Iran

IranIran - the birthplace of the great Omar Khayyam, a country rich in thousands of East history, and the other, unlike anything the planet on planet Earth. Until the forties of the 20th century, the former name of Iran was "Persia." According to the historians, it was the Persians first learned to weave carpets and invented backgammon. Today, it is - a friendly, open country, and in front of a man who knows how to respect the foreign culture, there may be revealed unimaginable horizons. True lovers of the East, namely Iran draws its unexplored and unpopularity among ordinary tourists. The beauty of this country, as hidden under clothes hijab beauty of this oriental woman, covered with a veil of mystery and attraction of the puzzle. According to the Bible it is near the modern border of Iran and Iraq was Eden, an earthly paradise, where a representative of the stronger sex for the first time showed his weakness, but a spokeswoman for the weak - its duplicity. Iran is located in southwest Asia. To the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, in the north - with Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia to the west - with Turkey and Iraq. In the north, bordering the Caspian Sea, in the south - the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Almost the entire surface of Iran - the plateau, bordered difficult to reach the outlying mountains. Most of the territory is occupied by the Iranian Plateau, the average height is 1,219 m. To the north is the Alborz mountain range (Mount Damavand, altitude 5604 m), in the south-west - the Zagros mountain range (Mount Zerdkuh, altitude 4548 m).

