Germany

GermanyGermany - the country where the tourist season lasts all year, and it is no coincidence, as it is considered to be the most beautiful country in Central Europe. Germany has had a tangible impact on the history of the continent. From Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire to Otto von Bismarck, Nazism, construction and destruction of the Berlin Wall, no other nation has had no effect on mood and policies in Europe. Tourism in Germany - comfortable thanks to the high level of economic development, cozy and beautiful cities, a variety of services in places of recreation. Magnificent resorts in Germany - Bad Mergentheim, Bad Orb, Wiesbaden, Baden-Baden and the other is located at the foot of the Alps and are popular all year round. Germany is located on a hilly European Plain, bordered by Austria, Luxembourg and Switzerland in the south, with Belgium, Denmark, France and the Netherlands - to the west and north-west, with the Czech Republic in the south-east, and Poland in the east. Germany owns the East Frisian Islands, part of the North Frisian Islands and about. Helgoland in the North Sea and the island of Fehmarn, Rügen and Hudenzee, most of the island of Usedom, and a number of small islands in the Baltic Sea. From the north of its shores are washed by the Baltic and the North Sea, in the south - the foothills of the Alps with the highest point in the country - the city Zyugshpittse (2962 m). Most of the south-west of the country is occupied by the Jura Mountains and the Black Forest, in the west lie the low mountains of the Eifel and Gunsryuk, in the center of the country - Taunus and Spessart, and in the east - Fihtelgerbirg. The total area of the country - 357 thousand. Sq. km. The capital of Berlin.

