Canada - the second largest country after Russia. This country is the twelfth of the land. Canada is among the ten most economically developed countries in the world. It is believed that in this country the highest standard of living.
Famous Niagara Falls, Jacques Cartier Bridge in Montreal, Quebec lovely, huge skyscrapers in Toronto, surrounded by numerous parks where squirrels ... All of this is so different and so addictive Canada. Travel to Canada - a familiarity with modern cities, ancient forts, beautiful nature of the Arctic and beautiful parks with pristine nature.
The first inhabitants of Canada were the ancestors of the Indians. They were engaged in gathering the sweet maple sap from which syrup boiled down to give a kind of sugar. Europeans borrowed from the Indians is a skill, and today is considered the national maple syrup Canadian dish, and even maple leaf adorns the national flag of the country.
Canada has a reputation as the country's rapid industrial growth, especially in sectors such as high technology, transportation, and mechanical engineering, aerospace industry, microelectronics, medical equipment manufacturing, software development, hydropower and nuclear industry, laser industry, optoelectronics, biotechnology, food processing and other .
The capital of Canada - Ottawa.
Canada is located in North America. It is bordered on the south and north-west of the United States. On the north by the waters of the Arctic, in the west - the Pacific in the east - the Atlantic oceans. In the north are the numerous islands of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Ottawa (old name - "Bayton") became the capital of Canada in 1857. It is exceptionally quiet, clean and peaceful city, even by Canadian standards. The main attractions of Ottawa - Parliament (you can even attend the meetings of the legislature in Canada), the Peace Tower with 53 bells on it, a picturesque quarter around Byward Market Hall, Rideau Canal (in winter becomes the longest skating rink in the world - 8 km), the Royal Stables police , Canadian Museum of Nature, science and Technology Museum with the largest telescope of the country, the Museum of Contemporary Photography, the Museum of Laurier, Numismatic Museum in the building of Bank of Canada, the National Arts Centre, National Gallery of Canada, Museum of Civilization with a unique exhibition on the history of these lands, the Canadian War Museum National Aeronautics Museum, natural History Museum, the Museum of Cartoon and others. Showrooms Ottawa - Byward Market, La Mason-du-Citoe, Le Malun des Arts and the Arts Court, known outside the country. Fans can visit the National Arts Ottawa Civic Center, Convention Center and the Nepean Sportsplex, where it is sold and exhibited a lot of amazing things and objects of art. Music lovers pleasant meeting with the Orchestra of the National Arts Centre, Ottawa Symphony Orchestra and many other ensembles. Directly in the proud boasts excellent parks, the most famous of which is the Gatineau Park (35 thousand hectares).. In the neighborhood of interesting beautiful fortified town of Kingston, which runs the famous Irish Festival, Fort Henry (1812), the famous "Thousand Islands" on Lake Ontario, Thunder Bay on the shores of Lake Superior (the third largest river port in the world) Fort William on the river Kaministikia, 300-meter-high mountain Nanibizhu ("Sleeping Jaintia"), reserve Pukaskua, pretty town of St. Mary the historical museum in an old house "Ermatindzher" Agawa Canyon is a beautiful area, and, of course, the famous Niagara Falls.
Ontario - the largest number of inhabitants in the province of the country, famous for its vineyards, which produces the lion's share of Canadian wines, as well as its "Big Horseshoe" Niagara Falls, which attracts crowds of tourists. Ontario - more than thirty national parks, wild uninhabited northern territory, about 50 thousand. Pristine lakes and numerous rivers with a total length of 55 thousand. Miles, all of it - in the neighborhood of one of the most populous and most economically developed regions of the country - the so-called "peninsula of Ontario," limited lakes Ontario, Erie and Huron. Here are the capital of Canada - Ottawa, as well as the unofficial capital of the English-speaking population - Toronto, in which, however, the number of ethnic groups living simply defies account.
