Denmark called the Green Pearl of Scandinavia. Denmark - a small Scandinavian country (small, except relating thereto huge Greenland) would seem a toy. It is extremely clean, freshly painted houses seem, and greens unnaturally bright.
The Kingdom of Denmark (Kongeriget Danmark) - the smallest and most southerly of the Scandinavian countries. It is located on the Jutland peninsula and 406 islands on the North and Baltic Seas, the largest of which - Vendsyussel-Ti Shellann, Funen, Zealand, Loland, Falster, Bornholm. Denmark also owns Greenland and the Faroe Islands, having the right government.
Capital - Copenhagen (Copenhagen), located on the east coast of Jutland, on the shores of the Eresund strait that separates Denmark and Sweden. Major cities - Aarhus, Odense, Aalborg. In the north-east of the island is located Zealand Helsingor city of Hamlet. Each summer here in the open air in the castle of Kronborg arrange presentation of the famous Shakespeare. In Roskilde is the majestic cathedral, consecrated in 1084 with the burial of the kings of the country. This city is the historic center of religious activity in Denmark.
The country is flat, the highest point in the country's 173 m - Mount Yeading-Skovhoy (Yding Skovhoj) in eastern Jutland, and the lowest point (12 m below sea level) - on the west coast of Jutland. Eastern coast of Denmark strongly indented and abundant bays and fjords; western and northern - mostly aligned and bordered by sand dunes and beaches.
Denmark - it's picturesque villages and towns, castles and monuments of past centuries, cool shady beech forests and beautiful lakes. The coastline varies from wide sandy beaches to the western part of the small rocky bays and fjords neat, dunes and cliffs in the north.
Copenhagen was founded in 1167 in the northeast of the island of Zealand as a fortress and is the capital of the country with the 1417 compact historic center of Copenhagen - Indra Beau, formed inside the ramparts of Eric VII of the island Slotskholmen ("Castle Island"), is separated from the rest of city Frederikskholmz channel and is a maze of old streets, parks (Copenhagen - one of the most "green" capitals of Europe), alleys and squares, where there are many small monasteries. The center of the city is the City Hall Square with the Town Hall located on it (1892 - 1905), the statue of the founder of the city - of Bishop Absalon, original thermometer with mechanical figures and the City Museum.
On Slotskholmene is also built in 1928 on the site of the old castle of Bishop Absalon (XII century.) Christiansborg Palace, which now houses the parliament, government and Royal state apartments. In one wing of the Palace Museum also has coaches and Museum of the History of the theater. Also interested in the palace chapel, museum Thorvaldsen, the stock exchange Borsa (XVII century.), Marble Bridge and the main entrance to the Palace of Christiansborg.
The largest city square - Kongens Nitorv ("New King"). Here are the equestrian statue of Christian V, the Royal Academy of Fine Arts (1754), with showrooms in the premises of the former royal residence Sharlottenborg (1683) and King's Theatre (1722). Nearby are the National Library and the Royal Arsenal Museum with collections of vintage clothing, carriages and firearms. The square adjoins the picturesque Nyhavn Canal (1673), in which are laid vintage court. Nyhavn district ("New Harbor") - a popular place for artists, photographers, journalists and tourists near Nyuhavn are the National Museum and Art Gallery, Carlsberg ("New Glyptotek", 1888) with a winter garden and a rich collection of works by French and Danish art as well as many luxury hotels and prestigious restaurants. A 10-minute walk on foot to the north of the city center, on the waterfront, you can see the symbol of the city - the famous statue of the Little Mermaid.
To the west of the city hall are Slotskholmena Tyne Hall with the Astronomical Clock and the adjacent area of the same name, which starts from the main shopping area of the city - Stroget (Streget), the center of the most famous stores in the city and the beautiful pedestrian zone. Stroget is surrounded by a maze of narrow streets and ancient squares where you can make any purchase or just take a walk. You can also visit the nearby Guinness World Records Museum and the Museum of Erotica.
South of Tyne Hall stretches built on the site of the former fortifications famous Tivoli amusement park (1843), which is decorated with an enormous number of beds (more than 160 thousand. Flowers), fountains, garlands of colored lights, and so on. D. The park also is beautiful Palace Tivoli, open theaters, numerous small lakes, restaurants, dance halls, cafes and dozens of original attractions.