Tours, Deals Iran

Sights Iran

Tehran Tegher & # 769; (Persian. & # 1578; & # 1607; & # 1585; & # 1575; & # 1606; - Ter & # 226; n) - the capital of Iran since 1795. Name in Persian language means "end of the road." Population: over 10 million. Persons. Tehran - one of the biggest cities in Asia area. This - the administrative, economic, industrial and cultural center of Iran. Tehran is located on the southern slope of the ridge Tochal (included in the system Elbrus), at an altitude of about 1210 m above sea level, north-west of the terrible desert Dasht-Kavir. Most commercial and government buildings are located in the city center, residential quarters same as if seeking to climb the slopes of the mountains, giving the town a pretty recognizable face. The city is so extensive that it is hopeless to get lost in the maze of its streets - simple. Iran consists of the old town, reconstructed in the 1870-72 year, and the new city, which was started in the 30-ies. XX century. In urban planning structure dominated neighborhoods XIX-XX centuries., Cut a rectangular network of streets with squares, squares, fountains and built high-rise hotels, banks, office buildings in the spirit of modern Western architecture and mansions - cottages and houses. In view of the strong seismicity of the region are building homes here, basically, no more than three floors, so the reference points while driving on this strange metropolis are the mosque - the main ornament of Tehran. The main attraction of the capital are the museums, which are simply an incredible amount, and all of them are in good order and have a fantastic collection. Hardly anywhere else in Central Asia can be found such magnificence and historical art collections, both in Tehran. Of these the most interesting: Golestan Palace ("Rose Garden", 1749-1813 gg., With its unique collection of works by famous Iranian artists and schedules XIX-XX centuries.) National (Archaeological) Museum of Iran (with a beautiful collection of pottery, stone sculptures and designs thread dated V millennium BC. E.) Obgina Museum (a museum of ancient architecture, glass and ceramics) Reza Abbasi Museum (with a collection of Islamic art, ceramics and jewelry) Carpet Museum Stuffing (c the world's largest collection of carpets) Museum gift President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Mellat Palace or "White Palace" former Iranian Shah Pahlavi Palace Museum mother Shah Beauty Tehran mosques proverbial long, so with them you should definitely get to know (but do not forget about the norms of decency when viewed Islamic places of worship). Of these the most interesting: Imam Mosque (Masjid - Imam, Masjid-e Shah, or "Royal Mosque", 1809-1849 gg.) Mosque of Imam Khomeini Motahari Mosque (Masjid-e-Sepa-Salar, XIX c.) - the largest (3700 sq.) "Shaking Minarets" Menard-e-Dzhunban (it really rocks!) Motahari mosque Four of the most beautiful park in Tehran is located in the northern part of the city: "beach park" Dar-Abad Ferdowsi park on a hillside Kolak-Chal Lale Park ("Tulip") Mellat park Niavaran park All metropolitan parks have a huge selection of different entertainment and cultural facilities, playgrounds, sports facilities and outdoor scenic sites, as well, which is important in a great city, a lot of beautiful ponds and beautiful floral composition. The best kind of entertainment in Tehran - at the city's market, so big in fact that it is a separate city and one of the biggest bazaars in the world. Here you can buy almost any product or product, and in the absence of such a need just to get acquainted with the everyday life of Iranians. Good bookstores with a huge selection of inexpensive books can be found in front of Tehran University. In the vicinity of the capital city is worth a visit to the grave of a grand mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini (the Iranians call it "Haram-e Motahari" - "place of rest") in the north-western part of the cemetery Beheshti-e Zahra, Mount Damavand (the highest mountain in the country), 50 km north -eastern capital, the second largest city in the province - Karaj with his "pearl palace" Morvand palace and museum Morvarid ("Palace of deception"), the holy city of Ray (Ray Shar-e), the city of Selcuk - home of the famous Harun al - Rashid, one Shiite religious center - the city of Qom to the shrine of Hazrat-e Masumeh (burial place Masoumeh, sister of Imam Reza) and a mosque Zamkaran, numerous parks with swimming pools around the dams Amir Kabir (Karaj), and Lar Latyan, funicular Tochal-telekabina (one of the longest in Asia), picturesque valleys and Dzhahrud Karaj (local river - excellent places for trout fishing) and the great ski resorts Dizin, Shamshak and Ab-e Ali. Beach vacation on the island of Kish Kish Island is the largest seaside resort of the country and has long acquired its international status. Located in the Strait of Hormuz, 17 km from the coast of Iran, has a well-developed network of hotels and even its own international airport. Quiche is one of the most rapidly developing resorts in Asia and has a purse network of sports facilities, including schools, diving and paragliding, horse riding club, cycling track, a few dozen tennis courts and stadiums, and, of course, an extended chain of fine sandy beaches. Isfahan Isfahan - one of the most picturesque cities in the country, a major industrial and