Cambodia

CambodiaCambodia - Kingdom in Southeast Asia, located in the south of the Indochinese peninsula. No other country in Asia is not fraught with so many contradictions. On the one hand, it is a beautiful place rich in natural resources, on the other - the state with the barbaric military background. Today, this mysterious country opens to tourists their secrets. Asian fans can look forward to an unusual Buddhist monuments, impenetrable rain forests, savannas with sparse vegetation and dilapidated wooden huts miraculously survived the genocide of the poor peasants. Cambodia - a country of ancient civilization, which seems to sprout through the thicket of green trees and silently looks at our contemporary eyes of stone statues of Buddha. About half of the country is forested areas, and most of them - dense tropical rainforest. Forests play an important role in the economic life of the country. Covered with forests in the past alluvial plains now fully utilized for plantations of rubber trees, teak, cardamom, grain fields or groves of papaya and bananas. Tours in Cambodia until the world's most popular, but soon the country will be one of the most sought after destinations. Tourism in Cambodia is still somewhat exotic, so hurry to catch the moment when the country is not "settled" tourists. The country's capital - Phnom Penh. In the west and north-west Cambodia borders Thailand, in the north - with Laos in the east - with Vietnam; south-western shores are washed by the shallow Gulf of Thailand. Cambodia - mostly flat country, located in the Mekong River Basin and surrounded on almost all sides by mountains.

