Lithuania - a country with a long history, where you can admire the spiers of numerous churches and majestic towers of ancient castles. Lithuania - the perfect place for a relaxing family holiday, for those who want to swim in the sea, breathe the fresh clean air and improve their health. Lithuanian nature is unique, and it is carefully guarded by Lithuanians. Most local beaches was granted the "blue flag". Local spa center known throughout the world, because even the Crusaders mentioned in their manuscripts healing properties of the Lithuanian and Lithuanian climate mineral waters.
Lithuania - a country in Eastern Europe, on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. It shares borders with Poland and Belarus in the south and south-east, Russia - on the east and south-west (Kaliningrad region)., Latvia - in the north. Territory - 65,2 thousand. Sq. km.
Territory of the country is a low hilly plain, gradually rising from the low-lying shores of the Baltic Sea and Mid-Lithuanian Baltic lowlands low ridge (Aukštaitija and Dzukskaya hill) to the east. The highest point in the country - Yuozapine hill to the south-east of Vilnius (292 m). A characteristic feature of the landscape of the country are the ruins of ancient glacial moraine - eskers, parallel ridges extending to this country, as well as the sand dunes on the coast and the southeast.
Capital - Vilnius.
A special expression of local nature, its tranquil beauty and a certain simplicity and unpretentiousness, attracting thousands of fans to a relaxing holiday, and its seaside resorts, dunes, glacial lakes and respect for nature, provide the country a reputation as one of the best sites in Eastern Europe, "green" tourism. And, of course, the main attraction of the country - its historical city with great architecture.
Vilnius (formerly Vilna Vilna) - the largest city of the country and its capital (the first time in this role, yet in 1323). Ancient Vilnius developed in the valley of the River Neris near the top of the castle on the hill and the Lower Castle (not preserved) at its foot, between which "grew" Old town with intricate fan-shaped network of streets. Nowadays Vilnius Old Town - one of the biggest in Europe (360 ha) and the main attraction of the country (since 1994 is included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site).
Vilnius is called a baroque city, since the abundance of architectural monuments of this period is simply colossal. The main attractions are the remains of the capital of the Upper Castle (Gediminas Castle, XIV-XV centuries.) Old Arsenal (XVI c.) And the area of Gediminas (Gediminas, the beginning of the nineteenth century.) With a statue of the founder of the city - the Grand Duke Gediminas (1316-1341 g ) at the foot of Castle Hill, the symbol of the city - tower of Gediminas the lookout, New Arsenal (XVIII c.), Cathedral Square, the remains of the city wall of the XVI century with the gate of Dawn (Medininkskie gate), bastion of Vilnius (1640), an ensemble based in 1579 University (XVI-XIX cc.), the bell tower of the church of St. John entering the university complex (the tallest tower of the Old Town - 68 m), the Town Hall (1786-1799), the bishop's Palace (1825-1832 g .) Verkiai Palace and Cathedral at the foot of Gediminas (1251, rebuilt several times) to the graves of the Lithuanian Grand Duke of Lithuania and the relics of the patron saint - St. Casimir, 52-meter bell tower at the Cathedral (the former watchtower of the Lower Castle, XIII-XVII cc.) Hill of Three Crosses, the Presidential Palace (in the past - the first stone structure after the "second baptism of Lithuania" in 1387 and the first residence of Vilnius episcopate), Street Piles (Castle), castle Raudondvaris and others.