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Sights Germany

Germany attracts tourists scenic Rhine Valley with lots of medieval castles and monasteries, ancient culture of Bavaria, the scenic Black Forest, calm Baltic coast and many historical monuments. South of the country is famous for its pristine lakes and mountain resorts in the foothills of the Alps, as well as its wine-making, the main centers of which are also located in the southern areas along the river valleys. Berlin - "revived capital" of a united Germany, situated at the confluence of the rivers Spree and Havel in the geographical center of the country. The first settlements on the territory of modern Berlin appeared about 10 thousand. Years ago, around the year 700 BC. e. old Germanic tribes settled here, and in the VI-VII centuries. n. e. West Slavic tribes appeared, which gave the city's modern name ("Berlin" - a fishing village, transportation). In 1244, Berlin is already mentioned in the chronicles of the city. List all the attractions of the German capital is very difficult - the entire historic center of the city, in fact, is a collection of historical, cultural and architectural monuments, however, was badly damaged during the bombing and the assault on Berlin in 1945 Hallmark of the city are majestic Brandenburg Gate (1788-1791), with checkpoint "Charlie" - one of the symbols of the "cold war" (now a museum), the west wall is preserved portion of the infamous "Berlin Wall" dividing the city into a period of "great confrontation". Length of the wall was about 155 km. (43.1 km. Accounted directly to the city), and the height reached 4.1 m. Equipped with 293 watchtowers, 57 bunkers and pillboxes, braided many hundreds of miles of barbed wire and a limited 100-meter strip of alienation, this wall has become a a symbol of the division of Germany and was literally swept away by demonstrators at uniting the country, and its fragments turned into souvenirs. Very attractive miraculously survived in the fires of World War II the Cathedral of St.. Hedwig (1747-1773), the building of the Arsenal (1695-1706), the Cathedral of St.. Nicholas Gothic (XIV c.), The world's largest Berlin Zoo, Tsoyghauza building (now here is the German Historical Museum), Gothic Marienkirche church and others. Virtually newly were built such famous monuments of the city, as the German State opera, the Reichstag (1884-1894), the street Unter den Linden, the castle Bellevue (1785 .), Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kirche, Charlottenburg castle (XVII-XVIII cc.) and whole blocks of buildings Classic XVIII-XIX centuries. Many new facilities have given the city a unique modern look - Berlin TV Tower (365 m.), Famous for its extensive collection of botanical garden, a complex of monuments to fallen Soviet soldiers - Treptow Park, Hanzafirtel, ballet Carnival, City Library, International Congress Center, Philharmonic Hall, Europa-Center, Berlin Green Estrada et al. also interesting majestic palace Fridrihshtadtpalas, Shenebergskaya hall, Alexanderplatz famous Red Town Hall, the fountain "Neptune", Hall Congress Hall, area Emst-Ruijter, New Synagogue, area Braytshaydplatts, gloomy headquarters building a mystery police GDR - "Stasi" clock "globe", the Church of Remembrance and others. Concentrated in the city many fine museums and art collections, most of which has a long history - Museum Foundation of Prussian castles, Art Gallery in Dahlem with a magnificent collection of Old Master paintings, sculptures, Indian, Eastern and Islamic art, which began collecting more Friedrih Great Egyptian Museum, Gallery of them. Bode with one of the most extensive and diverse collections of paintings in Europe period XIII-XVIII century. Kulturforum, New National Gallery and the Museum Island on the river. Spree with the Pergamon Museum and the Stiftung-Proysisher Kulturbezitts et al. One of the most beautiful places around the city - Potsdam, the former from the XVII century. the residence of the Prussian kings. This magnificent architectural complex in the Baroque and Classical situated on the River Havel and is famous for its beautiful palaces Schloss Sanssouci and the mansion of William II, which in July 1945 passed the famous Potsdam Conference. Bremen (included with the City of Bremerhaven in the federal state of Bremen as a separate city) lies on the banks of the river. Weser and is known as one of the oldest cities in the country. Centrum Bremen is considered old Market Square with the Town Hall (1405-1410) and the Cathedral of St.. Peter (XI cent.), Here is the same building of the city parliament (1966), built to replace the destroyed to its foundations of Anglo-American bombing of the old parliament and miraculously preserved medieval burgher houses and symbol of the city - a 10-meter statue of Roland (1405). Front of City Hall (1405-1410, rebuilt in 1608-1612 year) is the famous sculpture of "The Bremen Town Musicians." The most famous street in Bremen - Bёtthershtrasse has a length of only 100 m. And consists of only 7 buildings built in the XVII., Which in themselves are unique monuments of architecture, they settled zvonarnitsa, three museums, gallery and theater. Sights in Bremen are also majestic Bremen Cathedral (XI-XIII cc.) And Old Street Shnёrvirtel. "Free City" of Hamburg lies on the banks of the river. Elba 110 km. from the place of its confluence with her in the Baltic Sea. It is the largest marine and the fourth largest river port in Germany, one of the best anchorages in the Baltic Sea and a large yacht center of the country. Probably no other city in Europe has such a number of covered streets and passages, starting right from the shopping center of the city - the Hamburg court. The whole of Europe are famous passages "Hansevirtel", "Gergof", "Gansemarkt" and "Neue Gansemarkt." Hamburg is one of the richest cities in the country, there are offices of many trade companies, banks and insurance companies. Most of the old buildings of the city destroyed during the war, but it is considered a symbol of the city, "Michelle" - a 132-meter tower of the church of St. Michael, almost not affected and has been carefully restored. Bavaria - the largest and most visited by tourists land in Germany. Because of its cultural diversity, the rich historical past and the peculiar geographical position, Bavaria is considered one of the best tourist areas