Tours, Deals Cambodia

Sights Cambodia

Phnom Penh The capital of Cambodia is located west of the confluence of the Mekong and Tonle Sap. History of Phnom Penh began in 1372, when the widow of the legendary Khmer Stump stumbled on the banks of the Mekong River on rejected 5 statues of the Buddha. This was seen as a good omen, and this place was built a small temple. The hill on which the temple of set, became known as Phnom Penh ("Stump Hill"), hence the name of the village in Phnom Penh, which has grown rapidly around the temple. Phnom Penh, the capital of the country's former Khmers in the fifteenth century, was destroyed by the invasion of the Thais in 1834, then rebuilt and again became the capital in 1866, under the French. The city flourished during the French period, but with independence became the center of a bloody political struggle. The ideology of "Khmer Rouge" denied the existence of cities, so Phnom Penh completely depopulated, many buildings were destroyed. Only in 1979, after the defeat of "Khmer Rouge", people began to return to the devastated city. Gradually beginning to return capital to its former greatness, and today Phnom Penh is the largest city in the country, the center of its social, cultural and economic activities. The contrast between the modernity of the capital and the rest of the country, where most of the Khmers living very simply, very large. At first glance, Phnom Penh is a chaotic maze of streets, only here and there interrupted pagodas and small parks. The main streets are constantly clogged with vehicles and framed houses, who knew clearly the best of times. However, the "heart" of Phnom Penh - "the old neighborhood", which lies at the bank of the river, is quite attractive. Picturesque houses and shops with an obvious French influence interspersed here stately buildings in the Khmer style. The most interesting places are considered to be a complex of the Royal Palace (1866, rebuilt in 1913) with the throne hall, pavilion Elephant Chan Chaya Pavilion, Royal Treasury and filigree pavilion of Napoleon III. Not less than good "Silver Pagoda" Pre-Wiecher Kaew Morakot, ("Diamond Buddha Temple", got its name from the 5329 silver tiles covering the floor of her first floor) with a golden statue of the Buddha (9584 decorated with diamonds), the statue of King Norodom (a gift from France, 1875) and the Royal Gardens. Entrance to the Royal Palace itself is strictly forbidden, but all the colorful surrounding buildings are open to visitors. National Museum (1920), which lies slightly to the north of the Royal Palace - one of the few places in Cambodia where you can see a miracle preserved centuries-old Khmer culture - here collected a wonderful historical and ethnographic collection, as well as many examples of traditional Khmer crafts. Four galleries of the museum, which lie around a peaceful courtyard, contain an impressive number of ancient relics, art objects and sculptures, covering Cambodian history from the sixth century BC to the present day. It also kept many relics have been found during excavations of Angkor. Noteworthy and picturesque streets around the National Museum - 178 Street teeming arts and crafts shops, and on the street Street-184, often called "English street", there are many language schools whose students are not averse to practice English with foreigners. Sisowath Kwai - "the heart of Phnom Penh." This is a small square in front of the Royal Palace, which serves a public place, an audience performances of the monarch and a favorite spot of the capital's residents. Noteworthy famous restaurant FCC or "Foreign Correspondents Club" in a colonial building with a terrace overlooking the river, the building of the National Assembly with the adjoining park, a curious monument of Independence (1958), King Panyaba stupa (the tallest building in the city and} Oknatey picturesque island on the Mekong River, where detached picturesque view of the Royal Palace. It should be "run" and the markets of the city. In the markets and prices are lower than in the store, and not shameful bargain, so markets Dog-Thmey ("New Market", but more often his name is "yellow" or "central"), Dog-Tuol Tom Pong ("Russian market "), the Dog-O-Rass, Dog-Kandal, Dog-chan, Dog-Horace, the market in the east end of St-128 and others, are popular as they themselves Cambodians and tourists. And, of course, can not miss the pride of the capital, its numerous temples. These monuments of Khmer architecture considered Wat Phnom ("Temple Mount", lies on the only hill in the area, between the lake, Boenga-As the Mekong River), a Hindu temple Tonle Bati from a nearby Buddhist pagoda and a picturesque lake, the temple complex Vat- Ounalom ("Church Brow," 1952) - the main Buddhist center in the country and the residence of the patriarch, the pagoda of Wat Lang Ka, the temple of Preah Chau and others. A strong impression on the guests usually leaves Genocide Museum Tuol Sleng, which opened in the building of "secret prisons" the Pol Pot regime. Scary certificate regime's crimes "Khmer Rouge" are collected here as a warning to future generations. The same purpose is a memorial stupa at the "Killing Fields" Choeung Ek, (15 km