Norway extends beyond the Arctic circle to the Northern most point of Europe - the North Cape [1/3 of the territory lies within the Arctic circle]. 62,1% of the area is in the mountains and plateaus of 4.8% for rivers and lakes, 1,4% - eternal snow and glaciers. 21.3% of the territory is covered with forests. The area of land suitable for cultivation, is 3.5%. Onshore Norway borders Sweden (border length 1619 km), Finland [727 km] and Russia [196 km]. The length of coast - 2650 km But given the fjords, bays and Islands, the coastline is almost 56 thousand km In the middle of winter here are the polar night, and in the middle of the short summer, the sun shines even at midnight. This region is known under the name of the Country of the midnight sun. The coast of Norway is deeply indented narrow sea inlets called fjords.
The Kingdom of Norway extends beyond the Arctic circle to the Northern most point of Europe - the North Cape [1/3 of the territory lies within the Arctic circle]. 62,1% of the area is in the mountains and plateaus of 4.8% for rivers and lakes, 1,4% - eternal snow and glaciers. 21.3% of the territory is covered with forests. The area of land suitable for cultivation, is 3.5%. Onshore Norway borders Sweden (border length 1619 km), Finland [727 km] and Russia [196 km]. The length of coast - 2650 km But given the fjords, bays and Islands, the coastline is almost 56 thousand km In the middle of winter here are the polar night, and in the middle of the short summer, the sun shines even at midnight. This region is known under the name of the Country of the midnight sun. The coast of Norway is deeply indented narrow sea inlets called fjords. They form a natural harbour, sheltered from the raging sea, the chain of Islands. Coastal land is ice-free, as are washed by the warm sea currents, while in the away from the sea, forest-covered mountains and deep valleys lie under heavy snow and ice. Square - 386 960 sq km 50 thousand Islands, including Jan Mayen [area of 380 sq km] in the Greenland sea. Norway exercises sovereignty over Svalbard [total area 62. 700 sq km]. Claims on Islands Bouvet island and Peter I in the southern hemisphere, as well as in the sector of Antarctica between 20 ° C. D. and 45 degrees C. D. (Queen Maud Land). Capital: Oslo.
Norwegian architecture is known for its unique riveted churches, which are considered one of the oldest wooden buildings on earth, one foot standing in the Viking age, and the other in the era of early Christianity in the 11th century. Norway has given the world many talented people, such as: artist Edvard Munch, the composer Edvard Grieg, the sculptor Gustav Vigeland and playwright Henrik Ibsen. In Norway also had three Nobel laureates in literature: Pornstar Bjornson, Sigrid undset and Knut Hamsun.
The main treasure of Norway is its nature. Thousands of secluded coves and picturesque fjords around its coast, and the low mountains covered with forests and meadows, and create a unique flavor of this country. Thousands of clear lakes and rivers offer a unique opportunity to enjoy fishing and water sports, and carefully guarded nature allows you to get acquainted with one of the most unspoilt corners of Europe. Fjords are the main attraction of the country. The entire coastline of the country is cut up these narrow and deep bays, sung in ancient Norse sagas. The most popular among tourists Lysefjord, Lysefjord, Sognefjord, Hardangerfjord, Stavangerfjord, Skoldenberg, Glomfjord, Fjord and others, many of which are framed by falling from the cliffs, waterfalls and small picturesque fishing villages. Boat trips on the fjord is the most exciting journey that can only be found in this country.
Oslo ("field of God") - industrial, commercial and port centre in Norway, but at the same time and one of the smallest (population about 500 thousand people) and environmentally friendly European capitals. Located on the shores of the great fjord of the same name, created by the three "arms" of the ancient glacial valley, the city is beautiful in itself. The city centre is a pleasant mix of old and new architecture with an abundance of museums, parks and monuments. But apart from the beauty of the landscape there are many cultural and historical attractions: the quarters of the Old city around the Akershus castle (XIV-XVI centuries) with the Museum of the Resistance, "young", but richly decorated inside city Hall (1933-1950,), Karl Jones and Fredericks, Parliament building (1886), The Royal Palace (1825-1848, in Slottsparken Park, the building of the National theatre, 1891-1899), the famous Frogner Park with a giant (192 pieces) sculptural ensemble work of Gustav Vigeland (1669-1943,) and memorial Museum of this famous sculptor, always filled (by local standards, of course) people embankment Aker Brygge harbour, Museum Munch (Edvard Munch Museum, 1963), Historical Museum (Museum of national antiquities), Norwegian Maritime Museum, the national gallery (1837), The applied arts Museum, the sex Museum, the Norwegian folk Museum, the famous stadium "Billet" and other The main tourist district of the capital - the Peninsula Blogde (Bigpointvalue), in which are concentrated the famous Museum, the Norwegian Museum of folk life ("Folk Museum"), where, under the open sky collected more than 150 traditional buildings from all over the country, huge entertainment center "Tusenfryd", the Church Yule-Stuff-Kirk (XIII century), the Viking Museum with a unique collection of the graves of these "pirates" of the middle ages with the real "Drakkar" (VIII-iX centuries), the Museum of the "FRAM", dedicated to this famous ship of Fridtjof Nansen, and a unique Museum "Kon-Tiki" with the legendary courts of Thor Heyerdahl.
