Mexico is the most ancient civilization of the Maya and Aztecs; the birthplace of sombreros and tequila; a favorite vacation spot of tourists from all corners of the globe. It's the big cities and popular resorts on the coasts of the Pacific ocean, the Caribbean sea and the Gulf of Mexico, archaeological monuments of Indian cultures and structures of Spanish colonization, gorgeous beaches and snow-capped volcanoes, deserts and lush tropical forests, national parks and biosphere reserves; colorful carnival and exciting bullfight...
Mexico is the state with a total area of 1.95 million sq km, is located in North America, occupying almost the whole of its Central part. On the North and East it borders with the United States, in the South-East by Belize and Guatemala. In the East it is washed by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean sea, on the West by the Pacific ocean (here inland far juts out Gulf of California). Mexico belongs to a number of Islands in the Pacific ocean and the Caribbean sea.
Most of the country is mountainous and is occupied by the ridges of the Mexican plateau, the Sierra Madre and the Transverse Volcanic Sierra, with many active volcanoes (about 350), including the country's highest point - Orizaba (5700 m), Popocatepetl - (5452 m) and other Volcanic activity is high enough, also frequent earthquakes.
The Capital Mexico City (Mexico City).
Beautiful nature, beautiful beaches and snow-covered volcanoes, rich history with archaeological monuments of the Aztecs, Maya, colonial palaces, many paradises, attracting tourists by the gentle waves of warmth and hospitality of the inhabitants, and all this splendor with relatively low prices for goods and services, especially in the province of modern Mexico.
The true ancient sites in Mexico are Mayan pyramid. In the country a lot, but is available to visit a few, so how many pyramids are buried under the soil or covered with dense tropical vegetation, so that at first glance are just green hills. The best known and most ancient structures are pyramids of teotihuacán, where well-preserved two largest pyramid of the Sun (225 meters at the base and 65 m in height) and the moon (about 150 m at the base and 42 m high), as well as the temple of the most "popular" of the gods Mayan Quetzalcoatl. Facilities are located as well as the three stars in the Belt of Orion, i.e. exactly the same as the three great pyramids at Giza). The pyramid of Cholula is the largest in the world by volume, it surpassed the pyramid of Cheops (now a large part of the pyramid is destroyed). Another impressive group of pyramids - Mitla and Monte Alban is located near the city of Oaxaca, and the ancient pyramidal structures in the capital of the Toltec - Tula, surrounded by strange multi-ton stone heads mysterious creatures. And places such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tahini, Tikal, Xcaret, Went-ha, Mayapan, Mitla and Uxmal, are priceless monuments of ancient civilizations.
Tourists expect top-notch resorts Cancun, Playa de Carmen, Acapulco, Puerto Vallarta, Cozumel, Mazatlan, Huatulco and other
Mexico city was founded in 1325 another Indian by the Aztecs. According to legend, the gods commanded the Aztecs to establish the capital on an island in lake Texcoco, where they will see the eagle (the sacred bird of the Indians), which devours the snake sitting on a cactus. And now in this place lies the biggest metropolis of the world, and the oldest and most rapidly growing city in the New world. This is a real "Museum under the open sky" - here over 1,400 monuments and historical relics, 10 archaeological zones in the city and in the surrounding area, 8 universities, several academies, more than 80 museums, theatres, concert halls and exhibitions, more than 2 thousand restaurants, dozens of parks and recreation centers. And all this with an enormous population density!!
The city centre is the area of the zócalo (Plaza de La Constitucion, the second largest in the world), surrounded miraculously preserved buildings Aztec Tenochtitlan (Templo Mayor) and colonial era buildings, among which is the biggest in Latin America Catholic Cathedral Cathedral Metropolitana (1563-1667,) and Palace of Cortez. Also interesting is the square of the Three Cultures in Central Mexico, where the unique archaeological area with stone foundations of ancient buildings of the Aztecs, above which rises the Catholic Cathedral, which, in turn, is adjacent to a modern residential buildings bordering the square.
