Cyprus area is the third largest island of the Mediterranean Sea. Feature of the island is a mild climate, which has become the signature of Cyprus. On the coast you will find the resort towns and quiet secluded coves, all kinds of hotels and multicolored water parks. Cyprus has everything for you to spend your vacation is not only beautiful, but also interested in: entertaining excursion to the ruins of ancient cities, health walks in the mountains, yacht cruises along the coast of the island. In the evening, illuminated by the bright lights of Cyprus, and in hotels, restaurants and clubs start fun entertainment. Colorful Cyprus holidays and festivals are known all over the world.
Cyprus is situated in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, 70 km. off the coast of Turkey, 95 km. from the Syrian coast and 380 km. off the coast of Egypt. The nearest Greek islands - Rhodes and Karpathos is located 380 km. west. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean with an area of 9251 square meters. km; length from west to east, 224 km from north to south - 96 km. The coastline to the north of the island is indented and rocky, and in the south is covered with long sandy coasts. When approaching the island by plane you can see numerous coves and bays, dark green valley framed by mountains in brown.
Cyprus in centuries played an important role in the development of events in the eastern Mediterranean. The first historical information related to the VI century BC. One of the oldest human settlements in Europe is considered Choirkoitia, located near Larnaca. Cyprus - the birthplace of the goddess Aphrodite. Huge rock protruding from the sea - a place known as Petra tou Romiou - where, according to legend, came from the sea foam goddess of love and beauty Aphrodite, Baths of Aphrodite at Polis and Fontana Amorosa (Source of Love) also reflect the existence of the goddess on the island. This myth has generated a massive wave of cults and rituals in all the neighboring countries emerging from several centuries.
Nicosia (Nicosia) lies in the interior of the island of Cyprus in the fertile valley Messaoria between two mountain ranges - the Troodos and Kyrenia. He is the largest and most populous city of the island. There are about 180 thousand. Residents.
Divided into two parts, Nicosia is the capital of both the Republic of Cyprus and the center of the Turkish Northern Cyprus. Turkish Nicosia Lefkosa called. Greek Cypriots call their capital Lefkosia (Lefcosia). Here are the residence of the President of the Republic of Cyprus and the Archbishop (senior hierarch Church of Cyprus), the country's parliament, ministries, offices of large companies. The first mention of a settlement on the site of the present islanders Nicosia still encountered in the sources of the 7th millennium BC. e. City then called Ledra. Its current name, he is obliged to son Ptolemy of Egypt Lefkonu 1 - one of the rulers of these lands.
City in its long history many fold been destroyed a long time lay in ruins until VII - VIII centuries. BC. e. in these areas were not re-settle people fleeing inland from the raids of the numerous invaders. In the X century. who came to the island city Lusignans elected principal place of his stay. In Nicosia active building, reminiscent of this era preserved architectural structures in the Gothic style. Nicosia position as the chief city of the island has been further strengthened with the arrival of the French place-Venetians. Venetians did not suit the unreliability of the city's fortifications, and they started a grand building.
For three years, from 1567 to 1570 were erected walls and bastions. (Fortifications, known as "Venetian", still remain). Grand work of builders have been in vain. In 1570 landed on the island of Turks laid siege to Nicosia and took the city by storm. As a result, arranged invaders massacre killed thousands. Catholic churches Turks rebuilt the mosque, surpassing the Orthodox population. Coexistence of communities of different faiths - Muslims and Christians - are periodically overshadowed by the bloody events. In 1804, the Turks living in Nicosia revolted, accusing the governor of the island of pandering to the Greek clergy and the Ottoman troops were forced to suppress the performance of his co-religionists. In 1821 came the Orthodox clergy themselves. They were accused of conspiracy and executed - in Nicosia alone several hundred people. Calmed down with the arrival of the British in Cyprus, but the feud is not dead and resurfaced with the acquisition of Cyprus's independence, when the Greeks and Turks together was to build a new sovereign state. It has long been smoldering resentment boiled over into the streets on the eve of the Christmas holidays at the end of 1963 bloody events that took place including in Nicosia, forced the international community to send a peacekeeping force on the island. Already in 1964 there has been a division into two parts of Nicosia - Greek and Turkish. This position is finally fixed in 1974, when the island was invaded Turkish troops. From this moment Nicosia is the capital of two simultaneously is not reconciled territories: Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish zone. Peaceful coexistence of neighbors provide the UN forces. Ever since the Berlin Wall fell, Nicosia is the last divided capital in the world.