Toronto (in the language of the Hurons - "meeting place") - the largest Canadian city, a leading cultural and commercial center of the English-speaking Canada, the international standard of cleanliness and order. This huge metropolis has an unmistakable appearance - huge skyscrapers of banks and offices are surrounded by greenery dozen parks, where free squirrels and other small forest dwellers, neat gardens and lawns framed by major highways and numerous national quarters kaleidoscope replace each other. The most interesting places in the city - the pile and entertainment complex on an area of Ontario, Hyde Park and Queen Elizabeth Park, the picturesque island Toronto Islands Park on Lake Ontario, stretching for 15 km. Scarborough cliff, gilded tower building large bank Royal Bank Plaza, a concert hall Roy Thomson Hall, symbol of the city - 553-meter tower "CN Tower", sports and hotel complex Sky Dome, Art Gallery of Ontario, the house government, the famous shopping mall Eaton Centre and others.
The city has theaters, the National Ballet, National Opera, the Center for the Arts, the Conservatory, the Royal Ontario Museum, and others. Interestingly whole "constellation" of top-class museums - the Royal Ontario Museum (the largest museum in Canada), Henry Moore Centre with the world's largest collection of works by wizard, the Pottery Museum, the Museum of McMichael (45 min. drive from Toronto, the Canadian art), shoe Museum, Ontario Science Centre and the famous Toronto Zoo.
In addition, the city is famous for its four professional sports clubs and sports arenas - the famous Sky Dome is a giant indoor stadium (the area of 8 acres, 31 tier, is designed for 56 thousand. Spectators), "Hockey Hull Of Fame Myuzeum End" - a hockey stadium and Museum, which holds the most prestigious trophies of the world championships, including the Stanley Cup. The city has many restaurants and nightlife are concentrated in the streets Jonge, Bloor and Yunivesiti, as well as in the area of Yorkville and Bichez quarter. Attracted a lot of attention Casa Loma - eccentric house-castle from 96 rooms, built banker Henry Pellatom in 1914, Old Fort York, built in 1793 for the defense of the Gulf of Toronto, Spedina castle, built in 1866 for the founder of "Dominion Bank" James Austin, Fort George (1812), Algonquin Park area of 7.6 thousand. sq. km, Museum of maple syrup and, again, the famous Niagara Falls, which is only 100 km. south of Toronto.
Quebec - the largest and is believed to be the most beautiful province in Canada. At three times the size of France and seven times larger than the UK, this site covers the most picturesque parts of the country - mountain-lake district Lavrentid, Estrie and Charlevoix, plains and magnificent forests downstream of the St. Lawrence (St.. Lawrence), a coastal district Gaspezi, Saguenay and Lake Saint-Jean, the edge of sailors and fishermen - Madeleine Islands, as well as the oldest city in Canada - Quebec City and Montreal. In Quebec, there are several universities, led by the oldest in Canada, Laval University, thousands of tourists are attracted by the famous Montmorency Falls and low northern foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, and opened hundreds of beautiful tourist destinations, ski resorts, sandy beaches and protected areas. Landscapes of southern Quebec are so diverse and charmingly that he received in Canada, the informal name of "Beautiful Province".
In Quebec City ("Kebek" on one of the Indian dialect means "the place where the narrow water") - the capital of the province (and once and all of Canada), preserved only in North America city walls of the citadel, known as the "American Gibraltar ", as well as a medieval city - Latin Quarter (recognized as UNESCO World heritage Site) with Catholic cathedrals, monasteries of the Jesuits and Franciscans, the Parliament (XIX c.), artillery Park et al. now in the narrow streets, usually filled with tourists, located many shops, shops, restaurants and bars. Situated on a cliff, with its steep and narrow streets, old Quebec City is famous for its old buildings, among which the most interesting church of Notre Dame de Victoire (1688), the Anglican Cathedral of St.. Trinity (1793), Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Quebec (1650), chateau Frontenac at Cape Diamond, the National Assembly building, restored in its original form in the ancient village of Petit-Champlain quarter, huge shopping centers on the boulevard Laurier, numerous terraces of cafes and restaurants in the Grand Terrace and Alla-Dufresne, the oldest in North America lift connecting the Upper and Lower Town, the oldest area of North America - Royal, on which there are several museums, the Museum of the Ursulines (XVII-XIX cc.) and the Museum of St. Mary on the Rue Donnakona , Fort Museum, wax Museum, the Rue Saint-Anne mansion "house Chevalier" (XVIII c.), the Museum of the Quebec seminary, Battlefields Park, the Museum of Quebec at the monument to the British General Wolfe, picturesque streets of Saint-Paul Maguire and Tresor, art galleries les Trois-Colombier and Galerie d`Art-le-portal et al. Equally interesting urban Aquarium on the River St. Lawrence Zoo, a huge ice rink in the square Deauville, "Indian Village" Onohua Shetek, Jacques Cartier park, as well as suburban parks "Shute Monmoransi" with a huge (over Niagara) eponymous waterfall and "Chute de la Shaude" with no less remarkable waterfall height of 120 m.
