Holidays in the Czech Republic - a good means to escape from their problems and improve health: a healing climate, beautiful resorts where you have a wonderful and a rest, of course, you do not notice how become a little healthier. Tours in the Czech Republic will open before you a world of castles, you can wander through the winding streets of Prague and see the huge number of unique attractions of the capital and other cities.
The Czech Republic is located in the heart of Europe and is bordered by Germany, Poland, Austria and Slovakia. Its territory is nearly 79,000 square meters and combines historic regions of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. Capital - Prague, the largest city in the country. Most settlements are small. Of the major isolate the city of Brno, Plzen, Ceske Budejovice, Olomouc, Hradec Kralove and Ostrava.
The landscape of the country is dominated by hills and medium-high mountains - Czech array bordered ranges of Šumava, Bohemian Forest, the Giant Mountains, the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. The largest river - Vltava 440 km. Czech Republic is located in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands, which is the watershed between the Elbe and the Danube. Elba - aka Laba - flows through the territory of the Czech Republic, and other large rivers - the Morava, Odra - she's Oder - Ohře Boom and Berunka.
Landscapes Czech amazing in its beauty and diversity. Wide valley with a dense network of rivers and lakes are replaced by dense forests, hills and mountain ranges, storing a century freshness and coolness stalactite caves. It is here that the healing springs popular European resorts - Karlovy Vary, Marianske Lazne and Franzensbad - constitute the "golden triangle of the Czech health."
15,000 lakes and ponds, rock formations of sandstone, 2000 springs, hundreds of palaces and castles, meadows and fields - all Czech Republic. The most valuable natural area protected by the state. They became national parks and reserves - nearly 12 percent of the territory.
Prague - the capital of the Czech Republic. One of the most beautiful cities not only in the Czech Republic, but also in Europe.
In the Czech Republic the rich cultural and historical heritage in the form of castles, chateaux and historic towns, monasteries and other elements of church architecture, a lot of "technical" monuments. Today, in the Czech Republic take a rest about 130 historical complexes, each of which is unique. Some accommodation facilities included in the UNESCO World Heritage List - Cesky Krumlov, Telc, Kromeriz, Litomysl.
castles of the Czech Republic
In the Czech Republic there are 2,500 castles and towns. Czechs are justifiably proud of the cultural wealth of their homeland. And the fact that the Gothic Church of St. Nicholas with two Romanesque towers in Cheb or a hotel for pilgrims baroque Pshibrame built by the German and Italian architects, does not play, in fact, no role. These masters were completely alien to the thinking within the narrow confines of national criteria, so the castles of the Czech Republic are so diverse. Many of them came to Bohemia not only for the execution of orders, but also gained their second home here.
Politics and architecture in Bohemia were very closely related to each other. Under Emperor, Charles IV, when the capital of the country for the first time became the seat of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, appeared in Prague Gothic. Numerous seizure during the Thirty Years War set the stage for the present "building boom" of Baroque architecture, the necessary funds to be allocated Catholic nobility. It was then sumptuousness and Valtice were built two beautiful castles of the Czech Republic.
Prague offers a variety of cultural activities. Daily selection of concerts of classical music is very wide - it's the music of Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven, Chopin, and, of course, the famous Czech composers Dvorak, Smetana, as well as many other famous composers. The concerts take place not only in the famous concert halls: Hall of Dvořák, Mirror Chapel Klementiuma, Lichtenstein Palace, but in the historical buildings of Prague Castle - the numerous churches.
Some of the oldest traces of civilization in what is now the Czech Republic, though very few have left Celtic tribes. From the era of the first public education in this area - Great Moravia - there is much more, especially in the form of ruins of the once vast and fortified settlements. But of the times and dynasties Přemyslids Luxembourg evidenced by preserved monuments of Romanesque and Gothic churches and monasteries, as well as the historic centers of many cities.
On the attempt to reform the Catholic Church at the beginning of the XV century, a hundred years before the beginning of the process in Western Europe, resemble the monuments of the Hussite wars, and written records of the time. It was built by the efforts of the Hussites in South Bohemia historic city Tabor. On prime of trade and wealth of medieval towns show architectural monuments of the Renaissance. The Italian influence is noticeable especially in Prague, Czech renaissance as is typical not only for a number of castles, but also to entire cities, such as Telc, Slavonice or Newer-Mesto nad Metují.
