MontenegroConvey in words the beauty of Montenegro is impossible - it is indescribable. This small but extraordinarily beautiful country, located on the south coast of the Adriatic Sea. At its tiny territory it miraculously fit all that can please your eye with its diversity. Passing into the sky mountain peaks, green valleys and meadows, narrow streets and cozy, of course, the crystal clear sea, which attracts to itself ...

Byron wrote about Montenegro as follows: "At the time of the birth of our planet's most beautiful meeting of land and sea took place in Montenegro. When seyalis gems of nature on this earth had a whole handful. "

In the heart of the Mediterranean, caressed by the sun and washed by the Adriatic sea is the cleanest small republic of Montenegro, better known in Europe as Montenegro. Blessed are those places on our planet where nature has created these masterpieces, which include and Montenegro - the wonderful world of natural beauty and contrasts.

In Montenegro, the abundance of places where history has left its pamyatniki.Starinnye cities, monasteries and cathedrals testify to the centuries-long mixture of cultures and customs.

On the territory of Montenegro preserved caves with rock paintings of primitive man, as well as one of the oldest settlements on the Adriatic coast, dates back to the fifth century BC, the site of which is now part of the old town of Budva. in the mouth of the Dukla, which was the center of the first independent nation of the Slavs in the Balkans, formed in the late tenth century. This state was known as Zeta. Heir kings Zetas Dzhuradzh Crnojevica founded in 1494g. printing press, which was the first book printed in Cyrillic in the Balkans. This book is kept in the town of Cetinje museum, which is the historical capital of Montenegro.

The capital of Montenegro - Podgorica.

Country of Black Mountain is located on the Balkan Peninsula. In South-East it borders with Albania, in the North-East - with Serbia, in the North-West - with Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well - with Croatia.

The abundance and diversity of natural and cultural - historical value Montenegro belongs to one of the most interesting countries in Europe. Some towns in Montenegro are included in the UNESCO list, and sandy and shallow - shingle beaches, with a total length of 54 km, which for centuries been famous for its fantastic beauty and comfort, considered among the best in the Adriatic. Territory of Montenegro covers a great variety of amazing beauty of lakes and rivers. The most famous of the rivers - Tara, a depth of 1300 m. Due to clean water, attractive landscapes, rivers of Montenegro are ideal for rafting, swimming and fishing.

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Sights Montenegro

Budva - Montenegro's main tourist center. There is almost everything: discotheques, many restaurants and bars, casino, sports grounds, tennis courts. This place is ideal for active and fun vacation. Life here does not stop for a moment, the streets are always crowded.

Numerous small-pebble beaches stretching for several kilometers. The most popular beach, located in the center of the city - "Slavic beach. It is urban, but because the entrance to it is free, only need to pay for sun loungers and umbrellas. Of the paid the most popular beaches "Mogren" (entrance for residents of the Hotel Grand Avala "- free) - he hid in a cozy cove for the Old Town. Several beautiful beaches are paid in a pine forest between Budva and Becici.

Tivat - a modern port city, situated at the entrance to Boka Bay, it is called the gate Boka Bay. This picturesque town, surrounded by beautiful parks of the Adriatic coast, which created the sailors who brought here from all over the world of exotic plants. Tivat - a green city. Especially beautiful city park, where palm trees, mimosa, etc. Tivat is also the air gate of Montenegro - 5 km from the city is the international airport.

In the area of the archipelago is always very calm sea, which allows for the entire season to engage in water skiing. A wonderful Mediterranean climate (over 200 sunny days per year), rich vegetation, crystal clear waters attract tourists. In the town there are summer theater, museum, art gallery.

Kotor - a city bustling pageantry, national festivals, bright memorable carnival, international fashion shows. Since 1979, under the patronage of UNESCO, the city also became a venue for international conferences.
The beauty of the city emphasizes the powerful fortification system, which is protected as a monument of world culture, it is based on walls height up to 20 and a width of 15 meters. This wall surround not only the old that, but raised high in the mountains, to the fortress of St. Ivan. Their length is 4.5 kilometers.