And, of course, churches and cathedrals - a real business card Vilnius. No other city in the Eastern Europe on such a small area there is no accumulation of magnificent temples. The most interesting Gothic church Mikaloyanus (Church Cv. Mikhail, XIV cent.) Church and Bernardine Monastery (XVI cent., Its Gothic church is considered one of the biggest in Lithuania), the Church of St.. Anna (XV-XVI century.) Church Mykolo (St.. Mykolas, XVI-XVII centuries.), Church of the Holy Spirit (the only baroque Orthodox Church in Lithuania, 1624-1638), the church of St.. Peter and Paul, Prechistenskiy Cathedral (one of the oldest Orthodox churches in Lithuania, XIV -XIX centuries.) Friday Church (the first Christian stone BETHEL structure of the capital, in 1345), the Church of St.. Jurgis (1506), the Church of St. Bartholomew (1824), an ensemble of the Church of St.. Ignotasa (XVII century. ), the Church of St.. Yokuba and Philip (1690-1744), the church of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Franciscan, XV-XVIII cc.), baroque church of St. Casimir (the first in Lithuania baroque church, 1604-1618 g) , St. Teresa (1634-1650), the Peter and Paul (1668-1675), the St. John (St.. Yonno, XIV-XVIII centuries). St.. Kotryna (XVII-XVIII centuries.) Church and Monastery. Nicholas (1350), Church of St. Nicholas (St.. Mikalojaus, 1320-1387), the Church of the Finding of the Holy Cross (Calvary, 1755-1772), the only functioning today Synagogue (1903), the Karaite chapel Kenes in the Moorish style (1911-1922), and others . Vilnius is considered one of the largest exhibition centers in Europe and museum. Interest Artillery Bastion "Bokshto", Center for Contemporary Art, the National Museum of the "Arsenal" Arsenal Castle Museum, the Museum of Applied Art, National and Art Galleries, Radziwill Palace, the Museum of the lower fortress, Lithuanian State Jewish Museum, the Museum of Genocide Victims, Amber Museum , Museum of Architecture, Museum of Theatre, Music and Cinema, Literature Museum Pushkin House Chiurlionis Memorial Museum B. Grintsyavichyute House Museum Shlapyalisov Memorial Museum V. Kreves-Mickevičius Museum V. Mykolaitis-Putinas, Genocide Museum in a building that previously housed the Gestapo, and then - the Soviet KGB, and others.
For music lovers will be interested in the National Philharmonic Hall, Congress Palace, Hall of the Academy of Music, Art Workers' Palace, the Palace of Concerts and Sports, which regularly hosts musical events. Concentrated in the city and a large number of theater companies, of which the most famous Opera and Ballet Theatre, Theatre for Youth, National Drama Theatre, the Russian Drama Theatre, Puppet Theatre "Lele", the Old Town Theatre, Maly Theatre, "Vaydilos" Theatre "Keystuolyay "Vilnius Polish theater and others. town several hundred cafes, bars, restaurants, constantly held various carnivals and festivals.
Trakai, the ancient capital of Lithuania, is interesting for its island castle, which was considered one of the most impregnable fortresses in Eastern Europe and has long been the seat of the great Lithuanian princes (now it is the Trakai History Museum), the ruins of the "Peninsular Castle", the ruins of a Dominican monastery, palace Uzutrakis park in the French style, Karaite religious buildings and unique glacial landscape with dozens of lakes around the city. Separate pride of the city - National Historical Park Trakai, a total area of 8,200 hectares. In the park there are two reserves and ten cultural, landscape and natural sites, as well as about 50 historical buildings, many archeological and architectural monuments.
Kaunas (Kovno 6yvshy), the second largest city of the Republic of Lithuania, famous for its medieval architecture, belfry concerts, museums and devils Chiurlionis. Well worth a visit Kaunas Castle (XIII-XVII centuries). Romanesque Cathedral of Peter and Paul (XV-XVII centuries.), Vytautas Church (Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 1400), the Church of the Resurrection (1932), Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation, the Church of St.. Francis and Jesuit Monastery (1666-1725), the Cathedral of St.. Michael the Archangel (1891-1893), the church of St.. Trinity St. Nicholas (XIV c.), the body of the Lord and the Dominican monastery . Interesting gothic house Perkūnas (XV-XVI centuries., One of the largest Gothic buildings of the country), the Town Hall (1542, rebuilt in the XVIII century.) Pažaislis Monastery, Renaissance palace princes Masalska (XVII century.).
In the city of a huge number of museums - the Museum of Folk Life (22 km. East of Kaunas), Lithuania Aviation Museum, Park House presidents, the Pottery Museum, the Museum of Folk Music, Museum of Lithuanian music, the Museum of Medicine and Pharmacy, Museum of Post, Telecommunications and Informatics, Museum deportations and Lithuanian national resistance, the Zoological Museum of Ivanauskas, Memorial Museums Gruodzhio I., S. Nera, B. and C. Sruogo Shimkausa, Zoological and Botanical gardens, Museum of fine art MKČiurlionis (founded in 1921), museum of Žmuidzinavičius (the famous "Museum of the devils"), M. Žilinskas Art Gallery, War Museum. Vytautas the Great, Kaunas Ninth Fort Museum, the Museum of Lithuanian Literature. Maironis, Sports Museum of Lithuania and others, as well as many theaters and concert halls, including the Academic Drama Theatre, Maly Theatre, Musical Theatre, pantomime, Puppet and Youth Theatre, Kaunas Philharmonic Concert Hall, parks "Dainu slenis" and Dixieland.