Montreal - the largest city in the province of Quebec and one of the oldest city in Canada. The city is located on a river island, around the peak at the center of Mont Ruayyal ("Royal Mountain"), which depart from the picturesque streets, the names of most of which are given in honor of Catholic saints, for the city and earned the nickname "City of Saints". Modern Montreal - a city of skyscrapers, highways, huge international transport hub, sea and air gate of the country, but it is also an important historical and cultural center.
Familiarity with the city is best to start with its famous bridge, Jacques Cartier, exploring the old town hall with her remains lie a stone wall (it is cleared for the celebration of the 350th anniversary of the city in 1992) and the column in honor of Admiral Nelson (1890), the church Notre Dame (1824-1829 gg.) with the Chapel of Sacre Coeur, Place des Arm (Royal Square, the first area of Montreal) with a monument to the city's founder Paul Mezonnevu, Palace of Justice, the Dominion parks and La Fontaine with numerous sculptural monuments, chapel St. Joseph, the church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonskur outside St. Paul, St.. Patrick's Anglican church Saint-Georges, with wonderful wooden sculptures, the castle Ramsey (1705, now - a historical museum) and the pearl palace architecture - Meredith house on Prospect Peng.
Museum Pointe-a-Calleri, the Archaeological Museum and the Historical Center acquaint interested persons with the city's history and interesting archaeological finds. Worth visiting the Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Archaeology and History (located on the landing of the first settlers), the Museum of Humor, visit the Museum of Contemporary Art, Museum of Indian Arts McCord Memorial Museum Mark Aurelius Fortin Museum Pointe-a-Calleri (history and archeology), Margarita Yuvil Memorial Museum, Canadian architecture Centre, the Art Gallery of Concordia University, and others.
In the Island Park on the island of Notre Dame and St. Helen located amusement park, a variety of restaurants, an Olympic swimming pool, a large ring road Grand Prix, "Formula 1", the magnificent gardens Florent, a great beach and the famous Casino. Attractive area of the Old Port, with its clock tower, offering views of the old city with skyscrapers in the background, the area of the Olympic Stadium and the Olympic Park in Park Maisonneuve on the north-east (here is the third in the world Botanical Garden), Fort Chambly rapids river Richelieu , Kahnawake Indian Reservation and research Centre for Space Studies Kosmodom.
Business and commercial life of the city is concentrated in the western part, around the park Dominion. Huge skyscrapers in the Plaza des-Ar (Arts Square), the Palacio de Congresos, complex Desjardins, CIBC and San-Life, or the futuristic building "Radio-Canada" are contrasted with the old buildings of Windsor Station, the Cathedral of Marie-Reine-du-Monde (exact reduced copy of the Roman Cathedral of St.. Peter) or the Anglican Church of Christ Church. In the quarter of Plateau Mont-Royal interesting "Shere School" (1931) with stunning decorative elements in the Art Nouveau style and the former National School, which is now located near the school of modern dance, the Church of the Infant Jesus, as well as one of the most beautiful streets of the city - the Boulevard Saint -Zhozef, built mansions of the early XX century. Quarter Utremon also saturated rich mansions and beautiful parks, among which the most interesting building of the Academy of Fine Arts, St-Viater with a unique facade and domed guesthouse Saint Nom-de-Marie. The most interesting building blocks Co-o-Rekol - Visitation Church with a rich interior. On the contrary, on the island of Visitacion, the ruins of the old mill, built by monks in the XVIII century. (the last of which operated until 1960). Now the island turned into a park, where you can see a few wooden houses of the last century. Quarter Lachine, who grew up around the same name of the channel and a system of locks, known Lachine estate (now a museum), a convent of sisters of St. Anne (1862-1864.) And a magnificent park overlooking the picturesque panorama Kahnawake Indian Reservation, Lake Saint Louis and the old part of the city.