Things to Do in Nicosia.
The main historical and architectural monuments of Nicosia is located in the old town, inside the Venetian walls. The narrow streets of old houses form a pedestrian zone, it focused shops, restaurants and coffee shops.
Venetian Walls. These fortifications were built at the end of the era of Venetian rule, in the period from 1567 to 1570 by the architect Giulio Savorgnan. Earthworks lined with stone, 11 bastions were to facilitate the protection of the city walls with a total length of almost 5 km. For the passage of the city built three gates: Famagusta, Pafos and Kyrenia. However, a grand work of builders have been in vain. In 1570 the Turks broke storming the city bastion Constanta (Constanza) - where now is a mosque Bairaktar (Bayraktar Mosque), and Nicosia fell. To strengthen themselves, known as the Venetian, were not injured. Still remain as Famagusta Gate (see. Below). Currently, the fortifications built thoroughfares to traffic.
Famagusta Gate. One of the three passes through the Venetian fortifications, also known as Porto Giuliano. Of these gates began their journey, those who went to Famagusta and Larnaca. The restoration project goal was awarded an international prize "Europa Nostra". Currently indoors gate regularly hosts exhibitions and musical evenings. Gates open for inspection from Monday to Friday from 10.00 to 13.00 and from 16.00 to 19.00 (from June to August - from 17.00 to 20.00). Address: Leoforos Athinas (bastion Caraffa). Tel. 43-08-77.
Municipal park. The park stretches a green semicircle on the outside of the Venetian fortifications, where was once a moat. Green spaces in the city center - a pleasant place for a stroll.
Huskies Getonia (Laiki Geitonia). The name means "The neighbor's quarter." The historic center, who lovingly and diligently restored. Houses of traditional architecture, of limestone, decorated with balconies and secure shutters form the narrow streets with craft shops and souvenir shops, with lots of coffee shops and taverns. Ideally suited for hiking. Located inside the Venetian walls, not far from the area Plateia Elefterias, opposite bastion D'Avila.
Ledra Street. Pedestrianized street, bounding Laiki Getonia from the west. Stretches from the Venetian fortifications to the city center. One of the main shopping streets, though not always, such serenity reigned here. The British called it "mile of death" because during the struggle for independence here Cypriots were killed many British soldiers. Pass this street along its entire length, you can not - close to the center it is blocked by an army post. For fasting to be a narrow buffer zone and further position of the Turkish army, which you can look through special openings in the fence.
Church Chrysaliniotissa (Chrisaliniotissa Church). The oldest Byzantine church in Nicosia, constructed in 1450 on the orders of Helena Palaeologus, the wife of one of the members of the genus Lusignan. A beautiful collection of Byzantine icons. The church is located a few hundred meters to the north gate of Famagusta.
Omeriye Mosque (Omeriyeh Mosque). The mosque was built on the ruins of the Augustinian church on the orders of Mustafa Pasha, who led troops in 1570, the Ottoman Empire invaded Cyprus. Mustafa Pasha believed that it was here that the Prophet was buried Omar, whose name and got a mosque. The mosque is open for inspection every day from Monday to Saturday from 10.00 to 12.30 and from 13.30 to 15.30. Address: PlateiaTillirias.
Church Tripiotis (Trypiotis Church). The building in the Franco-Byzantine style built in 1695 This church is known for its iconostasis, whose width and silver frame icons set it apart prochih. Adres: 47-49 Solomonos (behind the museum Leventis, if you go to the city center).
Church Phaneromeni (Faneromeni Church). Built in 1872, where, in a marble mausoleum on the east side of the church, the remains of the Cypriot priests executed by the Turks in 1821 on charges of conspiracy. Address: Faneromenis (east of Ledra Street, near the army post).
Archbishop's Palace (Archbishopric). Construction of a three-storey building in the neo-Byzantine style, completed in 1960 Here is the residence of the supreme spiritual entity in Cyprus - Archbishop. Front of the palace is a monument to Archbishop Makarios III, the first president of independent Cyprus. On the territory of the archbishopric to Cathedral of St.. John (See below.), The Byzantine Museum, the Museum of Folk Arts Gallery iskusstv.Adres: Plateia Archiepiskopou Kiprianou.