south-west from the city center), filled with the bones of the victims of Tuol Sleng prison, which were found in mass graves. In Phnom Penh, the intense nightlife - restaurants, night clubs, discos, pubs, where they can secretly offer all kinds of services, from the jamb with marijuana, ending transvestites. Legendary place - Martini Pub. In Siem Reap - also has a large number of night clubs, bars and pubs. Ankgor Ankgor - the ancient capital Kombodzhe, which is a single set of ornate temples and palaces, the most perfect in comparison with other architectural ensembles of Southeast Asia. For several centuries, the Khmer kings who considered themselves equal to the gods, was built here magnificent palaces and temples. In the X-XII centuries, Angkor was probably one of the largest cities in the world. However, after 1431, the armies of neighboring Siam invaded and destroyed the city, the residents had left him, and he fell into the power of the jungle, which for many years and hid it from the people. Time and the jungle was not spared wooden buildings, but the palaces and temples, despite the destruction, failed to confront the jungle and just rocked the European explorers, who saw them for the first time in the middle of the XIX century. In Europe, Angkor became widely known after the publication in 1868 the book by French naturalist Henri muon (Mouhot) "Journey to Siam and Cambodia." In 1907, the area of Angkor, who was until then under the control of Siam (now Thailand), under pressure from France was returned to Cambodia. The first work on clearing the jungle from Angkor and the restoration of the building began in the early XX century, however, a full-blown character they acquired only in the 1930's. A large complex of works on restoration of Angkor was made in the 1960s. The civil war, which began after a military coup in 1970 and lasted for almost 20 years in fact, caused tremendous damage to Angkor. Suffice it to say that in the 1980s in its ruins was the main base of the Khmer Rouge guerrilla units. Truly engaged in Angkor until the early 1990s. In 1992 Angkor was taken under the protection of UNESCO. Remains of Angkor cover an area of about 200 square meters. km. In total there are about 100 preserved palaces and temples. Angkor is located about 240 km west of the capital of Cambodia - Phnom Penh and 6 km north of the city of Siem Reap, which is a reference point for exploring Angkor. A few kilometers from Siem Reap (Angkor and from) the airport is located, where regular flights from Phnom Penh and planes out of Bangkok - the capital of neighboring Thailand. In recent years, in Siem Reap, especially for tourists was built a few modern hotels. Currently, the most touristic place in Angkor in Cambodia, which, despite the difficult situation in the country, annually visited by hundreds of thousands of people. Battambang Battambang - the second largest city in Cambodia (274 km north-west of the capital). Fast-paced commercial and transportation center, he lives in the same leisurely pace as the surrounding rural areas, and retains the charm of the colonial era. The main attraction of the city - the old French colonial quarter of the river. But the main points of attraction are located outside the city limits - an artificial lake Kamping-Poo, Wat-Sompeu on top of a beautiful cliff, the temple complex of Wat Banana (XI cent.), Sapphire deposits in the area of Pailin, once a huge temple complex of Banteay Chmar (XI in.) in Sisifone, "casino city" - Poipet, as well as the birthplace (and cremation) leader of the "Khmer Rouge" Pol Pot - the city of Anlong Vieng. In remote mountain areas towering ancient temples-Prasat Preah Viharn-, Pre-Kahn (the second largest city of the ancient Khmer Empire), Koch-Re (one of the most difficult of the temples of the country) and about a dozen dilapidated temples in the vicinity of Banteay Chmar. Sihanoukville Sihanoukville - the most famous seaside resort of Cambodia and the country's main port. Located on a peninsula jutting far into the Gulf of Thailand, he is quite young (founded in the mid 50-ies of XX century) and attractive. This is a pleasant and prosperous city whose economy is based on trade, fishing and tourism. The main attraction of the city - long sandy beaches, fringed by palm groves and excellent restaurants with sea food, as well as the temples of Wat Leu and Wat Kraom on Mount Sihanoukville. Beaches Victory Beach, Hawaii View, Independence Beach, Sokha Beach, Serependiti Beach and Ochheuteal well known far beyond the country. More than a dozen uninhabited islands adorn the bay near the coast of Sihanoukville - Koh Pu (Koh Poh), Co-Dec-Cole, Co-Tas, Koh Rong and Koh Rong Samlee. 18 km east of Sihanoukville, Ream National Park, also known as Pre-Sihanouk, - one of the most accessible national parks. At more than 50,000 acres of the park can be found the wet evergreen forests and mangroves, sandy beaches and coral reefs, as well as other areas of untouched natural environment of Cambodia. In addition to visiting the park directly, from here you can make a trip to the mouth of the Prek-Toyoko Sap, in the fishing village of Koh Kchang or to the islands of Koh Timei and Koh Ses.

