" - "Old Village".
Vitoria - a provincial town in the south-east of Brazil, famous for its football club of the same name. In this club started a great player Rousseau. That's why when the matches, here comes the sea fans. There developed stone mining industry, so popular among tourists souvenirs made of stone, which the local masters make very skillfully.
Goiania - a small Brazilian town, which is located some distance from the seashore. Here is a great nature and a wonderful stay with the kids. Who does not like the noise of megacities excellent rest in the provincial peace and quiet.
Gramado - a town of Brazilian football and film festivals. Visit here very interesting. You pleasure sightseeing: Knorr Park, Lago Negro, Park Cascata to Caracol, the Cathedral Catedral de Pedra.
Guaratingueta located between Rio and Sao Paulo at Paraty. A little distant from the ocean regiã o serrano. This is an old, beautiful town with a high quality of life. Here, lush greenery, fresh air and very friendly locals.
Guarudzha - it's not a very large Brazilian town with orange groves and exceptionally friendly and fun locals. The local carnivals are famous all over the country. Rest in these places lovers of peace and comfort, tired of the big noisy cities.
Guarulnos - is a small, beautiful and quiet Brazilian town. here like to relax with their families and children. Of the attractions can be distinguished National Museum, which contains unique exhibits.
Dzhaboatao Dos Guarara this Brazilian provincial town, where local traditions celebrated friendliness and cheerful easy temper of the local population. In Dzhaboatao Dos Guarare no searing heat, so rest here a pleasure. Flock here because the people are engaged in business.
Dzherikoakara - a small Brazilian city of 150 thousand inhabitants. There are no noisy bustle of the big city and there is a lot of transport, so Dzherikoakare clean and fresh air. People come here to work and rest. Lots of greenery.
Joao Pessoa - a city of business and business people. Although Joao Pessoa is not added to the major cities, there is a well-developed tourism infrastructure.
Joinville - a small, green and compact Brazilian resort town. There are many shops where you can buy souvenirs, clothes and household items. Vacationing in this place exceptionally quiet and comfortable. Locals refer to the tour favorably.
Uberlandia - is a small town in southeastern Brazil, in the state of Minas Gerais. It is home to 111,600 residents. You can travel here by train, as there is a station and node highways. In Uberlandia go for leather goods and textiles, as here developed food, leather and footwear, textile industry.
Franck is a wonderful, small and cozy Brazilian town with several thousand people. It is very convenient to have a rest and a family with children. Locals set very friendly, so every tourist feels the visitor.
Chapecó - a Brazilian city in the east of the country. There are a lot of orange groves and beautiful football team. People come here to relax and work. Here, friendly people and exotic nature.
Yaragua do Sul - it's not a very large Brazilian city with the provincial customs and traditions. It is located within the country and for relaxing those who do not like the noisy bustle of big cities and prefer to rest in peace and in harmony with nature.
On the climate and geological structure of the Brazilian influenced by two main factors: the territory of the third wet evergreen forests of the Amazon region. And the rest of the territory - a tropical landscape of the high plains of the Brazilian Highlands with a pronounced and dry seasons. And it is heavily influenced by the fact one hundred tourists spend their holidays in Brazil. Amazon lowland lies in the equatorial and sub-equatorial climate. Temperature all year 24-28S annual precipitation of 2500-3500 mm per year.
On the east coast behind Moscow 5 hours in winter and 7 hours in the summer.
Portuguese. Distributed by the Spanish, are also used: French, German, Italian.
The monetary unit in Brazil is real = 100 centavos. There are banknotes in 1,5,10,50,100 reais and coins - 1 real, 1,5,10,50 centavos. International credit cards are accepted in hotels and some shops.
Exchange foreign currency at banks (the most favorable rate), exchange with travel agencies and shopping centers, hotels (only dollars) airport. Banks are open Monday to Friday from 10:00 to 15:00. Currency exchange offices usually work from 9:00 to 17:30.