Cathedral of St.. John (Agios loannis Cathedral). The cathedral was built in 1662 on the site of a Benedictine monastery. St. Called John the beloved disciple of Christ. Cathedral famous for its beautiful frescoes of the 18th century. Reflecting the time of detection of the relics of St. Barnabas, who was the founder of an independent Church of Cyprus. The cathedral is open to the public from Monday to Friday from 9.00 to 12.00 and to 16.00 s14.00. Saturday - from 9.00 to 12.00. Address: Plateia Archiepiskopou Kiprianou (in the Palace of the Archbishop).
The entire island is endowed with a wide variety of natural and historic sites, mountain scenery, picturesque villages and colorful cities. Country of spectacular festivals, traditions and myths, where the rules of hospitality and charm, this island can rightly be called an island - a museum. Here everything - history. Untouched by time, the ruins of ancient cities, amphitheaters, forts, temples, secluded Byzantine monasteries and many other centuries-old monuments - silent witnesses of Cyprus. Homer called Cyprus "island beautiful and flourishing." For centuries, Cyprus attracted, fascinated and inspired people. Sandy beaches, bright blue sea, picturesque villages, mountains covered with pine forests, are a pleasant sight. From the variety of colors of spring and long, drowning in the sunshine days of summer - to the coolness of autumn, very suitable for the study of archaeological sites and to the mild winter, which provides a choice of spending time in the warm sun on the beach and skiing in the Troodos Mountains. Well developed network of roads, communications, transport, banking system, enough skilled health care system, an abundance of modern hotels, shops, and a high level of service, attracts many visitors to Cyprus for leisure and for business training.
Choirkoitia Neolithic settlement, located 32 km. from Larnaca and 48 km. from Lefoksii in 1998. was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Settlement is the remains of a plurality of dwellings, and is divided into two parts stone "wall" length of about 185 meters. Finds made during archaeological excavations suggest the presence of a high level of social organization of the residents of the settlement.
The ancient city of Kourion with a memorable Greek-Roman amphitheater, located on a hill, which offers a magnificent view of the Mediterranean Sea. In addition to well-preserved theater and other attractions Curio: "Villa Evstolia" with Roman mosaics, which can be treated with scaffolds covered, an early Christian basilica, the ancient Forum, Nymphaeum, public baths and the "House of Gladiators."
According to the Greek historian Herodotus, the city was founded Curio Achaean colonists from Argos, Greece. Initially, in the 2nd century BC, the amphitheater was much smaller. It was renovated in the second half of the 1st century AD, during the reign of the Roman Emperor Nero. The first Roman theater was badly damaged in the earthquake 77g n. e., but during the reign of Emperor Trajan (98 -117gg.). was rebuilt and enlarged to the size of appearing before our eyes today.
Sanctuary of Apollo Gilad (5th century BC), located near the Curio, is one of the most significant historical religious sites in Cyprus. Apollo was the god of beauty, music, forests, prophecy and shooting their bow, protector of trees, cattle, sheep and cattle - and most Curio. Playground archaeological site occupies about 15,000 square meters.
Currently, the archaeological work on the island are led by the Cyprus Department of Antiquities, many of them are carried out in conjunction with the departments of archeology major American and European universities. The Department is also concerned with the storage of archaeological finds, the protection and conservation of ancient monuments, etc. Access is open to visitors most of the archaeological sites; the city's museums, as well as small museums open at ancient monuments, help get acquainted with the archaeological finds in the historical context. In the Cyprus Museum in Lefkosia (Nicosia) is the largest island in the exposition of ancient archaeological treasures. Cyprus exhibits galleries of the Metropolitan Museum in New York City are valuable finds, in fact, illegally exported from the island. The British Museum, the Louvre and other famous museums exhibit luxurious collection of historical treasures from Cyprus.
Limassol is not only a major port, but also a leading center of tourism, international trade, industry and the Cyprus wine. This city has many first-class hotels, interspersed with restaurants, taverns, cafes, bars, discos and nightclubs.
Paphos - is the ancient capital of Cyprus during the Roman domination, in this city and its surroundings a high concentration of historical monuments and antiquities. Paphos is suitable for tourists who want to get acquainted with the ancient period of the history of Cyprus, to visit museums, archaeological sites and world-famous ancient mosaic. They are considered the most famous landmark of Paphos. Some of them are recognized as the best in the world, for example, a mosaic dedicated to Dionysus. 2 km from Paphos on the sea cliff there are tombs of kings. Paphos was listed as a UNESCO "Treasures of World Civilization" in 1980. This in itself is a beautiful and interesting city is also known for the fact that one part of it - Kato Paphos (the lower part of town near the marina) found the remains of the ancient city of Nea Paphos. There is currently an archaeological park known, among other things, its amazing mosaics - Villa Dionysus, Theseus, Orpheus and Jonah.