Located a few tens of minutes drive from Montreal mountains Lawrence (plateau Lavrentidy) and Laurentian National Park known as a great ski resort, especially popular famous ski station and a magnificent garden in Bronmonte, as well as ski slopes in Saint-Sauveur and Saint-Adele. Of interest in this area and Indian settlements in the area of Oka, "reptile farm" in Saint-Eustache, a famous place of pilgrimage and the world's cultural heritage - the cathedral of Sainte-Anne-de-Bopre, waterfalls St. Anna (74 m), Saint-Ferreol -le-Nezh (100 m) and Wilson (in the city park of Saint-Jerome), a water park of Mont Saint-Sauveur, beautiful lake District near the Lac de Seth-Ile ("lake sixteen islands"), summer resorts in the area Notre-Dame-du-Portage and Lake Temiskuata, village and park on the island of Bik, canyon "Gates of Hell" and the Oceanographic Institute in the area of Rimouski, the famous "gardens Meti" in English style around Grand Meti, beautiful beaches and lakes Sables Saint-Jean, beautiful landscapes Estrie, Sherbrooke, Charlevoix (part of the area in 1988 was declared a UNESCO nature reserve of world importance), "whale pastures", Center for the Study of the Marine Environment of the Saguenay Fjord (near Baie Sainte-Catherine) and the Center for the Study of marine mammals in Tadoussac, unique landscapes, the park and the mountain reserve Foriyon Chic-Shock in Gaspezi, the country's highest lighthouse at Cape Rosier, "the eighth wonder of the world" - a giant rock Perce unique paleontological park Miguasa, amazing landscapes capes Trinity and Eternity and more .
One of the most beautiful provinces in Canada - Nova Scotia, surrounded on three sides by the ocean. Province attractions are wide beaches and fishing villages along the coast "Roads of the Rising Sun" National Park From Terre on the island of Cape Breton, Indian reservation Vikokomag famous yachting center Yarmouth, park of the French colonists of Port Royal in Annapolis, reserve Kedzhimkudzhik and many convenient bays and beaches. Sea fishing in these parts - one of the best in the northern hemisphere. The provincial capital - Halifax, interesting for its churches - Saint-Pierre (the oldest Baptist church in Canada), Old Dutch Church, (the first Lutheran church in the country), Saint-Georges, the chapel of Notre-Dame-de-Saint-Duler (1874 y), and others., as well as museums, among which the most interesting Museum of Nova Scotia, The Citadel, Museum of Art, the Art Gallery "Mi'kmaq Heritage" and others. Noteworthy Fort Anne in Annapolis, fortress of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island, a historic settlement Kings Landing in New Brunswick, historic Park Franklin D. Roosevelt on Campobello Island, and Samuel de Champlain museum under the open sky on the island of St. Croix, House-Museum of Canadian scientist AG Bellan on the island of Cape Breton and mnogoe- much more.
