Hungary cozily nestled in the heart of Europe. Nature has endowed this country wonderful lakes and hot springs (in Hungary more than 500 medical sources, including in the Budapest). Hungary can be safely called this spa resort. Lake Balaton - is, on the one hand, the famous health resort and at the same time a great place to stay.
Hungary - a country in Central Europe. It has borders with Slovakia in the north-east of Ukraine, in the east - with Romania, not the south of Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia, on the west by Austria. Administrative divisions: 19 counties and one city, equated to counties. Area: 93,030 square meters. km. Capital: Budapest. Biggest cities: Debrecen, Miskolc, Szeged.
In Hungary, on the hills along the northern shore of Lake Balaton in the XVI century, has grown a number of fortresses, castles and spa towns. In a semi-circle long extinct volcanoes off the coast lies "Kal pool" saline lakes surrounded by tiny pastoral villages. The most beautiful lake - Sentbekkalayskoe. At the edge of the pool there are unique volcanic formations. In the valley of Kali, located just outside the coastal holiday village is knocked out of the ground carbon source Kekkuti healing water.
The whole territory of Hungary is full of historical, cultural and natural monuments of world importance. About the tumultuous events of history demonstrates the unique architectural style of Hungarian towns and luxurious collections of numerous museums and exhibition halls. Monuments of the Roman Empire era buildings side by side with the Turkish rule, Romanesque churches Leben, Jake Pannohalme and medieval fortresses Eger Sümeg Siklos. Palaces in Shiraki, Sheregeyeshe and Nagycenk "framed" picturesque small towns typical of the local architecture. Every house in their own unique and original. The holiday region of Lake Balaton, more than 150 mineral springs, hot lake Heviz Budapest spa resorts, Balatonföldvár, Balatonfüred, Hévíz, Debrecen, Hajduszoboszlo, Hungary Sarvar created a reputation of being one of the best resort areas in Europe.
Szekesfehervar, built on the site of an ancient Roman settlement "Alba Regia", famous for the ancient museum "Gorziuma Ruins" and the Cathedral of the XVIII century on the foundations of the church of the XI century. In Szolnok, be sure to visit the Archaeological Museum, and in Miskolc - Museum of the Scythian culture and objects of the Bronze Age. Nirbator famous for its apples and Gothic churches. Szombathely attracts tourists the ruins of an ancient Roman settlement and the bishop's palace of the XVIII century. In Szeged interesting tower of the XIII century and a large cathedral with two spiers.
At the foot of the Visegrad mountains are two ancient royal residences: Visegrad to the summer residence of Hungarian kings and Esztergom - the center of the Catholic Church in Hungary. Not far from Esztergom are beautiful springs and resort area. In Szentendre, a unique Museum of marzipan, exhibited a large model of the capital of Parliament, made entirely of white and brown marzipan.
In the North-West region of the country are the most developed tourist ski resorts. In a beautiful valley between the mountains of the Bükk and Matra 130 km. Eger is the capital - one of the most beautiful Hungarian cities with Baroque architecture, preserved medieval layout and architectural monuments. Every year in the last week of July in the fortress held historic event "Fun Border Fortress" knightly tournament grounds and musical theater program. One of the main attractions of Hungary - Lake Balaton resort area. The shores of this beautiful lake annually fills countless vacationers who come here hoping to enjoy the sun and gentle waves of the lake, to find peace in the contemplation of the beauty of the surrounding landscape, to improve health at the famous resorts.
With plain Transdanubia (Transdanubia) connected rich historical past: the ruins of the Roman city, the residence of Hungarian kings, the ancient Christian catacombs, monuments of Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque styles. Plain Alfeld - a unique natural area of this steppe in central Europe, inspired by the greatest poet Sandor Petofi. Peculiar flora and fauna of the region, steppe reserves Hortobágy and bougatsa, summer theater festivals and carnivals colors, unique ethnic customs attract Alfeld endless stream of tourists. Northern Hungary is rich in spas is the scenic mountain trails, historic fortresses. There are many important cities in the country with a modern way of life.
At the western tip of Lake Balaton is the oldest constructed on the lake cities - Keszthely. It offers familiarity with ancient streets and secluded located in a magnificent park of the palace family Festetics Baroque. At the end of the XVIII century there was founded the famous library of the palace "Helikon", numbering about 52,000 volumes. Every summer, once a week there are international conferences and brilliant concerts. Near the town of Tapolca cave lies in the depths of the lake which lies a squeaky clean, surrounded by a necklace of caves, corridors and halls. Fonyód - the largest and oldest settlement on the southern shore of Lake Balaton. Siofok - one of the most popular resort centers not only the southern coast, but the whole of Lake Balaton. Here was born Imre Kalman, whose memory devoted to the annual two-month operetta galas held at the height of the tourist season.