Once the former capital of Montenegro, Sitindzh is on a high plateau between the Bay of Kotor and Lake Skadar. When the rest of the region was absorbed by the Ottoman Empire, Montenegro remained independent only because Sitindzh was very easy to protect and defend it. The most impressive building in the city - the former palace, now a state museum of history of the city. On the contrary - the former home of Prince-Bishop Sitindzh. Sitindzh Monastery, founded in 1484 and restored in 1785, has a treasury of artifacts, including a collection of liturgical songs, printed in 1494.

Herceg Novi
Herzen Novi - the city of the sun and flowers, artists and poets. The city is situated on the shores of Boka Kotor Bay, unique in its beauty. Along the coast you can walk along the boulevard "Seven Dunitz. On the history of the city said its bastions Shpanola, Forte Mare Kanli Kula, as well as numerous architectural monuments, the most famous of which - an ancient monastery Savina, built over 1000 years ago is the real treasure of artistic and cultural heritage. Near the town is the famous medical tourism center Igalo.

The resort is located in the very south of Montenegro. Most of Ulcinj are covered with sand, of which the most beautiful is the "Big Beach. Ultsinskaya Riviera is famous for its dry climate and sandy, with medicinal properties. Ancient Ulcinj can offer its visitors an exotic Shack Lake, House of Venice, Old Town.

Ulcinj - is quite a modern resort that meets the high standards of travel and holiday needs.
A great number of historical monuments, luxury hotels, immersed in greenery and many other attractive places, extended swimming season and the mild Mediterranean climate - all these make Ulcinj unique and attractive city for many tourists.

Unique island-hotel, located 9 km from Budva and connected with the mainland by a narrow isthmus. This unusual and one of the most attractive places on the Adriatic coast, where there is a hotel that provides the possibility of a quiet secluded vacation in a beautiful corner of nature. The island has two equipped beach in 50 meters, one - only for hotel guests.

Here rest many famous guests: Carlo Ponti, Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Indira Gandhi, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Claudia Schiffer, Elizabeth II, Kirk Douglas, Sylvester Stallone, Sophia Loren, Jeremy Irons and many others.

In the town of carefully preserved medieval architecture. Small squares, winding streets, churches and houses converted into hotels, have kept their identity.

The resort is located 3 km from Budva, to which constantly runs tourist steam engine. Long sandy beaches and calm seas are ideal for sports and recreation. In 1936, golden pebble beach has received the Grand Prix in Paris and declared the most beautiful beaches in Europe.

Beaches in the country are different. Fine sand beaches typical Ultsinskoy Budva Riviera and Riviera, but is largely concerned with very fine gravel (eg at such resorts as Zhanits, Njivice, Sutomore). Resorts Tivat, Bar, Igalo you can see the artificial beach is covered with concrete platforms. Beaches themselves are different: paid, free, crowded, Nudist. However, almost all of them are located in the quiet secluded places in the bays between the cliffs, sealed from the wind.

In Montenegro, coming to rest a lot of nudists, and there is a whole nudist village - "Ada Bojana", located on the outskirts of the largest beach "Great beach" (the length of its 13 kilometers). This nudist center that can accommodate up to 1000 people - the biggest in Europe.

Climate Montenegro

Climate in Montenegro - the Mediterranean. Average temperature in summer - +27 C. The swimming season in Montenegro begins in late April and continues until the end of October. The temperature of the sea for seven months, ranging from +20 C to +26 C. Best time to visit the country - from May to October.

Time Montenegro

Time in Montenegro behind Moscow for 2 hours.

Language Montenegro

Official language - Serbian. Serbian language easy to understand for Russian tourists, as "many similar words.

Writing - Cyrillic and Latin. Many hotels service information is duplicated in Russian.

Money Montenegro

The only legitimate currency is the euro.

Visa Montenegro

For entry into Montenegro directly (by plane to Podgorica and Tivat), citizens of Russia, Byelorussia and Ukraine, no visa is required.

For entry into the country required documents:
  • passport
  • voucher (for a tourist visit)
  • original letter of invitation from relatives or friends, notarized (if an individual trip)
  • invitation of the Montenegrin partner, stamped and signed by the responsible person (for business travel)

    Citizens of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine may be on the territory of Montenegro in order to travel no more than 30 days.

