Oman - a remarkably picturesque country with extremely friendly and hospitable people, the most modern infrastructure and the highest level of service in hotels. Geographically, it has everything - mountains, dazzling waterfalls, spectacular deserts and dunes, green oases and sandy beaches of the Indian Ocean, which makes Oman different from other Gulf countries. Oman- a diverse nature: sea fjords, picturesque mountains and oases, nature reserves on giant turtles and other rare animals, the famous tropical gardens, beautiful sandy beaches.
The Sultanate of Oman is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the Republic of Yemen. Area of the state is 330,000 square kilometers. The coastline stretching 1,700 kilometers bordering the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Oman. It is the second largest country of the Arabian Peninsula, whose territory consists of 8 regions.
Oman - very picturesque country with a variety of natural resources - the ancient mountains, dazzling waterfalls, spectacular deserts and dunes, green oases and sandy beaches. The spectacular landscape of Oman is distinguished from other Gulf countries - unique arid tracts of northern Jabal, green pastures of Dhofar, sea sand Rub al-Khali, vast salt plateau Umm al-Sami, covered with dust and stones terrain Dzhiddat el Hararis, more than 2 thousand. km. coastline - all this is in contrast to the surrounding countries of the Arabian Peninsula, full of life and picturesque scenery. The coastal waters are rich in marine life, and the south coast has a few hundred kilometers of beautiful sandy beaches that are well known outside the country. And, of course, themselves Omanis - an ancient and distinctive people, known for their hospitality and rich traditions.
Muscat - very unique city with traditional mosques coexist with modern business districts, made with oriental flavor. Stretching along the coast for 200 km, it is up to the 70s of the twentieth century was only a small town in the upper bay of Khor Muscat. And only recently, with the growth of the economy, Muscat was one of the most beautiful cities in the Arab world, absorbing a lot of old settlements coast.
The main attractions are the fragments of the old city wall (XVII c.), The Portuguese forts Mirani and Jalali (both the XVI century. Restricted access), Fort Matruh (Makar, XVI c.), Fort Beit Al Falaj (1806), the old city gate Bab Ualdzhat (XVI c.), al Alam Palace (1970), the building of the Ministry of religious property, the Majlis al-Shura in Seeb and the famous "Omani sphinx" - rock "stone face" (old man) in the area of Rui . Scattered throughout the city mosques, among which stands the colossal Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque (2001) in the area of Gubra (Total area of over 46 thousand. Sq. M., Plus a library, and the Islamic Institute). But what is surprising - in this Islamic country carefully preserved places of worship of other religions - only in Muscat you can see the former Portuguese church Beit al-Gerizim, the Catholic Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Omani Protestant church in the al-Burj Street, as well as Hindu and Buddhist temples.
Special attention is given capital's museums - the Museum of Oman with good historical exposition, Museum of Natural History at the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, the Omani-French Museum ("Beit-France"), the Museum of Omani life at Fort Jalali, a historical museum Beit al-Zubayr (private Zubair family collection), National Museum (Al-Mathaf al-Uatani), Military Museum at Fort Beit Al Falaj, the Museum of the child (most - a huge entertainment and educational complex for children) and the Museum of Natural History. Unique oriental flavor famous Muttrah market (Souq al-Kadim Matruh), as well as many small markets and private shops scattered throughout the city (especially a lot of them in the shopping district of Rui).
Compared with other cities in the Arabian Peninsula, Muscat surprisingly rich vegetation. Here broken many parks and gardens, the most interesting are the park Riyam Matrah whose territory has pretty gardens and operates an amusement park, park Callebaut, park Al Kurm (area 570 thousand. Sq. M.), Park Al Kharus moon -park "Sinbad Fan City" Park attractions for children in Seeb. In the city there is even an indoor ice rink (in Hueyre).
