Ireland - evergreen emerald island, has long been attracting millions of tourists from different countries. Breathtaking history, medieval monuments of culture and architecture, centuries-old traditions co-exist peacefully with the latest world technologies. This immaculate ecology, nature: from stone-lunar landscape to green forests and hills, lakes and even palm trees in the south-west of the island.
Ireland - an island in the Atlantic Ocean, the second largest group in the British Isles; separated from Great Britain by the Irish Sea and the North Channel and St. George. Area - 84 thousand. sq. km.
It stretches from north to south - 465 miles. From east to west - 285 miles. The perimeter of the coast - about 3,000 miles. The highest point - Mount Karrantuhil (Carrauntoohill) 1041 meters above sea level. The coastline is highly dissected. Elongated bays cut into the depths of the mountains and the lowlands, forming a picturesque coastline with lots of peninsulas and islands. The inner part of the island (Central Plain) is mostly low-lying, a height of about 60 meters above sea level. At the base of it lie the red sandstones and limestones, overlain by a thick (up to 60 m) glacial deposits. Separate hill rising to a height of 180-300 m, are remnants of Hercynian structures or cover Carboniferous limestones. Recent form on the margins of lowland island plateau up to 600 m, where (especially in the west) is well developed karst. In the northeast are the plateau (Antrim) and lowland formed by Tertiary basalt effusions. Deposits of peat and coal.
Capital of Ireland - Dublin. It is located in a broad valley of the River Liffey around Dublin Bay. It is home to 1 million. 21.5 thousand. Pers. It is the main commercial, industrial, administrative, educational and cultural center of the country, as well as the largest port on the coast of the Irish Sea, where converge the main sea, rail and road highway. Here, the rich architecture of the 18th century with beautiful mansions, wide streets and spacious squares.
Ireland: Countryside Adir, Caves "Eayluii" St. Ann's Cathedral, Belfast, Pottery Workshop "Billick" Castle "Blarney" Abbey "Bouyl" folklore park at the castle "Bunretti" Castle "Kehir" Castle Kerraykfirgus, Kerrouikil, Kelduill Castle, Mansion Kasteltoun Castle Kloghen, House Klonelays Abbey Koeng Cave Craig, Dublin Botanic Gardens, Dublin Castle, Fort Don Iinis Castle Donluk, House Fote, Chapel Gellerus Castle Glayn, Fort Greynen Aylich, Japanese Gardens, Monastery CILSS , King John's Castle, Burial Nout, House Layssedell, Caves Merbl Arch, Castle Monie, House Moun Stewart Dune Murloug, Navan Fort, Castle Perk, Gardens Pourskourt Abbey Quine, Cruise the Ring of Kerry, cliff Dunemes, Russborough House, Mount Skrebo, Fort Steygue, Stone, House Westport, Castle Coole, Cathedral of Christ Cheurch Monastery Slonmechois Castle, Donegal, Dublin Cathedral, Castle Donsoghlay, Gayents Terrace, Howth Castle Park, King John's Castle, Louth, Castle Gardens Laysmor Abbey Millayfont, Mountusherskie gardens park, Niss Wood, Dolmen Prolik cliff near the town of Cashel, Cathedral of St. Kenayka Castle Bellayli, Karrayk-a-Ryd- Ropibridzh Castle Bunretti Castle "Bairro" Castle "Bellintobir.
The climate is temperate oceanic, with unstable weather, with frequent strong winds. The average July temperature of 13 & # 186; From the west to the 15 & # 186; C, 16 & # 186; C in the south; January - from 5 & # 186; From the east to the 7 & # 186; From the west. Small, drizzle and clouds at all times of the year, especially in autumn and winter. Annual rainfall of 1500 - 2500 mm in the south-west and west to 750 - 1000 mm in the center and east. Snow is rare and quickly descends.
Far from Moscow at 3:00. In Ireland, the transition to summer / winter time is carried out by European standards.
In the Republic of Ireland are the two official languages: English and Irish (Gaelic). Until the beginning of the XIX century, Irish was the language of the majority, but by 1891, 85% of residents have already spoken in English. Currently, Irish says a small part of the population in the west of the country. However, the state agency for the Irish language encourages the widespread use of it. In Northern Ireland, the only official language is English.
Irish pound consists of one hundred pence. In circulation coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 pence and 1 pound. Denominations - 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 pounds. On March 1, 2002 - the single European currency - the euro. 1 euro = 100 cents. On Irish euro coins depicts a state symbol of Ireland. Import of local and foreign currency is unlimited. Limited export of national currency - not more than IR £ 300. Export of foreign currency is unlimited.