Larnaca - the third largest city in Cyprus, a booming resort and economic center of Cyprus. In this city, in addition to the wonderful beaches, emerald sea and comfortable hotel with a large shopping centers, markets, bazaars and small shops with various goods.
Ayia Napa - one of the most popular first-class resorts in Europe. Thanks to the many entertainment life at the resort impresses with its atmosphere of constant joy and fun. Tourists are offered all kinds of sports, in restaurants, you can sample the local cuisine and fine wines, and have fun at the disco dance to the rhythms of music from around the world.
Famagusta - one of the richest cities in the world. Its called the city of lovers. Vintage wall as would merge together with modern buildings. Deserves the attention of tourists Cathedral of St. Nikolas (now Mustafa mosque) - a very stylish, architecturally perfect building, castle Othello. According to legend, Christopher Moreau (ruler of Cyprus 1506 - 1508) killed his wife in it. Kyrenia - one of the best coastal resorts of Cyprus, located on the northern coast of the island. Most hotels are located close to the coastal strip, and cafes - outdoors. Cultural attractions are the Kyrenia Castle, built in Roman times, the museum of shipwrecks and a chapel.
Protaras - it's fast developing resort, where there are numerous newest hotel complexes. Holiday Resort is located on the southeastern coast of the island between Ayia Napa and Paralimni. Protaras is home to some of the most beautiful beaches on the island - fine golden sand, clear waters and beautiful rocky coves, shading tiny bays, luxurious hotels. In the evening, you are waiting for taverns and restaurants where you can view folkloric shows and enjoy the Cypriot cuisine. A large selection of bars and discos fans will appreciate the nightlife that does not stop here until dawn. Tourists are offered tours to the village of Paralimni, which has kept the charm of typical Cypriot lifestyle. Snorkellers will find here all the conditions for practicing your favorite sport.
Cyprus 330 days of sunshine a year! The most "cool" place on the island of the west coast (Paphos), where temperatures are lower in summer by 3-4 degrees than in Larnaca or Limassol. Swimming or sunbathing are available throughout the year as air and water temperature rarely drops below 20 ° C. Average min and max temperatures in winter and summer: August - min 21 C and 36 C max, February - min 6 max 16 C and S. easy rainy season limited to the period from November to March.
The time difference with Moscow - 1 hour, is one hour ago.
The official language is Greek. Widely used English, sometimes French and German. Many hotels have a Russian-speaking staff.
Cyprus pound - pound equal to 100 cents and issued banknotes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 pounds, and coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents. One pound is equal to about two dollars USA.
Citizens of Russia and other CIS countries to travel to Cyprus visa is required.
Citizens of some countries do not require a visa to visit Cyprus for up to 90 days. These are the countries of the European Union, the USA, Canada, Israel, Australia and some others. The complete list can be found at the Foreign Ministry in Cyprus.
types of visas
Tourist visa (Short Stay Visa, category C) - for persons who aim to stay which is tourism.
Visitor visa (Short Stay Visa, category C) - for those pitying visit relatives or friends in Cyprus.
Transit visa (Transit Visa, category B) - for persons crossing the territory of Cyprus to third countries.
Persons who plan to arrive in Cyprus through the airports of Larnaca and Paphos, can apply for the provisional visa (Pro-visa) category C online. To do this, on the site of the Embassy of Cyprus in Moscow need to fill an online application form (click on the red die "Provisa for Cyprus") and send it by e-mail to the visa department of the Embassy of Cyprus in Moscow. Personal presence at the consulate is not required. Also do not need to provide proof of hotel booking and return tickets.
During the day, employees of the Consulate check is not listed if the person who sent the request to blacklist Immigration Service of Cyprus. If not, then the applicant by e-mail confirmation will be sent (Pro-visa) with a unique number, upon presentation of which on arrival at Larnaca airport in the applicant's passport will be delivered by the visa stamp.
Period of validity of such a visa - 90 days from the date of execution of a permit. Number of entries - 1.
Pro-visa will not be issued in the following cases:
-if the child is entered in the passport of the parent (and every applicant should be a separate sheet)
-if the applicant is not a citizen of the Russian Federation,
-if it is assumed to enter Cyprus through the sea port of Limassol,
-if you want the double or multiple entry visa.