For a long time the fate of the Czech lands was linked to the Habsburg monarchy. Unconditional positive Habsburg rule was a flowering of Baroque architecture. The conflict between rationality and romanticism led subsequently to the emergence of a number of buildings in the classical style and empire, as well as beautiful parks, it was in this period was created Lednice-Valtice complex natural (also UNESCO monument). New towns, quarters and fortifications. In the Czech Republic came Nouveau and Cubism, and later - functionalism and socialist realism.
In 1918 there was the Czechoslovak Republic. A free country has become a common home for the Czech, German and Jewish cultures. Its democratic tradition, and continues today honors young Czech Republic.
In Prague you can meet as monuments of Gothic architecture, as a creation of the baroque or rococo and modern buildings that are different from that of the other European countries with some special charm. Strange monuments of ancient architecture and a unique location above the river Vltava to Prague imposed trace the unique charm and atmosphere, which has for centuries admired by all her visitors. Prague - one of the world's most famous and beautiful cities, ideal for a holiday in the Czech Republic, has 900 years of history and culture. Prague is one of the most beautiful and romantic cities in the world. Prague, which is also called "The City of a hundred spiers", began its history in the tenth century and has long been the seat of kings, emperors, princes and presidents.
Everything here is steeped in the history of breathing: countless roofs, domes and towers were cast gold in the scarlet sunset, winding streets of the old Jewish quarter, the old town hall ... It is also very noticeable interesting feature of Prague: it has never been, and probably will not be rebuilt until end. In the historic center of the city as you can stumble on an elegant building with rococo ornament, and on scaffolding, or broken pavement. It is usually the neighborhood scraps of wire and elegant stucco on the facades of buildings. In general, with contrasts in Prague's okay. Prague is situated on the long, gentle slopes and hills, along a very beautiful, wide river. Prague, stretched out along the banks of the Vltava River, covers an area of about 500 square meters. km and is divided into 15 separate districts. Such an advantageous geographical location makes an abundance of beautiful panoramic views. Architecture Baroque, Rococo and Renaissance is perfectly combined with modern style of the last century and unusually beautiful cubic houses.
From the place in front of the Prague Castle offers a magnificent view of the historic center of the city on both sides of the Vltava: Hradcany, Lesser, Old Town, Jewish Town and New Town. In the 18th century these areas were combined. Large Prague in the current, usual form was approved in 1922 by the merger of numerous areas. In 1968 and 1974. in the city included a few more its suburbs, which will undoubtedly add beauty to the city as a whole. Gorgeous, diverse and unique architecture will surround you on all sides, no matter where you go: the winding streets of the Jewish quarter of the Old Town Square which is the Tyn Church and the Town Hall from the famous clock, or the Charles Bridge - one of the oldest bridges in Central Europe . Unique panorama of Prague Castle, the underlined neat towers of St. Vitus Cathedral.
No less wonderful view opens from the Petrin hill, where there is an observation tower, which is in fact, according to the architects of a miniature copy of the Eiffel Tower. In our time, the entire inner part of the city is under the jurisdiction of the Security Service of monuments. Fortunately, Prague looks almost not affected and from the First and Second World Wars on the historical ensemble and almost fully preserved. Come to Prague can be at almost any time of the year. But more suited for this time to the spring bloom, when Prague gardens, parks, squares appear before the eyes of enthusiastic visitors to Prague in all its splendor and hit a riot of colors and flavors. Late spring at the international festival "Prague Spring" are going to guests from around the world, and in a festive atmosphere reigns. In July - August, the Czech capital is usually crowded with tourists, while the people of Prague themselves, whenever possible, try to escape from the stifling dust and the bosom of nature. Soft September sun floods the city melancholy light and fog, which are often observed in October - November, immersed in the magical city of twilight. Winter in Prague - it's all another story. Domes and towers, covered with snow, which reflects the rays of the rising sun is a spectacular sight.
Prague today - this is a promising and lively city, which had its own special way of development and looks forward to the future. A lot of people from all over the world flock to the Czech Republic with a variety of intentions. Some people just come to enjoy the local attractions, and many remain for a long time, open restaurants, galleries and shops. All of them hope that here, in the middle of Europe, realized that the dream of many people to them, and Prague will be for people of different faith, origin or any nationality single hospitable home in this cold world.