In the vicinity of the fort is worth a visit Beit al-Makham (XVII c.), The ruins of forts Fateh and Sur-Jal in Baushere, hot springs in the Gala, Marine Science Center, an aquarium, a yacht club and sailing club in the Gulf of Roda, a public beach and scuba diving center in Bandar Dzhissa, the castle and the remains of the fort in al-Hod, the residence of the Sultan of Beit al-Baraka mosque in Seeb Zulfa fortress sur-Majid and a huge park in Rumeysi Naseem, as well as a fort in Kureyate et al.
North of the capital, between the sea and the mountain range of Jebel Hajar, to the border with the UAE stretches the fertile valley of the Batinah. Breadbasket of the country and the most unusual for Arabia district, this land is crossed by numerous wadis and has a fairly mild climate. The region's capital - the city of Sohar, one of the oldest cities in the world, famous for its fort (IX-XVI centuries.) With interesting museums, the famous fish market and the tourist bazaar Suk-sions, as well as many old buildings that flank the narrow streets of the old part of the city.
In Batin also be interested in forts Barki, Beit Naaman (1691), Sueyk (XVII century.), Al-Hazm (1711), the oldest mosque in Oman Al Gamama (X cent.) In the village Hidzhar, the old capital country - the city with its ancient Rustaq (600-1744 g) fort and Mazar Ahmed bin Saeed, a Sufi center in al-Galil MASAIDOV, numerous shops of artisans in the Khabur, unique terraced valley country Sahtan, old mines in Argyl, Towy-Arja and al-Abyad, one of the most beautiful in the country Fort Nahl (II-IX centuries). petroglyphs in Wadi Beni Kharus and Wadi Sahtan etc.. etc..
This land is famous for its natural beauty (suffice it to say that it is the green corner of the Arabian Peninsula). Endless beaches Sueydi (Ras al-Sauadi) scenic area around Wadi Abyad and Wadi Bani Awf-famous Wadi Bima ("Snake Canyon"), and the hot springs at-Thouars, Rustaq, Al-Ain Kasfa etc. . known all over the country.
To the north, in the territory of the Emirate of Fujairah, is an enclave of Musandam - an area of picturesque mountains and bays. It is extremely popular among tourists Fort Khasab, fjords Khor Shammai and Khor Najd, the northernmost city in Oman - Kumzar, Fort Buch and the famous cave paintings Jebel Harim. Stretch of land south of the capital province Shakiya, representing the most wild and untouched areas of the country. There are such interesting places as depression Bima, caves Hoshilat-Makandeli (one of the largest caves in the world), the area of shifting dunes Ramlat al Uahiba, the ruins of ancient Kalhata, the port city of Sur, a beautiful oasis in Wadi Bani Khaled, Masirah island and the famous "turtle Beach", which extends from Ras Al Hadd to Ras al-Rueys, where sea turtles lay their eggs, known as a center of horse and camel racing - Al Fatah, magnificent beaches Mokalla Beach, Ras al-Dzhuneyz and others. and, of course, forts - Dagmar (1915), Sunaysila (XVIII c.), Bilad Sur, Kuran (XVI c.) Dzhaalyan Bani bu Ali (XI cent., one of the oldest forts of the country closed to the public) and Aulyad Hamid (XIX c.), as well as ancient fortified houses and ancient mosques in the capital inland areas Shikii - Ibra.
Inland areas of Oman and region are famous for Dakhiliyah patriarchal, many ancient defensive structures and severe nature. It is worth visiting Samael with its mosque Mazen bin Gaduby (the oldest in the country, 627), the forts in the aisle Bidbid Wadi Samael, Beit al-Radida, Jibreen (1680-1692), the Bahla (included in the World Heritage List UNESCO, XVII century.), al-Ga6i citadel al-Sulayf, the ancient city of Adam - "homeland" of the ruling dynasty, the wild coast of Al-Usta, Ras Madraki, Khor Darif and lagoons Khor Gauja reserve gazelles Dzhiddat al Harasis on the same plateau, caves al-Houthi and al-Kitty canyons of Wadi Ghul and Wadi Nahr, picturesque ancient mountains of Jebel Akhdar and Jebel Shams, as well as the famous necropolis of the Bronze Age (3 thousand. BC. Oe. ) in the Wadi al-Ain (included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site) and petroglyphs al-Hamra (III thousand. BC. e.).