Climate Cambodia

Cambodia is a tropical climate. The average annual temperature varies from 25 C to 40 C. In the year two seasons - dry and rainy. The rainy season starts in May-June and lasts until September. The rainiest months are July, August, September. The hottest months - March, April, May. In December, January, February, early March - the most neutral weather, no rain, temperature 30 - 35 C.

Time Cambodia

Winter time in Cambodia ahead of Moscow for 4 hours in the summer - 3 hours.

Language Cambodia

Official language - Khmer (Cambodian), referring to the Mon-Khmer group of Austroasiatic language family. In the big cities, in the business and political spheres, are also common French and English.

Money Cambodia

The national currency - Riel. In circulation are banknotes 100 000 50 000, 20 000, 10 000, 5000, 2000, 1000, 500 and 100 Riel. Coins in Cambodia is not. The American dollar is practically the second currency of the kingdom. Dollars can pay anywhere and for anything, thus, prices are converted at the current official exchange rate, which is well aware all Cambodians, up to the peasants who sell on the market products of their labor. Renting is often given in Riel. Abandon them is not necessary - it is more convenient for small acquisitions to pay Riel. In the border areas, you can also pay baht Thai, Laotian and Vietnamese Dong bales.

Visa Cambodia

For entry into Cambodia need a visa, which can be obtained on arrival at the airport in Phnom Penh or Siem Reap. Also, a Cambodian visa can be obtained at the Embassy of Cambodia in Moscow. Visa on arrival in Cambodia issued for 20-30 minutes (you need to provide a valid passport and a passport-sized photograph 1). Also at the airport, you can put a business visa for 3, 6, 12 months. Most representatives of the customs authorities for obtaining a visa at the border must present a medical card. This requirement is illegal, so it can be safely ignored. Visa-free transit is not allowed. Documents required for a visa to Cambodia (the embassy): 3 photos, and 3 completed questionnaires in Russian or English. The minimum term of the visa - 2-3 days. The cost of a tourist visa to Cambodia - $ 20 (for 1 month, can be renewed at its expiry for a fee for another 3 months, then it is necessary to leave the country). Business visa costs $ 25 (for 1 month, it can be renewed for a fee for an unlimited time with a maximum frequency of once per year).