The largest and best known Czech spa was founded by Charles IV in the 14th century. Located in Western Bohemia, 130 km. from Prague and 60 km. from the German border in the romantic valley of the Heat. The picturesque valley is located at an altitude of 400 m above sea level and is surrounded by the Ore Doupov and mountains covered with fine Slavatskim forest. With numerous cliffs and lookouts offer a panorama: small houses with tiled roofs climb the wooded slopes.
Karlovy Vary eyelids remain attractive not only because of curative mineral water, but also beautiful nature and the magnificent architecture of the imperial style of the 19th century, numerous resorts and hotels blend in with the local landscape. These sites are visited by famous people of his time: Schiller, Goethe, Kafka, Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, numerous royal personages European thrones. In the Russian tradition to be treated in these places was founded by Peter I and continued by Gogol, Turgenev, Tchaikovsky.
The ruins of a Gothic castle on the rock of the 13th century, the romantic rebuilt in the 19th century when Ahrentalah. In the 18th century becomes a famous place of pilgrimage. Hail can be reached by a bridge with stone sculptures and gates. Medieval walls, vaults, a torture chamber in the form of a bucket. The Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk. The tradition of portrait KG Mahi in the chapel of St. John the Baptist.
New Life hail began in the 18th century after the construction of the new chapel of St.. John of Nepomuk bridges in the Baroque style. Bridges decorated with replicas of Baroque sculptures. Originals are statues in the chapel of St.. John of Nepomuk inside the castle. In the first courtyard is a painting of St.. John the Baptist, written clearly in the tradition of portraits K. Mahi. In addition to the Gothic ruins, romantic buildings and medieval walls where you can see the old cellars and torture chambers, and of course, the magnificent scenery of the Bohemian Paradise. A visit to the castle can be combined with a stroll through the city Gruboskalskomu of rocks to the cave "Adam's bed," Kopitsuv Statec, Arboreta or resort "Sedmihorky." Currently, there are held various cultural events - concerts, workshops, theater performances, etc. Open from 9 am to 16.30
Bečov nad Teplou
Castle Becov nad Teplou was founded in the 13th century, the lords of the bay on a rocky promontory on the site of the trade route. Originally intended to protect the castle of the way and for the collection of customs fees. The greatest flowering of the castle was in the 15th century, when it was owned by a sort of plow Rabštejn. Those engaged in the extraction of gold, silver and tin. Plows combined two of the most ancient parts of the castle, and then built a palace in the style of the Renaissance - for living and entertaining. In 1547 Kaspar Plough Stavrovskaya led an uprising against Ferdinand I, which ended unsuccessfully, so nobleman executed. Bečov Castle departed kingdom as payment for debts. Tin wealth increased in connection with the 30-year war, but in 1648 the city was occupied by the Swedes. The most well-preserved after the coming of the chapel of the Parish of St. Mary since 1400 with ancient frescoes, which capture 17 of biblical motifs.
On the foundations of the fortifications of the time - a huge bastion of the moat - arose in the 18th century Baroque castle with eight side tower. Inside the tower were built presentation halls, library and chapel. Straight out of the chambers can be opened on the terrace, where are located the pools and fountains. In the 19th century castle and the castle was connected into one. From the project architect Joseph Zítka who offered to rebuild the estate in the Romantic style, have been carried out only a few moments - namely, in the interiors. They are decorated with valuable collections, foundations, paintings, tapestries from the funds of the Belgian kind Befortov-Spontini who bought Bečov in 1813. In recent years, the castle was completely renovated and opened the exhibition "History and Importance relikviariev." The greatest value is a unique Romanesque relikviary St. Moor, which was found in 1985 in the chapel. In the 12th century relikviary bought for 2500 francs Alfred de Befort that jewel renovated and moved in Bečov. When the end of the Second World War Beforty as active employees with the Nazis quickly left his castle, then hid the relic under the floor, as they hoped for a speedy return. Valuable monument lying there for more than 40 years. In the 80s, investigators received an anonymous tip that a merchant offers to remove the treasure from Czechoslovakia. After studying the archives and interviews, November 5, 1985 relic found - in the basement of bottles of vintage wine and brandy. 60 experts from the Czech Republic and abroad took part in the restoration of St. Moor relikviariya. In May 2002, he became available to the public.