Fortress, fortified castles, castles - a lot of these magnificent architectural creations are silent witnesses and bearers of history, culture, past fights and battles as well as the development of the Hungarian state. Today in Hungary, there are about thousands of buildings with "the fate of the castle", about 800 of them are protected - along with their surrounding gardens and parks - as architectural monuments.
Esztergom - royal castle, which became later the archbishop's palace, now serves as a museum of the serfs. Special Senses cover visitor when he is among the ancient walls that are still in the X century began to build Prince Geza, and in which his son was born, the founder of the Hungarian state King Stephen St. (975-1038).
Lying on the banks of the Danube Ratskeveyskogo sleeves Keve city is famous for, besides the gorgeous conditions for fishing, extraordinarily beautiful Orthodox church in the Gothic style, decorated with Byzantine frescoes and Baroque iconostasis, as well as standing on the bank of the river lock Austrian commander Eugene of Savoy.
In Godollo is one of the greatest Hungarian architectural ensembles of the Baroque style of the XVIII century - occupies along with its adjacent buildings, 17,000 square meters of the castle Grashshalkovichey the park in 29 acres.
Located just 30 kilometers south-west of the capital, in Vatsratote, castle Brunswick is the center of the cult of Beethoven in Hungary. In the estate is located Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and in five rooms of the castle on the first floor is equipped with a memorial museum of Beethoven, where we can see the exhibits depicting the composer's friendship with a family Brunswick, all that bound him to Hungary.
Dreaming about staying in nearby Budapest from a quiet, peaceful place to visit is recommended located 60 km from the capital, the hilly region Cherhatalya in Fenёharast-empty castle hotel surrounded by well-kept old 13-hectare park. Among the trees of the blue streaked water swimming pool and "splash" for children. Fans of sports games waiting two tennis courts with slag coating, and an area for ball games. There is the possibility of horse riding or cycling. On the tour, along with an introduction to the sights of Budapest, you can go to Gёdёllёysky Royal Castle, in the arboretum in Vatsratote in famous folk architecture and folk clothing Hollokё or Siraksky castle.
On the gentle slopes of the southern edge of Cherhatskih Mountains, just over 90 kilometers from Budapest, located Sirak. The last 250 years of its history linked to the fate of the most beautiful buildings in the city - reminiscent of a baroque castle box Roth Teleki. Today the castle is a satisfying any requests hotel. Wellness goals are sauna, solarium, indoor automated platforms for archery and bowling.
One of the favorite places for excursions and recreation has now become Tata, located just 70 km from Budapest. The abundance of wildlife in the neighborhood and the mountains Vertesh Gereche proximity to Buda, water-rich karst springs, fed by the waters of Altai Old (Ereg) lake, as well as rich in fish small rivers and lakes in the Middle Ages have made this area a favorite place for recreation and fishing kings. Right quadrangular Gothic castle with four corner towers in the early 1400s built by King Zsigmond used in construction remains of the old fortress on the banks of the Old Lake.
Pearl edge Hedervar, got its name from the fortress that once belonged to a noble family Heder. In the park with climbing in the sky old trees towering three-storey building of the castle fortress, with three corner towers, built in the Renaissance style and beautifully restored. This building now serves as a hotel, providing perfect conditions for a family holiday. The cozy courtyard surrounded by walls, arrange summer concerts of baroque music. In the Baroque chapel of young people within the church ceremony can swear each other eternal love. Land surrounded by the castle lying on the 12-hectare park forest with mighty plane trees and botanical rarities such as magnolia or yew. Available in the surrounding area and a paradise for anglers. On the provisional application of tourists gladly spend on the premises of the castle.
One of the most beautiful and largest castles in the country is located 192 kilometers from Budapest, at the leading Sopron road in Fertёd formed in 1950 after the unification of Esterhazy and Shyuttёra. Jewelry, stone carving on the walls of the castle show of wealth and love of luxury family Esterhazy. The ensemble of the castle often called the "Hungarian Versailles".
Nagycenk - a small village, located near the Hungarian-Austrian border. Baroque castle ensemble in the middle of the XVIII century, began to build the graph Antal section. Count Ferenc Széchenyi - the founder of the Hungarian National Museum - rebuilt it, the facade of the castle was made in the style of early classicism. At the moment, in a cozy castle hotel guests' disposal there are 19 rooms with private bathrooms and two suites. Hotel guests have free access to the museum and is located five kilometers from the castle pool spa resort Balfe.