Be sure to visit the national Palace, decorated with the famous murals of Diego Rivera, the Piazza Garibaldi and the world's largest Bullring, and the Alameda Park and located right next door to the Palacio de Bella Art (Fine Arts Palace), which collected the best works of Mexican culture, or channels, Xochimilco on the outskirts of Mexico city, where there are still people live like 500 years ago. Don't forget to visit the Basilica of the patron Saint of Mexico - our lady of Guadalupe, where on the day of her holiday (December 12) is arranged a huge procession to attend the first European quarter of the capital, Coyoacán, or walk along the Paseo de La Reforma (Reforma Avenue) - copies of the Paris Champs-Elysees (and by the way - just busy with shops and restaurants) with the picturesque buildings of the late nineteenth century and numerous fountains. In the heart of this giant "ant hill" is located pedestrian enclave and nightlife district - Zone rose, with lots of shops, restaurants and cafes - "Cantina".
To relax from the bustle of the city in parks, Pedregal, Alameda, Bosque de Chapultepec ("hill of grasshoppers", the biggest Park in Mexico city) to the presidential Palace Castillo de Chapultepec, where is the country's largest national Anthropological Museum (close to a good zoo), or a forested area La Marquez on the outskirts of the city, which is also famous for its large number of restaurants, cafes and attractions. But the huge Mexico city, despite all its attractions, is not very suitable for relaxation, so it is better to go in his famous suburbs.
Teotihuacan (Teotihuacan, "the place where the gods") is located 50 km North-East of Mexico city, and is a cult place of many Nations "Mesoamerica". It is still unclear when it began to settle first people and why the city was abandoned, but its architectural monuments stagger the imagination. The temple of Quetzalcoatl and 5-kilometer Road of the dead (40 m wide), pyramid of the Sun and moon, the Palace of Quetzal-Papalotl and the Palace of the Jaguars, the ancient Temple of the Feathered Shells, the Palace of the Quetzal Butterfly, the Plaza de La Luna and residential complex Tepantitla with the famous frescoes of the Paradise of Tlaloc - that's only a small part of the local treasures of history, collected from huge stone blocks and strictly subordinate to some unknown system. In the centre of the archaeological zone is a wonderful Museum with an exhibition of rare archaeological items and the scale model of teotihuacán.
South-East of Mexico city, Cholula, are the ruins of a huge pyramid-dolls made of gigantic stone slabs covered with ornate carvings. Giant 8-kilometer tunnel allows you to learn the specifics of masonry such huge ancient structures, and located on top of the rest of the pyramid mound Church, gives a special charm of this unique area. No less impressive, although still relatively little excavated, the ancient capital of the Toltec - Tula, where a number of objects still waiting for when they will do archaeologists.
Cancun is a network of beaches, resorts and parks, extending 140 km along the coast of the Caribbean sea, to Tulum. The city consists of business mainland and the resort island is 25 km 500 m and is almost parallel to the coral reef Palancar, starting near the island of contoy island (the second largest reef in the world). Few resorts can match with Cancun beauty and purity of the sea, proximity to archaeological zones, nature reserves and, of course, clean white beaches, of which there are more than 20 km
A separate area attractions - its underwater national parks Garrafon, Comte, Went-ha and Chankanab Lagoons, as well as "the crocodile Park" Krakatao - protected area, where they live and breed yucatán crocodiles, pink flamingos and many other species of animals and birds. Near the lagoon Nichupte stretches the new aquapark "Wet & Wild", which contains the most advanced water rides. And in almost any place around Cancun, you can take a boat trip, take a dip in the lagoon, as well as to deal with any water sports or diving. For a more careful here, there is a whole flotilla of tourist submarines make cruises among the coral reefs. Those who like the exotic, invites recently rebuilt the bullfighting stadium. Golf, tennis, fishing, casino, shopping centers (all products except tobacco and alcohol tax), children Park Mexico city Magica", a lively nightlife and excellent cuisine of several hundred restaurants... in General, it has everything you can imagine.