not only Germany but all over Europe. This area is famous for the variety of its nature - it is here that extend the famous Bavarian Alps, is the set of the most picturesque lakes (Chiemsee, Starnberger See, Ammersee and the western part of Lake Constance), extensive alpine pastures, forests and numerous rivers. It is here that there is a unique National Park "Bavarian Forest". Munich is the third largest city in Germany, located near the Alps, on the banks of the Isar River. Center of the city is the Marienplatz square with buildings new (XIX c.) And old (in 1470, today it houses the Museum of Toys) Town Hall. In the vicinity of Marienplatz are such famous monuments as the Church Peterskirche (XI cent.), Scenic natural ensemble of the English Garden, the pedestrian zone and the main shopping-street of the city - Neuhauser Straße street Tal, Area of Justice and the old botanical garden. The main cathedral of the city and its symbol is the Frauenkirche (Libfrauenkirhe). Complex south of the royal residence (XVI-XIX cc.) Is Bavarian National Theatre (Bavarian National Opera, 1811-1818) and the first South German baroque church - Theatinerkirche. Another attraction - the most famous and oldest beer Munich - Hofbräuhaus (XII c.), Located in the heart of the city, in the town Plattsl. It was here that in 1923 there was a "Beer Hall Putsch", which became the beginning of Hitler's political career. Every autumn (late September - early October) on the meadow Theresienwiese passes most massive annual festival of the world - Beer Festival "Oktoberfest", which takes place almost two years, for which even brew a special beer - "curvature". The city is famous for its art galleries world-wide - here are the Old and New Pinakothek - one of the best art galleries in Europe, the Bavarian National Museum, Munich City Museum, State Mineralogical and numismatic collections, German Theatre Museum and National Gallery Lenbach. Be sure to visit the unique Museum of BMW. Nuremberg, the second largest city in Bavaria, is a forest-rich region at the river. Pegnitz. The most beautiful view of the old city is from Fyursterskih gate - ring walls Shtadtmauera (XIV-XV centuries.) With lots of gates and towers, the "old town" part of Lorenz and the castle. Entrance to the old city celebrate "King's Gate" ("Kёnigstor") with a huge observation tower from which radiates the oldest street of the city - Königstraße, which are the Church of St.. Marta, German National Museum (the largest museum of art, culture and history of all Germanic countries, founded in 1852) and the Church of St. Lorenz - the largest church in Nuremberg (XIII-XV centuries.). Not far from the bridge is Muzeumbrёshke Hauptmarkt square, with a 17-meter high sculpture Schöne Brunnen Froyenkirhe Church (1352-1361) and the famous clock "Maenleynlaufen" (1509), Town Hall (1616-1622) and the church of St.. Sebaldus (1225-1273 year). Be sure to visit the Nuremberg Toy Museum with toys from all eras and cultures, Nuremberg Castle, and the house-museum of Albrecht Durer, where he lived with in 1509 until the last day of his life (1528). Be sure to visit the famous Bavarian palace and park ensemble, located in the most picturesque corners of the province. The most famous of them - the former summer residence of Bavarian kings - Nymphenburg Castle, "fabulous" Neuschwanstein castle near the Austrian border, stylized medieval castle Hohenschwangau Castle, Castle Linderhof Palace (1869-1879), with a marvelous park, Moorish pavilion and the Temple of Venus and Herrenchiemsee. Saxony - land in the foothills of the Ore Mountains in the south-east of the country. The beauty of the landscape, fantastic landscapes, forests and cultivated dozens of picturesque old towns in this region attract thousands of tourists. Dresden (first mention - 1206) - the capital of Saxony and a jewel. "Florence on the Elbe" called Dresden before World War II. As a result of the Anglo-American bombing in the night from 13 to 14 February 1945, Dresden was virtually wiped off the face of the earth, but now he is gradually regaining the glory of the world's cultural center. Set on the banks of the Elbe city monument boasts many architectural masterpieces, there are such unique structures as the church Rococo Hofkirche (1739-1751), the world-famous masterpiece of baroque art - Zwinger Palace (1710-1722), the palace Bridge, Chapel castle of Torgau, Albertinum, Academy of Fine Arts, school of Art and the Gothic Kreitskirhe (XV cent.). Opened in 1854 the Dresden Museum, whose treasures happily escaped the horrors of the bombing in the rock art galleries nearby mountains, has earned the reputation of one of the richest collections in the world. Rebuilt from the ruins and built in the style of the Italian Renaissance Opera House (1870-1878 year). 15 km. Dresden is famous Meissen Porcelain Factory - the birthplace of European white porcelain. Open to the public the company showroom displays over 4 thousand. Exhibits depicting the history of this famous brand. You can make any kind of excursions into the surrounding Ore Mountains have received for their picturesque landscapes name "Saxon Switzerland." Leipzig - the largest city in Saxony, the city of fairs, the largest center of the publishing industry and trade. Thousands of tourists are attracted to the Citadel (XIII c.), the famous Thomaskirche Church (Church of St. Thomas, XIV-XV centuries.), a giant monument Folkersshlahtdenkmal ("Battle of Nations", 1898-1913), the erected in honor of the soldiers (including and 22.6 thousand. Russian soldiers) who died in a battle with the army of Napoleon at Leipzig in 1813, is the oldest and largest church in the city - Nikolaikirche (St.. Nicholas), rebuilt the city center with the famous shopping mall and Medler Shpekks Hof, Orthodox church in memory of the fallen Russian soldiers (XIX century), a world-famous art gallery, the old Town Hall and the zoo. Lower Saxony, which occupies the north-western part of the country - one of the main tourist centers of the country. Here, on the North Sea coast, there are many parks, large tracts of wasteland and marshes, scenic East Frisian Islands, and in the south - the beautiful landscapes Vezergebirge, Osnabryukker Bergland, Lappwald, Deister, Zyuntelya, Itha, Hilsa and Solling. The capital of Lower Saxony is an ancient Hannover ("city on a high bank"), was first mentioned in chronicles in 