To obtain a visa to Brazil, the following documents:
• Passport (foreigners - a national passport) (must be valid at least six months after the end of the trip)
• 1 small picture
• round trip tickets (or a copy)
• invitation (if any): travel (voucher), private or official (original or notarized fax)
• When traveling to the Amazon region require a certificate of vaccination against yellow fever.
Children under 14 traveling with their parents, must be in possession of documents proving kinship with their accompanying persons (birth certificate). Children traveling without their parents or one of them must have a notarized permission to travel from both parents (or guardians) or the remaining parent.
The main religion in Brazil - Catholicism, but there are others: Jewish, Protestant, and African spiritualist religion.
Carnivals of Brazil are known worldwide. Brazil - a Rio de Janeiro and Rio de Janeiro - is the famous Carnival. First carnivals in Rio were held in 1840. In the late 20's of the 20th century, the city appeared first samba school, where throughout the year prior to the February carnival carnival prepared statements by individual teams. Some schools put on carnivals to 4 thousand. Dancers and drummers 300, Can you imagine what a spectacle ?! Neither guide to Brazil is complete without photos of scenes parade of samba schools in Rio led by their gorgeously dressed, or, on the contrary, prefer to dress Eva "queens" and the crowds danced all night Carioca. In Brazilian music, unusual its rhythm and melody, blended elements of Indian, African and Portuguese folklore, such as percussion instruments, sets the rhythm of the famous samba got Brazilians from their African ancestors. One of the symbols of Rio de Janeiro, which is known throughout the world, is a huge statue of Jesus Christ. Of course Rio de Janeiro, it is also a huge beaches, Copacabana - a favorite vacation spot, Brazilians and tourists. Finest Hotels of Brazil will provide you with a warm welcome. If Rio de Janeiro is considered the city of carefree revelers who spend time on the beach and football stadiums, it is located near Sao Paulo - is a symbol of the economic power of modern Brazil.
Public holidays: January 1 (universal Commonwealth Day / New Year's), January 20 (the base of the city of Rio de Janeiro), in April - Holy Saturday, April 21 (Tiradentes), May 1 (Labor Day), September 7 (independence Day), October 12 (Feast of the Apparitions of the Virgin), November 2 (All Souls' Day), November 15 (Republic Day), December 25 (Christmas). And also:
February-March: Formula 1 race in Sao Paulo;
The second half of February: holidays in Manaus (Manaus);
April, from the 16th to the 21th: Independence celebration in Ouro Preto (Ouro Preto);
April 20: Day of the Indian in Recife;
In June, from the 28th to the 30th: Carnival in the Amazon;
From 10 th to June 25: Folklore Festival in Belém, Manaus and San Luis;
End of June: Marathon in Rio de Janeiro;
July: Festival artists in Ouro Preto;
July: cinema festival in Gramado, in the south;
In the 20 days of August: Folklore Festival in San Luis and Belo Horizonte;
End of August: Folklore Festival in Paraty;
In the 10th of September: Battle Guarapes in Recife;
In October, on Sundays: Folklore Festival in San Luis.
Traditional cuisine Brazil
most characteristic dish is for Brazil - feijoada. In Rio de Janeiro, where it is particularly popular, feijoada is made of black beans, dried meat, smoked sausage, pork, garlic, pepper and bay leaf. Normally this dish is served in a deep plate with flour of cassava and, if desired, with white rice. To feijoada served as sliced oranges, cabbage and pepper sauce.
National drink is the caipirinha, a local vodka with lots of lemon juice and ice.
Additional charges Brazil
When departing from the country and from domestic flights airport fee will be charged.
Political system Brazil
Brazil - Federative Republic. In 1988 a new constitution. Head of state and government - the president, elected for 5 years by an electoral college consisting of deputies - members of Congress and delegates from the state legislatures. The President is the supreme commander, appointed to senior administrative posts, the holders of the right of legislative initiative, veto the publication of Decree-Law.