20 km from Cancun is a coral island Cozumel sizes only 53 14 km. is the largest inhabited island in Mexico. Here, according to promotional material, the bottom is visible at the depth of seventy feet! Underwater coral tunnels Punta sur, Santa Rosa, reef Barracuda and vertical walls Maracaibo-Deep (up to 50 m depth) is considered one of the best (but dangerous!) the dive sites of the country. And right across from Cancun lies the small (8 x 1 km) Isla mujeres (island of women"), its convenient beaches, coral reefs, ruins, pirate estate, the ruins of prayer books of the Maya, as well as many small restaurants and shops with Souvenirs and jewellery. 50 km from Cancun lies young Playa del Carmen (Riviera Maya or Place), which is transformed into a real oasis club hotel and ecological parks.
Went-Ha (or Xel-ha, 122 km from Cancun) - national Park, representing natural aquarium, arising naturally in a mountain cave, fed partly marine, partly fresh water from underground rivers. Surprisingly clean and clear water allows you to see the exotic fish of unusual colors, and lush vegetation is striking range of shades.
The Ecopark Xcaret (Ascarat) is located 72 km from Cancun on the Gulf coast. This well-equipped leisure centre with an abundance of tropical fauna, well-equipped beaches, zoo, water attractions, underground rivers, aquarium, caves, bars and restaurants, a small Museum and many others. One of the major "highlights" Skaret is one of the best in the world Pavilions Butterflies.
In the vicinity of Cancun has many historical sites and pyramids, even on the territory of the resort ruins of San Miguel, Del Rey, Yamil-Loom and pok TA Pok island in the nichupté lagoon. Just one hour drive from Tulum (Zama) is a former major port of Maya and one of the most famous archaeological sites on the coast. The city is surrounded on three sides by stone walls, and from the sea, inaccessible cliffs fifteen-meter height, and is the only fortification of the Mayan Empire on the coast, as well as the last stronghold of the Indians, which lasted until 1554, and has repeatedly served as a refuge for rebellious Indians. To this day preserved temple of the Frescoes (de Los Frescos), the Temple of the descending God, the Temple of the God of Wind, the Temple of the sea, and nearly 400-meter ceremonial center. 167 km from Cancun, in the heart of the jungle, lies the archaeological zone of Coba with many ancient buildings and caves, most of which have yet to be surveyed.
But the main historical area - sacred Mayan city of Chichen Itza (205 km from Cancun). This is the most famous and best restored of the city, where there are such delightful buildings of the Mayan culture as consisting of nine platforms temple at the top of the pyramid of Kukulkan, the largest and oldest building in the city - Palace of the Nuns, and the astronomical Observatory (El Caracol (the snail), the square temple eagles and Tigers, pyramid, Osario and sacred cenote (well), where sacrifices were offered to the gods, the Temple of the Warriors with its famous figure of the God of Chaka, a field to play ball with the Temple of the Jaguar and the "Northern Church", which may have been used for sacrifices, and many other monuments of the ancient Indian civilization.
Uxmal ("built three times") is one of the most important ceremonial centers of the Maya in the Yucatan. Here the monuments of history simply countless Great Pyramid (100 m length and 70 m in width with a height of over 30 meters), the Pyramid of the Magician ("the house of the dwarf") height of 38 meters, beautifully preserved building of the Governor's Palace with its famous "throne double-headed Jaguar", the Temple of the Phallus, the house of the Turtles, a field for ball games, the quadrangle of the Nuns Monastery and the pyramid of the Old witch. In the evenings over the forest-covered ruins of the great city spread paint light show that makes this place fantastic.
Palenque is another historical mystery country. This famous Mayan city located in the mountainous jungle, surrounded on all sides by tropical vegetation. More than 1,400 of its beautifully preserved buildings cover an area four times greater than any of the famous cities of the Maya. Found a network of aqueducts, canals and sewers, used to supply running water to the city, which according to scientists, is the most complex structure ever built by the ancient Maya. The main pyramid in Palenque's Temple of the Inscriptions (692 ad) contains a unique Mayan burial and many giant stone slabs with the characters. Not less interesting complex of the so-called Palace of the 25 buildings and only in the architecture of the Mayan tower, the Temple of the Sun (about 642 A.D.) with stone panorama worship of the sun, temple of the cross with engraved bas-reliefs, Playground for ball games and the Temple of Skulls.