tourist center. The famous proverb "Isfahan - half of the world", which appeared in the XVI-th century to describe the magnificence of the city, is still quite relevant. Not only is the architecture of the city is excellent, but the local climate is cooler compared to other Iranian cities. Blue tiles lining houses and majestic bridges of the city contrasted with multicolored souks and green gardens. There are about two hundred mosques dating from 15 - 16 centuries. Those interested in history to explore the numerous churches and palaces of Isfahan, which have been preserved to the present day, and whose architecture and decoration cause a true delight. In Isfahan, a large number of beautiful parks and gardens, forming a "green crown" of the city, which attracts the attention of visitors no less than the historical monuments. Shiraz Shiraz was one of the most important cities in the medieval Islamic world and the capital of the country during the reign of Zand dynasty (XVI-XVIII centuries.), When it reached its peak. In many medieval literary works Shiraz - a city of science, poetry, roses and wine. Today, this ancient city is the capital of Fars Province, and is a vast and picturesque town with wide, tree-lined, streets, with lots of monuments, gardens and mosques. Parks with magnificent vegetation - another of the attractions of Shiraz. Wide strip stretching them across the city, giving shade and giving the streets a unique charm. Admirable Botanical Gardens and Conservatory gavam garden tank-e Eram ("Garden of Eden"), which contains the palace of Ghajar (XIX c.) And a beautiful pond and lush gardens in the traditional Persian style - Naredzhestan, Golshan, Afifabad, Khalili and Buck-e Delgosha ("quiet garden of the heart"). Kerman On the road between Bam and the capital of the country located Kerman - the capital of the Iranian carpet and one of the most attractive cities in the country. Based in the III. n. e., the city has always been famous for its pistachio nuts, carpets, silk and weapons that determined his fate. A large shopping center, at the end of the XVIII century it was almost destroyed by an earthquake and troops Agha Mohammad Shah Qajar, but quickly regained his greatness, and our is one of the richest cities in the country. Yazd 400 km north-east of Shiraz, at an altitude of 1215 m above sea level, is the center of the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism, the dominant in Persia before the advent of Islam - Yazd. The city is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited places on the planet. Surrounded by mountain ranges Shir Kuh and a network of fortifications, the city only in 642 AD. e. was captured by the Arabs, but continued to be an important point on the caravan routes from India to Central Asia. At the end of the XX century. UNESCO recognized Yazd city having the second oldest urban development in the world. The main attraction of Yazd - the town and its unique architecture. Local homes were built over the centuries in the form of wind towers "Bad Gears" with round domes and unique system of passive ventilation, and also supplied with a gimmick to collect the water, which was reflected in the appearance of the city. And, of course, the traditional bazaars, and their in Yazd not much - 12, among which the most popular Bazaar-e Khan, Jewelry Bazaar and Bazaar Panja Ali. Yazd is probably the best place in the country to buy silk, cashmere, brocade and taffeta, as well as all types of textile products, which is not surprising - that the weaving industry for many centuries, the city provides its prosperity. Ski resorts in Iran C November to April in Iran, you can practice all winter sports. For skiers and snowboarders there are 3 specialized resort: Dizin Just north of Tehran, in the two and a half hours away by car, in the Alborz mountain range is the best Iranian resort Dizin (900-3550 m). The high altitude, rather steep slopes, significant elevation changes and fantastic snow make this area very attractive for the fans, even aggressive riding. Slopes, which are not always able to keep up snowcat, at times reminiscent of Chegetskiye slopes of the second stage - cool, tough, hilly. In high season (December to April), the depth of the snow cover can reach one and a half - two meters on average slopes and up to three meters in the upper queues lifts. From the center of the village to a height of 3500 m are two four-seater gondola line. Nearby are three long chairlifts. Toshal Resort Toshal (1600-3730 m) is located only 60 km from the Iranian capital and is very popular among its inhabitants, for which he earned the nickname "Home." Two vertices - Toshal (3964 m) and Shahnechin (3900 m) - merge into a huge mountain wall average elevation of about 3800 m. In the resort are two main ski areas: the first begins at a height of 2950 m, the second - on the 3850 m. Season lasts from November to April. Only about 17 km of pistes, in roughly equal proportions presented slopes of all difficulty levels. In Toshale is one of the longest gondola lift in the world (8 km), which transports skiers to the slopes of the impressive mountain ski area. The local snow - freerider's dream. Dry "powder" is formed under the influence of moist air flows from the Caspian Sea. Dried cold winds, they fall as snow in the mountains. Ab-e Ali The mountains - 2400 - 2650 m, a total of 9 lifts.

