The Netherlands is a country of tulips, windmills and bicycles is mostly flat reclaimed land. Sophisticated urban centers and sleepy provincial towns fit into a vast panorama created by meandering channels, walls and dams. In capital cities life does not freeze even for a minute, they are constantly in the midst of the business of bustle and activity, seasonal festivals, cultural and artistic events...
The Netherlands is a country in North-West Europe area of 42 sq km In the East it borders with Germany, on the South by Belgium. On the North and West by the North sea.
The Netherlands is a flat country ("the Netherlands" low land), more than 40% of its surface lies below sea level (the highest point in the country, Vaalserberg, 321 meters, the lowest - 6,7 m below sea level). Large areas in the coastal areas occupied by the "polders" - artificially reclaimed land, crossed by numerous dams, rivers and canals. About 70% of the country - landscapes, natural areas are very few, and they are carefully protected.
The capital is Amsterdam, but the Parliament and the seat of government is located in the Hague.
Itself the Netherlands, 40% of its territory is below sea level and it literally "created" by the people of the earth may already be considered a self-sufficient cultural monument. The entire coastline of the country surrounded by a system of check dams and other hydraulic structures, the total length of which exceeds 3 thousand km of the City of Holland - the masterpieces of medieval architecture that combines majestic cathedrals, picturesque canals, old houses, churches, town halls and up-to-date facilities. Plantation flowers - "calling card" of the Netherlands, in the spring, almost the whole country is covered with multi-colored carpet of flowering plants, in contrast with the ever-gray sky of the sea coast, creates an indescribable atmosphere of this earth. Another integral part of the Dutch landscape - mills, many of which still carry out their functions.
Amsterdam ("the dam on the Amstel river") is a city of hundreds of channels through which spanned more than 600 bridges, the most beautiful of them Blouberg and Maher Brug ("Skinny bridge"). Channels - an indispensable attribute of all excursions around the city - from the water you can see most of the sights of Amsterdam, hundreds of picturesque bridges, to feel the spirit of the city and its unique atmosphere.
Most of sightseeing starts from the beautiful red brick building with a clock and a weather vane in the neo-Gothic style - Central station (XIX century), which separates the city proper from the old harbour Hey. From the station the fan run the streets and groty" - the canals of Amsterdam, including the main street of the city - Amsterdam, using which you can get to the historic center of the city - Quarter of Large channels". Encircling its channels Single ("defensive"), Herengracht ("channel masters"), Keizersgracht ("Imperial")and Prinsengracht ("channel of the princes") and many others, divide the city on 90 Islands. Quarter Large channels is first of all the famous Dam square, the center of gravity "informals" from all over the world, which are the Royal Palace with a huge Museum (XVII century, the Royal family does not live here now), the monument of Freedom (1956, in the base of a sealed capsule with the earth in those countries where fought the Dutch), Give Kerk ("new Church", 1408, was rebuilt several times) - the place of coronation of the Dutch monarchs, and the famous Madame Tussauds. Nearby Bourse Berlage (1897 - 1903 years.), who served in the middle ages mint wooden Tower Mount with a spire and clock (1620), the zero point of the sea level for the world - Amsterdam sea gauge, a complex of buildings of the East India company, one of the most interesting buildings of the town - House of shipbuilders, the Museum of torture and the sex Museum in Amsterdam, as well as numerous beautiful house of the XVI-XVII centuries
In Amsterdam a great number of churches, among which stand out the oldest Church of the city - the Gothic Ude-kirk (1300, "old Church") which hosts organ concerts, the biggest in the Netherlands, the Renaissance Church of the Westerkerk ("Western", 1619) to the tomb of Rembrandt, the first Protestant Church in the country - Suckers ("South"), Noorderkerk ("North", 1620-23, and once the world's largest Portuguese synagogue (1675), and one of the largest Catholic cathedrals of Europe - Amstelkring (XVII century), which now is a Museum.
Amsterdam is one of the largest art and Museum centers around the world. You can visit the largest art Museum in the Netherlands and one of the best in Europe - the Rijksmuseum (1885, Flemish paintings of the XV - XVII centuries), Dutch historical Museum in the East wing of the Rijksmuseum, Museum of modern art, the Stedelijk (modern art), the van Gogh Museum with the world's largest collection of his works (about 200 paintings and 580 drawings, Museum of Rembrandt in the building of the XVII century on Jodenbreestraat, Amsterdam Historical Museum, the famous Museum of the tropics, the Anne Frank Museum, museums diamond factories, Museum brewing company Heineken, the Cabinet of cats, the Jewish historical Museum in the United building of 4 synagogues, the only Museum in Europe cannabis, marijuana and hemp on Oudezijds Achterburgwal, and located in the adjacent building of the Museum of tattoos and lots of other not less than the original collections.
