Island of Jamaica is located in the western Caribbean Sea, 144 km. south of Cuba, washed by the Caribbean Sea. Along with Cuba, Haiti and Puerto Rico, Jamaica is part of the Greater Antilles archipelago of the West Indies. The total area is 10,9 thousand square meters. km. (the third largest island in the region). Most of the island - a plateau and mountains in height up to 2 256 m Capital: Kingston.
Lying in the south-east coast, between mountain ranges and the seventh largest harbor planets, Kingston was founded in 1692 and became the capital of Jamaica in 1872 is quite poor and not very well-kept city, is clearly seen better times. The once great port and capital of the famous pirate Henry Morgan, these days it is a vast area of dilapidated buildings. Only in the north, in the relatively modern business districts of the capital, quite clean and a lot of new buildings. The old part lying south of the modern city, built up houses of the colonial era, mostly ramshackle and neglected. Of the few sites in the capital can be identified in the National Gallery of Roy, West Building with an extensive collection of works by local artists, the Institute of Jamaica, Conference Center, King's house (the former governor's residence, now a museum) and the Cathedral of St. Catherine (XVII century.) Armed Forces Museum, the Museum of Natural History, Geology Museum, located in the historic part of Port Royale Archeological Museum, the Natural History Museum, Museum of the Arawaks, Zoological Museum, mineral springs Rockford, shopping area of Devon House, the green Boone-Oesis, Keslton Botanical Garden, park Kaymanas, National Dance Theater, African Museum, Fort Charles Maritime and estesstvenno, Bob Marley Museum in the former home of the singer. Some people make a variety of street bands playing traditional reggae, as well as noisy street markets.
Also worth visiting the southern coast of the island with its famous fleet of ostriches cache and a magnificent beach trash-Beach, the luxurious Bay Long Bay in the north-east of the island, the wild coast near the Black River (located near the National Park Black River), former capital of the pirates of the Caribbean Sea - Port Royale, St. Anne's Bay, home to Bob Marley - Find-Miles, to make walking, or horse tour of the Blue Mountains or water sports, which, naturally, is widely cultivated throughout the country, particularly on its northern coast.
90 km. west of Kingston is a beautiful mountainous resort Mandeville with its Museum of vintage cars and the church. It is a city of first-rate sports grounds and secluded villas. Several stretches west of the famous Cockpit Country - the massive limestone plateau in the center of the country. This is an exciting area of wild beauty, rich in caves and reservoirs, as well as wildlife and endemic plants. A famous Spenish Town, which lies 30 km. west of the capital, widely known for its colonial-era buildings.
Montego Bay - the second largest city and center of a huge resort on the north-west of the country. It focuses almost half of the country's luxury hotels, great beaches, lots of old mansions and plantations of tropical crops. In the vicinity of the resort interesting Fort Montego, the Church of St. James (1778), the old prison Cage (1806), Burchell Memorial Church (1824), Museum of the Blue Hole, a lovely Rose Hall, Art Gallery Indian Art Hevens gallery, museum Grivud Great House with a beautiful collection of antique furniture, musical instruments and maps, Marine Park, Montego Bay, an underwater park Mo-Bay-Andersen and luxurious beaches Mosquito Cove, Cornwall, Doctor's Cave, etc. For lovers of active holidays are held river rafting Marta Brae, Black River and in the Mountain Valley, as well as walking tours of the Blue Mountains. Here is the best golf courses on the island, as well as the excellent conditions for diving and surfing.
Negril - the most western and most rapidly growing resort area in Jamaica. This attractive seven-league luxury beach-Calico Jack, Bay of Fornication Bay, 18 luxury reefs and islands in the Bubi Bay Bay, a mysterious waterfall Yas, Joseph Cave, Anansi Park, River Park Rouring, picturesque fishing villages and picturesque town of Appleton, with its distilleries that produce the famous Jamaican rum. This is one of the most environmentally friendly resorts in the world - around there is no industrial enterprises, buildings here should not be above the treetops, and local residents are making enough efforts to protect the environment. Negril on the south coast you can visit the desert, but amazingly beautiful Alligator-Pound.