1150 - a city of international exhibitions, parks and original architecture. Hannover also underwent terrible destruction during the Second World War, but quickly regained its former glory. The most interesting sights are the magnificent Baroque garden in Herrenhausen (1666-1714 g), whose majestic castle was destroyed by bombing, but remained a greenhouse and a gallery, as well as the Waterloo Column (46 m. Altitude, 1832), an artificial lake Mash, central Station Gauptbanhof, the Opera House, the beautiful main square of the city - Krёpke on which the famous "wind Rose", indicating the distance from Hanover to the major cities of the world, the tower Begin (1357). Also good for visiting the beautiful Gothic church Marktkirche (XIV c.) Lauenrode castle, the ruins of the church Egidenkirhe and New Town Hall (1901-1913 year). In urban museums collected magnificent art collection - Sprengel Muzeum famous collection of works 1900-1930's city, Kestnermuzeum (1889) - a collection of ancient art and craft products, and the Museum of Lower Saxony - a very rich collection of historical curiosities, natural history a collection of the richest and the Department of Painting and Sculpture. Thuringia is located at the crossroads of major transportation routes, there has long developed trade and crafts, especially the production of superior optics, the famous blue paint and the Tula arms deal. At the beginning of the XIX century. Thuringia was the spiritual center of Germany and Europe - lived here, Martin Luther, Schiller, Liszt and Goethe, Johann Sebastian Bach was born and flourished education. Although the capital of Thuringia, Erfurt is, most of the tourists tend to Eisenach on p. Herzeliya. Here are the famous Wartburg Castle (XI cent.), Built at an altitude of 190 m., Surrounded by old half-timbered houses Market Square, Church of St.. George (1180), City Hall (1596), a three-aisled basilica church of St. Nicholas (XII c.) factory museum firm "Opel", the house-museum and a monument to Martin Luther, Johann Sebastian Bach Museum with an exhibition of ancient musical instruments and the Church of St.. Anna (XV cent.). In the "City of Art" Weimar, where she was proclaimed the first democratic republic on German soil, the last 57 years of his life the great Goethe, here he was buried in a sarcophagus with Schiller. From any city in Thuringia organized hiking and horseback tours through the scenic Thuringian Forest, which inspired many German poets to create romantic works are also a lot of fishing bases and water sports facilities. Baden-Wuerttemberg is located in the south-west of the country, on the border with France. Surrounded by the foothills of the Black Forest and the Swabian Alb, dissected p. Neckar and rich forest and mineral springs, this land has long been a recognized tourist destination in Germany. The capital of Baden-Württemberg - Stuttgart, founding date which is lost in the dark ages - as early as 950 AD. e. it housed the prince's court. Now the city, other than the victim of the bombing, is famous for its numerous attractions. Interesting main railway station with 58-meter tower, castle Altes Schloss, Academic garden, old and new buildings of the Landtag, Schlossgarten park with planetarium, Carl-Zeiss-Planetarium, shopping street Königstraße, zhvorets Kёnigsbau (1856-1860), the column of William I (1841), restored castle Neue Schloss (1746-1807) and the renovated building of the City Gallery. One should visit the Palace Square, the building Vaysenhofzidlung, museums, companies, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche and Linden, zoological and botanical garden of William, the first in the world of the Stuttgart television tower of metal and concrete, Castle Solitude, and the famous church Shtiftskirhe Gallery Baden-Wurttemberg - one of the most important art collections in Germany. The capital of the Black Forest - a beautiful city of Freiburg, famous for its amusement park "Europa Park" - the most visited tourist attraction in Germany. In the "Europa Park" It provides more than 100 different attractions and a variety of shows, Amtrak "tour around Europe" monorail train tour, one of the oldest castles in Europe - Castle Balthazar (1442), the Kingdom of the Dinosaurs, a maze of copies of the most famous people in Europe "Hull office Entertaynment" new theater "Globe Fieche" and a replica of Shakespeare's theater in London, "The Magic Garden" Russian Village, Country Park and the Palace of the Vikings, as well as mini-parks that reflect all of the most interesting aspects of life in all of Europe - from Spain to Scandinavia. Additionally, you can visit the picturesque lake Titisee, Triberg Ferienland natural park with the highest waterfalls in Germany, the largest lake in the Black Forest - Schluchsee or amusement park "Aqua Fun". Mainz - the capital of the hilly land of Rhineland-Palatinate, which lies to the south-west of Germany, was known as Mogontiakum in the days of the Roman Empire. Now the major industrial and cultural center of the country. The main monuments of the city - the Gutenberg Museum, the Cathedral, the Roman basilica with two choirs, medieval manor, palace of the Teutonic Order (1627-1752 year, these days - Parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate) and the Central Roman-Germanic Museum. The city is also famous for its traditional Carnival, centuries-old traditions precious stones (region of Idar-Oberstein) and one of the largest vineyards in Germany. Nearby are woodlands Pfälzer Wald (the largest forest area in Germany) and the Westerwald, the most beautiful mountain range Eifel and medical sources. Koblenz, situated at the confluence of the Rhine and Moselle, attracts visitors with a medieval center of the old part of the city, the Gothic church of St.. Castor (IX-XII c.), The Jesuit church and college (XVII century.). One of the most famous sights of the city - the medieval Moselle Bridge (XIV c.), As well as Castle Koblenz (XVIII c.), Theater and numerous museums. In Ehrenbreitstein, a suburb of Koblenz, is a place of pilgrimage to the monastery Arenberg Roter Hahn, an old fortress, which now houses a museum and a variety of non-governmental organizations, as well as the asylum of St.. Roca from Trier. Neuwied interesting castle background Type (1648), the park which reaches a length of 2 km. and turned into a magnificent botanical garden. North