Kutna Hora - Hradek
Gothic castle in the form of a fortified city palace courtyard, tower and arches, rebuilt in the late 15th century. Czech Museum of Silver - the exposition consists of three tour routes, which befits a symbolic three social worlds royal mining town. For seven centuries worth "Hradek," an ancient building, which is unique in the fact that today it is no exaggeration to call the monument authentic Czech Gothic. At first it was a wooden fortress guarding the valley Vrhlitsy. Hradek appeared before the foundation of the town of Kutna Hora, that is, until the "silver rush", and after the construction of the city, he joined the city walls. Then, in the early 14th century. Appeared fortified stone palace, city type, with a closed courtyard and tower used by royal favorites.
Today Hradek is "Czech museum of silver." For visitors to the museum are three tour routes: 1) world silver nobility; 2) medieval miner colony; 3) medieval silver. At the disposal of the museum is the medieval mine, open during the hydrogeological survey, the galleries of various antiquity - from the 13th century., When there were the development, until the turn of 15-16. Mine certainly is an attractive spectacle. The visitor, dressed in a miner suit the time passes space flooded crystal clear water to a depth of 50 m., And will see a lot of interesting things.
Built in 1568 - 1581 years of Executive castle in Renaissance style with a graphite design. Construction led architects J.. Aostalli B. and W. Aostalli. In the days of Wallenstein-Wartenberg interior was redesigned in the style of classicism. Rhode Thurn-Taxis was the last owner of the castle. With a guide you can see the interiors of the castle and the palace theater 1796 - 1807's with decorations I. Platzer.
Yourself you can visit the apartment in which was born the great Smetana, as well as the park and the palace garden. The external appearance of the Renaissance after reconstruction restored completely. Well preserved as a number of outbuildings and a garden at the castle.
As you know, the city is the birthplace of Litomysl great Czech composer Bedrich Smetana, whose name was given to the traditional annual music festivals "Litomyšl Smetana" and "Young Smetana's Litomyšl." Festivals take place in the castle courtyard, equipped with a summer theater. On the contrary, the castle from the market square near the castle stands belonged to the family of Smetana's "Brewer", founded in 1557 and rebuilt in Baroque style in 1730 by the famous architect F. Kaňka. Here March 2, 1824 born composer.
Place over Metuji
In the north-east of Prague is a small town - Nove Mesto nad Metuji. It was founded in 1501 Ian Chernchitsky of Katsov. Chernitskii was Hussites, so in his new town had taken refuge many Hussite "brothers." At first it was a little late Gothic fortress. But after a fire in 1526 Ian Chernchitsky sells the names of famous noble family Pernštejn. The new owners are building on the square in front of the ashes of the burnt houses new facades in the style of the Italian Renaissance, so the area resembles the courtyard of the palace of the Renaissance. Then the local people are forced to buy these facades and attaches them to the new home. At the same time being prepared for the restructuring of a Gothic castle into a comfortable castle Renaissance style. However, this project was implemented is the next owner of the castle - Stubenberg. His family owned the castle from 1548 until 1620. Then the estate was confiscated by the Imperial Committee (Protestant family Stubenberg participated in the rebellion against the emperor).
At the same time locking buys famous Albrecht Waldstein. His close friends had a family Trchek so general changes locks with Mary Magdalene Trchkovoy: Waldstein gives Trchkam Nove Mesto nad Metuji, in return Kopidlno estate (located in close proximity to his other possessions). However, the new castle above the river Metují family Trchek happy for long. In 1634, the head of the family dies with Wallenstein, and his possessions were confiscated in connection with allegations of complicity in Wallenstein, announced by then almost an "enemy of the people."
Before entering broken is a beautiful small park. Trimmed shrubs, manicured lawns and small sculptures - all done tastefully and lovingly. Near the entrance is a monument to the famous Czech composer Smetana. And just before the entrance to the castle is made by an artificial moat (the bottom of which are decorated with flowers and shrubs), and as it should be in any castle - a bridge across it. Courtyard of the castle is small, but very cozy. All the walls of ivy, everywhere there are tubs with plants, and it's so beautiful birds sing! You really want to get down on benches and standing around 5 minutes to just sit and enjoy life.