In the vicinity of the capital interest of the famous ski centre in Holmenkollen North of Oslo, with a unique springboard TV tower and observation deck, the ski Museum and dozens of colorful restaurants, the Museum of modern art and cultural center "the Henie Onstad in Hovikodden, the summer resort of the Drøbak with fortress Oscarborg and a small Maritime Museum, the impressive fortress Fredriksen-Festning (1661) Holden to the South-East of Oslo, one of the most picturesque villages in Norway Rizor South of Oslo, as well as natural landscape area Nordmark to the North of the city.
The sights of the Eastern Valleys Railway Museum in Hamar, castle Kinginger (XVII century), the Norwegian Forestry Museum in Elverum, the largest outdoor ice rink in Northern Europe in Lillehammer, the Norwegian Historical Museum vehicles and the glass factory in Gjøvik, the Church of the XII century in Valdres, summer ski trails in Deslumbrante about Iwashita, picturesque lake Femund, complex "blue days-Vaux" in Modum, the local history Museum in Hallingdal and chairlift on Galahad in Alo.
In Telemark, the birthplace of modern Alpine skiing, stretching along the southern coast of the country, deserve attention "lake amusement Park in Skien, Museum Berg-Kragerø and a scattering of small Islands near Kragerø, Church 1240 in Heddle, funicular in Rjukan, Old town in Allendale, the Ibsen Museum in Grimstad, jewelry workshops in Setesdal, fortress Christiansholm zoo in Kristiansund, the Maritime Museum in the Mandala Museum in Farsund, ancient monuments, petroglyphs and burial mounds in Liflander, as well as the "wine capital" of the country - the region the banks of the majestic Boknafjord.
The West Fjords are drawn from Stavanger in the South to Kristiansund in the North. In these beautiful, rugged fjords edges, interesting iron age farm, the Hardanger fjord and the waterfall Forints in Madalena, the Church of Borgund (1150 g) in Lærdal, almost sheer railway Museum Sunmar in Alesund and Museum Romsdal.
The old Hanseatic city of Bergen is one of the most picturesque places in the country and the number of attractions is far superior to the capital. The glory of the city brought the famous Hanseatic Bryggen (a UNESCO world cultural heritage site by UNESCO), the fortress Bergenhus (1261,), tower of ROS (1546 A.D.), the old Fish market on Torget (works with XIII century), the Aquarium is one of the best in Europe, Mariakirken (Church of St. The virgin Mary, XII century), Art Museum of Bergen with a wonderful collection of paintings by Munch, Miro and Picasso, the estate of Edward Grieg - Trollhaugen ("Hill of the Trolls) on the picturesque shore of the lake, cable car "Floibanen" and hundreds of "gingerbread houses" under tiled roofs that make up the basic beauty of the city. From Bergen begins most travel around the Country the trolls, to the longest and deepest fjord in Norway - the Sognefjord, to the beautiful Hardangerfjord, on a frozen array Jostedalsbreen, lake Dushti, to the waterfalls in the area of the Fjord and Trollveggen, unique rail flåm - Voss (20 tunnels 46 km), as well as to the picturesque rocky peaks about odda, Svelgen and Andalsnes.