Resort Ocho Rios is located in the center of the northern coast of Jamaica, on the banks of the famous Bay of Discovery. The local region are known, primarily, with luxuriant vegetation - nowhere else on the island do not find such dense thickets of hibiscus, pomsettii and other tropical plants. In Ocho Rios interesting famous waterfalls Dunn's River Falls (elevation about 180 meters) and the Valley of ferns, Columbus Park, River Garden & Museum Koyyaba River, Shaw Park Gardens, the first Spanish settlement on the island - Sevilla Nueva and the local Heriteydzh Park, Art Gallery, Ocho Rios, shopping malls, Ocean Village and Taj Mahal, the gallery Fos-Corners and Joe James, Museum and Gardens Arawak, equestrian complex area of 350 acres in Ciacco Cove, an observation deck Murphy-Hill ( 670 m.), numerous fruit and coffee plantations, as well as the beautiful beaches of the Gulf Rannauey Bay.
Port Antonio is located in the extreme north-east of the island. It is a quiet pastoral town, which is home to quite a prosperous part of the population. Therefore, the resorts here have their own person - rather traditional, quiet and without inherent to other recreational areas of Jamaica fuss. Here are the famous Blue Lagoon - a place shooting the movie of the same name, a beautiful beach Boston Beach Gardens Kaslton, luxurious resort Crystal Springs, waterfalls, Somerset and Reach Falls Climbie, the picturesque valley of the Valley-Hicks, an old mansion de Monvin, Fort George ( XVII century.), the beautiful bay of Twin Harbor, the Rio Grande Valley, caves Nonsach, the famous yacht parking Port Antonio and the picturesque island of Neiva Island. Surrounding the town is so picturesque that are constantly held shooting movies.
The security situation is rather ambiguous. Within the major tourist areas of personal safety you should not worry - here are quite well organized work of their own security and has special police units. Outside the resorts should always exercise great care in communicating with local residents. The standard of living bulk of the population is extremely low, which can not but leave its mark on their attitude towards tourists.
We should not appear outside the resort areas of one - only groups. Be careful when responding to an invitation from a local resident, "show the real Jamaica" - most likely it will be commonplace brothel or disorderly house "overloaded marijuana" local "informal". Especially to be feared shikovato dressed young Jamaican, who quite obtrusively demonstrate their omniscience of all things - usually it is commonplace crooks. Women must be doubly careful. Despite the abundance of police officers on the streets, special assistance from them should not wait, because almost all of them are members of local communities, and therefore are not always impartial.
In the tourist centers on the price labels usually given to U.S. dollars. In shops for ordinary Jamaican price tags are usually exhibited in local dollars, but U.S. and then take without problems. You can exchange currency on the black market - there is usually more advantageous rate of interest on 10, but such operations are associated with greater risk, so long as the local crooks perfectly mastered the technology for cheating tourists.
Official holidays and weekends in Jamaica
January 1 - New Year.
January 6 - Epiphany.
beginning of February - Wednesday Lent.
February 13 - Day of penance.
March-April - Easter and Good Friday.
May 23 - Labor Day.
late May - early June - Feast of Corpus Christi.
August 1 - Emancipation Day.
August 6 - Independence Day (usually celebrated on the first Monday of August.
October 21 - Day of the heroes of the nation.
25-27 December - Christmas.
On Christmas Eve celebrations are held "Dzhonkanu", accompanied by masquerade parades and musical performances. In Kingston held Carnivals (in February and April). In July and August are luxurious Carnivals "reggae Sansplesh" in Ocho Rios and reggae Samfest "in Montego Bay. Regatta Pineypl-Cap "(Miami - Montego Bay, 800 km.) Held every February.