Manitoba is diverse - the prairie and mixed forests, lakes and rivers, polar tundra and rocky outcrops - all this gives it a special touch to nature. Capital of the province - Winnipeg ("abundance of water"), famous for its museums. Here are the Museum of Man and Nature, the Museum of St. Boniface in the oldest building of the city (1846), Winnipeg Art Gallery, Dean of the first "skyscrapers" in Winnipeg - Building Confederation and others. Cultural life of the city is extremely rich - and it plays the famous Royal Winnipeg ballet, and symphonic music concerts and theatrical productions at the highest level. In the vicinity of Winnipeg, there are many historical and natural attractions - "Fork" (a historical place, where he once met an Indian chief), Fort Garry - one of the most important points of the fur trade on the Red River, the famous "Capital of polar bears" - the city of Churchill (here is the most southerly in the world population of these animals), Curran Park and Princess Park in Brandon, as well as a lot of reserves and lakes, the largest of which - Winnipeg - is the fifth largest lake in Canada and more than Ontario.
Saskatchewan - steppe and lake area with a sufficiently harsh climate. This is the "breadbasket of Canada" (the region produces two-thirds of Canadian grain), and at the same time the edge of more than 100 thousand. Rivers, majestic lakes and impassable swamps. This is the only province in Canada where most people are not descendants of the English or French - live here Germans, Ukrainians, Scandinavians, Danes, Poles and Russian, and therefore in the appearance of the city is clearly visible national impact of these ethnic groups. Regina and Saskatoon - the two largest cities in the provinces, which are home to nearly a third of the total population of Saskatchewan. Regina is the capital of Saskatchewan - a charming quiet town comes to life only at the end of the week, when many shops, restaurants and pubs are full of people. Hence, guided hikes of all kinds to the north of the province, to the edge of the picturesque lake near Lake Athabasca. Well worth a visit and two decent museum - Museum of Natural History with a huge collection dedicated to the natural resources of Saskatchewan, and the Museum of the Royal Mounted Police, which originated in these parts.
Alberta - a major oil-producing region (Calgary is considered the oil capital of Canada) and the edge of the beautiful landscape. Severe Rocky Mountains to the west and the vast expanses of prairie in the east help create excellent conditions for tourism.
The capital of the province of Alberta, Edmonton, known as one of the largest shopping centers of the North American continent, so the whole "travel life" revolves around the area of the West Edmonton Mal-comprising 800 shops and beautiful amusement park.
Calgary is worth a visit for its famous Rodeo (July), the Glenbow Museum Art gallery with a vast collection of weapons, the Olympic Park, saturated old houses Heritage Park, as well as explore the Zoo (the largest in Canada) and the symbol of the city - Tower Calgary Tower. Portage la Prairie is interesting and historic village of Indians and museum development in Canada in the old fort, and Halle - Canadian Museum of Civilization. Around the city are concentrated many winter resorts.
Canadian Cordillera - a real treasure trove of wildlife: Grand Canyon of the Fraser River, Yellowhead Pass, the highest point in the Canadian Rockies - of Robson (3954 m), the famous Colombian ice fields - ideal for leisure and tourism. But the real attraction of Alberta - its national reserves Jasper (the largest nature reserve in the Rocky Mountains - the area of 10.8 thousand. Sq km.), Banff (the first reserve in Canada), Wood Buffalo and Waterton Lakes, as well as beautiful areas of the Rocky Mountains with rich nature - Whistler Medsin lake (the largest lake in the reserve Jasper, dry out completely once a year), Maylene lake, Athabasca falls (32 km south of Jasper), Columbia glacier (area 325 sq km.), Johnston canyon, waterfalls Lower and Upper Falls, Lake Louise, Mount Victoria and many resort towns with the highest level of service around the reserves. Here, in the province of Alberta, was found the largest concentration of dinosaur fossils, and fishing on the local rivers is considered one of the best in the country.
British Columbia - the westernmost province and mountainous country. This is the area of marine landscapes, mountains, lakes, rivers, pine forests, green valleys with vineyards and orchards, the area beautiful nature and friendly people. Vancouver - one of the most picturesque cities in Canada, the third the number of inhabitants and the second most important port in North America. The central part of Vancouver is located at the foot of the two highest peaks - Mount Seymour and Hollibёrn, a height of about 1300 meters, and on the banks of the grand English Bay. Through numerous rivers Vancouver laid 20 bridges and three drawbridges - Byurard Bridge, Kembo Bridge and Granville Bridge - connects the city center with other parts of Vancouver and are quite interesting tourist sites.