Representational baroque castle Kounice the second half of the 18th century, designed by D. Martinelli at the site of a Gothic castle. In 1945, destroyed. Gradually restored, including the French gardens. English park. Historical interiors with stucco and painted (Ancestral Hall, a library, a chapel) with the decor and collections. Art Collection, founded in the first half of the 17th century, one of the oldest in the Czech Republic. The plan of the building was designed in the form of the letter "U". The most valuable interiors of the castle are the premises of the west wing, built in the first phase of construction of the castle in the Baroque style. Their ceilings are decorated with moldings and frescoes Santina Bussi Andrea Lanzani.
Notable is, first of all, so-called. Ancestral Hall, located in the middle of the west wing and decorated with monumental plafond murals depicting the gods on Olympus. Ancestral Hall is connected to the so-called oval. Historic hall, which was completed already in the sixties of the XVIII century illusionary paintings of Josef Pichler, and in which, after the Battle of Austerlitz armistice was signed between Austria and France. Rich moldings decorated and both the main stairs of the castle. The interiors are decorated with the remaining wings of the castle already in the classical style.
Religious monuments and places of pilgrimage are a great part of the architectural heritage of the Czech Republic. Although the Roman Catholic churches, monasteries, chapels and pilgrimage places are the majority religious monuments in the Czech lands, there also are many Jewish and Orthodox monuments. Religious architecture in our country has gone through a long process of development, which lasted more than a thousand years of Christianity came to the Czech Republic at the end of the 9th century, with the arrival of Saints Cyril and Methodius to Great Moravia, and after that - the adoption of the baptism of Prince Bořivoj and his wife Lyudmila. Since then, the rulers begin to build the first church. Gradually, Moravia and Bohemia come first orders that base here monasteries as new centers of education and culture. Worship of saints in the Catholic concept is the most important manifestation of a religious cult.
Not all religious monuments and sights of the Czech Republic have survived to the present day. Blame the countless wars and fires, which for centuries has caused suffering to our land, especially during the reign of Joseph II in the late 18th century, which forbade the holy places, massively destroyed churches, monasteries and other religious monuments. Following a painful wound became 40 years of communist rule. Due to his lack of interest and lack of understanding of hundreds of religious buildings fell into disrepair, and then disappeared forever from the face of the earth. In our time passes update and revitalize the traditional places of pilgrimage and Marian celebrations.
The most famous and historically famous religious monuments and the sights of the Czech Republic were included in the list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage (Kutna Hora, the historic core of Prague Gardens Kromeriz, Zielona Gora). More in category "Regions".
At 48 km south-west of Karlovy Vary is the second largest, but the youngest resort so-called "spa triangle" -Marianskie Lazne. Glory of Marianske Lazne is based on the richness of natural springs. In contrast to the Carlsbad springs, cold water is shallow. In the city of 40, around-about 100 Not all of them are available for use. No other resort in the world has such a rich scale medical sources. According to the chemical composition, the water sources mainly of three types: alkaline, salted with the presence of Glauber's salt, ferrous carbonate and simple acidic water. These waters are used for drinking, bathing and inhalation. Apart from mineral sources used for the treatment of mud and natural carbon dioxide. Foundation for recovery is a mix of traditional spa treatments and modern medical techniques using natural medicinal sources. Comfort, soothing spa atmosphere and personal care - are the main components of the traditions that gave rise to the golden age of resort business. All this is fully able to find in Marianske Lazne and today every guest of this beautiful city.
Things to Do in Marianske Lazne Museum, Nove Lazne, Russian / Orthodox / Church, the Anglican Chapel, Church of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary, The Colonnade, The Singing Fountain, Monument to Chopin, Source Ferdinand - Pavilion, Forest Spring - Pavilion Hotel "Monty" - view of the city, Geological park Neighborhoods Marienbad Kladska Reserve, Reserve Smradeh, Kynžvart, King of the oil heat monastery, monument 2nd world War Piste Panorama - views of the city, Krakonoš, deer sanctuary, golf course is, Lakeland trout - Kamzik Excursions Marianske Lazne- walking tour in March Lazne -ring route Kynžvart Reserve Kladska + Heat + Monastery Castle Bečov Karlovy Vary Prague Frantiskovy Lazne + Cheb Monastery Kladruby Plzen + Goat Castle.