If you are a citizen of the United States, Canada, Mexico or the EU, and if you do not plan to stay in Ireland for more than 90 days, you do not need a visa to visit Ireland.
Citizens of Afghanistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Cuba, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Ghana, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Romania, Lebanon, Moldova, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Somalia, Sri Lanka and Zaire, are planning to visit Ireland in transit (including a scheduled landing aircraft in Irish airports), you must have Irish transit visas.
For the citizens of these countries visit Ireland without visa: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong *, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Grenada , South Korea, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobango, United States, UK & Colonies **, Uruguay, Vatican City, Venezuela, Western Samoa, Zimbabwe.
* Hong Kong (SAR) of Hong Kong residents should be consulted regarding visa at the nearest of them Irish Embassy or Consulate.
Territory ** dependent on Britain (colonies): Anguilla, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory (South Georgia, South sandwich islands) British Indian Ocean Territory (Chagos Archipelago, Peros Banos, Diego Garcia, Danger Island), Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands and dependencies, Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn, (Henderson, Ducie and Oneno Islands), St. Helena and dependencies (Ascension Island, Tristan Da Cunha), the sovereign base areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Turks and Caicos Islands, British Virgin Islands.
No doubt the Irish embassy does not give visas indiscriminately. However, the procedure is humane and the atmosphere is friendly. An important advantage is the fact that to obtain a visa to Ireland, you do not need to personally apply for and receive special interview at the embassy. Usually the documents for opening of visa are considered in the Irish Consulate within 30 days from the date of their submission to the embassy. It will be necessary to provide, at your scheduling the trip to Ireland. List of documents that must be submitted to the Irish Consulate, consisting of:
• An official invitation;
• A passport;
• Three (3) photographs;
• For employees - certificate of employment, which should be reflected standard details of the organization, wages, and that the applicant for a visa is working and will continue to work in this organization for the return from Ireland;
• Payment of the consular stamp duty.
Minimum period of visa processing - 15 days. Number of questionnaires and photos - 4 pcs. Questionnaire in English (copies are not accepted). By request accompanied by the original visa invitation or a fax copy. Terms of visa for entry specified in the visa. Consular fee from 16 to 112 $ US (depending on the nationality of the applicant, type of visa, purpose and duration of the trip). Children under 16 years fit into the visa parent (mother).
If you want to enrich your Irish tell Grand (good), it's very Irish, and be sure to praise the Irish vodka, the title is very consonant with the name of our president - "Puchin" (accent on the second syllable).
It is very interesting to come to Ireland for some of the local festivals that are celebrated almost every month. In addition to Christmas and New Year, the Irish celebrate the Day of St.. Patrick - March 17 Good Friday - the last Friday before Easter, Easter Monday - the first Monday in May, June holidays - the first Monday in June, the August holiday - the first Monday in August, October holiday - the last Monday in October and Boxing Day. Stephen - December 26th.
Be sure to bring an umbrella, because it's a rare day in Ireland do without rain. It is desirable that the umbrella was stronger - the island is blown strongest ocean winds.
Traditional cuisine Ireland
Selection of the main ingredients is not so rich in potatoes, salted meat and vegetables. On the coast, the choice was richer, since the sea is generously granted salmon and cod. Irish chefs have always used a variety of meats. This beef, veal, pork, lamb. And the Irish are partial to poultry and game. In Ireland, such an abundance of fish, crabs, oysters, mussels and other seafood, it will satisfy the most refined taste. Try to only their national dish of stew - pot roast! There are Irish cuisine traditional dishes, the preparation of which has not changed for centuries. For example, Irish stew. Real Irish stew should be thick, nutritious and flavorful. Traditional Irish cuisine has changed dramatically with the advent of potatoes imported from the New World. The Irish are one of the first nations, who appreciated and loved the potatoes. He firmly entrenched in the diet not only poor, but also bring to the table of the rich and elite. In the Irish kitchen has plenty of surprises for the real sweet tooth. Around the world are very popular famous Irish muffins with raisins and porter, cookies made from potatoes and a traditional apple pie. Another hallmark of Ireland was Irish coffee - Irish Coffe. Of course, Irish whiskey, drink, which can rightly be called not just known or popular - namely, a cult! Legendary beer "Guinness" is produced and consumed in just unimaginable quantities: with a population of about 4 million people, is producing 4.5 million pints of beer a year. "Guinness" love and drink it all!