Traditional symbols and ornaments Copenhagen considered it locks - Hristianborg, Rosenborg, Amalienborg Palace and Frederiksborg.
The palace complex of the royal residence Amalienborg winter (1749 - 1760 year) Is located to the northeast of the city center, surrounding their houses beautiful area with equestrian monument of Federico V. Near the palace stands the famous Marble Church (1749 - 1770 year), About which passes the ritual ceremony of replacing the palace guard of honor - one of the favorite of all the "show" of the capital, and is located close to the Orthodox Church of Alexander Nevsky (1864).
Rosenborg Castle (Rosenborg, 1632) is surrounded by a small park and is famous for its Museum of the Danish kings (1858) with a wonderful collection of family crown jewels of art and excellent exposure. Frederiksborg Palace (1602, rebuilt in 1859) is located north of the capital - in Hillerød on three small islands in the middle of the lake, and is famous for its domestic interiors of the Throne and the Knights' hall, and miraculously preserved in the fire of the castle church. West of the palace is the Zoo - one of the largest zoos in Europe (more than 2 thousand. Species).
District "new town" - Christianshavn was built by King Christian IV at the beginning of the XVI century. Today, it attracts the attention of the Danish Film Museum, the Round Tower and Cathedral in Fort-Frou-Kirk (1829), the famous sculpture of Thorvaldsen, "Christ and the twelve apostles" inside. On the outer wall of the bell tower of the Cathedral of the top leading outdoor spiral staircase of 400 steps, up to where you can enjoy an unforgettable panoramic view of the capital of Denmark. Nearby, on the island of Amo, is unique and completely independent of the capital education, shelter and rebellious youth "center of Liberty" - the area of "free city" of Christiania. This is the only place in Copenhagen, where cannabis is freely available, will be charged a 25% VAT on goods and services, and indeed the rhythm and style of life are fundamentally different from traditional notions of quiet and calm Denmark. Here you can visit the Church of Fort Frelsers-Kirk and the Royal Danish Naval Museum with more than 300 models of ships and excellent historical exposition.
The richness and abundance of its museums Copenhagen is among the best museum centers in Europe. Well worth a visit located in Nyhavn District National Museum of Denmark with the largest collection of Greek ceramics in Scandinavia, as well as magnificent collections of archeology, religious art, clothing, weapons, arts and crafts, and so on. D. Operated by the National Museum are also entertaining Children's Museum, Museum of the History of Danish industry Breda in a former textile factory, the Historical open Air Museum, Museum of the Danish Resistance and the Viking Ship Museum.
In a mansion near the park Oster Anlёg located Hirshprunga art collection - one of the best collections of Dutch art of the XIX century. 30 km north of the capital are a Gothic castle summer residence of Queen and one of the most famous museums in Europe Contemporary Art - "Louisiana".
In the vicinity of the capital of fun to visit with his Hillered Frederiksborg Castle and the National Museum of History. In Roskilde, the former capital and largest church center of the country, be sure to visit the local cathedral (1170), the Episcopal Palace and the unique Viking Ship Museum. In Elsinore is Kronborg Castle (1577 - 1585 gg.), Which allegedly lived Shakespeare's Hamlet, also interesting Maritime Museum, Carmelite Monastery and Church of St.. Olaf (XV cent.). And surrounded by the sea on the north coast. Zealand north of Copenhagen is a popular holiday destination and the Danes and tourists - there are dozens of beautiful beaches, first class hotels and yacht clubs, lively nightlife and quiet of the forest.
Lying south of the island of Lolland Zealand is best suited for an active holiday with excellent facilities for golf, fishing, water sports and cycling. Bays and rugged limestone cliffs framed coastline Lolland, however, as the nearby islands of Falster, Storstrems and Myung, provides an excellent opportunity for a relaxing hideaway near the center of Europe, just a few minutes drive from all the benefits of civilization. A spectacular white limestone cliffs Mёns Clint, towering at 128 m. Above sea level on the island Myung, considered one of the most beautiful places in Denmark.