Taxco is a city Park (one of the most beautiful colonial cities, called "the world capital of silver"), and recognized as a center of tourism. The city has retained the planning and building with typical cobbled streets and houses, typical of the colonial period, when due to the mining of silver he has reached unprecedented prosperity. Here is always worth a visit zócalo square, the Church of Santa Prisca, Casa Borda, Museum "don Guillermo" and many handicraft workshops. Near Taxco lies the "city of eternal spring," Cuernavaca, the capital of the state of Morelos, the main attraction is the Grand Palace of hernán cortés, which now houses the Museum Kaunaoa (Museum of Cortez).
The port city of Acapulco's famous "night Mexican capital", the city of entertainment, shows, casinos and restaurants. The center of tourist life Acapulco Laguna pie de La Cuesta with excellent beaches and restaurants on the Northern outskirts of the city. Also interesting Spanish Fort of San Diego (XVII-XVIII centuries) in the historic centre of the city, Municipal zócalo square, where you can see the beautiful Basilica de La Soledad, a water theme Park, colorful show "Fiesta Mexicana", boat trips along the coast with dinner and show, the famous cliff divers at La Quebrada (45 m), discos, restaurants and much more. Coastal waters of Acapulco is very rich in wildlife. On the shores of the beautiful natural Bay more than 20 municipal beaches for every taste (all beaches are open and have free entrance). The best bathing beaches Caleta, PI de La Cuesta and Caleitilla in the heart of Old Acapulco and fashionable beach Condesa. Here you can Charter a boat for fishing or a glass bottom boat and go island resort roqueta, where there is extensive zoo, or to the Peninsula de Las Playas, lying at the bottom of the altar of the virgin of Guadalupe.
Manzanillo is a good natural harbour and is a major resort and tourist centre. Hot weather is tempered here constantly blowing fresh ocean breeze. Area hotels stretches for about 10 km along the scenic Bay, deeply cut into the shore. In Manzanillo beaches, framed by green palm trees and flowering shrubs. Many tourists are attracted by the old Alamo city (national historic landmark), Patzcuaro with majestic colonial architecture, colonial city of San Cristobal de Las Casas, Santa Rosalia, the abandoned town of real de Catorce, and the highest in Mexico waterfalls Cascade Basaseachi (246 feet).
And on the Pacific coast of Banderas Bay (Bay of Flags, the largest on the West coast of Mexico) is the famous resort of Puerto Vallarta area many kilometers of Golden beaches, fine Catholic Cathedral, old colonial buildings and ultra-modern shopping centres, banks, restaurants, night clubs and discos. In the waters surrounding the island Marietas there are excellent dive sites and underwater caves. But in California Peninsula (Baja), with its long coastline, beautiful white beaches, cozy coves and impressive cliffs, there are such famous resorts as Tijuana, San Ignacio, Puerto Cortez, La Paz, rocky areas of the Sierra de San Francisco and the Sierra de La Laguna, as well as many others.
The Yucatan Peninsula is the cradle of the Mayan civilization and the center of a huge number of archaeological sites, attracts many adventurous sports and cave diving, as almost all indented karst formations, underground rivers and cenotes, many of which have direct access to the sea. The best diving areas in the country are considered to be the territory's coral reefs Chinchorro off the southern coast of Quintana Roo, the reefs of Alacranes off the North coast of Yucatan, reef Palancar and Playa Garrafon near Cancun.
And the ridges of the Sierra Madre provide rich opportunities for mountain and pedego tourism. In the country more than 50 national parks with total area of about 800 hectares, among which the world-famous parks Bosence and Cumbres de Monterrey with mountain pine forests, La Malinche and Pico de Orizaba with the famous volcanoes, nature reserve of rare birds, and other Selectum
The diverse climate in the country, changing depending on latitude and altitude of the location. Coastal areas, especially the South is humid and hot. The average temperature on the coast of 26 - 28°C, water temperature about 24°C. In Cancun tropical climate is mild, with the average summer temperature is 25-30° C, in winter 22-26°. The Central plateau has a dry temperate climate, high peak mountains are often covered in snow. The rainy season (may - October) is characterized by abundant precipitation from the second half of the day until late evening.