On the plateau of al-Jawf is the capital Dakhil and one of the most picturesque cities in the country - Nizwa. This is the first capital of Oman, leading its history from the VI century. There are characters such countries as surrounded by ancient houses Fort Nizwa (XII-XVI centuries.), Old Town, The Citadel (1649-1661), the Mosque of Sultan Qaboos Mosque Uarita bin Ka'b, Majid al-Hasat, famous ash-Shauadna, "cemetery of imams" makbarat al-Ama and numerous markets.
Dhofar - the most southern, the rainiest and most unusual province of Oman. In a small coastal strip adjoin groves of coconut palms and cacti, mangroves and many kilometers strip of beaches, arid plateaus and rich gardens, sand dunes of the great desert of the Rub al Khali and salt lakes. It is necessary to visit the capital of the province of Salalah with her sultan's palaces and museums, the ruins of al-Balide forts Taki, caves valley Wadi Darbat, picturesque port city of Mirbat "lost city" Ubar around Shisra grotto Kahf al-Marnif and unique "sea fountains "about Mugseylya and caves in the area Tywi at-Thur.
The Sultanate of Oman - a country with a subtropical climate. Rainfall is extremely rare. Depending on the time of day, location and season temperatures range from +16 C to + 48 C, average daily temperature in January is +29 C, in July +41 C.
Ahead of Moscow for 1 hour.
Arabic. Often used in English. In everyday communication using local dialects of Arabic is quite different from both the literary Arabic, and from each other.
Omani Rial (RO) = 1000 Gemsbuck. There banknote 50, 20, 10, 5, 1, 1 \ 2 rial, 250, 200 and 100 Gemsbuck. Common coins in 1 Riyal, 5.10, 25, 50 and 100 Gemsbuck. Payment for goods and services in local currency. As an exception to the private shops can arrange payment in dollars, while the price will be rounded not in your favor.
1 Tourist and business visas to Oman. There is one type of visa "single entry visa". Citizens of countries (Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Monaco, the Netherlands , Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, Vatican City, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Australia , Brunei, Canada, Japan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, South Africa, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, the United States) can not get a visa at the immigration office in Oman, but only in the sea, land and air border crossing points or at the consulates of Oman and embassies abroad. The visa fee 6 riyals (about 16 dollars). Visa valid for 1 month and is extended for an additional fee only in the general management of Oman on passports and immigration. The passport must be valid for at least 6 months after the end of the trip. Russian and Ukrainian citizens can get a visa in the presence of a confirmed reservation at the hotel from a local tour operator. Citizens of other countries not mentioned in the list, can obtain a visa through the immigration service for as low as $ 25. USA.
2 Joint Visa Dubai, Oman. Citizens of the countries from the list (See above.) Arriving from Dubai by plane or by land through border check Hatta / Wajajah and having visa UAE (Dubai) can not get a visa in Oman. UAE visa will serve as a basis for entry into Oman. Oman visa will be valid until the end of validity of the visa of the UAE. This visa can not be extended. Rules only apply to visas issued in Dubai, but not in the other emirates!
Express 3 visa can be obtained through the intermediary of the tour operators in Oman at a price of $ 35. Dollars per one passport. Required documents - passport copy tourist. Visa is granted for 1 entry to 14 days shall not be prolonged.
4 Joint Qatar-Oman visa. Citizens of some countries in Europe and Southeast Asia have the right to obtain a visa, making it possible to visit just two countries - Qatar and Oman. Russia is currently not included in the list of these countries.