Very popular with tourists Stanley Park (400 hectares of pine forests) and its seaside promenade, the oldest quarter of the city - Gastown, the largest in Canada, Chinatown, the Botanic Queen Elizabeth Park and the University Botanic Garden, Van Dusen Garden, Nitobe Japanese Garden on Marine Drive Cathedral of Christ Church (the oldest church in Vancouver) with beautiful stained glass windows and a magnificent wooden ceiling, Ford's Theatre, an entertainment complex "Commodore", Museum of Art, the Museum of Vancouver planetarium, Science House with cinema "Omnimaks", Anthropological Museum, the Museum of the century and Maritime Museum. Three beaches of Stanley Park, Kitsilano Beach, Jericho, Wreck Beach and Locarno, in spite of the cool water, attracting thousands of visitors. Vancouver is surrounded by dense forests and high mountains, so the most popular tourist routes pass through the picturesque surroundings of the city. The most interesting Whistler ski station, with a huge rock Skuomish Stavamus-Chief, Shannon Falls waterfall, the town of Nanaimo on the ocean, the archipelago of the Queen Charlotte, as well as the old railway connecting the most beautiful places around the city.
In the provincial capital - Victoria, be sure to visit the museum of classic cars and historic Fort Rodd Park, the Museum of British Columbia, park Butchart Gardens, Wax Museum, the Maritime Museum, the largest city park - Beacon Hill Park, Parliament House and the Art Gallery Emily Carr. In Thunderbird Park, you can see the objects of worship and way of life of the local Indians. And the rest - this is a typical English town of the Victorian era, with its architecture, outdoor sculpture, properly shaped gardens, trimmed lawns and gardens. From Victoria you can freely reach the famous sanctuaries Pacific Rim, Yoho (protected by UNESCO), Kutno, as well as to accomplish the journey on a luxury ship, the amazing routes as ocean and river type (all are 25 directions).
Yukon - District legendary "gold rush" of the century. Virtually untouched wild lands Yukon spread over an area of 500 thousand. Sq. km north of British Columbia, between Alaska and the Northwest Territories of Canada. Most of the territory is occupied by the Yukon Cordillera and in the far north, on the coast of the Arctic tundra stretches. Whitehorse - Yukon capital, administrative and tourist center. Every year in February, held a "meeting of miners", during which you can walk along the river on an old paddle steamer "Klondike" and imagine those early years, when the Yukon raged "gold rush". MacBride Museum is worth a visit to Whitehorse, Miles Canyon, "sung" in many westerns Dawson or go fishing on the rivers of the Yukon - virtually perfect for sport fishing.
In Canada, presented a lot of climates: from the eternal ice in the north - to the lush vegetation on the west coast of British Columbia. At the same time in most of the country are clearly distinguished four seasons. Daytime summer temperatures can rise up to 35 C or higher in the winter - cold to - 25 ° C are not a surprise. Spring and autumn are very similar climate to Russia, but in comparison with Russia, geographic areas in Canada are slightly shifted to the south. For example, Moscow weather is extremely reminiscent of the weather in Montreal or Ottawa, although both of these cities are located at a latitude of Simferopol.
The country has six time zones. Time behind Moscow for 6.5 - 11 hours. In the eastern part (Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto) time behind Moscow for 8 hours.
In Canada, adopted two official languages: English and French. At the same time, English is much more common. The vast majority of the French-speaking population of the country (75%) live in the province of Quebec in the eastern part of the country.
Currency Unit - Canadian Dollar (CAD), which is equal to 100 cents. The most common denomination in Canada nomination - 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollars. Coins are in the category of 1 cent (penny), 5 cents (nickel), 10 cents (dime), 25 cents (quarter), $ 1 and $ 2.