Behind Moscow for 9 hours. From the first Sunday of April to October and summer.
The official language is Spanish (Mexico is the largest Spanish speaking country in the world). In addition, local ethnic groups speak their own languages (Nahuatl, Maya, Otomi, zapoteca and others). English is widely spoken language.
The currency is the Mexican peso. In circulation are banknotes of 100, 50, 20 and 10 pesos and coins of 50, 20, 10 and 5 centavos (cents). 1 peso = 100 centavos (cents). The import of foreign currency is unlimited (Declaration required), national - no more than 5 thousand pesos. Permitted export of imported foreign currency, national - no more than 5 thousand pesos.
Citizens of the Russian Federation and CIS countries at border crossings should be designed in the Consular Department of the Embassy of Mexico in Moscow an entry permit visa. Visas are issued individually in the passport traveling. The visa processing time is 30 days.
Documents required for visa:
• A passport valid for at least 6 months from the date of commencement of travel (for children from 6 years to 14 years, inscribed in the passport of parents, one must have a photo);
• Photocopy of the first page of the passport and pages with visas (if a new RFP, the photocopy of the old passport with visas);
• 3 identical photos (3x4);
• Certificate of employment on company letterhead with seal and address of place of employment, work phone number, position, salary (not less than$ 500 per month);
Documents confirming the creditworthiness:
• the document confirming the existence of real estate (apartments, villas etc) is a must;
• international credit card (Visa, Master Card, American Express), valid for at least 6 months, with the current balance of not less than$ 1,000 (account statement for the last 3 months)copy of credit card and Bank statement of the account; if you have one statement for spouses with different last names
• photocopy of marriage certificate.
• If no credit card is available traveller cheques (signature in the passport and the receipt must be the same at the rate of$ 50 per day;
• Ticket with fixed dates of departure and return (photocopy confirming the reservation at the time the documents, the original when received);
For children 18 years:
• copy of birth certificate
• travelling with one parent: photocopy notarized parental agreement with the transfer of parental authority second parent;
• travelling without parents: photocopy notarized parental agreement with the transfer of parental authority to a third party or independent travel without an adult.
In the case of travel of family members is the minimum amount that should appear in documents relating to Bank accounts and monthly income increases by 25% (for each family member);
A visa does not entitle entry to the territory of Mexico. Border authorities may require the foreign national to the availability of funds to the existence of (at the rate of$ 50 per day);
The new passports in the absence of the old RFP visa Embassy will not be accepted.
When entering Mexico from the United States:
a) return to the Russian Federation through a U.S. passport should be American multivisa (or at least 2 meals a day visa);
b) return to the Russian Federation through Mexico - must be a return ticket with a fixed date.
The above requirements are only basic. Each application is considered individually. The Consulate section of the Embassy of Mexico is served either directly by the applicant or through a third person in the presence of a notarized power of attorney, or through a travel Agency accredited to the Embassy of Mexico (for tourist visa). If necessary, the Consular Department can assign the applicant an interview.
The consular fee for visa in Mexico is set in U.S. dollars, payable in rubles at the exchange rate before submitting documents (travel or private visa - $36).
Holidays and non-working days Mexico: 1 January - New Year, February 5 - Constitution Day, March 21 - birthday of the national hero of the country Benito Juarez, February - March - Carnival, March 21 - birthday of the national hero of the country Benito Juarez, April 21 good Friday April 24 - Easter Monday, April 30 - children's Day, 1 may - Labour Day, may 5, the anniversary of the battle at Puebla, September 16 - independence Day, 12 October, the Day Columbus discovered America, November 2 - Day of the dead, November 20, - Revolution day, December 12 - the Religious feast of the Holy virgin Guadalupa, 25 December - Christmas.
The dominant religion is Christianity (97% of the population consider themselves Roman Catholics).