Siauliai (known since 1236, until 1795 - Saul, before 1917 - Siauliai), was virtually destroyed during the Second World War, so there was not preserved historic part of town. But the city is famous for its museums - Museum "Ausra" House Venskaluskov, Bicycle Museum, Museum of Photography, The Palace X. Frenkel Iovarasa House, Museum of Radio and Television Museum, cats, Fire-Technical Museum, the Museum of Šiauliai University, Railway History Museum, Museum of the History of water supply and sewerage, etc.. 11km. north of Siauliai is the famous Hill of Crosses - a place of pilgrimage for Catholics. The first crosses were placed here in 1863 in memory of the dead rebels against the rule of the Russian Empire, now through the crosses is already in the tens of thousands.
Klaipeda (formerly Memel) - a large ice-free port on the coast of the Curonian Lagoon, and one of the oldest cities in Lithuania, founded in 1252, as the castle Memelburg. The city was badly damaged during the Second World War, but there are remains of the castle on the Curonian Spit, numerous theaters and galleries (XVII-XVIII centuries.), Blocks of old stone warehouses (the oldest of them belong to the XVIII century.), Magistrate building (1770 .) and theater (1870). Interested in Musical Theatre, Drama Theatre, the Museum of forging products with unique iron crosses from the old cemetery of the city, Clock Museum, National History Museum, Art Gallery, Sculpture Park "Mazvidas" History Museum of Lithuania Minor, Lithuanian Maritime Museum and Aquarium in the old fort and dolphinarium.
Around the city there is a unique natural heritage - the famous Curonian Spit (Curonian Spit), which is almost 100 km. unique sand spit with dunes and pine forests, meadows and sandy wastelands, raw alder and dry deciduous forests, which separates the sea and the Curonian Lagoon.
Transition from marine to continental, marine air masses is determined from the Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea. Moist sea breeze tempers the summer heat and winter cold softens. Summer - not hot, the average July temperature of about 17 C. Rains often enough. Winter is warm and moist - in January the average temperature is about -7 C, snow cover is poor, although uncommon and these frosts. With the proximity to the sea and the general instability associated weather.
Far from Moscow at 2:00 - in the summer, at 1:00 - in the winter.
Lithuanian. In the tourism sector are widely used English, German and Russian.
Lithuanian Lita (LTL), equal to 100 cents. In the course of banknotes in denominations of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 liters, as well as coins in denominations of 5, 2 and 1 liters, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cent.
To obtain a visa must be submitted to the Consular Section of the Embassy of passport, 1 application form, 1 photo (must be in color, matte, with a white background, measuring 3.5 by 4.5 cm), a copy of the internal passport, paid health insurance, your hotel or travel voucher, as well as to confirm the availability of the necessary funds for the entire period of stay in the country (statement of account, credit card or traveler's checks in the amount of not less than $ 500 or $ 25 per day of stay in cash).
Russian citizens arriving in the country for a period of not more than 10 days, no need to obtain an official invitation from the natural or legal persons of Lithuanian. To obtain single-visas at consulates in Lithuania it is only necessary to fill in the questionnaire, a request for entry, present a passport, health insurance and pay the application fee.
Children under 16 years must be included in the passport of one of the parents or have their own passport. In case of departure from one of the parents should be framed notarised power of attorney from the remaining parent. If the child's last name does not match the names of the parents, it is necessary to submit a birth certificate (a copy is submitted to the embassy, the original is required when crossing the border).
Consulate receives the visa application no earlier than 2 months before the expected date of entry.
The cost of a conventional single-entry visa - 35 euro visa procedure takes 7 working days. Urgent visas will not be issued. For visa children entered in the passport of parents, the visa fee is not charged. If your child has his passport, the visa fee is paid in full. The presence of close relatives in Lithuania can be an obstacle for a tourist visa.
Terms of facilitated transit to Kaliningrad by train (DFC HD)
DFC Railway drawn railway cashiers that simultaneously sends a request to the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania in Moscow. Transit permit issued during their journey on the train before crossing the passenger border with Lithuania. Passenger prior to departure may obtain information about whether to allow him to transit to the railway ticket offices, fitted with the "Express". Making DFC Railway is free.
Ticketing is carried out only on foreign passports.