Northern Norway is the land of white nights and majestic landscapes. Thanks to the warm currents, the climate here is not as cold as one would expect from such Northern latitudes, so the flora and fauna of these places is simply unique. The northernmost region, Finnmark, this is a country of fishermen and miners, as well as the main living area of the sámi. The main attractions here is the most Northern point of Europe - the North Cape and tourist center "Notepal", national research center of the sámi in Kautokeino, national Park Evreux-Aarikka, the chapel of King Oscar and St. George in Kirkenes and great salmon rivers Viola and tan. Especially popular there are tours on the ship "Charterage" from Bergen to the North Cape, with numerous stops along the way - in the idyllic towns of florø and Moldo, known for its single building in the "Jugend-style" Alesund, in the millennial Trondheim and in the top ten of the most picturesque places.
The archipelago of Spitsbergen (Svalbard) deserves special attention, as more than half of its territory is occupied by wildlife preservations unique polar species of animals and is the largest bird colonies in the world.
Troms is a country of Islands. The region's capital, the city of tromsø (the correct pronunciation of "tromsø" with emphasis on "we"), is one of the world's leading centres for environmental research - there is the most Northern in the world, the University, and there are such interesting cultural objects, as theatre Halogaland, Ishavskatedralen ("Arctic Cathedral") of glass and metal, Museum, Polaria, the lift mount Playa etc. the city has many places of entertainment and fish restaurants, small theatres and cafes, and the abundance of small settlements on the banks of the surrounding fjords gives it a special charm.
A narrow strip of Norlane, sandwiched between the Swedish border and the coast of the Norwegian sea is the land of the Arctic circle. Thousands of tourists visit the monument marking the line in the Center of the Polar circle on Saltville. Also interesting Military Museum of tromsø in Barda, unique rock carvings 2500-4500 years of age in Besthorpe, chalk caves in the Wound, waterfalls in area of Rasdale, the Cathedral in the capital Nurlana Bude, majestic Westfield, Hanford, Wohlford and Downtown, stalactite cave with an underground waterfall Granli-Grotto, Church and "the Meridian gem" in Hammerfest, and thousands of beautiful Islands and almost untouched areas, where there are plenty of representatives of Arctic flora and fauna.
"Middle earth" Trøndelag is the main agricultural region of the country. The capital of Sør-Trøndelag (South Trøndelag) - Trondheim famous cathedrals of St. Clement and Cathedral (XII century) with the tomb of St. Olaf, the Archbishop's Palace (XII century) and the Musical Museum Ringo, and on the southern outskirts of the city found numerous Parking Viking (VIII-XI centuries). In the vicinity of interesting Mountain Botanical Garden "Kingsfield" in Oppdal-og-Arkdale, Abbey Rhine in Riesz, many prehistoric monuments, burial mounds, standing stones and stone circles in Eggenfelden and Tingvoll, farm Helge in Beatscene, the ruins of the fortress in Steinbichler (1525 BC), rock carvings and burial mounds in Scene, Hale, LaSalle, Lacoya, national parks Grossman and Børgrefjell, as well as the best salmon river in the country - Namsen.
The coastal areas of Norway have a surprisingly mild climate thanks to the Gulf stream, especially in the summer months. Inner mountain areas have more extreme temperature fluctuations, and in the Northern mountainous areas of the Arctic climate. The best and most impressive season in the country from may to September, the worst season from November to March, during this time, average temperatures fall below zero. The summer solstice, when the sun goes beyond the horizon, lasts from may 13 through July 29 at the North Cape in the North, and from 28 may to 14 July in the Lofoten Islands. Even in the South of Norway in this period day time lasts from 4 a.m. to 11 p.m. On the other hand, in the North of the polar night lasts from November until the end of January, which is also good, if you love to spend time in bed or have a "vampire" properties.
Norway is in the first time zone, 2 hours in comparison with Moscow.
The currency is the Norwegian kroner [NOK]. Import and export of local and foreign currency is not limited. Declaration of foreign currency required in the event of its subsequent removal from the country. Permitted the export of foreign currency, national - no more than 5 thousand kroons. Post office and banks to exchange most foreign currencies, and also accept traveler's checks. Some banks charge a fee for cashing each cheque so that You can save if you take a cheque for a large sum. ATMs are widely distributed, the hotel accepts major credit cards.
• passport or equivalent document of the current sample (expiry date must be at least 3 months after the intended date of travel). The presence of the owner's signature in the passport is required;
• 2 photos 3x4 (for each traveler person)
• personal data
• for those children must provide a photocopy of birth certificate;
• if the child is under 18 years leaves with one of the parents, other relatives or accompanying persons, you must provide a notarized authorization from the remaining parent (parents) to leave the child in this country, in the Russian language;
• single women traveling with children, must provide a photocopy of the identity of a single mother, or the original certificate from the police that the father child relations are not supported, and his whereabouts are unknown; widow (er) must provide a copy of the death certificate of the spouse;
• booking confirmation flight (copy armor) or a photocopy of the issued ticket;
• certificate from the employer on company letterhead indicating the position and salary traveling or paying for the tour;
• medical insurance (if you own).