In the winter months across the country conducted a two-week jazz festival. Traditional Carnival is held in late February or early March in the week before the Day of repentance. Traditional spring festival, accompanied by costumed processions and climbing the pyramids is held in Teotihuacan the vernal equinox. In these days (and 21 September) in chichén-Itzá is the feast of Quetzalcoatl (Quetzalcoatl or the Feathered Serpent). Independence Day on the Central squares of all settlements are colorful festivities.
Immediately after all Saints Day (November 2) is horrible "Dia de Los Muertos" is a holiday honoring the dead. On the day of the virgin Mary of Guadalupe (December 12) is a colorful Festival "Señora de Guadalupe" and pilgrimage to the capital of the country, to the Basilica of the virgin Mary (one of the centers of Catholicism America).
Classification of hotels is somewhat different from the European - the number of "stars" are not always the same quality of service.
The country has a relatively high level of natural hazards. In addition to the hot tropical sun, the relatively high seismic activity and volcanism, with many active volcanoes are located close enough to major cities (Popocatepetl - 60 km from Mexico city). Around volcanoes created a 12-kilometer security zone to which access is closed. Huge air pollution in Mexico city can be a real danger to health.
In Mexico there is a high level of crime in the first place - pocket thefts and robberies. It is recommended to travel by car, bus and trains only during the day. Taxi is recommended only from official sites ("sitios"), otherwise the chance of becoming a victim of robbery is quite high. It is recommended to order a taxi by phone, be sure to getting the Manager's car number and license number of the driver. In the Mexico city airport, you should only hire a yellow taxi to the airport (with symbols of the airport on the door), pre-paying for the call in the corresponding kiosk "Transportacion Terrestre" in the lobby of the airport.
Try to use a toll ("cuota") roads - they are more secure. It is also recommended to avoid solitary hikes in the provincial areas, and often make use of hitchhiking. Known cases of extortion by men in uniform. In some areas of the country there are groups of armed rebels, if necessary traveling in these areas should follow the recommendations of local authorities.
Traditional cuisine Mexico
The cuisine of Mexico is very original and unique, because of the mix of culinary traditions of the Indian tribes of Mesoamerica with a strong influence of Spanish and French recipes. However, most traditional ingredients of the local cuisine originally appeared in these places, and only then were posted around the world, gaining popularity in other countries. Based Mexican food is a huge selection of local products: corn, avocado, beans, zucchini, sweet potatoes, regular potatoes, tomatoes, cactus, chili peppers, pumpkin, poultry, vanilla, peanut (and its oil), cocoa, as well as many species of fish.
Dominant position in the traditional Mexican cuisine is corn - fried and boiled, in the form of flour and as a drink, with mayonnaise and grated cheese, with meat and pepper... The most common dishes made from corn - baked on the coals corn tortilla filled with Taco"meat in corn flour "pooles" (and the same drink made from corn), a mixture of toasted corn flour with cocoa "pinholes", a cake made of corn flour "tortilla", boiled steamed tamales are pieces of corn dough with sauce, antojitos, "repositories", bread with various fillings - "nachos", "quesadillas", "tostadas", "chimichanga" and other
Hot green chili pepper - the card Mexican food, here there are more than 80 varieties. It makes hundreds of varieties of various sauces, stuffed, add in a variety of vegetable salads, meat dishes, fish, and, of course, to the corn.
Meat dishes are also extremely varied. Not knowing until the arrival of Europeans, cattle and chickens, the Indians have created many original recipes from local game (boiled snake, iguana with corn porridge, baked snake, and so on), but also quickly "brought to bear" and new products. And now "truly Mexican" are a variety of goulash "Ola podrida", boiled pork with vegetables "cipela", roast beef ribbons with a bean side dish "the carne asado", meat stuffing with tomato "picadillo"hot stuffed tortillas "empanada", dozens of species of fried or braised Turkey (like "Monte labiano"), original rolls "enchilada" stuffed with peppers, cheese, eggs or meat, lamb, Mexican, grilled on a skewer sliced pork "tacos al pastor, beef with beans, eggs ("Vallejo", "ranch" or with potatoes and ham), and "carnitas"chicken "Mexicali" and many others no less original dishes.