Political system Ireland
Ireland - a parliamentary republic. President elected by popular vote for a term of 7 years (the next elections in 2004). The head of government is put forward by the House of Representatives and appointed by the president. Parliament - bicameral, consists of the Senate (60 seats - 49 elected senators universities from among candidates nominated by the five commissions and 11 - are appointed by the Prime Minister, senators are elected for five-year terms) and the House of Representatives (166 seats - members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms). The President is the head of state and is elected by direct popular vote, if this post claim two or more candidates. Executive power is exercised on the basis of decisions of the government, the jurisdiction over the House of Representatives. The head of government is the Prime Minister.
In terms of population of Ireland (3.917.336 people) is on 121 place.
Border control. When crossing the border must have a passport with a visa and filled Clair liner, which shall include: full name, sex, date and place of birth, nationality, profession, place of residence, the address of the destination country, passport number, issuing authority, length of stay, purpose of travel, departure, flight number.
Customs regulations. According to the Irish customs regulations from January 1, 1993, in Ireland, you can import a large number of goods are not subject to taxation, provided that you will be able to convince the authorities that are goods for your personal use. For example, for non EU countries traveling to EU countries are allowed permission to import into Ireland, with the previously paid tax, up to 50 liters of beer, 25 liters of wine, 800 pcs. cigarettes. These new rules do not conflict with the general customs rules. Prohibits the importation of: weapons, drugs, poisons, psychotropic substances, videos with horror films and pornography, as well as books and magazines with the same content. If you spend the treatment and transportation of medicines prescribed by your doctor, then you should submit a certificate, so take this document with your doctor prior to departure.
Medical aid Ireland
Medical care in Ireland is at a high level, as in any EU country. Although, unfortunately, it is not free from drawbacks. In addition, its structure is quite unusual for the Russian people, because for the most part does not rely on community health centers, and doctors of general medicine - General Practitioner (GP). Paid Services GP - the usual visit to the GP is located within 20-25 pounds and take on GP appointment. If, however, you will insist that you looked at the doctor today, it certainly will do, but you usually have to sign up for the day - two, calling on the phone. It's called get appointment - to get an appointment. Unpleasant feature of diagnosis in hospitals and specialized medical consultations can be a long time waiting for their turn. Very often, this term is not less than 2-3 weeks, which is unusual enough for the Russian people, the more that these procedures are very expensive. Hospital patients are divided into in-patient (who occupy the bed and are in the hospital for several days, or even weeks), and out-patient, who just came for consultation or procedure. To keep to the patient hospitalization to a minimum, there is health insurance (Health Insurance).
Working hours Ireland
Large stores are open in Ireland from 9.00 to 18.00 on weekdays. Some of the larger stores open on Sundays from 12.00 to 18.00. Many small shops run from 7.00 to 23.00. If the citizens of countries outside of the European Community, during a visit to Ireland while shopping in the store will take special forms - Tax Back, then when leaving the country, they can get compensation in the amount of 12 - 17% for exported purchase. Time and other restrictions of sale and purchase of alcoholic beverages in Ireland no. Alcoholic beverages, including beer, are sold only in retail outlets, including restaurants, with this special license (Off Licence).
Banking hours from 10.00 to 16.00 h. Thursday from 10.00 to 17.00ch. It is recommended to change money at banks and specialized exchange offices. Cashing Eurocheques must have an appropriate card. On the number of checks are no limits. Very convenient to get cash on the international credit cards - at any time, at ATMs located near almost all bank branches. In shops, hotels, restaurants also accept credit cards.
Travel to Ireland very easily. If you have a car, you can use the services of coaches and railways, which were detailed in this section. This section also covers information about the car ferries, sea crossings on the Irish island, bus tours, taxis. And on special tours on buses & trains.
Domestic Airlines. Between major cities and towns there are air services. Dublin planes fly to the airports of Cork (Cork), Shannon (Shannon), Galway (Galway), Knock (Knock), Sligo (Sligo), Karrikfinn (Carrickfinn), and Kerry (Kerry). Several companies also organize charter flights to any place in Ireland and the UK.
Public transport - CIE. National Transport Association (CIE), consists of three associations, providing transportation throughout the Ireland.
Irish Railways. (Note: The official version has two names, as well as many other state-owned companies. In English - Irish Rail, - in Gaelic - Iarnrod Eireann). Railroad tracks lie mainly to all the cities and large settlements. The cars are clean, modern and comfortable. Consist of two types of classes, standard (2nd class), and super standard (1st class).
Dublin speed railway - DART. Dublin speed railroad serves 25 rail stations, and stretches across the Irish capital. From the urban area of Howth (Howth), in the north of Dublin, and to the satellite town of Bray (Bray), in the county of Wicklow (Wicklow).