Transit railway DFC is possible only for the citizens of Russia and does not extend to citizens of other states. Citizens of other countries to follow through Lithuanian territory must have the appropriate visa, obtained in advance at the Lithuanian Embassy in the community.
Persons crossing the territory of Lithuania by DFC railway, not allowed to leave the train during their journey and stop in Vilnius, and Kyane Kibartai. Leave the train can only those who entered in Lithuania on a valid visa or is a citizen of a country which has an agreement with Lithuania on visa-free entry: EU countries, USA, Canada, Israel, Australia. Full list of these countries can be found at the Foreign Ministry.
Public holidays in Lithuania: from July 31 - August 5, will be held the 5th International Balloon Festival. It is worth a look!
Lithuanians belong to the Baltic group of Indo-European peoples. Lithuanian language - the oldest of all living Indo-European languages, the nearest to the Sanskrit language. Perhaps that is why in the nature of the Lithuanians have a bit of the East: a very strong family connections (many companies and organizations in Lithuania family), hospitality, hospitable (in restaurants and cafes serve those portions that have the power to eat only two of them), and respect for guests. However, the Lithuanians are characterized by their smooth and quiet character, and all of them romance. The beauty of nature in Lithuania they reflect in poems, songs and dances. Spring and summer - it's a continuous celebration of life. In all the holy places in Lithuania, in the resorts of Lithuanian folklore festivals.
Religion. Most believers - Catholics, there are also Protestants, Orthodox Christians and members of other faiths. Separation of church and state, people of all religions are equal before the law. All schools as "subject to the option" offer religion classes.
Day Kaziukas - Lithuanian folk festival, which is held during the fair of folk crafts in Vilnius (from 3 to 5 March), and a variety of activities throughout the country. The most ambitious cultural event in the country - the National Song Festival, held every five years in Vilnius. More than 100 thousand. People and several hundred choirs from all the Baltic Sea countries are going to show their skills. Celebration of midsummer (Midsummer Day) is held on the night of June 23, when, as it is believed the earth reign magical powers. Peoples of the Baltic Sea Festival held in the capital in July.
Of the other popular activities are interesting horse races in Dusetos (about Utena, the first Saturday in February, the International Jazz Festival in April and the festival of live theater in Vilnius (May). Also in Vilnius Summer Music Festival takes place in the Old Town (July) and the Vilnius City Days in mid-September. Velines or "All Souls Day" is held on November 2 and is followed by All Souls' and visits to cemeteries.
Throughout the summer, organizes entertainment festivals and holidays in Palanga.
Across the country can move freely, but should closely monitor compliance with the rights of private possessions - the intersection of these, and even more - improvement on private land for the night, fishing or collecting of plants, are possible only with the permission of the owner or tenant. Otherwise, the police have the right to apply any measures up to the arrest and expulsion from the country.
In national parks are special attendance rules and environmental management. Forbidden to visit nature reserves without the permission of the Directorate, with the exception of specially equipped and established routes. The parks do not install tents, bonfires are not installed in the field, in any way harm the vegetation, walk over the dunes to pollute the environment, spoil signs and other information devices, and make a noise to scare the birds, destroy the nest to go off the asphalt or concrete road cover, put the vehicle in not provided for this purpose, is not licensed to engage in hunting or fishing.
Permits for camping and fishing apparatus parking is available at the offices of the administration of most of the parks, as well as holiday homes and rental locations. Fishing can be arranged, subject to registration of a special request to the administration of the park, and only in designated areas fenced hunting parks and wetlands. Apart from the cost of the license (the tour), for each trophy you must pay from 25 to 6000 dollars depending on the type (wound the beast - 125 USD). Fishing is permitted only in designated smoking areas. Any organization hiking, events, research and other work must be coordinated with the local government or management of the park. Persons who violate the established order, punishable by a fine of up to 300 liters, civil servants and other officials - to 500 liters.
The country has a relatively low crime rate, but the number of crimes involving the abduction of personal property increases. Theft from hotel rooms are quite common. In public transport and railway stations should beware of pickpockets and thieves. It is not recommended to walk at night on poorly lit streets and parks. Valuables, documents and large sums of money should be kept in the hotel safe, and carry with a certified copy of your passport. Hijacking and theft of cars are quite common. Most often targeted by criminals are new and expensive cars. Always keep car doors closed and valuables, including car, take with them. Use the parking lot. Penalties for possession, use and trafficking of drugs are very strict. Violators face imprisonment or a high fine. You should not carry anything through customs at the request of unfamiliar people.