Is now 184,184,264 people, which is increasing annually by 3 million. Reproduction of the population is characterized by high rates of fertility and natural increase (the second type of reproduction), the female population prevails over the male. Such population growth exacerbates the problem of employment, however, contribute to economic development - in the age structure of the population a high proportion of 62% of young people under 29 years old, but at the same time exacerbates the problem of employment, "false urbanization". Data from the last census indicate a gradual decline in the rate of growth and the tendency to stabilize them. Studies of indicators of growth, fertility, mortality and immigration indicate that by 2045, the population of Brazil should stabilize at around 250 million. Inhabitants. In percentage terms, the number of Brazilians over 60 years increased from 6.1% in 1980 to 7.4% in the 1991 birth rate at which in the 60 years per woman probation had 6.3 children, down to 4.4 in the 80s and up to 2.7 in 1990. This was reflected in the reduction of the annual population growth rate to 2.9% in the 60 and 1.9% in the 90s. The infant mortality rate is 35.37 deaths per 1,000 live births.
Customs control. Imported video, film, audio non-Brazilian production is taxed. Duty-free import of one of the following items: radio, player, video camera, business notebook with computer memory. The export of drugs, firearms, ammunition, medicine, radioactive materials. Import of foreign currency is not limited (declared), national - is limited. The export of imported foreign currency, net of costs in the country, the national - under license of the Central Bank of Brazil. Trying to export from the country of any wild animal without a permit multiple instances of coordination and quarantines, is considered a crime in Brazil. Indian tribes are allowed to make traditional decorations of feathers of exotic birds of the Amazon, the claws of a jaguar, armadillo shell, etc., but to sell them "on the side" Indians can only under special state licenses and only cultural institutions, such as ethnographic museums.
Medical aid Brazil
In the insurance case, even minor, ask for help on the phone, said the insurance card.
For tourists who come to the big cities, yellow fever vaccination is not required. For those traveling to the area of the Amazon vaccination is a recommendation.
High risk of hepatitis B infection, especially during sexual intercourse, blood transfusion, and so on. D. Recommended pre-vaccination against hepatitis A and B and malaria desirable vaccinated against yellow fever. The high level of sexually transmitted diseases. In the Amazon, a variety of tropical diseases (must use repellents). Tap water can not drink. Bring a sunscreen.
Working hours Brazil
Exchange "travellers checks" and the foreign currency at banks (the most favorable rate), exchange with travel agencies and shopping centers, hotels (only dollars) airport. Banks are open Monday to Friday from 10:00 to 15:00. Currency exchange offices usually work from 9:00 to 17:30.
Most shops are open from 9.00 to 18.30 (Monday - Friday) from 9:00 to 13:00 (Saturday). Larger shops are open until 22.00 hours, supermarkets can work round the clock.
The main transport is road. Railways - 30 thousand kilometers. Roads - 1.7 million km, of which 8% - paved. Sea ports - Santos (Brazil exports through it a very high quality and expensive type of coffee "Santos"), Rio de Janeiro, Recife.
The most convenient and usually a safe way to travel in the city, this station (if available) or a taxi (usually with air conditioning and a counter). If there is no meter in the car, it is advisable to negotiate the fare before you travel.
Different voltages in different states. In Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo is almost universally voltage 110 or 120 volts; in Salvador and Manaus - 127 volts; in Recife, Brazil and many other cities - 220 volts. Forks - also different: with two or three flat or round pins.
A ban on smoking in government offices and public places.
In expensive restaurants and bars - 10% off the bill (if it does not include the service charge); in cheap eateries - 1-2 reals; in a cafe on the beach - not accepted; porter in a hotel or airport - 1 real; taxi driver - rounded through in a big way.
The main place for shopping in Brazil - a district of Ipanema. Large selection of high-quality summer knitwear, men's suits and leather shoes, as well as interesting and entertaining souvenirs - Indian vessels, amulets or Negro product mahogany pau-brasil. The best place to buy souvenirs - Fair "Hippie" passing on Sunday. Rio also has a large shopping centers - Rio Sul and Barra Shopping. Serious purchase, which is worth doing in Brazil - natural gems: diamonds, emeralds, topaz. They are higher quality and much cheaper than in Russia.