The most important holiday is Constitution Day [may 17], when many Norwegians take to the streets in traditional folk costumes.
Another popular holiday, Midsummer's Eve. It is usually held on 23 July and is celebrated by lighting bonfires on the shore Lappa [Sami]. In Karasjok and Kautokeino maintained the tradition of celebrating Easter. Festivals include Jogging on a reindeer, joik (traditional singing) and concerts. Norway keeps a great variety of cultural traditions, and not so unusual thing is to see the elaborate costumes worn at weddings and other festive events. Also very popular traditional folk dancing, singing and telling tales (which often appear trolls).
Traditional cuisine Norway
Norwegian menu include:
lucky [lacks] - roasted or smoked salmon;
recker [reker] - boiled shrimp;
torsk [particularly along] - cod.
In the Christmas holidays are very popular lutefisk [has been lying in water] - smoked dried cod, which definitely has a special taste. The most popular dish at the table during Breakfast called geitost [geztost], and herring. It is sometimes difficult to find alcoholic beverages in rural communities, where a ban on their use is generally accepted.
A huge role in the lives of Norwegians plays a milk - its in Norway consume per capita more than anyone in the world. All kinds of dairy products are used everywhere and in large numbers, at Breakfast, the same kind of mandatory local delicacy - goat cheese with a specific smell. It has several varieties, each with its own flavor, and the color varies from the usual yellow to dark brown, almost chocolate. In many hot dishes Norwegians eat sour cream, sometimes adding it instead of spices.
Widely used and meat products - roasted pork ribs, roast lamb and sheep's head "smalhout"traditional "forecol" (cooked with braised cabbage, and then baked together with her under brown flour sauce lamb).
Baking a homemade pie - part of the Norwegian culinary traditions. In each area of Norway pies make your own recipes. The same goes for bread, so homemade confectionery in Norway are more popular than regular bakeries. Very popular potato bread.
The favorite drink of the Norwegian coffee that we drink at any time of the day and in large quantities. Also widely used in Norway, various tinctures from herbs, kefir and yogurt, a kind of "fruit drinks from fruits.
Political system Norway
Norway is a constitutional monarchy. The king communicates between the three branches of government. The monarchy is hereditary, and since 1990, the throne passes to the eldest son or daughter, although Princess Murtha-Louise was the exception to this rule. Officially, the king performs all political appointments, present at all the ceremonies and leads, together with the crown Prince) formal weekly meeting of the State Council (government). The Executive power belongs to the Prime Minister, acting on behalf of the king. The Cabinet of Ministers consists of the Prime Minister and 16 Ministers, heads of relevant departments. The government is collectively responsible for the policy, while each Minister has the right to publicly Express disagreement on a particular issue. Members of the Cabinet of Ministers approved by the majority party or coalition in the Parliament - the Storting. They can participate in parliamentary debate, but not vote. State functionaries feature after passing competitive examinations.
Population - 4 312 000. 97 percent of them northerners, Alpine and Balts, and a little Luppov [the Saami, Lapps]. The Finns make up about 2.5%. Half of the population lives in cities.
Imported duty free in Norway up to 2 litres of beer, up to 1 liter of spirits (60%), to 1 l of wine (up 22%) or 2 litres of wine, if alcoholic beverages are not imported, and up to 200 cigarettes or 250 grams. tobacco (if importing a person 18 years of age), of items household items within the personal needs, food - up to 10 kg of gasoline is not more than 200 HP (including not more than 10 litres in the tank). The total cost of imported goods and products in Norway should not exceed 5 thousand CZK. Importation of alcoholic beverages in Norway is permitted only to persons over the age of 20, beer and wine under the age of 18. The importation of drugs for personal use is only possible with the written permission (prescription) a doctor.