On the western edge of the area bordering with Austria either, at the foot of Kёsegskih mountains, on the banks of the creek Dёndёsh located the main part of the city Koszeg, the so-called fortress Jurisic.
Built on the banks of the creek Dёndёsh Vashsechen can be proud of with two listed building castles - old and new locks Ebergeni. In the center of the sprawling over an area of 11 hectares of the park is dominated by a large English building a transparent structure with characteristic features of classicism. Existing conditions allow fine to use as a building of the castle hotel. Under the arches of rooms hidden cafe, an elegant restaurant and a cozy wine cellar. Retained all the features of the monument of architecture of residential ensemble offers all the amenities for a relaxing break 46 guests.
Sarvar is located in the western part of Transdanubia, Hungary, south Ferёda. It was based on a swampy area where two rivers Dёndёsh and Rab. Hence the name of the city was: Ball is in Hungarian "mud." Land castle today is the cultural center of Sarvar, it is a museum named after Ferenc Nadasdy, City Library and Palace of Culture. The permanent exhibition: Exhibition "Centuries Sarvar" about the history of the village and the castle, exhibition history of cartography and the exhibition "Printing and publishing in the estate Nadasdy" on literary patronage Nadasdy family.
Architectural monuments. Among the monuments of architecture can be distinguished in Budapest palace complex with a church in the Gothic style in Buda; Houses of Parliament (1896), in Pest, with domes and spiers, occupies a large part of the urban panorama of Pest; Pecs - Cathedral of the XI century, two Turkish mosques; in Szombathely - the remnants of an ancient Roman settlement; Episcopal Palace of XVIII century; in Székesfehérvár - Cathedral of the XVIII century on the foundations of the church of the XI century; Esztergom - the largest cathedral in the country, the dome follows the shape of the dome of the Basilica of St.. Peter's in Rome. The cathedral is stored cross donated by King István 1 (Holy) Pope Sylvester II in the tenth century; Szeged - tower of the XIII century; large cathedral with two spiers; Debrecen - Protestant church in which in 1849 was proclaimed the independence of Hungary from the Habsburg Empire.
The climate is temperate continental in Hungary. The average annual temperature of Hungary is + 11 o C. Winter in the country is relatively mild, summers are long and hot. Precipitation is 450 - 900 mm per year. Spring can be quite rainy, summer thunderstorms are possible in the autumn mists frequently observed.
Far from Moscow at 2:00.
Hungarian (official), English, German, Russian.
The official currency of Hungary - Forint (international designation - HUF, domestically - Ft.), Equal to 100 fillers. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 forint banknotes of 100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000 and 20,000 forints. Currency exchange is best done at the official exchange offices. Certificate of currency exchange is necessary to save before leaving the country.
Visa regime. Of short-term (up to 90 days, visa type "C" for the purpose of tourism, private travel, business, treatment or study) visa, you must present a valid more than 6 months, a passport, a travel voucher, invitation (original) or your hotel for tourist visa, issued or certified by the police the Republic of Hungary (or a copy of the documents received by fax will not be valid) or the direction of the Hungarian medical institution confirming admission to a course of treatment, the completed questionnaires, 3 pictures, words or w / e ticket to ride in the BP and back (with the exception of a single transit). In addition to the above documents Consular Section may be asked for other documents confirming the purpose of stay in the country.
The visa fee for a single entry - $ 40 one-time transit - $ 38, double entry - $ 75, two-time transit - $ 65, multiple entry - $ 180. Surcharge for urgency - $ 15, the transfer of a valid visa to a new passport - $ 20. Term visas - to eight working days, although this process usually takes longer. The Visa Section of the Embassy of Hungary in Moscow draws urgent visas.
Possession of a visa does not in itself gives its holder the right to enter the territory of Hungary. Need to show proof of compliance with the conditions of entry and stay in Hungary not only when applying for a visa to inspect documents to enter the authority as employees of the Border Service of the Republic of Hungary. In the absence of conclusive evidence of compliance with all the conditions required for entry visa holder's entry into the country is not allowed.
Hungary Religion: Roman Catholic 67%, Protestant (mostly Lutheran) - 25%.
Traditional cuisine Hungary
Most of the dishes include paprika. Pepper in Hungarian cuisine takes the same position as pasta Italians. The most popular vegetable in Hungary - cabbage, sometimes served in the Turkish style (toltott kaposzta) or used in soup (kaposzts levis).