Climate Iran

Climatic features of Iran can be divided into three regions: a very hot coast of the Persian and Oman gulfs; moderate, but the arid climate of the central highlands and the cold climate in the area of the mountains.

Time Iran

In Iran ahead of Moscow for 30 minutes.

Language Iran

The official language of Iran - Persian (Farsi) - written in Arabic script. To travel to the country not have to know the letters, but it is highly desirable to understand the numbers, because those numbers, which we call "Arab" are not. But the system of weights, measures and distances are measured in present-day Iran does not differ from the Russian.

Money Iran

Currency - Rial, $ 1. USA is 9100 rials. Iran is one of the strangest countries in which there was a popular "financial reform." Its essence lies in the fact that all the money circulation is carried out in a virtual monetary unit - the fog. 1 mist = 10 riyals All prices are written in Arabic numerals are indicated in the mists. But speaking with foreigners, traders often use the price in rials. Here we must be very careful, for example, to not get in a restaurant bill with the amount of 10 times the expected! So do not hesitate to ask again for a few times. Official exchange offices are rare - currency (dollars) can be exchanged or in the offices of Bank "Melly", which has a wide network across the country, or in the street money changers - ask about their whereabouts can be from any shopkeeper, who may himself willingly and buy your dollars. In large cities, the centers of Astana (the provinces) difficulties with the exchange will not occur.