Rhine-Westphalia, which lies to the west of the country, is an industrial and political center of the country. The state capital of Düsseldorf, - a center of art and politics, the place of concentration of head offices of many major banks and companies of the country, as well as a city of art, fashion, conventions and exhibitions. The center of the city is its oldest part - the Altstadt, which focused a great many old buildings, cozy bars and restaurants, elegant shops and small boutiques. One of the most beautiful and richest streets in Europe - Königsallee ("Kyo"), runs parallel to the Rhine to the court Hofgarten garden adjacent to the Altstadt. In the vicinity of the Königsallee many interesting places - Art Gallery-Kyo, the house, the birthplace of Heinrich Heine, the 234-meter tower with a rotating Reynturm at an altitude of 172 m. Restaurant and an observation deck, one of the most modern government buildings in Europe - the Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia and underground (or rather - "podreynny") tunnel, garden and park ensemble Benrath Castle in the southern part of Dusseldorf Südpark - one of the best park systems of the country, as well as many other attractions. Many fine exhibitions are held in the galleries of the Tonhalle, Kyunstsamlyung, Landsmuzeum Folk und Virtsshaft, Kyunstmuzeum et al., Located in the northern and eastern parts of the Altstadt. 10 km. east of the city lies the famous Neandertal - the place of discovery of fossil remains of one of the hypothetical ancestors "wise man." Now here is a museum of the history and evolution of humanity. Cologne on the site of the Roman settlement of "Colonia", from which it got its name. Already in the early Middle Ages it was one of the most important cities of the Hanseatic League, in 1248, was laid the first stone in the foundation of the now-famous all over the world Cologne Cathedral, and in 1388 was founded by University of Cologne. During World War II the center of Cologne was almost completely destroyed, but quickly recovered and turned into today in an important commercial and industrial center of Germany, no less famous for its carnivals and traditional pubs. Symbol of the city - the Gothic Cathedral of Cologne (1248-1880), with two spikes-high 157 m., Magnificent stained glass windows and the tombs of the three wise men who brought gifts to baby Jesus. Also in a variety of fascinating museums and temples - twelve Romanesque churches, Gothic church of Saint-Maurice-it-Capital (1049), St. Gereon (II c.) And St. Klibert (XIII c.). Interesting Romanesque-Germanic Museum with a unique Roman mosaics of Dionysius, the Museum Ludwig (modern art) and the Museum of Vollraf Richard with the famous art gallery, numerous theaters, opera and concert stage Philharmonic Orchestra, zoo, aquarium and botanical garden. Just 15 minutes from Cologne can be reached in a theme park "Phantasialand", famous for its spectacular multimedia show and theme cruises, culinary tour "Berlin-Mexico City-Paris-Beijing" variety show "Winter Garden", a fantastic show, "Fire, Water and light, "" Star parade "in theaters Tanagra and rock," Berlin carousel "indispensable" Russian hills ", and many other attractions. Ancient Bonn, the former capital of West Germany, is divided into three main areas. The city center lies around Münster (XI-XIII cc.) And the picturesque Old Market Square ("Marktplatz") to the town hall (1782), and is famous for its many old buildings, lined with stucco, as well as the house, the birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven and his University - one of the oldest in Europe. On the square in front of the cathedral stands the gift of Franz Liszt - a monument to Beethoven (1845). There is also one of the earliest Roman port on the Rhine - in 1989 he was 2 thousand. Years. Quiet and patriarchal Buel district lies on the opposite bank of the Rhine, the bridge Kennedibryukke. Southern government district of Bad Godesberg was annexed to the city in 1969 in connection with the transfer of the city government functions. From the square to Bundeskantslerplats Godesberger Alley runs a whole series in its own beautiful government buildings - the building of the German Bundestag (1950), the Villa Hammerschmidt (former residence of the President of Germany), Schaumburg Palace (residence of the Federal Chancellor) and the Palace Poppelsdorf the botanical garden. The federal state of Hesse - center and one of the most beautiful regions of the country. The state capital of Wiesbaden, on the site of a Roman settlement, built on the famous hot springs of the Rhine Valley. Now the city is the largest spa center in Germany - are actively used the healing properties of the hot springs 27. It is interesting to visit the Baroque Castle Biebrich (1698-1721), the former castle of the Dukes of Nassau (1837-1843), the explore the beautiful office buildings, home of thermal springs with colonnades (1905-1907) and the National Theatre, which annually May held a grand international festival. Frankfurt am Main - the biggest city in the region, "the city of skyscrapers and banks," the most important economic center of Germany and Europe. The historic city center - Römerberg, centered around the town hall Römer (XVI-XVIII centuries.), Whose rooms were coronation event, and is famous for many cafés and bars, one of the largest exhibition halls of the country - the Schirn Kunsthalle, archaeological garden, Nikolaikirche church, a museum in Frankfurt Jewish community, gothic cathedral of red brick house with a 95-meter tower, museum of Modern Art "Tortenshtuk" and the famous church Paulskirche. Also noteworthy Old Opera House, Architectural Museum, Opel, Film Museum, Nature Museum Senckenberg, municipal gallery, a wonderful Art Institute Kunstinstitut, giant greenhouses Garden Palms, the zoo and the German Leather Museum. Throughout Germany, scattered over thousands of the most beautiful medieval castles - Raynfels (1250), Sunek (1010, in the XIII century. Notorious center of the Knights of robbers), Wryneck (1832), Reichenstein, Raynbraytbah, Aynbraytbah, a former royal household Loysdorf - a castle with four towers, ruins Rolandzek, Stolzenfels (XIII c., rebuilt in 1836-1842), the Lanek (XIII c.), two majestic but ruined castle - Shterrenberg and Liebenstein (XI and XIII centuries. ) in Kamp-Bornhofen Marksburg castle and many others.