Hungary are considered delicacies in foie gras and chicken paprikash (paprikas csirke). As a garnish for fish dishes served noodles with cheese and bacon (turos csusza). Hungarian wines are well known in the world, and the best varieties are on sale with the Hungarian flag depicted on the label, encircling the neck of the bottle.
Political system Hungary
A parliamentary republic.
About 10.4 million. Persons. Hungarians (Magyars) - 88%, Roma - 3%, Germans - 2.5%, Slovaks, Serbs, Croats, Romanians and others.
Import and export of foreign currency is unlimited, but the amount of more than 1 million. HUF or its equivalent in foreign currency is required to be declared (in the case of violation, the criminal case). Without appropriate documentary evidence can not take out the currency by more than 100 thousand. Forints. If the entry has been imported currency worth more than the above, at the border crossing is recommended to fill in the declaration, since only in this way can subsequently take out all the unspent amount.
Import and export of local currency is limited to 350 thousand. HUF per person, with no restrictions on denominations. Must be maintained until the departure certificates issued in the exchange of currencies in official posts and containing the passport number, as when leaving the customs authorities may be asked to show them.
Medical aid Hungary
For entry of special immunizations are required. Medications are issued and foreign recipes, but without them in pharmacies can only be certain types of drugs. In obtained abroad insurance policies in case of illness should contain an item of medical care in Hungary, and details of payment of these services. The question of the form of credit cards, which can be used for payment shall be decided by a medical institution providing patient care. Foreigners have the right to receive free first aid and emergency medical care, but only in cases where the delay in providing it can, in all probability, lead to a life threatening situation for the patient or the serious consequences for his health; as well as when the symptoms (unconsciousness, bleeding, etc.), which appeared as a result of an accident or for any other reason, require emergency intervention of the doctor. Call an ambulance and reported accidents - tel. 104, uniform for the whole country.
Working hours Hungary
Commercial banks are open Monday to Thursday from 00 to 15 08. 00, Friday - from 00 to 13 08. 00, Weekend: Saturday and Sunday. Exchange offices are open weekdays - 00 from 9 to 18 00. Some exchange offices open on Saturdays and Sundays from 9 00 to 12 30 Around the clock, you can exchange currency in exchange offices at hotels. For tourists and machines for currency exchange and ATMs. We accept international credit cards: AMEX, Diners club, EnRoute Euro / Mastercard, JCB, VISA.
Most museums are closed on Mondays and on days following the public holiday.
Large grocery stores are open from 7 00 to 19 00, and department stores - with 10 00 to 18.00.
Rail, road and river and air transport in Budapest is linked to neighboring countries. In Budapest and Lake Balaton can be reached by bus from Minsk and Brest. The fastest delivery systems provide train «InterCity» and trains - express. Public transport is well developed. In every city there are trolley and bus routes. Budapest also has a subway, in Debrecen, Miskolc and Smegede - trams. In Hungary, there are intercity trains and commuter train network. In Hungary, there are 4 major road and a lot of roads with a total length of over 30,000 km, the quality of which will satisfy the most demanding drivers. Speed for vehicles is limited to 60 km / h in urban areas, 80 km / h on the highway, 100 km / h on expressways and 120 km / h on motorways.
In the summer of scheduled passenger flights boats are on the lake Balaton and the Danube River. By bus and train from Hungary can get to Eastern (Slovakia, Poland, Romania), and Western Europe.
Taxis are available at the cars - and railway stations, as well as in the larger hotels. The price of travel is better to negotiate with the driver beforehand. After graduating from public transport, some drivers may require you to pay in foreign currency. To rent a car you must be aged over 21 years, officially reside in the territory of the country (eg in a hotel), have a credit card and leave a deposit of $ 300. Speed for vehicles is limited to 60 km / h in urban areas, 80 km / h on the highway, 100 km / h on expressways and 120 km / h on motorways. Motorcycle speed limits are the same, except in urban areas - 50 km / h. Flashing green equates to yellow. Stir in the center of Budapest, smoking, parking tickets are very high, so it is best to use public transport. In Hungary, outside settlements in the daytime should be included dipped headlights.
Car rental. Car lease is restricted to persons over 21 years, having a place of residence on the territory of Hungary (eg hotel). If you do not have a credit card, you will be asked to leave a deposit in cash.
Supply voltage is 220 volts.
In Hungary, still pay a tip doctors, dentists, waiters, hairdressers and taxi drivers (about 10%). The restaurant tips paid immediately as soon as you receive a bill.
Helpful information Hungary
Ambulance - 104; Police - 107; Fire - 105; Background: national subscriber network - 198, international callers - 199.