The second largest in the country, the island of Funen - a real open-air museum, the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen and a paradise for fishermen (fishing permit is required). The port city of Nyborg is proud to be the title of the first capital of Denmark and its castle Danehof (1170) - the oldest royal castle in Scandinavia. Odense is famous as the birthplace of the famous storyteller Hans-H. Andersen, so it is usually visited for a visit to the museum Andersen. But apart from him, interested in the house where the great storyteller lived as a child, as well as the Cathedral of St.. Knud (XI cent.), Museum of traditional peasant architecture "Fyundskaya Village" and many squares and parks of the city, decorated with sculptures of heroes Andersen fairy tales. To the south of Odense is famous castle Egeskёv ("oak forest"), built in 1554 in the middle of a small lake, and surrounded by a beautiful English park of over 15 hectares. In the castle is a car museum with over 300 exhibits. In lying to the north-east of the resort town of Odense Kerteminde be sure to visit the Cathedral of St.. Lawrence (XV cent.) And the house-museum of J. Larsen, and along the southern coast of the island - dozens of traditional villages and small towns with charming rural churches, old mansions and parks, as well as hundreds of cozy coves and islets.
Jutland region stretches for 400 km. from the German border to the northern tip of Denmark - Cape Skagen (Grenier). The west coast of Jutland has excellent sandy beaches (bathing often dangerous due to the ever-changing winds and currents), and east is framed by steep slopes at the base of which is "hidden" cozy sandy beaches. Surrounding the peninsula and the sea straits, coupled with numerous rivers and lakes, make this part of the country is now a place of pilgrimage for fans of water sports.
Capital East Jutland and the second largest city in Denmark - Aarhus (X c.), Is home to Vitus Bering and the largest university center in the country. "Old Town" Den Gamle-Beau is centered around the Cathedral of St.. Clement (XIII c., The largest church in Denmark) with its famous organ (XVIII c.), And the famous church of Fort-Frou-Kirk (XIII c.) Viking museum and the Museum of the Old City, where the open air from across the country collected more than 75 homes, which are more than 400 years. In Aarhus, is a summer estate of the Danish queen, and in the suburbs Billund - the world famous Legoland theme park, which built working models of the most famous parts of Europe of 42 million. Components of children's designer "Lego", towering castles, running safari park and a variety of attractions, dozens of children's cafes and restaurants, as well as the Toy Museum.
In Aalborg worth visiting Jens Bang's House (1624), which is considered one of the most beautiful Renaissance buildings in northern Europe, the cathedral Budof Domkirke (XIV c.), Aalborg Castle (XVI c.), Town Hall (XVII century.) With openwork internal staircase and a huge hall of the City Council, the Monastery (XVI c.), the Historical Museum and the great North Jutland Art Museum with a collection of contemporary art, as well as the largest Viking burial ground in the country.
In Fredericia (founded in 1650) are interesting church-Trinitatis Kirke and City Museum. In Esbjerg - Museum of Art and the Museum of printing machines. In medieval religious center of Ribe beckon tourists local Cathedral (1150), an old coaching inn "Weiss-shtu" (1600) and, again, - a huge Viking Museum. In the old capital of Jutland - Viborg, interesting Cathedral (site of the coronation of the Danish monarchs, XII cent.) And the old town hall, which today is a museum "Skovgard."
The resort village of Skagen attractive sand dunes and beaches eponymous Cape, as well as the Museum of Skagen with a decent collection of paintings and church-Den Tilsandede Kirke ("Dumping the church", XIV c.), So named because I fall asleep the whole area, including the first the floors of the church, the sand dunes. And around the city of Silkeborg stretches a picturesque national park "Lake District". National Parks and Hessel Worth preserved untouched pristine landscape of northern Europe, so the tour they also considered an integral part of a visit to the country.
Moderately sea. Through the influence of the warm Gulf Stream in Denmark is relatively mild winters. Most of the year is dominated by strong winds. Summer is a clear warm weather. In Denmark it is best to come in July or August, at which time the temperature is between +16 C to +18 C.
Time behind Moscow for 2 hours. When in Moscow at noon, in Denmark 10 am.
Official language - Danish. Also used: English, German, French.
