Poland is a great country in Eastern Europe which is famous for its cultural and historical attractions. A wonderful holiday in Poland - this is a great opportunity to improve health in numerous therapeutic resorts. Outdoor enthusiasts attracted by the quality and variety of activities - skiing, sailing, Windsurfing, Golf, tennis, fishing, horse riding. Also You can make interesting excursions along the Baltic sea coast and the national parks of Poland.
Poland, a country in Central Europe on the Baltic sea. More Northern part of the territory is mostly flat, with numerous lakes and swamps, in contrast to the southern border, where the Sudeten mountains and the High Tatras (Beskydy).
For lovers of mountain walks a primary object of the visit is the Tatra national Park. It is natural and biosphere reserve area 211,6 sq. km. South boundary of the Park is the southern border of Poland, and on the other side of the Park flows in the Slovak Tatra national Park. At the entrance to the Park you have to pay 1,50 zl. Ticket valid for one day. In the Park You can walk only on specially made tracks, however, can buy a ticket that gives the right to freedom of movement, and even tents. You must also observe the rules of conduct in the reserve. If You plan to walk a lot, make sure in advance about convenient, reliable shoes. You will probably have to go and snow, and to overcome shallow mountain streams. Don't worry about their appearance - local fashion allows you to combine a summer time shorts and heavy mountain boots.
Gubałówka is the most accessible for visiting mountain in Zakopane. To get to it, you can use the funicular. Tickets for the cable car both ways are 8 zl. All tourist facilities at Your disposal. This eateries and car inventory: deck chairs for sunbathing or skis and sleds, depending on the season. For "children and youth" here is an interesting attraction type "roller coaster", and with observation decks and a beautiful green lawn on the top offers a beautiful view of the city of Zakopane.
Kasprowy Wierch is another top available "for the lazy", because it can be reached by cable car, originating in the town Smithy. Costs rise 13 zl. The whole ascent takes about 20 minutes. A little trick: cab glazed on all sides, except the front door. So if you want during the ascent capture the surrounding landscape, You should be near the door. This can be done if you go on the last landing, "out of courtesy" letting others go first. Nothing can be compared with majestic panoramic views on a clear, Sunny weather. Even in the summer at the top and near lookout snow, and during the trip You may have to go through the snow and overcome Wade several mountain streams. From here an hour and a half right along the ridge, which is the Polish-Slovak state border, to the highest peak. (2301 m). To descend from the top of the best walking past Shronisko Murowanec. You will see valley lakes is a complex of beautiful mountain lakes, resulting in one another, and eating out gradually to melt a glacier. And from the top Korb offers a splendid panorama immediately on all lakes, seen during the ascent. You will see one of the most beautiful lakes - Black Becoming Constitui.
Koscieliska valley. The main attraction - Jaskina Mrozna (frosty cave, opened in 1934). This is the only cave in the Polish Tatra mountains, with electric lighting. The ticket costs 2,50 zl. In summer the temperature in the cave is only + 6 degrees. Some passages in the cave is very narrow - you have to squeeze sideways, and in some places to crawl on all fours. In some places there is a slippery rocks and dripping water. The path in the cave takes about half an hour, and then you have a long descent on a narrow stone staircase.
Another spectacular cave in Koscielisko valley - Smocza Jama (cave of the dragon) in the valley Wawoz Krakow (Vanves Krakow), near the national Park. This track belongs to the 3rd degree of difficulty. Come all the way in this cave is possible only with a flashlight. In some places, have to climb up steep stairs, Walking on the road, you will find several caves. At the end of the road you will find Schronisko Orlak, where you can eat and relax. Here ends the usual way and start mountain trails. One of them leads to a beautiful mountain lake (Smreczinski Staw), in calm waters which reflects the forest and towering over him majestic mountains. Others will take you on mountain tops.
Giewont. Having overcome all the difficulties of the ascent, you will find yourself at the top where there is a metal cross. The view from here in the valley, nothing obscures is the first high mountain. Even the road to the top of the approach it only on the sides, and nothing spoils a majestic view. From Zakopane this mountain is very steep, and there are no trails. With this top you long to enjoy the beautiful panorama. On Giewont go back even small children, nothing complicated nor rise, nor in the descent there. The main thing - hold circuit (where it is).