    If the path passes through Serbia (after Belgrade by rail) and Croatia (through the airport in Dubrovnik), is necessary to issue a transit visa at the embassy. Turnaround time - 1-2 days.

    To obtain a transit visa you must have documents:
  • passport
  • book hotel for the duration of stay
  • A completed application form
  • Tickets to both sides
  • Traditions Montenegro

    Serbs and Montenegrins, although they are two branches of one ethnic group, differ markedly from each other in character and outlook. The tragic fate of the Balkan lands, for centuries served as a lure for all kinds of aggression and occupation, and imposed upon the character of these people an indelible mark, easily traced in our days.

    Montenegrins are very proud and independent, with surprising peace-loving and tolerant of all manifestations of other cultures. Here, you will not see ethnic strife, the recent political crises and wars have not touched this very fertile land, no one is deceived in the store and not calculated by the market (although Montenegrins like to bargain and know how), apparent in respect to any faith or belief, and there is absolutely no traction the "beautiful life".

    In Serbia and Montenegro is sufficiently great respect for the Russian people and the countries of the former USSR, which are welcome almost everywhere. There is nothing ostentatious - for the most part well apply to all foreign tourists, but the age-old links between our peoples are not eroded the memory of people, although somewhat "blurred" the events of recent years. Contribute to this and the almost total absence of language barrier - Serbo-Croatian albeit very remotely similar to Russian, but, nevertheless, united in its linguistic basis, and graphics and plenty of people who know Russian, "Since ancient times, and eliminates this distinction. However, young people, as everywhere else, prefers to study Western languages. English language, although used almost everywhere, especially in trade and resort business, but not very popular among the population.

    At the meeting local residents, irrespective of creed, greet each other in a European way - a handshake. In some southern areas during the meeting familiar people are allowed hugs and kisses with strangers is unacceptable. When you visit someone's home generally accepted small gifts. It is appreciated by local residents the ability to speak and carry on a conversation. Lengthy dialogues for any table, whether a street cafe or a private house, can be seen everywhere.

    Traditional cuisine Montenegro

    Since Montenegro - sea coast, in her kitchen, a lot of fish and seafood. One of the main Montenegrin cuisine is a seafood stew of different kinds of fish. In the depths of the country's popular bleak, freshwater fish, a species native to the Skadar Lake. Very pretty bleak, smoked, cooked on the brazier and served with red wine.

    At the same time in Montenegro, love and meat dishes, mostly of mutton and pork. They are trained using kajmak - an essential product in the kitchen of any of the local landlady. Prepared kaimak so simple that it usually does not buy, and make at home. To do this, take milk, better than sheep, pour into a flat bowl and put in warm oven for about three hours. Then refrigerate. The resulting upper layer is carefully removed, shifted into another bowl and lightly salted. Fresh kaimak - white and very delicate taste.

    Standing, kajmak can begin to ferment, and then acquires a yellowish color. Fresh kaimak often added to a yeast dough. And it is, in turn, - the main ingredient for cooking anything else, the pie with cheese filling. In kajmak often stewed lamb or chicken - from this they become very tender. The best meat is the result of fighting over low heat in a metal cauldron, hanging with the help of special chains - chains.

    But even in Montenegro are very fond of ham. It is believed that the best ham is done in Njeguši, a small village near Cetinje, the old capital of the country. She has a special taste because the pork that is used for the manufacture of ham, dried up in the mountains, where very clean air. Ham served as an entrée, for example, to lozovachu, grape moonshine. This is - a strong national alcoholic beverage produced from the best grape varieties, such as the firstborn, and Kroon.

    However, all this to try better to come to Montenegro. Hospitality - the national trait of Montenegrins.

    Political system Montenegro

    Confederation of the two republics of the former SFRY (full official name - "State Union of Serbia and Montenegro) - Serbia (in its composition 2 nominally autonomous provinces - Vojvodina and Metohija) and Montenegro. The status of Kosovo (nominally part of Serbia) is still to be determined (in accordance with UNSCR 1244 Kosovo has been run by international peace-keeping forces of the interim period of UN administration - UNMIK). The main document of community - the Constitutional Charter, the fixed rules of the two republics since February 2006 to hold referendums on independence.