Danish Krone (DKK) = 100 era. The appeal notes - 1000, 500, 200, 100, 50, crowns coins - 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 crown, 50 and 25 era.
Short-term visa is issued for private and leisure travel, as well as for business trips. During their stay, short-term visa in Denmark can not work as for the money and for free. For more information on obtaining a residence permit in Denmark and work in Denmark, including the program Au-Pair in Denmark.
To get a short-term visa, you must pass to the Embassy of Denmark the following documents:
• Two completed questionnaires in English. Answer all questions, questionnaires need to sign in person;
• Two completed in English additional forms;
• two 3x4 photos. WARNING! The photo must be glued or attached to the application form with tape (do not stapling);
• a certificate of employment;
• a valid passport (valid passport must be at least 3 months longer than the validity of the visa);
• a signed invitation from Denmark, which states:
• the full name of the applicant;
• passport number;
• a clearly defined purpose of the visit and its financing;
• While in Denmark (number of days).
A copy of the invitation should be sent directly to the Embassy or by regular mail or by fax. Fax number (+ 7-45) 775-0197
Additionally, it is necessary to provide the following documents:
Embassy requests usually provide the following documents:
• profiles and photos;
• a certificate of employment
It should be borne in mind that the embassy may ask for additional documents and. Business visa is usually issued within 3 business days.
Embassy requests usually provide the following documents:
• profiles and photos;
• a certificate of employment;
• a return ticket
Note: The Embassy urges applicants not to rush to get tickets, especially tickets for a specific date without the right to surrender, to give a positive decision on the visa application.
It should be borne in mind that the embassy may be asked for additional documents and. Visa application for private complainants are usually sent to the Danish Immigration Service for consideration. Consideration of each application takes up to eight weeks.
In accordance with the Aliens Act (Danish Aliens Act), an alien who crosses the border of Denmark must be in possession of sufficient funds ($ 50 per day), providing him / her to stay in the country and the way back.
All types of short-term visas for 1250 rubles or US $ 45.
The Schengen area
Denmark is a member of the Schengen area and the preparation of the Danish visa can freely visit all 15 countries that signed the agreement. But when planning a trip is necessary to take into account the fact that for a visa, please contact the embassy of the country which is the main purpose of the trip. If the trip covers several countries and can not determine the root, it is necessary to obtain a visa in the country, which is the first in the itinerary Recently, the implementation of this rule specifically monitored and violators can be problems, especially for a visa again. When entering the Schengen area will be required to submit the Russians passport and visa. In addition, they must be prepared to present documents required for travel (invitation), and also to prove that it has sufficient financial resources to back roads.
New Year - January 1
General Prayer Day - May 3
feast of the Ascension
White Monday - May 27
Constitution Day - June 5
Christmas - December 25 and 26
Most believers - evangelical Lutherans, there are also Catholic and Muslim communities.
Traditional cuisine Denmark
Danish national cuisine has absorbed the culinary traditions of virtually all peoples of the north of the European continent. Especially clearly traceable relationship with German and Scandinavian kitchens from which borrowed tendency in a simple but nourishing food, and plenty of vegetables as toppings.
The most characteristic feature of Danish cuisine - a huge variety of different sandwiches - "smёrrebrёd", which are also used as an independent course, and also as a great snack. There are more than two hundred traditional recipes of various sandwiches with the most diverse "stuffing", where any of them has its own name! Many of them are made multilayer, combined with the most unusual at first glance, the products - you can find a combination of fresh radishes and pineapple, chicken and salmon, and so on. D. K sandwiches often serves salads, onion, radish, seaweed, anchovies or capers, or make some sandwiches with salad weight. The most popular are the original macaroni salad, vegetables and ham, or herring salad and green beans, and a salad of boiled fish with vegetables. And, of course, on the table is always a fish of a different method of cooking and other seafood.
Very popular pork dishes, especially stews with red cabbage, and a variety of sausages and hot dogs, which serves, in the German manner, side dish of potatoes or cabbage with the obligatory sauce. Eat a lot of meat and poultry, mainly - hot sauce "mayonnaise" and a side dish of baked potatoes. Danish national dish is "Roed-dreams-Meuse-flёze" - a thick soup-berry pudding with whipped cream. For dessert, try the lovely worth Copenhagen or Danish bun (although the Danes call them "Viennese"), as well as apple pie with currant jelly, jam and great Danish candy.