Climate Germany

Moderate. In the north, the sea, the rest of the - transition from maritime to continental. The average temperature in the coldest month (January) from -3 C to +2 C. The average July temperature of 16 C to 20 C. Annual precipitation in the south to 2000 mm per year in the north - up to 710 mm per year, mainly in the autumn-winter period.

Time Germany

Far from Moscow at 2:00.

Language Germany

State - German ("hohdoych"), which has a number of regional dialects. English is widely spoken, French is used in Saarland. In the north of Schleswig-Holstein speak Danish.

Money Germany

EUR (Euro), equal to 100 cents. Until the end of 2012, National Bank will exchange national banknotes for euros free. In the back of banknotes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros, as well as coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents.

Visa Germany

Germany is in the Schengen zone. Russian citizens need a visa, which can be obtained at the consulates of Germany. There are two types of visas: Schengen visa and German national visa. They vary in maturity and scope, as well as the timing of processing of documents: Schengen Visa The Schengen visa is valid for stays of up to 90 days within six months and entitles you to a single or multiple entry to Germany. Valid for all Schengen states - Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, France and Sweden. The Schengen visa is issued within 1-3 business days, a request for her extradition can be filled both in German and in Russian. German national visa German national visa has the original limitation to three months, but in contrast to the Schengen visa may be extended by the German competent authority for foreigners in accordance with the purpose of the stay. National visa is valid only for Germany. An application for a German national visa is filled only in German. The minimum period of registration - 5 days. required documents To obtain a visa for a private trip, you must have: • passport • regular passport and a copy of pages of personal data and residence registration • visa application form in 2 copies, filled in and, personally signed, with two photographs pasted and one additional photo for visa • the completed agreement that the applicant is familiar with (in particular p. 55) "Residence Act" • invitation stating the purpose, location and duration of the trip, as well as the obligation to invite to assume all costs incurred, including medical care. Signature of the sponsor must be certified by the German Office for Foreigners. Invitation is only recognized in the form of originals, and additionally should provide a copy of the warranty return to the host country, for example, proof of regular income in the form of a certificate of employment indicating salary (in the original) with the presentation of the work book (original and simple copy) may certificate of registration of a private company (the original and a simple copy), documents of ownership of housing, as well as documents on the marital status (marriage certificate, birth certificates of children) • Original and copy of health insurance for all kinds of assistance for the duration of your stay in the Schengen valid in all countries of the Schengen zone, with insurance coverage of not less than 30,000 euros the visa fee • All changes in referrals are accepted by fax (with the obligatory indication of the number of the case), or in person. In case of sending documents by fax, if the documents will be sent to insufficient or wrong, very high chance of failure. If the paperwork is complete or still insufficient, will be assigned a new date of interview (consular fee in this case will not be returned). To obtain a tourist visa for the trip, not booked through a travel agency, you must have: • a passport and a copy of your personal data • regular passport and a copy of pages of personal data and residence registration • visa application form in 2 copies, filled in and, personally signed, with two photographs pasted and one additional photo for visa • the completed agreement that the applicant is familiar with (in particular p. 55) "Residence Act" • confirmation of the purpose and itinerary • confirmation of accommodation in Germany (the name and address of the hotel / guest house, as well as proof of payment by fax to the hotel) • mode of transport, which is scheduled round trip, while traveling by bus or plane must specify the name of the company • Confirmation of funding: you must submit evidence of a minimum of 50 euros per day during the trip / stay (current bank statement, a reference to the purchase of foreign currency, traveler's checks) • guarantees the return to the country of residence, for example, confirmation of regular income in the form of a certificate of employment indicating salary (in the original) with the presentation of the work book (original and simple copy), possibly a certificate of registration of his own company (the original and a simple copy) documents of title to housing, as well as documents on the marital status (marriage certificate, birth certificates of children) • Original and copy of health insurance for all kinds of assistance for the duration of your stay in the Schengen valid in all countries of the Schengen zone, with insurance coverage of not less than 30,000 euros • Visa fees. For registration of children under the age of 18 need a notarized document that expresses the consent of the persons who have parental or guardianship rights to leave the child and a copy of the statement. Visa-free transit is not allowed. For transit trips require: • a passport and a copy of your personal data • regular passport and a copy of pages of personal data and residence registration • visa application form in 2 copies, filled in and, personally signed, with two photographs pasted and one additional photo for visa • the completed agreement that the applicant is familiar with (in particular p. 55) "Residence Act" • rail or round trip tickets in the original and a copy thereof • if there is a visa of the destination country and its copy • Original and copy of health insurance for all kinds of assistance for the duration of your stay in the Schengen valid in all countries of the Schengen zone, with insurance coverage of not less than 30,000 euros • Visa fees. In some cases, may be requested for additional documents. Submission of false documents may result in denial of entry into Germany for a period of not less than one year. Border authorities have the right to deny entry into the country, despite having a valid visa.