In addition to historical and cultural monuments, many visitors are attracted to the famous "red light district" in front of the Central station and great shopping place in the city - from flea markets, Waterlooplein and area of Spain, "flower bazaars along the Single Monetary area (Muntplein), to chic jewelry stores Fire diamonds, Amsterdam diamonds the centre and others. Traditional places for shopping are the areas of streets Kalverstraat, Give-Vendik, Rokin, Damstraat, Leidsestraat and Vijzelstraat, as well as the Jordaan and Magna Plaza. Market hall Zwarte Markt, located 15 km North of the city, is considered the largest market in Europe.
In Zaandam, lying 20 km North of Amsterdam, be sure to visit the cabin of Peter the great and architectural Museum under the open sky "Zaandam in the seventeenth century". North of Zaandam is the famous Alkmaar ("surrounded by water") is the only city in the world, where up to now preserved medieval cheese fairs and even Guild porters cheese". Interesting narrow medieval streets, the city's numerous canals, St. Lawrence and the Gothic town Hall. There's also a lovely cheese Museum, the Museum complex Cans Chance, the national beer Museum in the old brewery, Dutch oven Museum and the Municipal Museum of history and arts.
Lying to the West of Amsterdam city of Haarlem from the eleventh and thirteenth centuries was the residence of the Dutch pfaltzgraff, and therefore full of monuments of history and culture of not less than Amsterdam or the Hague. The city centre is the Grote Markt, surrounded by medieval buildings. Here are the town Hall, the Church of Sint-Bavo Cathedral with the tomb of the Frans Hals Museum and the famous organ (1738), nearby stands the old Haarlem hospice (1608), which now housed the city Museum Hals. Interesting Bishop Museum, the Museum of industrial art in the castle of the eighteenth century, the Church of the Grote Kerk (XV - XVI centuries), and old "meat ranks" (XVII century).
The Hague (Gravenhage) - the seat of government, Parliament and the Royal court, the third largest and one of the oldest (1248) cities in the country, although the status of the city of the Hague only got 1811 This town officials, diplomats and retired. Here is the peace Palace, which operates the international court of justice. Around the ancient castle of the Binnenhof (1248), which now meets Parliament - General States, lies the historic city centre. In front of the castle, plein, stands a monument of William I of Orange, and is surrounded by many beautiful architectural and historical monuments - building Tribunal Ridderzaal (XIII century), the medieval prison Havenport (now here is the Museum of the Inquisition), the Ministry of the colonies, the country's oldest city Arcade (1882 - 1885,) of the Ministry of justice and the book club De Witte. Nearby is the Palace of the former Governor of the Dutch possessions in Brazil - the Mauritshuis (1633-1644,), which is one of the best art galleries in the world - the Royal art gallery with a collection of works by Dutch and Flemish masters of painting of the XV - XVII centuries - Rembrandt, Vermeer, Hals, the Wall and the other Near the town hall square is the Gothic Old town Hall, Berlage stock exchange and the famous Cathedral of the city - the Church of the Grote Kerk (XV - XVI centuries) pictured on the front of the coats of arms of the knights of the Golden Fleece and the symbol of the city - bell with a picture of a stork.
The residence of the Queen is in the Palace of Koninklijk Palais Noordeinde (1533 - 1655, the summer is open for free visits (the Queen lives in the Palace Hayes-ten-BOS). Another attraction of the city Park Madurodam, a Museum under the open sky, where in 1: 25 scale presents almost the whole country and all its monuments, with all these skillfully made layouts acting! Also interesting ultramodern quarter of Residence, created by the best architects of the world. Many tourists are attracted built at the expense of Napoleon Bonaparte Walloon Church (1807), the house-Museum of Spinoza, a unique Museum of chocolates and candy Haagse almshouse estates, the old Catholic Church (1722), the peace Palace (1913), the art gallery of Prince Wilhelm V, the international press Museum, postal Museum and the Museum of costume, as well as the Aquarium and Marine centre, where there is walking on the bottom of the ocean underwater tunnel and excellent environmental exposure.