5 multiple-entry visa in Oman. Through the Consulate of Oman is possible to get a multiple entry visa valid for one year.
The state religion is Islam. Unlike most countries in the Middle East, the Omanis are Muslims Ibadhi (Kharijite) wing. Given that a significant portion of the population are foreigners, the country has a lot of followers of other religions, and the freedom of religion is guaranteed by law.
Official holidays and weekends:
January 1 - New Year's Eve.
November 18 - National Day.
November 19 - Birthday of Sultan Qaboos bin Said.
According to the Muslim lunar calendar at different times celebrated Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan), (Eid al-Fitr, after three or four days after the end of Ramadan, 2 days), Eid al-Adha (Eid al-Hadha, Feast of the Sacrifice , on the 40th day after Ramadan, 3 days), Lailat al-Miraj or Isra wal-Miaradzh (ascension Day of Prophet Mohammed), Milyad en-Nabi or Maulid (the birthday of the Prophet Mohammed, June-July), the Muslim New Year (1st day of the month "Muharram"), the holy month of Ramadan (December-January), and others. During Ramadan schedule changes institutions, entertainment venues, shops, restaurants, and so on. d.
Festivals and Events:
Immediately after the Eid al-Fitr (usually in February) held Muscat Festival, in which, besides music and circus performances, conducted ethnographic holidays and celebrations, as well as various fairs. Festival National Day - an official event, which can be reached mainly by special invitation. Autumn Festival "Kharif" in Salalah conducted from July to August. Tourist Festival Multaka held during the festival of Eid al-Adha in different cities of the country in turn.
At the end of the summer on the coast is marked "nayruz" turned around these parts in a true celebration of the sea (access restricted to tourists). During winter weekends in Batina held bullfights.
Much of the country is subject to the customs and traditional Islamic norms, so you should follow certain rules of conduct.
In banks, call centers, post offices and other places there are separate windows for women. In the taxi, the woman is given a back seat, and in the taxi - the front.
Do not remove the military and police facilities, airports, and the interior of mosques. In the household survey should also be very careful - do not take pictures and even to direct the lens at the men without their consent. Especially not recommended to photograph women and priests, sometimes even actively prevent shootings by police.
The country has a sufficiently stringent environmental standards. At the seaside, Ras al-Hadd - Ras al-Dzhuneyz prohibited to collect shells and any other natural objects. Loud noises and flash photography is prohibited. Clothing should be dark. At the same time to attend these protected areas can not exceed 60 people. Also, without a special permit is not allowed to visit parks and reserves, collect grass or take photographs (and indeed around animals) during the mating season. Oryx antelope especially protected by law.
The rise of coral and shells from the bottom, as well as trophies from shipwrecks, is strictly prohibited. Any type of fishing and spearfishing should be conducted in an orderly manner and subject to licensing. Before the trip to protected areas should always consult the Directorate of nature reserves in Muscat.
Oman - one of the safest countries in the world. The crime rate is extremely low. Even in the province, and at night you can not fear any problems with the locals. To water the whole attitude here is very anxious. Therefore, in any case you can not swim in the local waters in the open to pour water on the ground (even for hygienic procedures) or leave the tap open. Tap water is mostly artesian or desalinated, so it is safe to drink, but because of the complete absence of mineral salts in it is not recommended to drink - it is better to use bottled water.
A separate problem is a "wadi" - usually dry riverbed of rivers and streams. During the rainy season, they quickly filled with water, which torrents rushing down, carrying masses of soil and stones, and completely dry before filling the land. The country has even introduced a special road sign "Caution wadi!" (crossed by three horizontal wavy lines vertical rectangle with an arrow).
The natural hazards are heat (sun) pass, a high level of solar radiation (should use protective creams, sunglasses, and clothing), the peculiar structure of the local food and water. Dangerous wild animals virtually none. When immersed to be feared sharks, barracudas, stingrays, many coral fish, whose thorns are poisonous enough, as well as sea urchins, whose needle permanently stuck in the human body. In the south of the country are strong enough currents and surf, making a dive at an undisclosed location quite dangerous event.