Although banks usually offer the most favorable rates for currency exchange, some charge a small fee for the exchange transaction. Since banks are only open on weekdays from 9 am to 5 pm, sometimes it makes sense to change a small amount to Canadian dollars before coming to Canada. Hotels, shops and currency exchange offices are almost always offer the most unfavorable course and take a large commission.
ATMs are common in big cities, and let you travel without large amounts of money and cash checks. With the help of plastic cards, you can pay off in many stores.
Visas Consular Department of the Embassy of Canada in Moscow. Visa is issued within 21 days.
Foreign nationals are entitled to a tax refund included in the purchase price, when exporting goods. To do this, place a check in the store special and present it at customs. In addition, the hotel provides for the return fee (about $ 5 per day). On these issues can be consulted in the customs service of the province where you are, since the conditions of VAT refund in different provinces are somewhat different.
Consumption and sale of alcohol is legal in all provinces, but alcoholic drinks are available, mainly in restaurants, bars or public stores. In supermarkets, stores and private beer and wine are not sold. Alcohol and cigarettes are sold for night and day rates, differing in some provinces is very important. In some restaurants in Quebec can bring wine with them. Some stores and restaurants have messengers that will pack the purchased item and will carry to the car, or even for a fee, will be delivered to the specified location.
Crime situation rather ambiguous. On the one hand, the overall level of crime in the country is low, safety on the streets is strictly maintained. On the other hand, the number of pickpocketing and kidnappings handbags recently increased. Also frequent incidents involving young people, especially among the expatriate communities, and the crimes committed under the influence of drugs. Tourists should be extremely cautious in the outlying areas of Ottawa and Montreal, at the main train stations, subways, buses, trams and especially - in the vicinity of "black" neighborhoods. Should not be left in plain sight handbags, mobile phones and other valuables. Keep a minimum amount of cash, do not carry all the credit cards and documents. Valuables, large sums of money, documents with important personal information leave as much as possible in a safe place (for example, in the hotel safe).
Before voting on the road or put up a tent in the countryside, it is useful to know the administration of the park or the county, as well as in the office of the travel agency, how safe this area. And this applies not only to the risk of being attacked by the people as to the probability of collisions with wild animals, the number of which is large enough. Making a fire or put up tents to be only in specially designated areas, or may be followed by a sufficiently large fine or administrative measures.
Traditional cuisine Canada
It is very difficult to talk only about the traditions of the Canadian national cuisine. The fact that the so-called Canadian cuisine - it is rather Anglo-American-Canadian cuisine. This is not surprising when you consider the historical origins of the inhabitants of a multi-ethnic country of Canada.
Alone in the Canadian kitchen worth Québec cuisine, and this is understandable, since the recipes of French cooking it is historically and geographically closer. And in restaurants, Nova Scotia still perfectly cooked many dishes whose recipes have crossed the Atlantic and landed here, in what was once a French colony Acadia, with the first European settlers centuries ago.
All this complex mosaic of culinary tourists perceive as a national Canadian cuisine, especially since many restaurants separately specializes in Italian, Indian, Chinese, French, German, Japanese, and many others. In today's daily dishes Canadian cuisine includes dishes from natural meats such as steak, roast beef, splints.
Success enjoyed this dish and Canadian cuisine as fillets broshett - nasazhannye on a skewer and roasted on a spit pieces of sirloin, bacon, mushrooms and onions. Menus of restaurants that specialize in Canadian cuisine, offered to try the fried chicken on a spit, sturgeon or stewed rabbit, kidney pie. For starters bring spreads, cheeses, baked ham, smoked herring.
Of the entrees are prepared puree soups, vegetables, cauliflower, squash, tomatoes, and broth with croutons, noodles, green beans and other greens. Very popular in Canada pumpkin soup. Borrowed from the Scots national recipe breaded potato has long since become an integral part of Canadian cuisine. The dish is very appetizing and is preparing quite simple: boiled in "uniform" potatoes cut into circles, collapses first in a mixture of chopped ham with flour and breadcrumbs, and then moisten with beaten egg - and fried. A special pride of Canadians - produced only here maple syrup, condensed sweet spring juice Canadian sugar maple without any additives. Few returned from Canada and brings it with him as a souvenir. In the restaurant you can enjoy Ottawa unusual spicy dish - homemade ham in maple syrup. In general, the use of maple syrup is especially true for Canadian cuisine dishes - for example, known to all the pancakes, which relies dip in the syrup.