In these cases, for a visa, please contact the Visa Section of the Embassy of Cyprus in Moscow.
Entry into the Schengen visa for Cyprus
Third-country nationals who hold valid Schengen visa (type C, single, double, multiple) and have entered the territory of the Schengen area, according to the conditions of granting of Schengen visas issued to them have the right to enter and stay in the territory of the Republic of Cyprus without a national visa for a period equal to remaining period of stay under a visa issued to them, but no more than the period of validity of the visa. Important! Owners of single Schengen visa category C should enter the territory of Cyprus directly with the Schengen area.
To obtain a visa to Cyprus following documents are required:
- A passport valid for at least 3 months after the expiry of the visa. The passport must have one blank visa pages;
- Completed and signed by the applicant profile;
- A recent passport photograph of the sample 3x4 cm or 3,5h4,5 cm (when submitting documents to the Consulate General of the Republic of Cyprus in St. Petersburg, you must provide a color photo). The photo must be glued to the application form;
- Copy of the invitation or voucher from a recognized tour operator in Cyprus with the seal and signature of the employee and the seal of the hotel, or a copy of the reservation confirmation directly from the hotel with the seal and signature of the hotel employee;
- A copy of the first page of the passport data of tourist;
- Children need to attach a photocopy of the birth certificate. If the child is traveling with one adult or accompanied by a third party, you must provide a copy of a notarized consent to removal of the child from the remaining parent / parents.
Requirements for completing the questionnaire
- Profile completed in English;
- In items 17 (Address in Cyprus), you must specify the name of the hotel, its full address, telephone and fax number;
- In claim 18 (Funds during their stay in Cyprus) shall include the amount, at least roughly, which will have a tourist on a trip;
- In claim 19 should list all the documents (copies of documents) that are attached to the application form a tourist;
- For children included in a parent's passport and traveling with them, a separate application is not filled. In claim 16 profiles parent name, last name and date of birth of the child (ren) and its (their) Photo pasted next to the photo of the parent. One profile can be refined to only two children.
For registration of a visitor's visa to Cyprus requires the same documents as for a tourist visa, but instead of a voucher or a confirmed hotel reservations available:
- A copy of the standard "Statement of responsibility for the guest" (Assumption of Responsibility to Host) from a private person, which shall include passport data of the invitee, the length of stay and place of residence in Cyprus. The application is signed personally by the host, with his signature shall certify the notary in Cyprus or consular officer of Cyprus;
- Copy of the passport, sponsor (if he is a citizen of the Republic of Cyprus) or a copy of the residence permit or work (educational) visa.
Transit without a visa is available with a valid Schengen visa categories B, C, a national visa D, issued by one of the countries - participants of the Schengen agreement, or the national visa issued by Bulgaria and Romania. The maximum duration of stay on the island should not exceed 5 days.
In other cases, a visa is required. To obtain it, you must provide the following documents:
- A passport valid for at least 3 months after the expiry of the visa. The passport must have one blank visa pages;
- Completed and signed by the applicant profile;
- A recent passport photograph of the sample 3x4 cm or 3,5h4,5 see. Photograph to be glued to the application form;
- The original ticket to final destination;
- Visa for the country of destination, if required.
The procedure and terms for issuing visas
To obtain a visa at the consulate of the personal presence when submitting documents is not required. However Consulate reserves the right to call the applicant for an interview in the event of certain issues.
Consular Section of the Embassy of Cyprus in Moscow documents may be submitted on weekdays from 10.00 to 14.00. Get documents may be the next day, from 14.00 to 15.00.
Term visas - day after submission of documents. In exceptional cases it is possible clearance urgent visa (issued on the same day), thus it is necessary to provide the visa office not later than 12.00 all of the above documents and a copy of the air (or other documents) confirming the urgency of the request.
Consulate General of the Republic of Cyprus in St. Petersburg acceptance of documents is carried out from 09.30 to 12.00 (for travel agencies - from 09.30 to 10.45), the issuance of - on the same day, from 15.00 to 16.30.
For the citizens of Russia visas are issued free of charge.
Term of validity
validity period - 6 months, the visa allows you to stay in Cyprus on the way to your destination up to 5 days in each direction.
Tourist and visitor visa:
multiple-entry visa - the validity period is 3 years from the date of issue, period of stay in Cyprus to 90 within six months.