In Oman confused enough notation streets and houses - most of them do not have names at all - only the number or name of the district. Some areas have a "local" names that are not listed in any directories, but are widely used in everyday communication. More confusing cause abbreviations that are commonly spoken one word, and acquired the status of independent words (eg, the word "eychoup" means police, "emkyu" - metropolitan area Madinat Sultan Qaboos, and so on. D.).
Omanis are very sociable and are free to speak to a stranger, but the range of topics rather strictly limited to certain rules - do not talk about his personal life (of the family - as they want), the religion of the local women, laws and customs. At the same time, the question to the woman about her husband or her children an amount considered to be quite relevant. Sultan enjoys the unquestioned authority in the country, so any statements about him or his family may be perceived at least hostile.
Men at the meeting or shake each other hands, or designate kiss. With a woman shake hands (and indeed touch) can be used only if the initiative has shown herself or her husband, but it is not forbidden to greet a woman, even with his face covered, Honk the horn of the car or waved. Special punctuality locals do not differ.
Omanis hospitality is well known. Rejection of the invitation to visit can be regarded as a personal insult. Upon entering the house, be sure to take your shoes off and follow the instructions of the owner. Omani meal passes without tables and chairs - guests are accommodated on the floor on special mats and cushions. Treats are usually very light (tea, coffee, fruit, sweets and so on. Etc..), But abundant enough (the cup will fill permanently), but it is not accepted by refuse. Usually, to give the owners understand that their hospitality received with due respect, but more than anything it is simply impossible to eat enough to shake the cup in his hands. Take food with your left hand is not accepted. Figure take a pinch, some pasty dishes (Hommus, mutabbel), you can take a piece of bread. Rounding out the meal is usually a toothpick ("Hatab ASNA") or caraway seeds ("annut"), which are used to freshen the mouth.
Most hotels and restaurants are licensed to sell alcoholic beverages, which are to be employed on the site, without the right to removal. Removal of alcohol on the street, drinking in public places, driving under the influence of alcohol and transportation are prosecuted and punished with quite harshly (including imprisonment). Alcohol prices high. During Ramadan, no alcoholic beverages are sold. Wednesday evening and Thursday, many of the restaurants are crowded.
In some restaurants and cafes there is no menu in the traditional sense of the word - the dishes are ordered verbally or on the principle of "the same as those for the table." However, the owners of these establishments usually do come to the aid of a foreigner, if they see that it can not place an order.
Traditional cuisine Oman
National cuisine of Oman is entirely dependent on the climatic conditions of the area, and therefore is quite simple. Many centuries lived in a very meager circumstances, Omanis have created quite a distinctive culinary tradition, in which a narrow range of products compensated by an abundance of spices and a variety of cooking methods. However, in recent times, when the question of food was solved by imports, a variety of European and Asian food organically fit into the local tradition.
Foundation is the meat in the first place - lamb, although in recent years increasingly used beef. Traditionally popular roasted whole on the coals in the pit ram "Yeshua," minced meat "makadid" roast meat on the rocks "al-CSBM" Chargrilled meat "lyahm mesh", grilled meat on a skewer "mishkak" (or "mashakik" ) mixed with meat or fish pieces of bread "Burian", lamb or goat meat with rice "uzi", all kinds of fried and baked chicken, stewed with tomatoes, onions and spices meat "lyahm Nashif" rice with meat "lyaham Kabuli" and t. d. The meat is usually served vegetable gravy "salyuna" stewed with tomato pods eponymous bush "okra", boiled lentils with tomato paste, "distance", white peas "Deng", crushed barley curry "dzharish" steamed vegetables "Fattah", fried onions and rice. And, of course, always use the famous Omani spices, ranging from relatively traditional saffron and cardamom, and to exotic "Zaatar" or "lyaymun Guff."