    Population Montenegro

    Approximately 10.8 million people, mostly Serbs (63%), Albanians (16%, for the most part live in Kosovo), Montenegrins (5%), Hungarians (3.3%, mainly living in the autonomous province of Vojvodina) , Bosnians, Croats, Greeks, etc.

    Customs Montenegro

    Allowed to import and export any amount of declarative currency.

    Medical aid Montenegro

    Insurance health care system. First aid will be provided free of charge, for a more thorough examination fee is charged. Foreigners are advised to refer only to special hospitals (Hospital Boris Kidrich, Klinichki Centar, etc.).

    Advice for foreigners is about 3-10 euros depending on the disease. In each community (subdivision) has a public polyclinic ( "House of health"), which will be provided a qualified first aid. Almost everywhere in cities and large towns are the doctors engaged in private practice.

    Most clinics is open from Tuesday to Saturday from 7.00 to 13.00-17.00. Chemists have and state (usually in the room "houses of health"), and private. The range of drugs, both local and foreign, is quite extensive.

    Working hours Montenegro

    Shops are open daily from 6:00 to 20:00. In tourist centers - 23:00. Some shops are open on Sundays. From the souvenir stands to buy extraordinary beauty homespun cloth with a pattern.

    Commercial banks operate on Thursdays from 8.00 to 15.00 and on Fridays from 8.00 to 13.00. At the weekend, all banks are closed, are only some of the money changers.

    Transport Montenegro

    Because of the small size of the country, internal flights available.

    Montenegro has no internal rail. The only line leads from the bar in Serbian Belgrade, Podgorica and through Byalo Polje. In this area there are up to 4 daily trains, one night, with sleeping berths.

    There are four types of trains: "ekspresni" (Express), proverbs (soon), "brzi" (speed) and "putnitski" (passenger). Prices for different categories of trains are different, but in general, low-cost tickets. The night train to Belgrade is only a sleeping car with a reserved seat cost about 4 euros in second-class compartment with three seats, about 3 euros in four-compartment and 2.5 euros in a six. Place in a first-class sleeper costs about 7 euros. Trip Bar - Belgrade will cost about 4-5 euros in the second grade and 5-6 euros in the first (524 km, the journey takes about 7,5 hours). Baggage to the set limit (about 50 kg.) Is not paid.

    In the summer season the number of trains increases according to the summer schedule. On passing train buy a ticket is difficult, therefore, is to reserve seats in advance. Most trains have compartments for smokers. Travel "Inter-Rail" and Euro-Rail "does not apply. Stations in Podgorica and Bar have luggage storage facilities, for which you want to show a passport.

    Public transport in cities for the most part have outdated machines. Travel vouchers can be purchased at any newsagent. Entering the salon, you must validate ticket. You can pay the fare on a streetcar or bus directly to the driver, but in this case, the fare will rise almost 2 times. Reusable tickets are sold in tobacco shops.

    In Montenegro, the bus is sometimes the only means of transport. Money for travel and tickets (purchased at the box office bus station) collects the driver. Stopovers are allowed, as well as a bus stop at the request of a voter on the sidelines, so often domestic flights running out of schedule.

    Electricity Montenegro

    Mains voltage 220 volts, 50 hertz. Sockets European standard.

    Smoking Montenegro

    Most people in the country - smokers. Even in public transport and in public institutions constantly to be found smoking individuals. Also often noisy company, diligently engaged libation, but drinking with the locals - a rare phenomenon.

    Tip Montenegro

    Accepted norm in hotels, taxis, restaurants, bars and other service industries - 10-15 percent of the cost of services.

    Clothes Montenegro

    The attitude to dress quite informally, European clothes made elsewhere, but tracksuits are unlikely to generate awareness in restaurants and cafes. People in "inappropriate" as simply not allowed in most restaurants and even more so - at official events. Evening clothes rather informal, but conservative, and based on local traditions (Serbs and Montenegrins with this piety belong to their national costume). For a foreigner compliance with local standards of clothes for such cases is not necessarily - just the presence of long pants or dresses, and shirts or blouses in classic style (in some cases - a jacket).

    Helpful information Montenegro

    Emergency Telephone Service: Police - 92 Fire - 93, ambulance - 92, Reference Desk - 988.