Traditions Cambodia

You can not photograph military installations and facilities, airports and railway stations. Before shooting, temples and people, especially monks, you should first ask permission. National character Rouge is widely known - is quiet and reserved people who have a certain tendency to idle pastime, respecting the king and his country, and the true believers are Buddhists. They are very tolerant of dissent or ignorance of local laws, but it is still recommended not to neglect their patience. For the most part they firmly reject alcohol and drugs, but this is true, in general, only the "European products." Some Cambodians, especially women, are constantly chewing betel. And men use chewing tobacco or various local herbs, possessing weak narcotic effect. Sense of community in Khmer, according to many researchers, is very similar to the Japanese. It is very noticeable communities and even some clan. Institution of the family and religious traditions are especially esteemed. "Wat" or "Wat" ("temple") is the center of every Cambodian village. Usually Wat is the temple or pagoda, surrounded by a wall, a small "holy place" with Buddha statues, a pond and a residential area, which is inhabited by monks. Usually in charge of the temple contains a primary school, which caters to the village children. When Kampuchean boy is 16 years old, he goes to the temple and live the monastic life for a few years. The purpose of this practice is to teach young people the basics of Buddhism, to raise the level of a man who is believed to be, respectively, raises the status of a person in the "next life" after rebirth. If staying in a convent, young people spend their time in work, prayer, meditation and study. Therefore, the subsequent close relationship of human and religious precepts, so characteristic of Cambodia, it is quite understandable. At the entrance to the temples must be respectful to the monks and Buddha images, as well as make donations through churches. Bypass the temple should be clockwise. Photograph places of worship and local residents should only asking his permission (in most cases it is required to pay). Cambodians traditionally greet each other with a shrug of the hands and a bow-like gesture Thai "wai", but lately more and more Khmers just shake hands. Women use the traditional greeting among themselves, and to communicate with men. When visiting a private home, office or organization decided to give a small gift. When visiting the country should take into account that the Khmers are not accepted to show their anger or rage (it means "loss of face"), to touch someone else's head (especially children) to show someone the finger, to give and take something two hands (you can only do a "clean" right-hand man), put your feet on a table or other person to show the soles (feet due to constant contact with the ground are considered "unclean") and lift up the thumb (in Khmer it is considered a sexual gesture) . Dress code in most cases quite informal. Both men and women in their daily lives are made of cotton sarong or blended fabrics. Silk sarongs dress up on holidays or used in everyday wear enough wealthy people. In cities all over the place are the usual pants and dresses cut wide, covering most of the body. In formal occasions, such as religious festivals and family celebrations, women often wear "Joy" (shirt special cut), but mostly women dress very modestly. Tourists are advised to wear light clothing - pants (not shorts and mini-skirts!) And long-sleeved shirts, especially when visiting religious sites. In all other cases, a shirt with short sleeves, and a free clothing style is quite acceptable. The security situation in Cambodia is ambiguous. The country remains in the hands of a huge number of automatic weapons in the woods somewhere hiding aspiring troops "Khmer Rouge" and outright criminals, and the amount remaining from the war min is huge (a year in which compromised up to 2,000 people). However, the situation has improved significantly over the past few years - areas formerly under the control of "Khmer Rouge", cleared of bandits troops (their small group recorded only in the area of Patanakiri and Stung Treng), minefields are gradually removed with the assistance of foreign experts or marked with red flags and plates (the most visited tourist area already cleared of mines), the police and the army strongly suppress manifestations of armed extremism (and it is clear - too much cost the country the years of social experimentation "Khmer Rouge"). Crimes involving weapons are most frequent in Phnom Penh and reach a peak at the time of festivals and celebrations. But even in this case, the threat is low because most of the armed bandits attract money, not life to attack. The adoption of a few simple precautions can reduce the risk even more - do not go out alone after dark, do not need to carry a passport, a large sum of money or other valuable items (recommended to carry an amount of not more than $ 10). It is recommended for moving around the city to use the auto-rickshaw or taxi, and choose them on the recommendation of the hotel employees. With the threat of an attack in order to rob it is recommended not to resist and not to run, and easy to give the desired raiders. Life, as we know, is more expensive. On the streets you can always see a lot of representatives of civil and military police. In some cases, the behavior of the local police is strongly associated with local gangsters, but in most cases the representatives of the civil police (uniform blue or khaki) to tourists politely and try to help. With representatives of the military police (black and white armbands) to deal more complicated. In any case, you should carry a photocopy of your passport or a guest card from the hotel. Public holidays: Asian fans can look forward to an unusual Buddhist monuments, impenetrable rain forests, savannas with sparse vegetation and dilapidated wooden huts miraculously survived the genocide of the poor peasants. Cambodia - a country of ancient civilization, which seems to sprout through the thicket of green trees and silently looks at our contemporary eyes of stone statues of Buddha. About half of the country is forested areas, and most of them - dense tropical rainforest. Forests play an important role in the economic life of the country. Covered with forests in the past alluvial plains now fully utilized for plantations of rubber trees, teak, cardamom, grain fields or groves of papaya and bananas. Tours in Cambodia until the world's most popular, but soon the country will be one of the most sought after destinations. Tourism in Cambodia is still somewhat exotic, so hurry to catch the moment when the country is not "settled" tourists. National holidays: January 1 - New Year's Eve January 7 - Day of Victory over the regime of genocide March 8 - International Women's Day February - mid April - Chnam-Tmay or Chaul-Chnam, New Year in the Cambodian calendar. May 1 - Labor Day Mid-May - Buddha's Birthday (VISAK-Bucha). June 1 - International Children's Day. June 18 - Queen's Birthday. September 24 - Constitution Day. the beginning of October - Pchum Ben (Ancestors' Day). October 23 - Day of the Paris Peace Agreement. October 30 - November 1 - King's birthday. November 9 - Independence Day. December 10 - Human Rights Day. In late January or early February - ethnic Chinese and Vietnamese celebrate Lunar New Year March 8 - International Women's Day, 3 days in April - Cambodian New Year (this is one of the main festivals of the Khmer, which marks the end of the dry season and the arrival of the monsoon. Usually it falls into the middle of April. Celebrating the New Year is accompanied by the construction of the sand hills, symbolizing the mortar, which holds the hair of the Buddha. Khmers believe that every grain of sand laid on the mountain, gets rid of sins) May 1 - Labor Day May 3 - The day of the royal ceremony of arable, May 18 - Buddha's Birthday (VISAK Buca) June 1 - International Children's Day, June 18 - Queen's Birthday, September 24 - Constitution Day and Coronation 2 days in October - Pchum Ben (Ancestors' Day) October 23 - Day of the Paris Peace Agreement, October 30 - November 1 - King's birthday, The end of October or beginning of November (three days) - Water Festival (when the river Tonle Sap changes its course and flows into the Mekong River in Phnom Penh arranged race on cakes). November 9 - Independence Day December 10 - Human Rights Day. Particularly popular holiday Souls - Prochum Ben. This ceremony is taken very carefully, because during the reign of Pol Pot in every family lost someone close. This festival begins on the first day of the waning moon of the month - Photrobot. According to legend, during the waning moon, when the sky is covered with clouds, and the nights are getting darker, Yama - King of the Dead - liberates the soul of the dead, and they temporarily live among humans. First of all the souls of the dead are sent to the pagoda, and if you do not find in their traditional offerings, the family curse. The main component of offerings - rice. To date, revived many religious holidays are saved and some rituals, such as ritual and prevent the expulsion of disease. Festivals The system of celebrations in the country is quite extensive and complicated. A multitude of people living in the territory of Cambodia, even the same religious holidays are celebrated in different ways and often - at different times. Ethnic Chinese and Vietnamese celebrate Lunar New Year (Tet) at the end of January or early February, and Rouge - in the middle of April. Celebrating Chnam-Tmay attributable to the start of the monsoon season - one of the most colorful events of the country. These days Rouge constructing sand hills - the symbol of Buddhist stupas, (it is believed that every grain of sand in the hill frees from sin), spend lots of colorful parades and costumed performances. Immediately after Chnam-Tmay, in early May, goes the famous Royal arable ceremony IM Pre-Nangkal near the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh. In February, the festival Mick Bochea. May 3 to celebrate the birthday of Buddha (VISAK-Bucha or VISAK-Puja). In July-September passes Buddhist Lent. In early September, spend holiday Souls Prochum Ben (Ben Pcham) - one of the most respected Khmer festivals dedicated to the ancestors. In October, a religious festival is held Bonn-Katem. The most important festival of the Khmer calendar - a three-day "Water Festival" Bom Om Tuk, held at the end of the rainy season (early or mid-November). This is the best time to visit Phnom Penh and Siem Reap. November 10-11 passes musical light show Hideki Togi-("Feast of God").