Visa Iran

For a trip to Iran to Russian citizens need a visa. Visa Information: To obtain a visa must be submitted to the Iranian Consulate application form, one photograph of the visa format (for women under 30 years old - preferably in a scarf), a valid passport (validity of the passport must be at least 6 months) and an invitation to host or Tourism Organization (voucher). The fee for a tourist visa - 2170 rubles. Payment is made at the bank Bank Melli Iran (Ul. Mashkov, d. 9). Turnaround time - 10 to 20 days (sometimes up to a month), as each entry is requested permission Iranian Interior Ministry. If the invitation has been issued by the Iranian side officially, then put a visa at the consulate in your presence for 20 minutes. Visa on arrival: You may receive a temporary tourist visa for 15 days upon arrival at the airports in Isfahan, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tabriz, oh. Kish and Tehran. The visa fee in this case is 50 euros or the equivalent in United States dollars. The hands must have return tickets and proof of sufficient funds for their stay in the country. However, in practice, these things are rarely checked. The procedure for obtaining a visa at the airport is quite long-lasting. First of all, you should get in line for immigration forms. Then, having received a questionnaire should fill it out and stand in another queue for the receipt of payment of the visa. After receiving the check, you need to contact the third window, where pay - 50 euros, or about $ 80, and then with the payment receipt and return the questionnaire in the queue to the original window, where you pasted and visa. The process can take from an hour to two hours, depending on the density of arrivals. A visa will be denied to women not wearing headscarves, as well as Israeli citizens and persons who have in their passports any marks the state of Israel. Rules for Women and Children: A child over the age of one year should follow the parent's passport (required to be affixed photograph) and their escort. Across the border do not miss the women's clothing that does not meet the rules (must be closed arms and legs to the ankles, must be present scarf, shawl or other item of clothing, covering the hair). Registration: All foreigners must register within 8 days after arriving at the police office at the place of residence to obtain a residence permit (Residential Permit).

Traditions Iran

When visiting the country should exercise some caution in the behavior and statements, not to offend the religious feelings of the local residents. This particularly applies to clothing and relations between the sexes. The country has adopted separate passage of men and women in public transport (even on the funicular or the cashier often line up two queues - male and female). Forbidden to take pictures of women, military and police. During the lunar month of Ramadan, devout Muslims fast during the day and take food only after dark, so the usual course of events or business relations in this period is often violated. Many shops and restaurants do not work during the day, is strictly limited to smoking and drinking beverages. The official public holiday in the country - Friday, when institutions do not work and most of the shops. They also do not function during national and religious holidays. Rowdy behavior with abundant gestures and touching the other person, it is permissible in other Islamic countries, there can lead to serious trouble. And it's not even a religious norm, and the natural reaction of local residents, as the Iranians themselves sufficiently kept in communication. But this does not mean that they do not go stiffness and contact with foreigners. Quite the contrary - the ordinary respect for the local lifestyle Iranians are very friendly and sociable. Contrary to popular belief, any - any sign of the oppression of women in the country will not be able to see. Restrictions on dress and behavior for women are centuries-old tradition (do not forget about the history of the country, which are thousands of times longer than that of many other countries in the world), and Iranian women do not experience the slightest difficulty in their behavior and dress standards. In addition, in recent years the government has gone on a lot of indulgence in public life, why so many frightening "strict rules of Islam" really are not all that tough. Though, break them all, we should not. Not made to eat standing or on the move, as well as look into the face of a person employed food. Bread is usually broken hands. Take food, money, and things should be your right hand. Soles of the feet should not be directed at someone - either side. Handshakes taken only among close friends, although the Iranians themselves in dealing with foreigners willing to use this European custom. In the case of an invitation to visit a local resident should bring some - or a gift (usually quite suitable flowers or gifts). It should be remembered that the Iranians are very punctual, so late for an appointment is not accepted. Attentions towards the hostess are not welcome. Educated part of the population is familiar with European culture, including Russian. Along with this, the people, especially the rural population, is still widely portrayed in many superstitions, prejudices, belief in good and evil spirits, omens, charms, etc.. Official holidays and weekends in Iran December - February - Eid al-Adha (Eid al-Adha, the Feast of Sacrifice) January - February - Islamic New Year the beginning of February - The suffering of Imam Jafar Sadeq February - April - Ashura February 11 - Day of the Victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 February 18 - Birthday of Imam Reza March 19 - Day of nationalization of oil fields March 27 - Eid Ghadir-Hom (day of naming his successor Muhammad Imam Ali) the end of March - beginning of April - Nouruz (Nowruz, the Iranian New Year) and Sizda-be-Bedar April 1 - Day of the Islamic Republic April 17 - Tasha April - May - Arbain (The suffering of Imam Hussein) June 4 - The anniversary of the death of Imam Khomeini June 5 - Day of Uprising against the Shah June 16 - Mawlid (Prophet's Birthday) 4th of July - Day of the Prophet's death August - October - Birthday of Imam Ali September-November - Birthday of Imam Mahdi September - December - The suffering of Imam Ali October - Laylat al-Meyrazh (Ascension of the Prophet) October - November - Eid al-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr, the end of Ramadan) November - The suffering of Imam Jafar Sadeq December - February - Birthday of Imam Reza