Buses Irish Bus - Bus Eireann. This structure serves the long-distance transport network of the country. And also, and intercity routes in the city of Cork (Cork), Galway (Galway), Limerick (Limerick) and Waterford (Waterford).
Buses Dublin Bus - Bus Atha Cliath. Serve all routes County Dublin. And also, including in part, territory, bordering the county Dublin, County Wicklow (Wicklow), Kildare (Kildare) and Meath (Meath). The company offers a wide range of discounts for prepaid driveways. For periods ranging from one day and up to one month. Tickets can be purchased at the information help CIE, at Dublin airport, or at 59 Upper O'Connell Street, Dublin 1. as well as more than 200 agencies selling bus tickets, located around Dublin and in the suburbs.
Buses Airport Bus Service. Between the Dublin Airport, Dublin central bus station, train station Connolly (Connolly), and the railway station Hiyuston (Heuston) carried out high-speed bus transportation (Airlink). Buses run every 20 minutes. Starting from 6.40 h. Until 23.00 h., From Monday to Saturday. On Sunday 07.10ch. - 23.00ch. intervals between trips a little longer. Cost per adult 2.50 lbs. A station Hiyuston (Heuston), 3 pounds. For children less than 16 years - half the cost of the fare. The same bus company provides bus transportation between the city of Cork (Cork) and the local airport. As well as transportation between the airport and the city of Limerick Shannon (this is the closest city to the airport - 25 km.). Cost from Cork airport - the city of Cork - 2.50 lbs. From Shannon Airport to Limerick - 3.50 lbs.
Directions for students / youth. Students, holders of international cards Indentification Card stamped Travelsave Stamp, Substantial discounts are available for urban and inter-city bus and train tickets. Also, sea ferries. These stamps can be purchased at:
USIT, 19/21 Aston Quay, O'Connell Bridge, Dublin 2
Tel: (01) 6021600 Fax: (01) 6021617.
Hours of Operation Monday - Friday 09.00-18.00. Saturday 11.00-16.00
As well as the central bus station:
Bus Eireann Travel Centre, Central Bus Station, Store Street, Dublin1
Car ferries. In just 20 minutes. You can cross by ferry across the River Shannon from Terbirt (Tarbert) in the city Killimir (Killimer). Of Killimir ferry leaves at the beginning of each hour. A Terbirt from the beginning of each hour. During the peak season for this route adds another ferry.
Shannon Ferry Ltd.
Tel: (065) 53124 Fax: (065) 53125.
Every 10 min. made car ferry service between the cities Bellihek (Ballyhack), County Wexford (Wexford) and Pessedzh East (Passage East), County Waterford (Waterford). Tel: (051 382480 Fax: (051) 382 598.
Ferry to the islands around Ireland. West coast of Ireland is dotted with small islands of unique and unusual, each of which has its own special appeal. Ferry to these islands are made of the closest to the coast seaports. More detailed information can be obtained by contacting the Ministry of Tourism Ireland. Aran Islands (Aran Islands), located to the west of County Galway (Galway), are the most popular. There are regular ferry services (if not stormy sea) every 1.5 hours, or from the port Rossava (Rossaveal), 40 min. swimming. Tel: (091) 568903.
As well as regular traffic to the island Aranmor (Aranmore Island) from Donegal (Donegal), on the island of Inishbofin (Inishbofin) from Galway (Galway), and from the island of Inisheer (Inisheer), one of the Aran Islands (Aran).
Service air crossings airline Aer Arann to the islands around Ireland. Airline Aer Arann provides year-round air services to the Aran Islands. From airports Keyslien (Caislean), Inverin (Inverin), Konnimere (Connemara), County Galway (Galway). Tel: (091) 593034/593054, Fax: (091) 593 238.
Between the station located near the tourist office of the city and the airport Gorluey There is a regular shuttle bus.
In Ireland, the standard voltage is 230 volts (50 Hz). An important detail - for continental small household appliances, you can bring your own, it's acceptable standards. But in Ireland the electrical outlets with three holes, so you may need an adapter.
The ban on smoking in pubs and hotels, restrictions on smoking in the workplace, in movie theaters, game rooms and restaurants.
Hotels and restaurants are usually added to the score of 10-12% on services in the lower class establishments tips are not normally required. If the tip is not included in the bill (usually in hotels, restaurants and cafes average), you can leave 10%. Tipping taxi drivers, doormen, hairdressers (10%) accepted to give, but not necessarily.
In Ireland, you can buy a cheap and high-quality homespun tweed, wool, cotton and jersey.