The country consumes an enormous amount of beer. The most popular local brands "Tuborg" and "Carlsberg", as well as imported German varieties. Lovers of more spirits can recommend the famous Danish liqueur "sherrihering" and vodka "Aquavit," which for some reason often referred to as "snaps".
Additional charges Denmark
The fee for a visa must be submitted when applying for and will not be returned. Consular fee is received in cash rubles or dollars. The fee can vary with changes in the course of the Danish krone.
Political system Denmark
Denmark - a constitutional monarchy under the constitution in 1849 Head of State - Queen, really runs the country unicameral parliament (Folketing) - the highest legislative body elected popularly. The government is headed by the Prime Minister.
Population of 5,411,405. The population is very homogeneous in ethnic composition. 98% are Danes. They are in language and culture have a lot in common with the Norwegians and Swedes, as well as the Icelanders and Faroese, constituting together with them a single group of Scandinavian peoples. Within this group, the Danes were formed early as an independent nation. Among the Scandinavian languages Danish dissemination second only to Swedish. In the composition of the population of Denmark women slightly more than men (50.3 and 49.7%). The ratio of urban and rural population about as fourth.
You can enter free of duty: 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 50 grams of tobacco; 1 liter of spirits or 2 liters of fortified wine; 2 liters of table wine; 50 ml of spirits. Import of drugs, weapons, poisons and psychotropic substances - is prohibited. Import of local and foreign currency is unlimited. Export of foreign currency, except for gold coins is not restricted, and the national currency, if the amount exceeds 50,000 DKK export is possible, if there is evidence that it was imported or purchased for foreign currency.
Medical aid Denmark
Pharmacies are open on weekdays from 9 to 17:30, Saturday to 13 hours. Some pharmacies in Copenhagen working around the clock.
Medical care, usually paid in cash, by international standards inexpensive. In case of accident, sudden illness or exacerbation of chronic disease all staying temporarily in Denmark foreigners are entitled to free medical care, provided that the receipt of such a service was not the purpose of his arrival in Denmark, and that the patient as a result of the disease does not have enough strength to go back and get these services in the home country. The return flight will cover the patient. Nevertheless, it is advisable to take out medical and travel insurance standard. When visiting Greenland requires a special "Arctic" insurance.
Working hours Denmark
• Banks are open from 09.30 am to 16 pm, and on Thursday - up to 18 hours. Banks in some airports, railway stations open for longer, as well as work and at weekends.
• Government agencies are open on weekdays from 8 to 16 hours.
• Offices of commercial firms are open from 9 to 17:30 on weekdays
• Shops are open from Monday to Friday from 9 or 10 hours to 17.30 - 19 pm, Saturday - from 09 to 16 or 17 hours. Sunday work small department stores, bakeries, kiosks.
Rent a car in Denmark is very expensive, so if you want to travel to Denmark by car, you can rent in Germany for a third of the cost and for it to cross the border.
In Copenhagen you can free use of the bicycles. You need to drop into the machine at the counter with the bikes in 20 kroner coin and pick up the bike. When you return the bike to any of the more than 100 racks coin will be returned to you.
220 V, 50 Hz. Rosette standard European-type grounding.
Restaurant bills and taxi include services and so can not leave a tip. But the amount of the bill may be rounded, if you liked the service. Denmark does not have to bargain when shopping.
Helpful information Denmark
Tourist Information Centre is located in Copenhagen 1, Bernstoffsgade, telephone (45-33) 122-880. Hours: April 1 - September 17 - 9:00 - 24:00, 18 - September 30 - 9:00 - 21:00, 1 October - 31 March - 9: 00-17: 00, Fri. 9:00 am - 14:00 pm, Sun. - Closed.
Background DSB - 33 / 141-701.
Background Copenhagen public transport - 36 / 454-545 (buses), 33 / 141-701 (subway).
Police, fire and ambulance - 112.
Road assistance (in Copenhagen) - 31 / 142-222.
Danish Union policyholders vehicles - 33 / 137-555.