For breakfast, usually prepare an omelet with bacon, toast and a kind of local fruit "Akka", served with marinovonoy fish. Pork is popular in Creole, stewed chicken with rice, fried and baked bananas a special kind of beef with rice "Piccadilly", fried goat meat on the coals with beans, marinated and roasted meat on the coals with the title "Jerky" as well as traditional seafood which are first marinated and then cook for a thousand recipes. As a light snack are used all the same fruit, cakes with various fillings and quite cosmopolitan sandwiches.
Fruits are served almost any meal, are preparing a lot of other dishes, including interesting original fruit salads and cocktails, grilled pineapple and bananas in sauce, salads in svezherazrublennom coconuts, freshly made fruit juices, etc. You can try the exotic " oranik "," coal "," Akka ", papaya, avocado, star apple, sweet and sour" con ", guava, etc. They are trained and excellent beverages, among which the most popular" skaydzhus. "
A separate item is the pride of the country - the famous Jamaican rum, especially the brand "Appleton" and "Myers" and produced on its basis liqueurs. Also popular beer Red stripe. Coffee in Jamaica too is a matter of national pride. Best of its kind - "Blue Mountain", widely exported to other countries. Coffee is usually brewed very strong, sometimes adorned with rum and cardamom, and consume in large quantities and at any time of day. Tea is known here of any hot drink, so this term in the menu may be the infusion of a local grass, flower petals, etc. Black-tea drink is in English, profusely sdabrivaya "liquid" in our terms brew tea with milk.
Forbidden to import narcotics, toxic and explosive substances, firearms, fresh flowers and plants, honey, fruit, unpreserved meat and vegetables, and coffee (any kind). Prohibited export without the relevant documents of exotic animals and birds, antiques, especially - found at the bottom of the sea, as well as products from the skins and leather, not specified in the import declaration. Freely and without restriction on the number of exported tobacco products and alcoholic beverages.
Medical care is paid. In tourist areas and the level of medical personnel is high enough in the rest of the skills of health workers is clearly insufficient. Major hotels have a staff round the clock doctors on call. Recommended medical insurance of international standard.
Shops are generally open from 9.00 am to 17.00 from Monday to Saturday, on Wednesdays or Thursdays (depending on the area) are working to 14.00-15.00.
The main mode of transport in the country - buses. Often heavily worn, they hung virtually no compliance schedule between the major cities. Alien to them to move is not recommended - better to use special flights, organized by the hotel complex. Money for travel in most cases takes the guard.
Public transport in urban before the buses, express bus (run on time between specific points), taxi (go on certain routes and at the same time very inexpensive) and taxis. Fare in public transport is low, most of the municipal machine runs very irregularly, although the major bus companies strictly adhere to its schedule.
Roads and driving rules
When driving on local roads should exercise maximum caution - driving local residents enough extremals everyone goes as he pleases. In the province on the road can walk around pets, children playing or talking close circle of local residents, often right on the roadside is trading what some handicrafts. Often in the machines local residents not working lighting (technical condition of the majority of machines in general, rather dismal) and all of its rebuilding in the way they show gestures, sticking his arm out the window. Klaxon all enjoy without restraint and in all conditions, and for some reason instead of the brakes.
The rate in cities is limited to 35-50 km / h on the highway - 80 km / h. Movement of the left hand side. Road signs are practically absent, especially in inland areas. The scheme is similar to road signs used in the United States. Main roads are in good condition, but often can be found degraded or dilapidated road. Provincial roads are often mere cliches good track.
Most hotels tip is 10-15% of the bill and included in the cost of staying in the hotel. Approximately the same amount and in restaurants, where the cost of services in the account is not included. Prices in most shops are fixed but decided to trade in all shops and street markets. Some local traders rather unceremoniously bump up the prices, in this case, you can bargain up to the last. " Recommended to bring small bills, since the prices are low and delivery may simply not be found (although paying large bills can also get a significant discount).