Not far from the Hague are the world-famous sea resort Sheveningen and the historic city of Delft (1246) - the birthplace of the famous Dutch blue and white porcelain, famous for along with this its Renaissance town Hall (1619) with the tower, the monastery of St. Agatha (XIV century), the chapel of St. Hippolytus (1400), Church (1250) with a leaning bell tower" (1325), and the National Museum Lambert van Martena and Gothic Church Give-kirk (XIV - XV centuries) with the graves of members of the Royal dynasty. They say that the Market square of Delft, with a 109-foot bell tower Give-kirk - the most beautiful in the country.
Rotterdam, the largest port in Europe and the second largest city in the country, lies on one of the Northern branches of the vast Delta of the Rhine - R. Lek. First Chronicles mention it in 1238, and to 1340 Rotterdam was already one of the major cities of Europe. The old town was almost completely destroyed during the Second World war, so the old monuments are almost lost, but restored modern Rotterdam impresses its guests with bold architectural solutions and business activity.
The best preserved part of the city is the area of Delft port Delftshaven, busy narrow streets, canals, historic buildings and windmills. Here is the first skyscraper in Europe - Het Witte Hayes (45 meters, 1898). The territory of the old port densely surrounded by new buildings. In the city centre, the Maritime Museum of Prince Hendrik, stands the bronze statue of "the Scream" ("the Devastated city") in memory of the murdered old town, nearby the Historical Museum in the Palace of the XVII century, the building of the Kunsthal (exhibition of art works of the XIX - XX centuries) and the building in the form of a tower with a beacon - famous Museum Baumana van Beuningen in the Netherlands collection of Flemish masters of the XV - XVI centuries You can visit the city's Cathedral, St. Laurenskerk (XVI century) with the set before him by the statue of Erasmus, or the largest in the country, the town Hall (1920), the monument to Peter the great on the banks of the Meuse, as well as e-Mail and Exchange. Above the town rises the mass of the tower Euromast (1960, 185 m), on top of which is a rotating observation deck, which offers a magnificent panorama of the city and a huge port. In the quarter Kralingen is a beautiful Botanical garden, and going into the downtown area, you can admire the modern high-rise buildings, banks and offices, many of which are only a few meters lower than Euromast. Among museums Academy of arts, the Conservatory, the Museum of Ethnography, Museum of entomology, Museum of history and wonderful blijdorp zoo.
Utrecht is an ancient University town located in the center of the country. A characteristic feature of the city - bunk channels, connected by numerous bridges with adjacent houses, which in the middle ages served as warehouses, cargo from barges to storage to handle directly. The terraces of the first tier transformed into numerous charming cafes and restaurants, and the channels are, for the most part for pleasure trips and holidays. "Business card" of Utrecht is the oldest Gothic Cathedral in the country with the highest in the Netherlands spire - Domkerk (1254 - 1517,), is also an interesting town Hall (XIX century), the famous University (acts XVII century), the Museum of coins, the Museum of the society of art and science, the railway Museum, the Central Museum (collection of works of art of the early XVII century), medieval houses and one of the largest collections of medieval art in the Museum of Christianity.
Maastricht, one of the most ancient cities in the country and the administrative centre of the province of Limburg, lies on the South of the country, on the border with Belgium. One of the main attractions of the city - the remains of the defensive line van du Moulin (walls, bastions, underground mine galleries, and so on), as well as the labyrinth of 20 thousand caves Sint-Petersburg, also used as dungeons and warehouses during the many sieges of the city. No less interesting krasausiene as architectural monuments of medieval burgher houses of the old town, narrow streets and bridges, the oldest in the Netherlands the city gates (1299), Hall (XVII - XVIII centuries), the symbol of the city - the Cathedral of Sint-Serves (Sint-Servercert, VI century), many museums - Episcopal, art and antiquities, art Bonnefanten Museum, and also the most beautiful Romanesque Basilica of the Netherlands - the Church of Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe (or Onze-Lieve-Brau, XII century) on the same square. Near Tilburg is unique for Europe Safari Park and the amusement Park the Efteling.
Lying in the North of Groningen famous for its churches - St. Martin (XIII - XVI centuries) to the tower (XVI century), AA (XIII century) and Give-kirk (XVII century)and the remains of a Roman settlement. Maritime Museum of Groningen and original tobacco Museum is considered one of the best in Europe, and in the town library is stored Latin translation of the New Testament, made by Erasmus, with notes of Martin Luther.