Traditional cuisine Iran

History of Iranian cooking dates back to the 6th century BC, when Kurush Great, leader of the tribe, called "Parsis" (Persians) created an empire stretching from India to Egypt and parts of Greece. This wide single territory became a "conductor" of the culture and cuisine, and Persian such ingredients as saffron and rose water, have become popular throughout the empire. Iranian cuisine is considered one of the oldest in the world. Therefore, her recipes are considered among the most unusual in the world, although at first glance it is very easy and satisfying. The basis of many dishes - rice, bread, meat, fresh vegetables, herbs and fruits in all possible combinations. Especially picturesque rice dishes that are a bit and cook quite traditional, but it turns out that something incredibly tasty. Worth a try rice with vegetables and meat in peanut sauce "brow-Horesh" pilaf "Polo" or "brow", rice with fresh herbs "Sabzi Polo-" sweet and sour rice with raisins, almonds and oranges "polo Chirino" pilaf with onions, lentils, raisins (or dates) and meat "Adas Polo" pilaf poultry "morgue-shirt", rice with fried meat on the coals "brow-kababas" meat balls with rice "jacket" steamed rice with lamb "brow-kebab", rice with chicken and cherry "albalu-shirt" skewers with rice "brow-kebab", rice with barberries, sugar, poultry and saffron "zereshk-shirt" or simply boiled rice "kata" in many versions. Meat dishes - the basis of the Iranian cooking. Widely known dishes such as meatloaf "jacket gasht" large meatballs with meat, rice and herbs "sweater-berendzhi" meatballs or meat, nut flour, sugar and saffron "sweater-nokodchi", braised lamb with eggplant "horeshe- badinzhan "meat with vegetables" ab gusht th badinzhan "stuffed eggplant" dolma-badinzhan "pepper stuffed with meat and rice" dolma-felfel "or regular grape leaf dolma in" dolma-bargmo ", specially prepared meat "beryani" from Isfahan, skewers of lamb intestines, grilled meat on a skewer with onions, tomatoes and green pepper "kabab-Hosseini," meat and barbecue "kabab-barg" veal tongue with herbs "Zaban," sheep hearts with mushrooms , herbs and cheese, "affairs" brains fried with herbs "magzh" fried kidneys with herbs and lime juice "golve." Respected here are a delicious dish of chicken with rice, egg, yogurt and saffron "tan-chin", "Toss-kabab" with meat, potatoes, carrots and onions, grilled chicken, walnuts, pomegranate juice and sugar "horesht- fesenzhan "or with mushrooms and saffron -" Garh-Horesti ", a variety of burgers" chops ", meat balls of poultry meat with almonds, egg, milk and butter" chops-e-morgue ", fried chicken on the grill with olive oil, tomatoes and saffron "Juyo-kebab" meat balls with rice, prunes and herbs, "Al-e alu", tomatoes stuffed with meat "dolma-goji-farandzhi" or potatoes - "dolma-sib-Zamin", roast on the grill fish with lime juice, olive oil, saffron and herbs "mahi-kabab" and risotto with shrimp, rice, egg and curry "miego-shirt." Deserve special attention and local soups: cold soup based on yogurt with mint, cucumber and raisins "mast on Hier" thick broth "abgasht" thick soup with rice, herbs, meat, sugar and lime juice "Al-e ab -lemu "very thick soup with herbs, rice and meat," Al-e-Cholet galamkar "thick soup with wheat, spinach, peas, beans and lentils," Al-e Gandhi "soup with rice, various herbs, meat and pomegranate paste "Al-e Anar" soup with rice, herbs, meat and tomato paste "Al-e-farang unseemly" turnip soup, rice, peas, meat and mint "Al-e agitator" and soup with pasta , buttermilk and herbs "Al-e Rasht." In Iran, the quality is excellent baked bread, which is always present on the table in the form of cakes or loaves, and only fresh. Many restaurants even introduced bread to their menu as a separate item, because its a great many varieties, and each has its own peculiarity. Vegetables, herbs and a variety of salads are present on the table constantly. Worth a try, for example, fried spinach with yogurt, onion, and garlic "borane-esfanazh" fried spinach with eggs and onions "nargesi-esfanazh", a variety of salads - "ku-ku-e Sabzi" with herbs, egg and flour "sib-Zamin" with potatoes and eggs, "lubiya-Sabz" with string beans, eggs and onion, "badenzhan" with eggplant, egg, onion and saffron, "walrus" with chicken, egg, onion, saffron and lime juice, "goal-kalam" with cauliflower, egg and saffron, "Pure-sib e-Zamin" with potatoes, milk and butter, "called Khatun" with eggplant, tomatoes, pomegranate juice and grape juice or "haviar" of eggs with onion, lime juice, butter and parsley. Even familiar to us salad "Olivier" is prepared here with poultry, egg, peas, carrots, potatoes and lime juice. Iranian pistachios are considered the best in the world, and here they are used not only as a spice or just nuts, but the salt in a special way to give a kind of snack. Desert of Iran, in spite of their similarity with the traditional sweets of the East, also have a number of unique features. They are not as sweet as in other countries in the region, but also saturated with various fillings and have a very balanced taste. True masterpieces of culinary art are considered Iranian "baklava" with almonds, cardamom, egg yolks and milk, "Yar-gift-Beheshti" made from rice flour, starch, rose water and pistachio donuts with rose syrup "bamie", "br-berenzh" "paste" from the roasted wheat flour, sugar, saffron, rosewater, pistachios and almonds, "raginak" with walnuts, pistachios, cinnamon and cardamom, "zulbiya", "Feren," "sekanzhebin" lemon sorbet "sharbat- limu "orange sherbet" sharbat-portagal "," Sholen-Zard "with saffron, rosewater, pistachios, almonds and cinnamon," Nana-berenzhi "," nan-gerdui "," nan-nohodchi "," Gorse-Khorshid "" Sohan Asali, "with almonds, honey, saffron and pistachios Iranian nougat" gas ", a kind of candy out of the oil, saffron, sugar and wheat germ" Sohan "," gotab "of eggs, yoghurt, flour, almonds and cardamom cherry jam with vanilla "marabout th albalu" quince jam with lime juice and cardamom "marabout e-baa", apple jam with lime juice "marabout th sib" and vanilla ice cream "bastani-Akbar-Mashta" with cream and rose water. Iranian national drink is tea, which is a strong drink without milk and piping hot. Also, loved the fresh fruit juices, milkshakes, homemade yogurt "mast" and drink based on this "duk", as well as yogurt, which is used not only as a beverage, but also as an ingredient in many dishes. Consumption of alcohol is strictly forbidden in Iran, so that even soft drinks are hardly found, the only exceptions are "beer", which is established in general, is not (in fact it is a non-alcoholic malt beverage), and wine for religious ceremonies (sold only to non-Muslims by special permission).