Indications for treatment: diseases of the musculoskeletal system Metabolic disease with joint damage algic vertebral syndrome (back pain) Painful functional disorders of the spine traumatic state of the musculoskeletal system and the state after orthopedic surgery (using joint prosthesis) Deforming arthritis Arthritis inflammation without problems of deterioration spine and joints Juvenile scoliosis kidney and urinary tract nontuberculous chronic inflammation of the urinary tract chronic pyelonephritis Postoperative renal and urinary tract condition after kidney transplantation Prostatitis nontuberculous respiratory system disorders chronic bronchitis chronic diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract asthma Allergic respiratory diseases post-operative conditions of the lower airway allergic rhinitis Womens diseases Inflammatory diseases of the internal genital organs disorders of ovarian function and development of the uterus post-operative conditions gynecological interventions and operations in the pelvic primary and secondary sterility Infertility Climacteric syndrome disorders of metabolic diseases and endocrine glands Obesity Gout Constipation diabetes Hyperlipidemia Cancer Rehabilitation of the disease after a course of treatment of oncological diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract in children aged 5 to 15 years of chronic inflammation of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra urinary stones urolithiasis Postoperative renal and urinary tract Gynecological disorders in girls between the ages of 5 to 18 years Inflammatory conditions in the pelvis Prevention of sterility and disturbances due to the operation of the abdominal girls in childhood.
Contraindications: Pregnancy Acute and infectious diseases Malignant tumors during treatment, as well as progressing in spite of the treatment given repetitive heavy bleeding all kinds Failure to take care of themselves in their own daily needs without assistance, as well as the inability to move independently Alcohol dependence, the use of other substances that cause addiction and dependence. Complex spa treatment includes: drinking, hydrotherapy, massages, inhalations, mud treatments, paraffin wraps, various types of baths (mineral, carbon dioxide, dry carbon dioxide) gas injections, acupuncture and acupressure, electrotherapy, magnetic therapy, oxygen therapy, cryotherapy ultrasound, solljuks, diet, exercise, and other treatments. Equally important are nature walks. The recommended course of treatment - 21-28 days.
Climate Czech Republic
Mild, temperate continental.
Time Czech Republic
Behind Moscow for 2 hours.
Language Czech Republic
National language - Czech, have circulated German, English, French and Russian.
Money Czech Republic
The national currency - Czech Koruna (Kc). Constantly in circulation are banknotes of various denominations: 20 Kc, 50 Kc, 100 Kc, 200 Kc, 500 Kc, 1000 Kc, 5000 Kc. Coins - Galleria (Hal): 10 Hal, 20 Hal, 50 Hal.
On 1 October 1995 the Czech koruna is convertible, meaning it can be imported to the Czech Republic and removed it in unlimited quantities.
Visa Czech Republic
Possession of a visa - is necessary. To obtain a visa must submit the following documents:
• passport (which expires no earlier than 4 months from the date of departure);
• 2 photos 3x4;
• For minors traveling with one parent - a notarized power of attorney from the other parent;
• a questionnaire;
• travel voucher; medical insurance for the period of stay in the Czech Republic.
You need to confirm the availability of funds to stay in the Czech Republic ($ 30 per person per day), as well as the presence of a return ticket or funds for its purchase.
Traditions Czech Republic
Most believers in the Czech Republic belong to the Roman Catholic Church.
Jewish minority, now slowly recovering from the Second World War due to the inflow from abroad.
Prague is also a lot of Americans, which the city seems to "turn of the century Paris." They form their own colony with a special American way of life.
Holidays Czech Republic:
• 1 January New Year
• date fickle Easter Monday
• May 1 Labour Day
• May 8th National Day - Day of Liberation from Fascism (1945)
• 5th July National Day - Day of the Slavic missionaries Cyril and Methodius
• July 6 National Day of memory of Jan Hus
• October 28 National Day - Day of the independent Czechoslovak state (1918)
• December 24 Christmas Day
• On 25 December 1st Christmas holiday
• On 26 December 2 Christmas holiday
We also note some of the events, festivals in Prague and other cities.