Along the Northern coast of the country stretches province of Friesland and the island Wadden, interesting, first of all, their "wild" landscapes, dunes, numerous lakes, pine forests, seaside resorts and secluded villages, retaining the originality of the culture of the resident ethnic groups of friezes. The capital of the province - Leeuwarden, is interesting for its ancient ramparts, the justice Palace, the town Hall, the best collection of porcelain and faience products country estate Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel and unique Frisian Museum, depicting the artistic traditions and culture of this interesting province. In the village Veloster is a branch of this Museum with a wonderful collection of toys. In Dokkum is another Frisian Museum of folk art, in Franeker is a unique planetarium (XVIII century), your University (considered at one time second in importance after the Leiden) and the oldest student residences. In Sneek is located Frisian Maritime Museum and a superb yacht club, and in Kollum - luxury homes in a traditional style and the magnificent town Hall (FIFTEENTH century). National Park De Kennemerduinen ("canamerica dunes") is more than 1000 hectares of natural dune area on the North sea coast, being one of the few areas of natural vegetation, many small ponds, and beautiful pine and deciduous forests with natural fauna.
The largest national Park De Hoge Veluwe is known, inter alia, one of the largest in Europe sculpture Museum in Otterlo is more than 20 hectares placed outdoors masterpieces of the most famous European artists of the twentieth century, and also the richest private art collection of a couple the Kröller-müller.
In the Netherlands, there are plenty of medieval castles, palaces and castles. Fortress Emmerson (XIV century) is famous for its exhibition of objects found during excavations in the castle moat, castle Middachten (1190, rebuilt in the XVII century) - one of the few fully preserved together with the whole atmosphere of medieval castles in the country, Valkenburg was built on a rocky base (1100) and the famous extensive system of underground passages leading to the vast labyrinth of caves, interesting castles De Haar, Breda (XIV century) and other
Moderate sea, very wet. The average January temperature is +1-3 C, in July - +16-17 C. Rainfall is 650-800 mm, fairly evenly distributed among the seasons. Despite a fairly warm climate, frequent westerly winds cause a sharp drop in temperature even in the warmest months.
Behind Moscow for 2 hours.
Dutch. Spoken English, German course.
EUR (EURO)1 EURO = 100 EURO cent. Banknotes: 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 euros. Coins: 2 and 1 Euro; 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.
The Netherlands is included in the Schengen area. Visas are issued by the Embassy of the Netherlands in Moscow. You can contact the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the following cases:
• if You intend to visit only the Netherlands.
• if You intend to visit several Schengen countries, while the Netherlands is the country of your main destination (this means that most of the time You will be in the Netherlands);
• if You intend to visit several Schengen countries and the Netherlands are not a country of your main destination, You can contact the Embassy of the Netherlands, only if the Netherlands is the first country You intend to visit.
Documents required to obtain a tourist visa in the Netherlands:
• 1 completed and signed application form (visa application form should be filled in by hand or on a typewriter in English or Dutch, as an exception in German or French).
• 1 not outdated photograph on the passport.
• Passport, valid at least for 3 months. after returning from the Netherlands.
• Old (cancelled) passport containing a Schengen visa (if any);
• Hotel reservation for the whole period, including other countries you intend to visit during this trip. Attention The hotel can be booked via the Internet.
• Copy of all pages (except blank) internal passport
• Proof of ability to pay: Bank letter or Bank statement no more than 3 months ago 34 Euro per person per day
• Reservation ticket with fixed dates
• certificate of employment issued by the moment of conversion, on company letterhead indicating the positions, dates of employment, monthly salary and information about the next vacation
• for entrepreneurs - registration in the CCI + a copy of the taxpayer
• for students - transcript from the educational institution
• for children copy of the notarized consent from parents
• for foreigners - copy of the Russian entry-exit visa or a residence permit + registration, valid for at least 3 months. after returning from the Netherlands.
Submission of visa application is made in person or by proxy (not notarized), but only if the passport(s) the applicant has 2 Schengen visa, obtained them for the last 3 years, issued by the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Moscow. To get passports with visas can any person. Visa processing takes in most cases is 3 working days, with additional review of documents about two weeks. Consular fee (35?) payable directly before applying for a visa.
The procedure for obtaining a visa for the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba takes about 7 days (visa fee is 35?). Arabiska visa application form must be completed in English or Dutch languages except Spanish, German or French. Remember that on arrival at the airport you may be asked to show proof of your ability to pay.