Traditional cuisine Lithuania
Traditional Lithuanian cuisine is now considered somewhat coarse and simple peasant cuisine, formed under the influence of the Slavic, German, Polish and Baltic culinary traditions.
In the Lithuanian national kitchen occupy a special place potatoes and other vegetables, and mushrooms. You can recommend a potato sausage "vederay", boiled potatoes in Lithuanian, carrot casserole "Mork apkyapass", hash browns and Lithuanian potato pancakes, potato sticks with sauce "shvilpikay" potato pudding "plokshtaynis" stuffed cucumbers "indariti agurkay" stewed morels, mushroom pate, tomato soup with rice "tomato sryuba" milk soup with potato dumplings, potato dumplings famous "tseppelinay" (including with other ingredients), stuffed with mushrooms and onions and potatoes etc.. important role as and all the Baltic nations, took the fish - both marine and freshwater. The most popular is herring - with onions, sour cream, vegetables, grilled and smoked, salted and barely Pre-dried.
Fish serves a variety of hot and cold snacks, a variety of cakes and dough products, including the famous "virtinyay", a variety of fish and assorted independent dishes like smoked eel or lightly salted pike, and a variety of soups and filler.
Of the most popular meats pork, interesting cooked smoked pork ears "kyaules ausis" with peas, sauerkraut and bacon, zrazy hunting "medzhёtoyu vinёtinyay" stuffed with sausage, pate "yaknine" soup with bacon or bacon, potatoes stuffed pig stomach , excellent sausages and hams and so on. d. Frequent guests on the table - Lithuanian dumplings, pancakes Samogitian "zhemaychyu blinyay" crackers with cumin and other dishes made of dough, as well as excellent local milk and milk products, including cheese "Dainava".
The country produces a set of sufficiently strong and high-quality wines and spirits products, from excellent local vodka infusions to like "Zalgiris" or infusions of honey, as well as liquors, liqueurs, brandy, sparkling champagnes from Alytus and balms that are made only on the basis of natural ingredients. Also produced high quality beer (most popular - "Shvyanturis", "Ragutis", "Utena" and "Tauras"), which many experts put on the same level with the Czech or German. Casual drink - coffee, which is love and know how to cook just about anywhere.
Political system Lithuania
Lithuania - a democratic republic. The head of state - the president. Legislative - unicameral parliament (the Sejm).
About 3.6 million. Persons. Lithuanians (81.4%), Russian (8,3%), Poles (7%), and others. Nearly half a million Lithuanians living abroad countries.
Import to Lithuania to $ 10,000 per person - free. Anything over is subject to compulsory declaration. One person can bring no more than 1 liter of vodka, brandy or liqueur, 2 liters of wine, 200 cigarettes or 250 grams of tobacco, 3 kg of chocolate, 2 kg of coffee, 20 gallons of gasoline, 50 grams of precious metals. The import of weapons, drugs and explosives.
Medical aid Lithuania
Treatment is paid and sufficient quality, carried out on the basis of insurance. In the absence of insurance payment for medical services is made in cash, which is quite expensive. First aid is free.
No vaccinations are required to visit Lithuania do not want to. In forest areas and national parks is a danger only tick encephalitis.
Working hours Lithuania
Banks are usually open from 9.00 to 17.00 Monday to Friday.
Shops are usually open from 9.00 to 18.00-20.00 on weekdays and on Saturdays - from 9.00 to 17.00-19.00. Large supermarkets are usually open from 9.00 to 20.00-22.00.
Well developed infrastructure: railway from Moscow can get to Vilnius, Kaunas; aircraft fly directly on the coast - in Palanga and Klaipeda. And on the highways in Lithuania always legendary. Those who are sent to Lithuania by car definitely need to know that violators of traffic rules are subject to huge fines.
Strictly prohibited parking at an undisclosed location, movement in parks and protected areas (check the CO content), and the worst - drunk driving. But for the mandatory and decent tourists, it does not mean anything, but in combination with the excellent quality of the roads and allowed high-speed driving on the highway will turn into a great start to rest on some, you have chosen the resort.
Voltage is 220 V, 50 Hz, there are the old plug with two circular holes, as well as new three-prong grounding outlet.
Tipping is usually paid solely by the client, it is usually sufficient amount of LTL 1.
Helpful information Lithuania
In case of fire - 01, The Police - 02 Ambulance - 03, reference information - 09.