Extension of visa in Cyprus
To extend the visa is necessary, when he was in Cyprus, contact the immigration authorities at the place of residence (Nicosia, Limassol, Larnaca, Paphos). Extension is possible only for a period not exceeding the validity of a visa issued.
The issue of visas for citizens of CIS
With the citizens of the CIS (Ukraine, Belarus, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan) for the issue of visas in Moscow and St. Petersburg tax collected:
- 10.25 euros for transit, tourism and guest (single) visa;
- 34.17 euros for tourist and guest multivisa.
The fee is payable in rubles when they apply directly to the consulate to consulate rate on the payment date.
This category of citizens to all of the above documents, you must also make a mandatory proof of employment and a copy of the registration in Russia, if available.
A visit to Northern Cyprus
To visit Northern Cyprus visa is not required for citizens of most countries of the world, including Russia. Exception to the rule are citizens of Armenia.
Starting from April 2004 removed all existing restrictions on the free movement between the Greek and Turkish parts of Cyprus. Currently, there are 5 checkpoints, and plans to open two more. Moreover, to visit Northern Cyprus by land from the Greek part of the island of Cyprus visa enough once, regardless of the number of visits to the Turkish part. There are no time limits or restrictions for visiting North Cyprus from the Greek part of the island.
At the same time, the government of the Greek part of the island does not recognize the entry into the island through the ports and airports of Northern Cyprus (Kyrenia port, the port of Famagusta and Ercan airport). Thus, at the entrance to the Greek part of the island can be denied to travelers who arrived on the island via the North Cyprus. In addition, the presence of the above mentioned tourist passport stamps ports Turkish part of the island can serve as a refusal to grant Cyprus visa in the future. Authorities of Northern Cyprus, knowing about it, offer tourists a special card, which set the level of entry and exit. Thus, there remains no evidence of formal to visit Northern Cyprus. But in this case it is important to bear in mind that confirmation visit Northern Cyprus can serve as an exit stamp Tasucu Turkish port for ferries to Kyrenia. In contrast to the government of Northern Cyprus, the Turkish authorities compulsorily put print on entry and exit from the country in the passport.
It is important to
Any trip to Northern Cyprus is still not welcomed by the authorities of the Greek part of the island, although not formally constitute a violation of law. In order to avoid the probability of failure in obtaining visas Cyprus and Greece because of the seals of Northern Cyprus, it makes sense to ask the guards not to put in your passport entry stamps of Northern Cyprus, and put them on a separate sheet (see. Above).
The main religion in Cyprus as well as in Russia is Orthodox Christianity. Its about 2 thousand. Ago brought Greeks here. According to historians, Cyprus was first created by a Christian state. According to legend the island attended St. Elena, she brought here of the "Cross of the Lord," and established the first Christian monastery. Until now, Cyprus survived several active monasteries, including Monastery with very strict rules. To the monastery are not permitted women to men, the laity are not permitted to the monastery for more than 2 hours. The same religion, and more contribute to a very welcoming attitude Cypriots to the Russians.
Many folk festivals, such as Carnival and Kataklysmos their roots deep into the distant millennia. Cheerful and noisy carnival begins on the eve of Lent, 50 days before the Greek Orthodox Easter. Center of carnival processions always considered Lemesos, but festivities are taking place in Larnaca and Paphos.
Annual holiday Kataklysmos (Feast of water) is celebrated 50 days after Easter and lasts for five days. Most mass festivities take place in Larnaca. The culmination of the festival - a fun colorful procession heading towards the sea, where people pour water on each other. Now it is difficult to determine with certainty the origin of this celebration. Some say that the festival is celebrated in honor of the survivors after the Flood of Noah, others argue - in honor of the arrival of the risen from the dead, St. Lazarus, and others - in honor of the goddess Aphrodite. In any case, Kataklysmos - Cyprus is a truly unique holiday, which is worth a visit.
June 28 and 29 in Paphos, the feast day of St. Paul, in honor of the arrival of the Apostle from Jerusalem to Paphos many centuries ago.
Very popular is held in September in Lemesos Wine Festival. Ten days local wine flowing river. Dionysus certainly would have approved of this holiday!
During holidays and public festivals executed Cypriot folk songs and dances. Cyprus has a rich musical and dance traditions that differ significantly from the Greek. Tools, is usually accompanied by folk dances - this violin and "Laut" (lute with four double strings that are moving or loggerhead eagle claw). Dancing is usually performed in pairs or groups, often representing scenes from rural life and rural rituals - and the most popular at wedding celebrations.