Traditions Germany

Religion: The vast majority - Catholics (45%) and Protestants (46%). Holidays in Germany: January 1 - New Year's Eve January 6 - Epiphany April - Easter May 1 - Labor Day May 21 - The Ascension June 1 - Whit Monday June 11 - Corpus Christi August 15 - Assumption October 3 - Day of Unity October 31 - The Transfiguration November 1 - All Saints' Day November 18 - Day of Prayer and Repentance December 25-26 - Christmas Festivals in Germany Berlin calendar is loaded to the limit of the annual fairs, festivals and concerts. Berlin Film Festival, the second largest in the world, takes place in February. In the Christopher Street Day runs great and cheerful city parade (June), at the beginning of July the Grand Parade of Love. The Berlin Jazz Festival is held in October, and Christmas are massive sell-off, many of which also turn into a real celebration. Hamburg hosts International Tourism Fair "Reisen Hamburg" International Exhibition "Hansebut" and others. Throughout Germany are Winter festivals, turning into big cities in mass carnivals. Germany's rich musical heritage is the basis of many musical festivals. Some cities are accented by any one composer - Thuringia Bach Festival in March or the Wagner Festival in Beirut (July). Others pay tribute to a particular musical direction - Jazz Festivals in Frankfurt (March) and Stuttgart (April) are especially popular. Autumn - the numerous festivals devoted to harvest, especially agricultural and viticultural areas - in the Rhineland held the Festival of Lights and fireworks, the Munich Beer Festival is held the famous "Oktoberfest" (September - October), and in each wine region extends your holiday dedicated to what -That particular grape variety or the patron saint of the region. Christmas celebration of the most respected people of the country, and although they are considered to be "home" event, the most extravagant of their conduct in Munich, Nuremberg, Essen and Heidelberg. Price tags in shops often begin with the word "ab" - "on", indicating the lower limit of the price, it is necessary to pay attention to the "native" price tag or consult with staff.

Traditional cuisine Germany

Germany has quite a varied cuisine inherited from the many peoples who live or lived in the area. In the "mandatory set" includes deep fried bacon on the ribs "ripphen", a variety of sausages, meat balls "klops" with potato salad, baked pork knuckle "aysbayn" and the popularity of grilled sausages with sauce "curry". Quite original dish "hekpeter" - raw ground beef with salt, pepper, egg and spices. Bavarian cuisine is huge portions and the "village" simplicity. The most famous dishes - roast pork with sauerkraut, Munich's famous sausage "vaysvyurshteln" and delicious salted pretzels "Brothers." Widely used and dishes, traditionally considered Italian. On the North and Baltic Seas, most traditional dishes made from fish. Its fried, smoked, marinated and baked in many different ways, and also prepare delicious soups. drinks Business Card Germany - beer, which is especially famous for Bavaria. Beers are a great many, but the most popular Bavarian light varieties such as "Augustinerbrau", "Hecker-Pschorr," "Hofbrau", "Lёvenbrau", "Paulaner" and "sleep." To beer served roast pork with potato dumplings or Nuremberg grilled sausages. It is also widely known for excellent wine valleys of the Rhine-Main area, light and has a characteristic fruity flavor.

Political system Germany

Germany is a democratic parliamentary federal republic. Germany is considered the head of the Federal President (limited authority), the head of government - federal chancellor. Legislative authority is the federal Bundestag. The country is divided into 16 states and some federal districts, whose governments have broad powers in government.

Population Germany

Around 81.8 million people. The vast majority (93%) - the Germans and Austrians, Czechs, Poles, Danes and Sorbs. In recent years, the country more and more people from the republics of the former Yugoslavia and Turkey.

Customs Germany

Import and export of local and foreign currency is unlimited. Cash amount of more than 15 thousand. Euros necessarily be declared. For EU citizens traveling within the EU, there are no customs restrictions. For citizens of countries outside the EU, as well as for all travelers, limited importation of the following products: - If the goods are acquired in an EU country and they paid taxes and duties, the duty-free import up to 800 cigarettes or 200 cigars or 1kg. tobacco, to 10 liters. spirits (over 22%), up to 20 liters. good wine, 90 liters. table wine, 110 liters. beer and other goods in an amount not in excess of 400 euros. - If the goods purchased outside the EU - up to 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams. tobacco to 2 liters. of table wine to 1 liter. spirits or 2 liters. liquor strength up to 22% or 2 extra liters of table wine, 60 ml. perfume or 250 ml. eau de toilette, and other goods in an amount not exceeding 60 euros. The import of drugs, poisons and psychotropic substances, weapons. Banned the export of fuel, when you follow the car in a spare canister should be no more than 10 liters.