Medical aid Norway
Communication with doctors paid and expensive. For example, only one visit to the dentist can cost about USD 110, not to mention serious treatment! Therefore, all the locals are all insured and use insurance as possible to the maximum. Before you travel it is reasonable to buy insurance in Russia for the whole period of your stay in Norway. Even when you are traveling by private invitation, and your friends have already discussed this point in the document! Will be really easier to use medical services in this way than any other. And cheaper. To get an appointment, you must first call and negotiate or sign up for a specific day, maybe a week, and after a few months. For example, to undergo such a procedure as chest x-rays, it is necessary to register for two months. But this does not mean that the treatment is bad. It is rather slow, although there are exceptions to the rule.
Working hours Norway
The time the shops are very much different. In larger towns and villages supermarkets and Department stores are usually as follows:
Monday - Friday: 09.00 or 10.00 hours and 17.00 hours;
Thursday: 09.00 or 10.00 to 19.00 or 20.00 hours;
Saturday: 09.00 or 10.00 a.m. to 15.00 or 16.00 hours.
Many supermarkets and shopping malls are open until 20.00 hours later. Gas stations often sell products and are open until 23.00 hours. Many kiosks and machines work in the evenings and at weekends [usually 22.00 or 23.00 hours].
Banks are open from 8.30 to 15.30 Monday to Friday and until 17.00 on Thursday.
Working round the clock ATMs in Norway enables you to get cash in the foreign currency credit card, this transaction fee is very small.
The country has a fairly extensive network of road, rail and air routes. A large part of the passenger traffic transported by road and sea transport. From Oslo fan out across the country diverges network of modern highways, covering even the most remote Northern regions. Most long-distance buses depart from the Central bus terminal on Sugartree. Tickets for long distances must be booked in advance.
The hire. Norwegian roads are among the best in the world. Direct freeway are only in the immediate vicinity of large cities. Outside settlements-limited top speed of 80 km/h In towns the speed limit is 50 km/h In Norway the rules of the road require the driver to observe some precautions. For example, even on a Sunny day, you must constantly go with dipped headlights. The use of seat belts is mandatory. In the car, you must have a warning sign in case of an accident or malfunction.
The buses. You can travel by buses that run to more than 50 destinations. Flights commit around 200 comfortable buses. But their movement is better developed in Central and southern Norway. Therefore, while in Oslo, check with the bus companies, are there flights to wherever you want to go. Typically, the bus is connected with other modes of transport: ferries, ships, trains and planes. For travelling in Norway there are two types of passes: at 7 days and 14 days. For kids - reduced price. The pass is valid for one year.
A train. The monopoly of the Railways in Norway NSB (Norwegian state Railways). Most trains are Express trains, which are the cars of the first and second class. There is a special system of discounts, which will allow you to save money in your journey. You can travel by train, buying, for example, monthly subscription in Norway (or Scandinavia) on the railway. It doesn't specify a destination, the arrival time of trains, and it is designed for unlimited travel. You choose your route. In this case you get in any train in any direction on the free space and move wherever you want. Very convenient and cheaper than a fixed seat in the compartment. But remember that if you approach people with a ticket to the place where you sit, you are obliged him to give up and take another. It's okay here, and no one at you askance looks - so travel all. A day in the city, overnight in train. However, it is worth considering that the reservations on most long-distance trains is required.
Water transport. Many passengers are transported by marine vessels, ferries and boats. The company "Hurtigruta" ("Coastal Express"), provides passenger all year round, serving the coast from Bergen to Kirkenes and North to the Russian border. District fords serve numerous ferries. From the promenade, opposite the town hall ferries leave for the Peninsula Bugge (Blogde), from Aker Brugge - in Nesodden, from waterfront Vippetangen on the island of Hoodeia, and from June to August on the beach Lingayen. Transitions last from 10 minutes to 2 hours Old coasting vessels that deliver the local residents of remote areas, in summer it is quite attractive for tourist trips. The cabin you book for the month. Transport vehicles can only modern court buildings. In many places there are specialized boat Parking, which normally uses as a regular vessels carrying passengers from remote fjords and private boat owners which you can always negotiate how about a trip to a particular area, and about fishing or sightseeing trip.
Potable water Norway
You can drink water from the tap.
The voltage of the electric network across the country 220V.
Smoking in Norway is prohibited in all workplaces - from offices to train stations, as well as in bars and restaurants.
They are included in the price specified in the price list.
Helpful information Norway
International telephone information service - 0181
Telephone support by Norway - 0180
The police - 112 or 226-690-50
Fire protection - 110 or 221-144-55
Ambulance - 113 or 221-170-80
Technical assistance on the roads - 222-320-85, 810-005-05