Traditional cuisine Cambodia

In large cities (Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville) - a huge number of restaurants with traditional Cambodian, as well as with the French and European cuisine. National cuisine and is similar, and at the same time is not like the traditional cuisine of neighboring countries. We can say that the Cambodians eat everything. All that crawls and flies, all that grows and floats, all that blooms and seeds legs. This is no exaggeration - in the course here are fried with salt and garlic spiders "a-ping", fried grasshoppers and all sorts of bugs, snakes, raw meat and entrails, insect larvae and embryos of birds, dried cuttlefish and fried small birds (up to sparrows ), bamboo shoots and sprouts water lilies, marine and freshwater clams, all sorts of cereals (rice, yams, millet, taro, sago, corn, ficus, etc..), as well as a variety of fruits and vegetables, many of which simply do not have names in the Russian language. Widely used pickled and pickled vegetables and fruit, and collect them for processing at various stages of maturity which makes the final product completely phenomenal taste. Basis of Cambodian cuisine - rice. It is present on the table anytime, anywhere and at any time of the day, most of all - as a garnish. But at the same time prepare it somewhat easier than in Thailand or Vietnam, use less spices and sauces, but more vegetable oil (peanut, peanut, coconut, palm, and others.) And fresh greens. Everyday dishes are fried rice with various herbs, meat, fish or seafood, "Bajic", which is usually accompanied by all kinds of herbs and sauces, as well as soy and rice with pork "un-som-chro" and rice with bananas "un-som-che . " In second place in popularity in Kombodzhe noodles and pasta. Favorite food Cambodians - noodle soup, herbs, meat, fish, or a variety of seafood "kiteou" or "kitevu." It is widely used everyday dish for breakfast, you can find it in any restaurant or cafe. But the main thing in it - a variety of options and combinations of ingredients. In soup Cambodians without caution put everything that comes their way - from dried fish to snails, frog legs from (a legacy of French colonization) to eggs. Also, everywhere you can find all kinds of products made of noodles, typical for South-East Asia - fried rice noodles, rice noodles with fish sauce "tukchey", as well as hundreds of species of noodles with spices. Milk and dairy products are almost never used in the food, but the cheeses are very good. Meat consumed quite a bit, basically, it's poultry. But the fish and a variety of products from it occupy Cambodian table is very important. The most popular soup in the country - "Samlee-Machu banle", is because of the fish. Equally popular baked fish with rice "Tri-rated" fish curry "amok" with a sauce of coconut milk, fish steamed "DTPA-chorm-hoy" fried fish "DTPA-AING" sour fish soup "DTPA-rank -nyung "stuffed with vegetables fish, all kinds of dried, smoked and cooked fish (preference for freshwater species), rice with a paste made of specially processed fish" prahok "baked fish in the leaves of lettuce or spinach with a fish sauce, fish sauce" nyokmam "and" tukchey ", as well as all kinds of fermented fish paste -" Ngapo "," nampla "," padek "," prahok "," Single moms "and others. French influence is well seen on the example of the excellent bread and rolls, are baked by the early morning in small bakeries scattered around the usual locality. Widely used and vegetables, but not as a basis for independent courses, and in combination with meat, poultry or fish in a part of salads that are eaten both cold and hot, but always with some sauce. Local salads quite original - they are usually prepared from meat or fish with various greens (lettuce, lettuce, lemongrass, saffron, and so on. Etc..) And vegetable oil. Often added to a salad or fresh fruits and pickled vegetables. And as the number of fruit on the table simply defies description. In addition to well-known species such as watermelon, bananas, pineapples, papayas and mangoes, be sure to try the exotic "durian" or "turain" (though the smell of it is just awful!), Guava, pomelo, rambutan, Sapodilla, kamerin, mangosteen, longan and jack Fruit ("Khanal"). For dessert, in addition to fruits, often serves a variety of fruit puddings, cakes "ansam-chruk" cakes "Norn-bye" and "nom com" cookies "Fela", pies and ice cream. Favorite soft drinks Rouge - "Samrong" (infusion of the seeds of the tree of the same name), sugar cane juice, the juice of the palm tree "tektnot" or coconut milk "tekdong" soda with lemon juice and fresh juice or juice with ice and syrup. A kind of a local drink "dtyuk-rolok", produced from the fruit and egg yolk good thirst quencher. Chinese green tea is used everywhere (often it is not even included in the bill), but the coffee is usually not very good quality. Local beer, though unusual taste, but it is expensive and quality. The best varieties are considered "Lao", "Angkor" and "Alain Delon", as well as imported "Tiger" and "Heineken". Also available local whiskeys, but they taste quite peculiar, and therefore not popular with tourists. In large cities, you can buy many kinds of imported alcoholic beverages.