The vast majority of the population are Christians (Catholic 38%, Protestant 30%and also free live representatives of almost all world religions.
Amsterdam - Amsterdam carnival (February), Amsterdam weeks of art and Blues Festival (March), the annual Demonstration against racism (March 21), the main holiday of the country - Queen's Birthday (April 30), the Dutch theatre festival (June), jazz Festival North sea (July), the Big annual parade (August 15), a beautiful flower Festival (September), Jordan festival (mid-September), the international festival of hemp (third week of November), the solemn procession of Santa Claus (6 December), the day of St. Nicholas (5-19 December) and the day of St. Sylvester (on 31 December).
In Maastricht is famous culinary festival "Prevenient" (last Sunday of August). In the summer across the country are traditional fairs and folk festivals - "Kermes", as well as many days of the fisherman", various music festivals and sporting events.
Festival of cannabis in Amsterdam
Amsterdam is famous not only for its museums and canals, but also coffee shops that offer a variety of varieties of marijuana. Every year on November 20-24, there is a Festival hemp. Within five days the coffee shops compete in five categories: best grade of marijuana best cannabis best marijuana seeds and best product of the processing of hemp (for example, beer or muffins). The jury evaluates the appearance, smell and taste of the product, and it produces the effect. To get to the jury anybody who is ready to pay 200 euros for the Cannabis Cup judge''s pass. For those who are planning to buy it in advance, ordering by phone or online, the ticket price will be below $ 200.
Visitors will be able to try hemp food from sandwiches until the cheese and see hemp fashion. You can buy different devices for Smoking marijuana and Souvenirs. These days, the shops offer a large selection of jewelry, essential oils and cosmetics on the basis of hemp, as well as clothing made from hemp fiber
January 1 - New year.
3rd - 4th week of April - good Friday.
April 30 - Queen's birthday, a national holiday.
may 1 - Labor Day.
4 may - the Day of remembrance, a Day of commemoration of victims of the Second World war.
5 may - Day of victory over fascism.
15 August - national Day of remembrance.
December 25 - Day Saint. Nicholas.
25, 26 December - Christmas.
26 December - Boxing Day ("Boxing Day").
If a holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, then the output is often declared the previous Friday or following Monday.
The Dutch are sincerity, honesty, and frugality, moderation. Wealth never put on display.
If the Dutchman is in the room, he greeted everyone present, and this applies not only to business offices, and shops, waiting rooms, coupe railway cars.
In relation to the Dutch never to show a sense of superiority. Such acts give rise to a feeling of rejection.
An important aspect of success is planning. Every aspect of the problem is detailed. In this Dutch is similar to German. Almost all Dutch entrepreneurs speak good English. Residents of countries distinguished not only by the wide spread of the English language, but also respect for all British.
The Netherlands is the only country in the world where officially authorized the use of soft drugs, which are sold all adult in kafeshopy. That is officially allowed only a product of agriculture natural - marijuana, hashish. Potent opium, cocaine, crack, and psychedelic achievements of modern chemistry are being prosecuted in the Netherlands as well as in the rest of the civilized world.
Traditional cuisine Netherlands
Traditional Dutch cuisine is famous for its "village" thoroughness, extensive use of little incongruous at first glance, products, and excellent traditions in cooking seafood. Favorite dish - "Haring", i.e. a special way cooked salted herring with a slice of cucumber or onion. Also popular fried fresh fillet of herring with onions, braised in the oven perch with vegetables, smoked eel garnished with eggs and lemon, fresh herring fillets - "Machias", fried fish or meat meatballs "kroketten", as well as numerous dishes from fish, shrimp and shellfish (for their consumption, the country ranks first in the world). Grilled fish dishes is usually served with a leafy salad or potato wedges French fries "potato". The menu is usually a lot of vegetables and dairy products. In addition, to truly Dutch cuisine is ranked pancakes.
Meat consume relatively little, but try to use any piece in the course are even offal and meat scraps, however, with great imagination cooked. The most typical dish is "hotpot (hotspot" or "hot pot") is a gentle boiled or stewed meat with vegetable puree, is also worth a try "stampot" - mashed potatoes with cabbage, bacon or smoked sausage, braised pork knuckles, beans with bacon "chanties"sausages "worthies" and the national dish of rice, meat and vegetables - "rijstafel".