Everywhere (especially in the south) is used fish - grilled over coals entirely "Samak mesh" fish with vegetable sauce "salyunat Samak", dried shark meat "uaal" and soup out of it - "shorbat uaal" stockfish "Mahal" and various seafood. With fish is usually served vegetable salad "fidzhl", a kind of sauce made from lemon juice and onion "mausura" and boiled rice. More and more food from other countries, such as "hummus", "shish-kebab" barbecue "tikka", "mutabbal" or spaghetti, are gaining popularity in the local restaurants.
Bread "hubz" occupies a special place in the Omani table. Here dozens of species - a traditional round bread "rhal" thin the big cake "hubz Tanura," a huge national cake "Kram" Arabic "hubz libnani" and unleavened Indian "Hindi hubz" pita "Tanura" and "Burato" - all they are used in the meal in large quantities. Of bread making unique sandwiches with fish or chicken, it is used as a spoon for the gravy, and as the basis for a variety of sweets - impregnated with honey or fruit wrapped in it. Also popular sweets of candied dates "Tamar" halva "halua" (quite different from the familiar to us halva), "Habis" soft peanut brittle "kyshshat" and "kyshshat sabal" and others. Traditional drink is coffee ("Kahu") . Coffee is usually served in small cups very strong brewed, without sugar, but with the addition of cardamom, milled seed dates or drops of rose water. Tea ("shay") is not less popular than coffee, and here it is drunk with milk ("shay bil Ghalib"), mint ("shay bi naa"), rose water ("shay bi Maale Ward") or ginger ("shay bi zindzhibil").
Alcohol is almost never used. Although it is limited to only selling licenses (available in large hotels and expensive restaurants), Omanis themselves alcoholic beverages consumed very little.
Political system Oman
Absolute monarchy (Sultanate), where the head of state - the Sultan. Now lava State - His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Ben Seyid. High-level advisory body of the country - the Council of Oman, which consists of two chambers - the Majlis al-Shura (Council of Tribes, 83 deputies from districts) and Majlis al-Dawla (State Council, 48 members are appointed by the sultan). Administrative divisions: 8 provinces, which are divided into 59 Vila (districts).
About 2.8 million, Mostly Omanis (Arabs of Oman). The country has been living and working up to 700 thousand. Foreigners (mainly citizens of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the Philippines), non-citizen.
The import of drugs, psychotropic substances, weapons. Makers potent drugs, it is better to have a prescription. Foreigners (only arriving by air) is allowed to have 1 liter of spirits and 300 cigarettes for personal use. Print and video may be taken to check for pornography and "undermine the foundations of society." Products and plants may be removed for inspection. Animals are required to be quarantined. When buying "Antiques" keep a check for presentation at the possible issues when buying national daggers when exported from the country do not forget to pack their luggage.
Medical aid Oman
Certificate of vaccination upon entering the country are required. Risk of transmission of infectious diseases is quite low, but in some areas of the coast, there is a small risk of malaria.
The health care system in the country is fairly well developed, although the level of services in different institutions may be quite different. First aid is free. For all subsequent visits to doctors required to pay. Prices for medical services are quite high.
Working hours Oman
Banks and currency exchange is open from Wednesday to Saturday from 8.00 to 12.00, Thursday 8.00 - 11.00. Exchange offices are open on the same days from 8.00-9.00 to 13.00 hours and from 15.00 to 20.00 (some are open until 21.00 or later). Friday - day off in all organizations.
Shops are open from Wednesday to Saturday from 8.00 to 12.00, Thursday 8.00 - 11.00. The markets are open from 8.00 to 12.00, and some continue to work in the evening, with up to 16.00-16.30 19.00-20.00. Sunday - a day off.