Political system Canada
Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. Canada is a federation, that is, the powers are divided between the federal government and the executive bodies of the provinces.
Canada - a multi-ethnic country, but the representatives of different nations were formed into a single nation. Over the past 400 years in Canada to enter a lot of immigrants, especially from Europe. The vast majority of the population are the two ethnic communities. The largest - the Anglo-Canadians - the descendants of immigrants from England and Scotland. They inhabit uniformly throughout the country, while the French Canadians - the descendants of French colonists - mainly concentrated in the province of Quebec. Older immigrants - people from other countries in Europe: Italians, Germans, Poles, Scandinavians, Ukrainians and others. Live here, and the descendants of immigrants from Russia and the countries of Asia (Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, Indians, Pakistanis), and African Americans - Canadian citizens ancestors who lived in Africa.
Import and export of local and foreign currency is unlimited, if you move across the border cash fund of 10 000 CAD and relies more declare them. Personal effects are duty-free. The import of cigarettes - 200 pcs., Or 50 cigars, or 910 grams. tobacco, liquor - 1.1 liters., beer - 8.5 liters. items and household items - within the limits of personal needs, gifts - no more than $ 300. USA. For the import of banned perishable food, weapons, explosives, drugs, some medicines, and items for resale, meat, meat and dairy products, plants and seeds. Banned the export of silver coins worth more than $ 5.
Medical aid Canada
Certificate of vaccination is required. In some cases, the customs may be required to undergo a medical examination. Medical care for foreigners pay. A visit to the doctor costs are usually 30-50 Canadian dollars. At the embassy there is a medical center.
In some areas there is a potential risk of hepatitis B and Lyme disease (a type of tick-borne encephalitis). In addition, due to the high levels of sun exposure, it is recommended to use protective sunscreen, sunglasses, hats, and so on. D.
The Canadian health care - one of the spheres, which is rightly proud of the state. The Canadian health system is financed and is known as Medicare. It provides free or nearly free medical care and health services for all citizens of Canada.
One of the most important indicators of the success of the current health system is the health of Canadians. Life expectancy of Canadians is 78.6 years (81.4 years for women and 75.8 years - for men), which is one of the highest among developed countries. The infant mortality rate in 1996 was 5.6 per 1,000 live births - one of the lowest in the world.
Working hours Canada
Shops are open from Monday to Saturday from 10.00 to 18.00, but some stores close at 21.00. For coming to the country for a period of less than six months, the program extends 8% discount. When shopping in stores need to keep your receipts, after his return to Russia as evidence of departure from Canada's checks sent by mail.
"Aeroflot" provides 4 weekly flights from Moscow to Toronto. Duration of air travel - about 10 hours. Many European airlines - KLM, British Airways, Finnair, Air France, Lufthansa, Austrian, and others - offer flights to various cities in Canada with transfer in Europe. Often, it is such flights are the most economical and convenient.
Canada - a vast country. Best mode of transport between major cities of the country - aviation. Airports are in all large and medium cities. On intercity bus lines compete two companies "Greyhound" and "Voyageur". Vote on the highway is not recommended. In the provinces of Ontario and Quebec have special agencies that connect passengers with drivers. This is a fairly cheap service.
The cost of public transport in Ottawa (bus) and Montreal (metro and bus) is about 3 Canadian dollars. The bus money or coupons for travel paid the driver who gives "transfer", which indicates the time it expires (usually 1.5-2 hours after landing). With this transfer, you can drive up to the specified time on any route.
Mains voltage is 110 V, 60 Hz.
Tipping is 10-15% of the cost of the service.
Helpful information Canada
When you call the police, fire brigade, ambulances have to call - 911 In areas not covered by the system, it is necessary to dial "0" and cause the desired service through the operator.