Medical aid Germany

The insurance policy is required, including at a private or business trip. First aid and refinement of the disease can cost anywhere from 50-150 to 300 euros. Tourists when seeking the assistance shortchanging conducted for the minimum fare to pay on the spot. You need to bring a cashier's check and present it to the insurance company.

Working hours Germany

Banks are open Monday to Friday from 8.30 am to 13.00 pm (sometimes up to 14.00 or 15.00), on Thursday - 17.00 or 18.00 with an hour break for lunch. Bank branches in airports and major railway stations operate from 6.30 to 22.30, including on weekends. Shops are open from Monday to Friday department store open from 9.00 (10.00) to 18.00 (20.00). As in banks, there is also a "long" on Thursday, when the shops are open until 20.00. On Saturdays shops are open until 16.00, and before Christmas, as a rule, to 18.00. Grocery stores often start with 7.00 and finish after 19.00.

Transport Germany

The rental price of 25 euros per day or more, depending on the machine model. Speed limit in urban areas 50 km / h outside the city - 100 km / h on highways (Autobahn) there are no restrictions (this is the only country in Europe where such restrictions do not exist). The driver and passengers in the front and rear seats must wear seat belts. The most intense domestic network has the national airline "Lufthansa". In this airline can be found both expensive and coupon offers. Alternative carriers - "Air Berlin", "Germanwings", "Hapag-Lloyd Express", "Germania Express", "Deutsche BA", "Condor" - tend to be cheaper. There are a number of smaller regional airlines. Coaches in Germany are auxiliary transport as much losing trains for speed, comfort and frequency of movement. Typically, between a pair of cities have only 1-2 flights a day bus, and often such flights may not be at all. However, for single trips are much cheaper than trains. Let's say a bus from Berlin to Munich goes 7-8 hours for 43 euros. Bus Schedule from Berlin and between some other cities is available on site Berlin Linienbus. Public transport in most cities in Germany including buses, trams, metro and high-speed trams (U-Bahn) and suburban trains (S-Bahn). Rates are the same for all modes of transport, the ticket is valid instead. There are lots of travel and tourist tickets that save. All tickets can be purchased in special machines in subway stations and commuter trains. Tickets must be composted in red machines located on the platforms. The penalty for ticketless travel is very high. Buses run on schedule. Through the front door only allowed entrance. The driver can buy a ticket for one trip only. If a ticket has already been purchased, for example, in the subway, it is necessary to show the driver. In some cities, the entrance through the front door only in the evening, when the controllers do not work. The cost of a single trip to the Berlin transport 2 euro (for a short distance of 1.2 euros), a ticket for the whole day costs 5.6 euros (with the surroundings - 6 euros). Travel for a week worth 24.3 euros (with the surroundings - 30 euros). There are also two tourist travel, including, in addition to free travel in public transport, discounts on museums, attractions and tours. WelcomeCard for three days costs 21 euros and gives you discounts up to 50%. CityTourCard gives lower prices, is valid only in the central part of the city and is worth 14.5 euros for 2 days and 18.9 euros for 3 days. metro Subway ("U-bahn") starts from 4.00 am and finishes at 00.00-01.00, Interval train about 5 - 8 minutes. The fare on the subway in various cities may vary, but everywhere there is an effective system of discounts. taxis Taxis are widely spread, the prices vary according to a complex system of calculation. The average trip costs 7 euros. For trips less than 2 km. or shorter than 5 min. There is a special rate. One kilometer is an average of 1 euro, plus 1.5 euros for the inclusion of the counter. In some cities, there are preferential rates in the dark for women. You can hire a taxi on the street or parking lot, as well as call on the phone. Metro employees also call a taxi for passengers after 20.00.

Electricity Germany

Mains voltage of 220 volts, 50 hertz. Outlet of the European type with two round thick pins and ground. It is useful to take a universal adapter.

Tip Germany

Tipping is about 5-10% of the total bill, or 1 euro per person. But it is not uncommon and free "treats on the house" for regular customers.

Helpful information Germany

Emergency numbers: Ambulance (free) - 112 (free of charge); Fire service - 112 (free of charge); Police -110 (free); Background: Help - 11.08.33 (surcharge); Background railway stations - 33-99-11; Background airports - 50-81; Taxi - 10/11/44, 68-20-01; Background hotels (from 7.00 to 23.30) - 32-69-17; Reference Bureau in Russian Infoexpert: 0190 - 87 22 50.