Additional charges Cambodia

When departing from the country will be charged an airport tax - about $ 20, when flying in Siem Reap - $ 10, on the other domestic flights - about $ 5.

Political system Cambodia

According to the 1993 Constitution of Cambodia ("Prihrichinacha Kampuchea") is a constitutional monarchy with a multiparty democratic system. The head of state - the king. The Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch on the Constitution, in fact, appointed by the Prime Minister. Legislative power is vested in a bicameral parliament consisting of the National Assembly (123 seats, members of the National Assembly are elected for five-year terms) and the Senate (61 seats, two members appointed by the monarch, two elected by the National Assembly, and 57 are elected in constituencies all - a five-year term).

Population Cambodia

About 13.6 million. Persons. The main ethnic groups - Rouge (about 90%), Vietnamese (about 5%), Chinese (about 1%), Thais, cham-malay and others.

Customs Cambodia

Duty-free import items and household items within the personal needs. Prohibits the importation of arms, ammunition, drugs, toxic substances, audio and video, "prejudicial to public order and the spiritual traditions of the country." Banned the export of antiquities and ancient works of art, which are a national treasure, the precious metals and stones in commercial quantities, wild animals. The import and export of foreign currency up to USD 10 000. For the export amount above USD 10 000 requires permission of the National Bank of Cambodia. Export of local currency is prohibited.

Medical aid Cambodia

Cambodian health system has a sufficiently low level. Medical care in public institutions should be provided free of charge, but in practice for the treatment has to be paid. Pharmacies have almost every corner, drugs are very expensive. In rural areas, often taking care of the health of people passed on to paramedics and traditional healers. Medical insurance is recommended international standard. Foreigners are advised to contact the medical centers at embassies or in large metropolitan hospital. Also not be amiss to small first-aid kit. Personal hygiene items and medicines are widely available in the capital and provincial cities, but if you go to a very remote area for a few days, it is best to take everything you need with you. Recommended to take care of a set of products for travelers leaving the country's tropical climate: antibiotics with a wide spectrum of activity, intestinal bactericidal drugs, anti-malarial drugs on the advice of a doctor, antidiarrheal, antiseptics, plasters and bandages. Travellers - persons with disabilities should be aware that Cambodian monuments and roads are not adapted to tourists in violation of the musculoskeletal system. Only a few hotels have the necessary equipment for such people. The biggest problem for them - it is also the main attraction of Cambodia - Angkor temples. But, given that the work of people in Cambodia underpaid, you can hire an assistant to accompany along the route. Older travelers should be realistic in relation to their health and capabilities when traveling in Cambodia. Depletion - a real threat, especially for the elderly. However, the Khmer culture evinces great respect for elders, and they surely will be given respect. Traveling with children is not much of a problem. However, it is worth remembering that young children are not particularly keen to be temples, and it will be interesting to play with the local Cambodian peers. The natural curiosity of a child can be expensive in a country where dysentery, hepatitis and malaria are common things.