Very loved by the Dutch delicious soups - soup of crushed peas with smoked sausage "Arten soup, soup celery, broth with slices of ham and carrots "consomme sweat-and-Fe, etc.
It is impossible to imagine the Dutch kitchen without hot sandwiches of all varieties. The most "famous" hot three-layer sandwich with scrambled eggs, bacon and ham "rauschmayer", canape with cheese, ham and butter balls "broodjes" with all kinds of fillings, opelcorsa sandwiches with apples or Rotterdam sandwiches with bacon and tomatoes. The main ingredient in them is top-notch Dutch cheese is the special pride of the country. As a separate snack often served cubes of cheese with fruits, vegetables or meat products. Dutch salads also imply obligatory cheese.
Of alcoholic beverages, the Dutch prefer all sorts of Beers and vodka, preferring juniper, more like gin, "Never". The country also make first-class liquors, the most popular famous "orange Bitters".
Political system Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy. Head of state is the king (currently Queen Beatrix). The legislature is bicameral Parliament (the States General). Part of the country consists of 12 provinces, as well as a group of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba in the Caribbean sea.
16.3 million people, about 10% of the population are minorities.
The importation of arms, drugs and animals is prohibited. On imports of certain items restrictions: adults can bring in 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars (100 small cigars or 50g of tobacco; they are also allowed to enter 1 liter of alcoholic beverages, the alcohol content exceeding 22%, or 2 litres of alcoholic beverages, the alcohol content which reaches 22 percent (including wine). In duty-free shops, you can't buy more than 1 carton of cigarettes, or 50 cigars, more than 2 litres of wine, 1 liter of alcohol, 50 g of perfume and 25 grams of free water. The import and export of foreign and national currency is not limited.
Medical aid Netherlands
Pay, medical insurance is required. Any additional risks to health.
Working hours Netherlands
Open from 8.00 to 16.00 on weekdays, lunch break from 12.00 to 13.30. On Fridays, some banks are closed one hour earlier. Offices "GWK" open from 8.00 to 20.00, Sunday - from 10.00 till 16.00.
Shops are open from 8.30 (9.00) to 17.30 (18.00)once a week (usually on Mondays) closed 12.00-13.00 and on Thursdays mode extended till 21.00. Grocery stores on Saturday open until 16.00, and the rest close at 17.00.
The Netherlands have a good transport infrastructure. An extensive system of highways and expressways, extensive rail and bus network covering the whole country, providing ease of messages at any point. In the cities there is a single urban transport system (GVB), including trams, trolleybuses and buses (including night services - "nachtbussen"). A single-ride ticket is valid for one hour and costs 1.5 euros. Cheaper to buy multiple tickets ("strippenkaarten"), consisting of several coupons, paying for one trip (tickets 15 tickets costs about 5 euros), and day ("dagkaart is about 6 euros) and 9-day (22-30 Euro) single pass. The city is divided into the transport area, so depending on the itinerary, tickets must be stamped as many times as zones intersect the route. The fee for the bus at night doubles 1-2 zone, and a half - 3 zone. To enter into public transport passed through the back door, the front door is usually permitted only with multi-day passes, which are the responsibility of the driver.
In Rotterdam and Amsterdam is the subway. The fare on the subway is the same as other forms of public transport. Travel on all modes of transport can be bought at the station, at the post office, in some bookstores, special offices GVB, as well as for drivers of trams or buses (only certain types of cards and a few more). Widespread water transport - different boats, water taxis, and so on, but this type of transport is much more expensive than public, and focuses mainly on trips and tourists.
The Dutch are often used as a means of transportation, the Bicycle is their number exceeds the number of inhabitants of the country. On roads and streets under cycle lanes necessarily occupies a special place, and on almost every corner hosted a special Parking for bikes. Bicycles can also be rented at special points (3 - 5 euros per day excluding the Deposit).
Road and driving rules
Traffic drives on the right, the road condition is excellent. On city streets the priority in the order of movement is given to cyclists. The Central band of many streets are reserved for public transport. Parking on many streets, especially in areas of concentration of attractions and public transport, is extremely difficult. On motorways the speed limit is 120 km/h on the highway of local significance - 100 km/h within settlements - 50 or even 30 km/h, installed everywhere police radar.
Voltage - 220 C.
The cost of service in hotels and restaurants included in the bill (it does not exceed 15 %). Tip you can give porter (one Guilder), maid (Guilder per day), hairdresser, taxi driver (10% of the amount on the meter).