Almost all long-distance transportation are carried out road and air transport. The bulk of the traffic by road transport - buses ONTC public company and private carriers. Intercity buses are modern, air-conditioned and kept in the path of a high speed. Ticket prices low (nearly the entire country can be reached within 10-12 rials). Tickets can be purchased at the box office or bus stations (in the case of a private carrier) from the driver.
In large cities, municipal transport has a relatively small number of lines, the range of motion which is usually 20-30 minutes. Travel costs from 100 to 300 bass depending on the distance. Shields with the number of the route, the main stops and timetables are posted at bus stops (often only in Arabic). The buses run from 6.30 to 22.00-22.30.
On the busiest lines ply taxis departing from the end points or by schedule or at least fill the cabin. The fare on the long-distance taxis about 3 riyals per 100 km in the city - a maximum of 1 riyal. There is also a so-called passenger minibuses ("shared taxi"), which normally run between the city center (or station) and the main areas. The machine holds 4 passengers, but often leaves the driver with 1-2 passengers in the cabin and gives a lift to the rest of the way. You can pay for the rest of the seats and go alone. The fare is usually about 300 bass per trip from Muscat to Nizwa (almost 150 km.) Can be reached in 2 No..
Road and driving rules
Movement sided. Major roads are maintained in excellent condition, in the province a lot of dirt roads, which, nevertheless, regularly dub. On the road constantly leave pets (sometimes whole herds distilled directly on the canvas) and the locals. In the southern areas during the rainy season roads are often overlapped torrents suddenly "revived" wadi. Often after such showers many parts of the road are covered with a thick layer of mud and sand. Omani drivers are not known for a special reverence to the SDA, but differ markedly better than the drivers of other Arab countries - are made to give way (usually this warning blinks headlights), behavior on the track more accurate, all obstacles on the road ahead going car alert rear tail lights flashing, pedestrians have priority over the place at the intersection of intersection, and the speed limit is almost break. Speed limit in the city - 50-60 km / h on highways - 100-120 km / h. Road rules are quite strict - seat belts must be worn, speeding and using a mobile phone while driving is prohibited. In some places the road is controlled by stationary radars and police posts. When speeding car photographed, and a receipt is sent to the car rental company. Useless to argue with the police, and sometimes it can lead to prosecution. Fines are quite large.
Many highways in densely populated areas and in the cities have overlapping parallel roads with two-way traffic. Rush hour on Omani roads observed between noon and 14.00, when in the cities and in the countryside, ending lessons in schools. At many intersections circular motion (indicated by R / A). These roundabouts have their own name and often give a name to the area, which is located around them. Advantage when going to such places are machines that are at the roundabout. On a normal unregulated crossroads sequence Directions solved by mutual consent. In the historic city center car park is often banned and the police have the right to evacuate such a machine in order to avoid traffic jams.
Taxis are usually painted in orange and white in color and are found everywhere. Drivers in them, unlike other modes of transport, working indigenous Omanis. The fare negotiated and usually does not exceed 10 riyals for a trip across town. Evening and night rates much higher.
220 Volt outlet can be a three-pronged, in stores you can buy an adapter, or rent at the hotel.
In most places give a tip is not necessary. Expensive restaurants are added to the score of 15-17% service charge automatically, but in case of good service is recommended to leave the staff of 5-10% of the total bill. The taxi charge is not accepted, since the fare negotiated in advance. Whereas the cost of the service is added to the local tax of 15%. Markets and private shops can bargain in large shops prices are fixed.
In public places, women should avoid too open or tight clothes and mini-skirts, and men - shorts or sleeveless shirts. Europeans wearing local clothes too discouraged, and though probably no one in the open does not express dissatisfaction about this, to dress "for an Arab" is also not recommended. Go to the mosque to non-Muslims is forbidden (limited entry is allowed in the Mosque of Sultan Qaboos in the capital of the country). In this case, the neatness of dress here is very much appreciated.
Helpful information Oman
Public telephone for urgent cases (police, ambulance) - 999.