• January Prague winter. The first week of the year announced the week of the festival culture.
• February Mateyskaya fair at the Exhibition
• March - April Easter Festival of Chamber Music at St.. Agnes. Big Spring prize. Horse racing at the Hippodrome Prague.
• May - June Prague Spring. Cultural event of the year - with outstanding foreign orchestras and soloists.
• July festival of brass music. The three-day parade of brass bands in Kolin (about 40 km east of Prague).
• September Prague very much. Music festival in the Smetana Hall.
• October Grand Pardubice stiplchez. The most difficult hurdles in Europe, held in Pardubice (about 100 km east of Prague).
• November - December International Jazz Festival.
Traditional cuisine Czech Republic
Leave no one indifferent Czech cuisine, which includes unique traditional dishes to try that can only be in a wonderful country - the Czech Republic. Czech cuisine has been formed from the local culinary delights and a large number of loanwords from German and Austrian specialties. The most typical Czech cuisine dishes is roast pork and dumplings. Czech cuisine in general is characterized by heavy, juicy meat dishes with a relatively large amount of fat. After all, there was a Czech cuisine, in fact, from a simple peasant food of Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia. Are very popular in the Czech Republic a variety of sausages, shpekachki, sausages, as well as a selection of different varieties of cabbage. Occupies a special place goulash, various meats in sauce with dumplings unchanged, which relies soaked in sauce. There are many different kinds of dumplings: potato or wheat, or dumplings with bacon dumplings with fruit. Side dishes are also very diverse - potatoes boiled, fried, fries, various kinds of rice and vegetables. We recommend to try the famous onion or garlic soup, as well as such interesting dishes antique dishes as venison terrine or small pancakes with plum jam unleavened jam.
Apart is the Czech beer. The phrase "Czech beer" - has become a real beer brand in Russia and all over the world. With some Czech beers we are familiar with. However, the true connoisseurs of the drink say that Czech beer can really appreciate just being in the Czech Republic. And certainly one of the many cozy pubs - like the famous beer shveykovskoy "We Kalikh" ("Chalice"). We especially recommend that you try the following beers: "Pilsner Urquell", "Budweiser", "Gambrinus", "Staropramen" or strong beer "Velikopopovitski goat".
Political system Czech Republic
Democratic Republic. In January 1993, there was a peaceful division of Czechoslovakia that led to the establishment of the independent Czech Republic. The head of state - the president. Legislative - bicameral parliament (Senate and Chamber of Deputies).
Population Czech Republic
Approximately 10,280,000. Persons. The population of the Czech Republic - the Czechs, 3% - Slovaks, 1.3% - Roma, 0.6% - the Poles, 0.5% - the Germans.
Customs Czech Republic
Import and export of foreign currency is unlimited. Amount in excess of 5,000 dollars, must be declared. When crossing the Czech border, you may be asked to show cash: with a need to have at least 280 dollars. Of the Czech Republic can export any goods without restrictions and export license. But if you take out antiques and art, you must provide a certificate confirming the legality of their acquisition.
Unused Czech currency can be converted at the check in the original, presenting the receipt of the initial exchange.
Business. Czech Republic as a founding member of the former International Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the current World Trade Organization, has consistently pursued in its customs system adopted agreements, including those that have been adopted at a conference of the World Trade Organization in Marrakech. As well as other agreements which are derived from its participation in other international agreements on customs cooperation in the implementation of the basic concept - a permanent reduction of duties and expansion of imports exempted from customs duties
Customs System of the Czech Republic is based on the provisions of the Customs Act, which amended several times and additions in order to simplify the formalities to expedite customs procedures, as well as further rapprochement with the customs measures in force in the European Union. Of these legal measures are based on government decree, which is published annually by the updated customs tariff.
Customs Act distinguishes between two main types of fees:
Import duty. The law specifically provides: "If the customs law or an international treaty provides otherwise, a person transporting goods across the border are required to declare the goods and present it along with the documents relating to it, in the near border customs office."
Export duties levied exported goods only if it is clearly set out in the Customs Tariff. Exports of goods, in principle, carried out on a duty-free basis.
