Amsterdam, Netherlands

AmsterdamAmsterdam - the world's largest city on stilts and at the same time, one of the smallest capitals in Europe in area. Amsterdam - capital of the Netherlands, but the seat of government in The Hague. Amsterdam's beating heart among dilapidated, but exquisitely elegant facades of mansions, built by rich merchants, and bustling urban canals, laid in the XVII century. Its population is a wonderful blend of many cultures: in a city inhabited by people of more than 140 nationalities, all colors and skin tones. In Amsterdam, there is nothing impossible. It's so easy, even for walking the walk or bicycle to travel through the centuries, having been in the dark alleys of the old and the flashing neon boulevards. And looking around the world-famous sights and enjoying the beauty of the canals, you can make up their own idea of cosmopolitan flair Amsterdama.Svoim Amsterdam must also come annually 3 million tourists and almost 11 million passengers in transit.

Amsterdam, as befits an ancient trading city, is located at the mouth of the Amstel River, about 25 km from the coast of the North Sea. Fishing village that arose in the marshy lowlands at the confluence of the Amstel in the bay Hey at the intersection of historical trade routes, became in time a rich city. Foundations of buildings old city buried in the fir piles scored in the swampy, consisting of silt, sand and clay soil. Even Amsterdam's Central Station is on the 8600 wooden piles, reaching the depth of 30 meters and weight of the walls of the Royal Palace bear 13659 spruce trunks, piles.

Tours, Deals Amsterdam, Netherlands

Sights Amsterdam, Netherlands

Koninklijk Paleis - Royal Palace. This building, built in the XVII century on the area of Dam, originally housed the municipality of Amsterdam. Royal Palace, it was by order of Louis Napoleon in 1808. In the halls of the imperial style of furniture is worth and hang pictures of artists Rembrandt school. From October to May is open to visitors from Tuesday to Thursday, Saturday and Sunday from 12.30 to 17.00, from June to September - daily from 12.30 to 17.00. Login - 3,2 euro. Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal 147.

Erotic Museum - one of the most famous museums of Amsterdam. Erotic art (and devices) of various cultures and historical periods. Persons under 18 allowed unless accompanied by adults. Open Monday to Friday - from 23.00 to 01.00 on weekends - from 11.00 to 02.00. Login - 5 euros. Oudezijds Achterburgwal 54 (Red Light District).

Hash-Marijuana-Hemp Museum (Museum of marijuana and hashish) - in the exhibition shows the different types of marijuana, and also tells you how to grow this plant. Open daily from 11.00 to 22.00. Login - 5,7 euro. Oudezijds Achterburgwal 148 (Red Light District).

Rembrandtthuis - the house where the great Rembrandt lived from 1639 to 1660 years. It kept many of the engravings. Open Monday to Saturday from 10.00 to 17.00, Sunday - from 13.00 to 17.00. Login - 5,7 euro. Jodenbreestraat 4-6.

Rijksmuseum - a huge complex, which exhibited the Dutch masterpieces, including works by Vermeer, Franz Hals and Rembrandt. Large collection of European and Asian art. To see the museum as it should, it will take one day. Open daily from 10.00 to 17.00. Log In - 8 euros. Stadhouderskade 42.

Van Gogh Museum - permanent exhibition of hundreds of paintings and drawings of the artist. Open daily from 10.00 to 17.30. Log In - 7 euros. Paulus Potterstraat 7.

Woonbootmuseum - Museum-house boat, where you can look at how put together these unusual dwellings, typical of the canals of Amsterdam. In the period from March to October the museum is open from Wednesday to Sunday from 11.00 to 17.00, from November to February - during the same hours from Friday to Sunday. Login - 2 euros. Prinsengracht, opposite house number 296.

Red Light District - a place that has become almost synonymous with Amsterdam. This is the oldest part of town attracts crowds of tourists at any time of day. Prostitutes pose in a neon-lit windows, spectators of all ages and looking at them. If you are attracted to the area just curiosity, it is better to visit it in the daytime. Forget about the camera, if you do not want to be broken, and do not respond to drug traffickers. If you walk here at night, avoid deserted streets. You can relax by walking in one of the many bars area.

Oude Kerk - Church of the XIV century, the oldest in Amsterdam. Here is buried the wife of Rembrandt. Open from 11.00 to 11.00 to 17.00, Sunday from 13.00 to 17.00. Login - 4,65 Euro. Oudekerksplein 23.

Westerkerk - the highest and beautiful tower in Amsterdam and the burial place of Rembrandt. Open from April to September from 11.00 to 15.00. Admission is free, but for the opportunity to climb the tower, which opens up an excellent view of the city, you have to pay 1,4 euro. Prinsengracht 277.

Climate Amsterdam, Netherlands

In fact, the tourist season in Amsterdam - all year round. Especially large influx of tourists during the period from April to July. At this time in Amsterdam is not easy to find not only a good room, but a free table in a street cafe, buy a ticket to a concert or theatrical performance. Spring and autumn are considered "dry" seasons, but visitors are always better to remember the short rains, bombarding the city from the North Sea. Umbrella and rain would not be here superfluous and in the warmer months - from June to August. Rainfall is usually of short duration, but the wind now and then does the sea lead clouds.

Time Amsterdam, Netherlands

Moscow time 2 hours.

Money Amsterdam, Netherlands

Dutch guilder (1 USD ~ 2,52 NLG).

Traditions Amsterdam, Netherlands

Do not drive in the city center by car. Parking in the center of Amsterdam is very expensive, and difficult to find space for the car. Special services strictly enforce parking regulations and for violations of the vehicle's wheels will be blocked and the perpetrator would have to pay EUR 67 as a penalty. If the fine is not paid within 24 hours, the car will be evacuated.

Do not ride in a tram without a ticket. For travel on public transport use strippenkaart. This special coupons that are necessary to "break" in the saloon car, or bus. Pay attention to a range of travel, ie, the number of zones that you have to cross. Strippenkaart better purchased in advance at the post office, newspaper and tobacco shops, as well as at stations and railway stations. Purchase a ticket from the conductor or the driver will cost you more. The fine for fare dodging is 60 euros.

Population Amsterdam, Netherlands

1 million people.

Working hours Amsterdam, Netherlands

Netherlands - a country of merchants since time immemorial. In shops of Amsterdam you can find products from around the world for every taste and purse. Peculiar flavor and atmosphere of Amsterdam you can feel the many "flea" markets of the city, but if you're lucky - you get a rare thing, an ancient musical instrument, a poster or a music box.

Shops are open from Monday to Friday from 9 am to 18 pm, Saturdays until 17. Grocery stores operate in the same hours, but every day, and small shops are open late.

Transport Amsterdam, Netherlands

The most convenient way to travel in the center of Amsterdam - to walk. The city adopted strict measures to prevent the center of cars. If you need to quickly get from one end of town to another, use the tram, bus or subway. Purely Amsterdam form of transport - river boats.

Smoking Amsterdam, Netherlands

Since 2004, smoking in trains and at stations is prohibited. To set up special smoking areas. For smoking in the wrong place you can be fined 25 euros, and discarded cigarette butt on the platform will cost 40 euros.

Tip Amsterdam, Netherlands

Gratuity is 10% of the total bill.