The range used vegetables are also extremely varied. In the first place, of course, beans, fresh and dried, fried and fresh, as filler cakes, soups and as a garnish to list all the dishes from them endlessly. Also preparing dozens of dishes from cactus "Nopal" (use the leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds), agave, beans, avocado-guacamole (used as starters, and secondly dishes), mushrooms, onions, tomatoes and other very popular kind of local fruit "chayot" consumed in baked, stewed or boiled, in casseroles, salads, garnishes, etc.
Fish recipes are also based on national traditions - the same abundance of corn and spices, and other Mexican dishes, and the same abundance of sauces and seasonings. Interesting cod "Yucatan", lutianus "Veracruz", tortillas with fish, swordfish with lemon or garlic sauce, seafood soup "Sopa de marisco", lobster with avocado and other
For dessert often go wonderful local fruits, extremely popular original dessert of fried sugar cane "Kanas asadas", beautiful pastries in the French style, sweet Royal bread "Rosca de Reyes", rolls and muffins, as well as delicious sweet dishes of vegetables and fruits - cherry "chimichanga", souffle corn, mango cream, "quesadillas", pumpkin in syrup, "shady-lady", various puddings with cream and nuts.
Of alcoholic beverages real glory of the country brought tequila is double distilled juice of the core of the blue agave), which has more than 300 species (officially approved four - Blanco, Joven, Reposado and Anejo), as well as traditional alcoholic beverages pulque, mezcal" (produced by simple distillation from five different species of agave), "socola" and "Bacanora". Also good Mexican wines (mostly created by the European technology), brandy don Pedro and beer "Corona".
Political system Mexico
Mexico is a Federal Republic. The head of state is the President, elected for six years. The legislature is bicameral national Congress (Senate and Chamber of deputies). Administrative divisions: 31 States and 1 Federal capital district.
About 100.3 million people. Modern ethnic composition formed from three components: indigenous Indian tribes and ethnic groups (28% of the total), European immigrants (mostly from Spain) and Africans. Currently, 60% of the population consider themselves "Mexicans" ("mejicanos", descendants of mixed marriages) and 30% of Indians.
Import and export of foreign currency is unlimited (Declaration required), Import and export of national currency - no more than 5 thousand Mexican pesos. When you enter Mexico, you must fill in a customs Declaration, which lists all of the valuable items that are imported into the country. For personal use are allowed to import 400 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams. tobacco, 2 liters of spirits or wine, 1 video camera, 1 camera and 12 films. Prohibits the importation of fruits, vegetables and products made from them, plants, cuttings and seeds of plants, flowers, meat, medicines without documentary evidence to prove the necessity of their use (require a prescription or medical records), psychotropic substances and pornographic publications. The export of archaeological treasures, Antiques, precious metals, of rare animals and birds, as well as their skins and stuffed.
Medical aid Mexico
Because Mexico is a country with high risk of gastrointestinal diseases, it is recommended to remember on measures of personal hygiene, to abandon street food and buy bottled water. In view of the fact that medical care in the country pay, it is advisable to departure to Mexico to get health insurance.
Working hours Mexico
Banks are open from 9.00 to 17.00 on weekdays and from 9.00 to 14.00 on Saturday. On Sunday, the banks do not work. Currency can be exchanged at major hotels, airports, offices exchange.
In Mexico, there are practically no passenger rail transportation. The road network is very well developed. The roads are mostly high class and share for free "Libre" and paid "quota". The most popular way to get from one city to another bus. The network of bus routes covering even the most remote areas of Mexico. Travel between major cities provide comfortable buses with wide seats, air conditioning, toilet and free drinks. The average cost is us $ 7). for every 100 km.
Potable water Mexico
Eat only foods that have undergone a heat treatment, only pasteurized milk, bottled or boiled water. Ice also does not always meet the standards.
The line voltage of 110 Volts, frequency 60 Hertz.
It is customary to leave in restaurants, bars, porters, taxi drivers, etc. - 10% of the total bill.
Helpful information Mexico
Police, ambulance, fire brigade and other emergency - 06.