Kopyaste! Loosely translated it means "Welcome to join us!". A single word in the Greek language (spoken by the majority of Cypriots along with English, is the second most widely spoken language on the island) accurately conveys the atmosphere of hospitality that will surround you during the entire trip to Cyprus.
Considering the ancient mosaic Curio, buying fresh fruit at the local market or sipping strong coffee in a coffee shop in the shadow of the mountain village of olive trees - everywhere you will feel the sincere desire of local residents to offer assistance.
Cypriots - educated people, a leading cosmopolitan lifestyle. They are hard-working and at the same time, like to have fun. You will feel the friendliness of the Cypriots almost from the first second of your stay on the island - and your stress immediately evaporate, and the rest will be elevated to the level of art. No accident that this piece of land so liked the whimsical Aphrodite! Come to enjoy the atmosphere of peace and bliss. Explore the treasure island, and if you happen to get lost, Cypriots are always happy to show you the way!
Public holidays in Cyprus:
January 1 - New Year, day over. Basil
January 6 - Epiphany Day
March 25 - Day of Greek Independence
April 1 - National Day of Greek Cypriots
May 1 - Labor Day
August 15 - Assumption of the Virgin
October 1 - Independence Day Cyprus
October 28 - Greek National Holiday
December 25 - Christmas Day.
Good Friday, Easter, Pentecost marked the old style (Julian calendar of the Orthodox Church).
Besides the basic Cypriots say about 40 holidays per year, among them:
February: Carnival begins 50 days before Orthodox Easter. Especially colorful processions of masked people in Limassol.
May: Antestiriya. Flower Festival in one of the Sunday in May.
May / June: Kataklismos. Holiday falls on a trio. It is associated with the memory of the Deluge and the salvation of Noah. In coastal cities, particularly in Larnaca, on this day are marine parades and large fair.
July: Festival in Limassol. Folk festival, as well as film and theater festival, art fair.
The second half of August - the feast of lemons in Karavas.
September: feast of grapes in Limassol. Within two weeks, in a public park is not a constant stream of visitors who wish to enjoy a free Cyprus wine.
Strongly condemned the combination of driving and drinking alcohol. For drunk driving - high fines.
Traditional cuisine Cyprus
Cyprus has a Mediterranean cuisine and Oriental origin with some traces of English influence. Both Greek and Turkish cuisine bears the imprint of the East, and therefore prefers strongly arched oils and spices, and very sweet dishes. Of course, in large hotels and meals can be ordered so-called "international" cuisine, often they are listed in a menu in English. In these hotels offer English breakfast, and while walking around the city, you can enjoy both local and any kitchen. Purely Cypriot dish, implying not just some sort of a single dish, but a special gastronomic ritual is meze (Turkish mezeler or through-ler). If the Greek meze served only as a snack with drinks, then Cyprus is - the whole menu, so to say, a set of signature dishes of a restaurant. These include that is not precisely defined. But in most cases of 8-10 different members of meze dishes are bound to have tallaturi (cucumber salad with garlic yogurt) melindzanosalata (eggplant salad) and Humm kopanisti (yellow pea mousse with olive oil and parsley), a variety of meat, and on the coast and fish dishes. Mixed salad of tomatoes and cucumbers, olives and feta cheese as part of the meze.
The kitchen is divided: in the north - the Turkish, and in the Republic - Greek. But wherever you go, you will see "kleftiko" (roast lamb) and "mezedes" (sauces, salads, snacks). Cyprus is known for its fruit, which the state protects the ban on the import. Enjoy local strawberries, peaches, melons, prickly pears, citrus fruits and grapes.
Typical Cypriot dishes are soups from egg yolks, herbs and lemon juice. Soups are very popular in the winter season: chicken (Tavuk suyyu), Solanaceae (yayili chorbasy), lentil (merdzhimek chorbasy), thyme soup (ishkembe chorbasy), noodle soup (shehriye chorbasy). Main dishes often prepared in sunflower oil, sometimes mutton fat, but, unlike the Greek, served at the table hot. For salads use olive oil. In the north, you can get to order pork dishes, but they are never shown in the menu, and the locals shun them for religious reasons: the Koran forbids pork.
Some Cypriot dishes.
Musakas potatoes, minced meat, eggplant and other vegetables, well seasoned with spices, and then baked in a souffle with egg and grated cheese.