Working hours Cambodia

Local markets open early, around 6 am (and some earlier) and close to 17.00. The best time to visit the markets - the morning, around noon, most shops have closed for some sort of siesta Rediscovering colo 15.00-16.00. During the holidays and festivals of all banks, ministries and embassies are closed.

Transport Cambodia

Despite the increase in recent years the number of vehicles in Cambodia, the favorite mode of transport - is still a motorcycle. Apart from the international airports in major cities in Cambodia, there are seven provincial airports. Becoming more popular cruises on the rivers. Thanks to a specially developed system of Discovery Airpass, you can travel across the region on a fixed-price tickets for the flight. Sets of tickets are valid on their own flights airlines Bangkok Airways (Thailand), Siem Reap Airways International (Cambodia) and Lao Airlines (Laos). Use the special offer you can on flights between Thailand, Cambodia and Laos, and to fly between them (international routes). The cost of each ticket for a flight in the country is only $ 50 for international destinations - 90 for children under 12 years - 25 and $ 68, respectively. On routes from Bangkok to Xi'an (China), Chiang Mai-Xian, Bangkok-Maldives price slightly higher - $ 150 per adult and 113 per child. Prices do not include taxes and airport fees. Fare rules Discovery Airpass allowed to purchase at the same time from 3 to 6 tickets coupons. Tickets may have an open date, with the exception of the first trip. In every city you can stay for up to two months, not more than once, and no more than once as it is possible to fly on each route. Discovery Airpass tickets are valid for two months and can not be re-issued to another person, but it is possible to change the route for a fee of $ 20 and the difference in price, if any. Buy Discovery Airpass can only be outside of Thailand at the offices of the airlines Bangkok Airways, Siem Reap Airways International, Lao Airlines or Air Agencies. Bangkok - the most convenient place to start the journey to Phnom Penh or Siem Reap. In the capital, there are also flights from Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiana and Guangzhou. The main airport - Pochentong, 7 km west of Phnom Penh. A taxi to the center costs about $ 8, a motorcycle can be reached within 1 dollar.

Potable water Cambodia

Easy drinking water in Cambodia is only sold in bottles, since there is practically no water treatment system.

Tip Cambodia

In most restaurants Cambodia not tipping, but in many hotels and restaurants, where there is no formal charge for the services, it is advisable to leave a reward for good service simply truncating the sum in a big way (salaries here are very small, so any amount of "on tea "would be greatly appreciated). It is also recommended to leave a tip guides, caseloads throughout her stay in the country.

Clothes Cambodia

When visiting temples decided to leave hats and shoes. When visiting state institutions and religious facilities are not accepted to wear shorts. Better buy a sarong - available, cheap, convenient and unusual.

Helpful information Cambodia

The international telephone country code - 855. Codes for some cities: Phnom Penh - 23 Battambang - 53 Kampong Speu - 25 Kampong Chhnang - 26 Kampot - 33 Kamponchgthom - 62 Koh Kong - 35 Krache (Kratie) - 72 Pursat - 52 Svay Rieng - 44 Siem Reap - 63 Sihanoukville - 34 Stung Treng - 74 For domestic direct-dial long-distance calls dialed before the area code 1211-5, and international - 1201-5. The communication system is sufficiently old, modernization has been slow. Automatic international connection is weak, calls abroad can only be done from the hotel, with the post office or call office (in some cases it's just a stall with the phone). Recently, on the streets of the capital began to appear until rare public payphones, from which you can call in the province or abroad. Calling Cards "Phonecards" sold in post offices, hotels and supermarkets. The cost of international calls in Phnom Penh is 3 dollars per minute, weekends and holidays there is a discount of up to 20%, in the province of the price of telephone calls more than a factor of 1.5-2.