In the Czech Republic will be charged mainly ad valorem tariff, t. E. Fee, which is set as a percentage rate of the customs value, as is customary in other economically developed countries.
Released from the duty of such goods, the use of which in view of its final destination is included in the public interest.
Medical aid Czech Republic
Vaccinations are not required.
Working hours Czech Republic
Grocery stores are open from 6.00. Stores are open from 9.00 to 18.00 on weekdays and on Saturday until 13.00. Russian tourists are buying products in the Czech Republic Bohemian crystal (chandeliers, wine glasses, vases). Shopping is best done in the stores and keep the receipt to customs control.
Banks, exchange offices are open on weekdays from 9.00 to 11.00 and from 14.00 to 18.00. Banks leaving the country can exchange a small amount, if there is a receipt for a return exchange.
Typically, restaurants are open from 11:00 am until the last customer. Czech cafe open from 10:00 to midnight.
Transport Czech Republic
Czech literally riddled with a dense network of rail and bus lines. Tickets can be purchased from vending machines in subway stations, hotels, newspaper and tobacco kiosks and supermarkets. "Hare" is better not to go: in the underground and surface transport are common controllers.
Public transport in Prague - this is the metro, trams, buses and the cable car to Petrin Hill. Tour best buy single tickets valid for 1, 3, 7 or 15 days. Tickets can be purchased at kiosks and print shops, information centers, hotels, travel agencies, department stores, as well as directly at metro stations. They can also be purchased at machines located at Metro stations and close proximity to the Skytrain transport. When boarding the tram and bus, as well as at the entrance to the metro ticket is necessary to "identify" with a special device.
Tariffs Prague integrated transport operate at all metro lines, trams, buses and the cable car. There interchange, thro, temporal and cingulate rates.
Interchange rate is valid in the metro, trams and buses within 60 minutes after the designation of the ticket, on weekdays from 5.00 to 20.00, and 90 minutes at other times, as well as on Saturday and Sunday.
Thro rate - cheaper - operates trams and buses within 15 minutes after the designation of the ticket, without the right to a transplant. In the metro, this rate is valid for 4 stops (without boarding station), with the right to transfer between the lines "A", "B" and "C", but while being in the underground no more than 30 minutes. At night routes and cable car, this charge is not applicable.
The cable car route-County-Nebozizek Petrin is open daily from 9.15 am to 20.45. Time intervals in winter (October-April) - 15 minutes in summer (April-October) - 10 minutes.
To get around better use bus b>. Although you can take a car cheap.
Fare in a taxi consists of two positions - fixed "landing" fee and the amount per kilometer, depending on the tariff zone. All data on these valuations should be appeared on the front doors and in the car. The driver must give you a receipt. Nevertheless, we recommend to ask in advance how much it will cost routes.
Park the car in the center of Prague is very difficult, because the seats set aside for the parking, not so much. Payment is usually hourly, prices may vary depending on the location. Given the "plug" in the center of the city, it is better to use special parking areas.
In Prague Integrated Transport system also includes special parking type "P + P" (from "Park and Ride", ie. E. "Zaparka and drive"), usually located near the metro stations. Currently, these are parking at stations "Skalka", "Zlicin", "Nové Butovice", "Radlická", "Opatov" "Paradise hath", "Cerny Most" and "Nádraží Holešovice." Drivers who leave their cars at these parking lots, then use special made cheaper tickets that can be purchased only with a parking receipt.
The maximum permissible speed of vehicles in the Czech Republic (km / h) on motorways 130, on highways 90, 50 in the settlements.
Traffic rules and signs - as in most European countries. Very extensive network of roads and highways of international class. The appropriate amount of gas stations, service stations and repair shops.
Electricity Czech Republic
230 V, 50 Hz.
Smoking Czech Republic
In the Czech Republic from 1 January 2006, prohibits smoking at bus stops, as well as in public areas, if they are not equipped with an isolated place for smokers. Violators of the ban face a fine of 1,000 euros ($ 41.90).
Tip Czech Republic
In restaurants, a tip does not exceed 10% of the total order value. The same amount of pay on top of the taxi and guide services. The so-called restaurant tax is 19.5% and is included in the booking price.
Helpful information Czech Republic
Police - 158, road emergency service - 154 Ambulance - 155 Fire Brigade - 150.