Kebab or suflakiya: lamb roasted on a spit over a smoldering charcoal. Served in thin slices between two tortillas. Onion, red pepper, parsley and salt gives the dish a spicy flavor.
Dolmades - kupepia: rice, fried in olive oil with onion, black pepper, tomatoes, salt and lemon juice, steamed wrapped in grape leaves and served usually hot.
Tawas: meat with onions and other vegetables served straight from the oven in hot pots.
The restaurants on the coast, you can enjoy delicious fish dishes. Very popular is the smoked sheep cheese halloumi. Dinner ends with a cup of strong coffee. With lots of honey and almonds cooked oriental sweets such as Lukumi, baklagas - puff pastry with nut filling, poured honey and syrup, halvas - kind of sweet pastries and kadayf - baked sweet vermicelli.
Cyprus wines were famous in ancient times. Wines of high grades can be called "Aphrodite" - a dry white wine, "Keo Hawk" - semi-dry white wine, "Hotel-lo" - a light red wine, similar to Burgundy and "Domain d'Ahera" - dry red wine. Only in Cyprus can also try a sweet dessert wine "Kommandariya" dry white wine "Alkeon" white wine "Nefeli" sweet red "Kparet-62," and finally, dessert sweet muscat "Limassol".
Political system Cyprus
Since 1960 - an independent and sovereign republic with a presidential form of government, the legislature - unicameral parliament (House of Representatives). Since 1974, the northern part of the island (3354 m. Km.) Illegally occupied by Turkish troops to form unrecognized by the international community of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Between the Greek and Turkish parts do not have diplomatic relations. Turkish part is closed for entry to the Greek side.
Population (official): 802 500 (end of 2002)
Tourists can import to Cyprus without paying any fees cameras, camcorders, sports and camping equipment, goods valued at no more than 50 Cyprus pounds, except for jewelry, as well as 50 cigars or 200 grams. Tobacco of 1 liter. spirits, 0.75 liters. wine, 0.3 liters of perfume or toilet water. The export of antiques from Cyprus prohibited, and any attempt is punishable by law.
Medical aid Cyprus
It is recommended to purchase health insurance, provision for medical assistance abroad, including medical evacuations by air if necessary. It is also recommended to purchase insurance covering such events as loss of luggage, credit card and other unforeseen trouble and expense.
Working hours Cyprus
All banks are open from 8.30 am to 12.30 pm during the week and closed on weekends and holidays. Exchange office in the hotel worked around the clock, seven days a week. Currency is most advantageous to me at the airport.
Shops are open from Monday to Saturday from 8.00 to 13.00 and from 15.00 to 17.30 in the winter, from 16.00 to 19.00 - in the summer. On Wednesday and Saturday afternoons shops do not work.
The cheapest form of transport - buses. They bind as the center of the resort with any tourist area, and all the major cities of Cyprus. Between the villages once or twice a day ply rural buses.
The most popular form of transport - taxi. Urban taxis can be ordered by telephone, reception or at the base taxi rank. Urban taxis are equipped with meters. Full fare consists of the initial rate, fees and mileage charges for each piece of baggage weighing more than 12 kg. Additional fees are charged in the Christmas, New Year, Easter holidays.
Taxis in rural areas - for hire only at a base parking. Not equipped with meters, payment is made for mileage also pay depends on whether you go "back" or "back and forth".
Besides the usual taxi connection between cities and carries the so-called "service taxi", which can be ordered at the reception. It will cost twice as expensive bus, but much cheaper than a regular taxi, because carries up to 10 people.
Car rental: rental terms and conditions can life different for different firms. Prices usually include unlimited mileage, insurance, car, city map. Gasoline separately. You must be very careful on the roads, because Cyprus drive on the left, the steering wheel is on the right, shifting gears is done with the left hand and the need to control the movement with an unusual side. Cars made by rolling, easily distinguishable by the red license plates beginning with the letter Z. On Sunday the service station opened in shifts. Most of the stations open around the clock.
Voltage is 240 volts, 50 Hz, three-phase outlet. Adapters are needed. In most hotels, you can take the adapter, leaving a deposit, or buy it at the store for 1-1,5 CYP.
Size of the tip is 10% of the amount. When leaving the room is customary to leave a few coins to the maids.
Helpful information Cyprus
A single number to call police, fire or ambulance (Police / Fire Service) - 199 or 112.