Political system Iran

April 1, 1979 Iran was declared an Islamic republic and got a new official name - the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI).

Population Iran

Population of about 69 million. Persons. In Iran there are more than 60 nationalities, ethnic groups and tribes, of which the most numerous Persians (51%), Azerbaijanis (24%), gilaki and other representatives of the Turkic tribes (8%), Kurds (7%), Arabs (3%) , Lurs (2%), Turkmens (2%), the Baluchis, Armenians and others.

Customs Iran

Upon arrival at the international airport in Tehran "Mehrabad" need to go through passport control and customs. In order to go through passport control, it is necessary to fill in a short form on which to write your name, passport number, flight number, etc. The form can be filled in Persian or English. Airplane flight attendants sometimes prudently distribute these forms to passengers before boarding to passengers in a relaxed atmosphere understood that, and where to write. Please note that this form in any case can not be thrown away or lose - it is useful to you on departure from the country (and as long as you will not find it, you will not be released). Going through customs - not such a terrible procedure. In Tehran, as well as in many international airports in the world, there are red and green corridors. Green - for those who have nothing to declare.

Medical aid Iran

The service is based on the country's health insurance system and paid services. Outside the capital, the number of medical facilities is limited, and their level is not high. There is some shortage of basic medicines and modern equipment, so in case of chronic diseases, it is necessary to carry the required minimum set of drugs. For all foreign nationals entering the country on official business, first aid and emergency treatment are free, some amount is paid only for hospital treatment and medication. Further treatment must be paid in full (prices are high), so it is advisable to take out insurance to international standards. Any vaccinations to enter the territory of Iran is required. Limited risk of malaria, only in a mild form there from June to September in the north of the Zagros and in the western and south-western regions of the country. The risk of malaria in a rigid form there from March to November in rural areas of Sistan-Baluchestan, Kerman and Hormozan. Recommended immunization against cholera (the risk of infection in rural areas is high enough), typhoid, yellow fever, polio, hepatitis A and B, diphtheria, tuberculosis and tetanus. There is a theoretical risk of contracting meningitis and rabies, but cases of detection of pathogens of these diseases are extremely rare and are mostly isolated to the hinterland.

Transport Iran

The bus service is well developed. All large and small towns and villages are connected by frequent bus service. Flights between major cities are usually made comfortable buses, equipped with air conditioning. However, the schedule of items are available only at major bus stations in the big cities. Highly developed system of administration of buses and taxis as they are filled with passengers. Move on Iran by car is no problem - special permission for it does not need. Road network - a very extensive and quite good quality: more European than the Russian. It should be borne in mind that Iran is rather large in area and difficult terrain in the country, in this connection, the bus ride over long distances can be tiring. If your following paragraph has rail links, the preference is wiser to give the train. Train travel in Iran is quite limited due to the mountain terrain most of the country. However, travel by rail in some areas faster, more convenient and often cheaper than the bus and plane. Iranian Railways have passenger service in the following areas: Tabriz - Tehran - Mashhad Tehran - Ghom - Isfahan Tehran - Ghom - Yazd - Kerman Tehran - Ghom - Yazd - Bandar Abbas Tehran - Ghom - Arak - Ahwaz - Abadan Iranian trains have three classes: The first (four sleeping compartments) The second (soft seats as the bus) The third (hard seats) The fare is low, but there are surcharges on trains - express. On average, the cost of travel by train from Tehran to Isfahan is about $ 15 per car with seating and 10 - in the bedroom. Tickets can be purchased at any railway station.

Potable water Iran

Tap water is usually chlorinated and relatively safe for health, although it can cause a variety of abdominal disorders. All the water in the provincial areas should be treated as potentially unsuitable for consumption. It is recommended to use bottled water, especially in the first days of stay in the country.

Smoking Iran

Particular attention should be paid to smoking in public places. Also it is not recommended to smoke during the lunar month of Ramadan, as it is against the Iranian traditions and condemned by the locals.

Clothes Iran

Wearing the hijab ("clothing modesty") for women is mandatory. Under current rules, they should wear long clothing and refrain from the use of colorful cosmetics. The vast majority of rural and urban residents are traditional Iranian clothes, and this is encouraged by the authorities, as an expression of loyalty to the laws and customs of Islam. For the tourist will be sufficiently long trousers (not tight) or long skirts, dresses with long sleeves or capes, as well as a scarf on her head. Be sure to dress in such a way during trips to the cities, in hotel lobbies or shopping in the bazaars. Wearing a veil and clothing that covers the hands and ankles, certainly for women when visiting a mosque or holy places. Shorts and sleeveless shirts for men in such cases is also unacceptable.

Helpful information Iran

Wearing a telephone directory in Tehran - 118 or 196 international telephone inquiries - 124. Background Mehrabad airport - 910-278. Tehran Taxi - 133. Iranian Tourist Office - 643-56-89, 646-72-51 Emergency services police in Tehran - 129 traffic police in Tehran - 197 ambulance in Tehran - 115 Fire Service in Tehran - 125 ("modest clothing") for women is mandatory. Under current rules, they should wear long clothing and refrain from the use of colorful cosmetics. The vast majority of rural and urban residents are traditional Iranian clothes, and this is encouraged by the authorities, as an expression of loyalty to the laws and customs of Islam. For the tourist will be sufficiently long trousers (not tight) or long skirts, dresses with long sleeves or capes, as well as a scarf on her head. Be sure to dress in such a way during trips to the cities, in hotel lobbies or shopping in the bazaars. Wearing a veil and clothing that covers the hands and ankles, certainly for women when visiting a mosque or holy places. Shorts and sleeveless shirts for men in such cases is also unacceptable.