Three two thousand at a time. One hour walk from Gionta, and You - two thousand (2005 height meters) Kopa Kondracka. It is located on the Polish-Slovak border. If you have power, you can visit the other two vertices Malolaczniak (2096 m), and Ciemniak (also 2096 m). In some places the road passes near steep precipice, revealing a truly magical species. This is not a walk, but rather the endurance test. From the top Ciemniak starts quite heavy two-hour descent. At the end of the road you leave the valley of Koscieliska. Just half an hour and you are at a bus stop in Zakopane.
Valley of the five lakes. To get to the valley in different ways - from the top of Koscielec, and from Castroviejo top. But the easiest way is from the Bald meadows (Lysa polana). Little more than an hour on asphalt road, and You have a waterfall Mickiewicz (wodogrzmiot Mickewicza). Then a half hour mountain trail Roztoki valley, and You have huge by local standards, Siklawa waterfall. Another five minutes and go out to the wonderful lake Wielki Staw (big lake). The water in the lake, even in late summer, icy cold. Relaxing in such a beautiful location, with views of the three lakes, pass by the tiny lake, and go to Przedni staw (front lake). There are Schronisko w dolinie pieciu atawow (schronisko in the valley of five lakes). Then half way through two mountain peaks will lead you to the lake "Sea eye". Lake Morskie oko is very popular because of its availability. On the shore is Schronisko przy Morskim Oku, where you will awake. The way back to the Bald meadow, will take you on foot for two hours. But go you will be on a smooth asphalt road, and all the time under the mountain. Near the lake there is a Parking horse-drawn carriages. It is such a pleasure - 15-20 zl.
Poland's climate is temperate. In the summer, in the month of July, the average temperature is about 19, but there are hot days with temperatures exceeding 30 C. the coldest months of the year are January and February. Winter in the mountains long snow.
Behind Moscow for 2 hours.
The official language is Polish. It is used also Russian, English.
The national currency is the Polish zloty = 100 pennies. In circulation are banknotes of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 zloty coins - 1,2,5,10,20 and 50 pennies; 1, 2 and 5 zloty. All payments in Poland are carried out only in PLN.
For a trip into the country need a visa. Documents required for visa application:
Valid passport (valid for no less than 3 months from the date of the planned departure from Poland);
Photocopy of passport (page with photo);
The form of the established sample;
1 photo (3,5x4,5);
Confirm the purpose of the trip:
from individuals - original (confirmed by the Governor),
from a legal person - the original or Fax (invitation should be issued on the letterhead of inviting company/organization and its details, the data of the invited person (name, surname, date of birth, passport no), the purpose and duration of the trip, at the invitation must specify who is responsible for all costs associated with the stay of the invited person);
2) proof of purchase of travel services (voucher);
3) note the Ministry of foreign Affairs or the Embassy (diplomatic and official passports);
4) confirmation of authorization to perform work by a foreigner (for employment), issued by the Governor;
5) a certificate from the school or Institute (purpose of study).
The cost of the visa for citizens of Russia and Belarus is:
- single entry visa - 10 Euro;
- double - 16 Euro;
- multiple - EUR 50.
Free visas are issued to persons under 16 years of age and over 70 years of age, persons with disabilities and residents of the Kaliningrad region.
Citizens of the Russian Federation transit visa is not required for travel through the territory of Poland in the Schengen countries, the Czech Republic, Slovakia in the presence of a visa, temporary residence permit or residence permit in these countries. In such cases, the period of stay on the territory of the Republic of Poland may not exceed 5 days from the day of entry.
In addition to visa to enter and stay in Poland you must have the necessary financial resources that are required to produce on demand of the Polish border guard (visa does not guarantee entry into the country - in any case the final decision is up to the border guard service).
The right of visa-free entry to Poland are citizens of European Union countries, USA, Canada, Israel, Romania, Bulgaria, Australia, and some others.
Religion: Christianity Roman Catholic persuasion. Poland - the most Eastern Catholic country in Europe, the Church occupies a very important place in the life of the country and is actively involved in the socio-political and economic activities.
Holidays In Poland:
January 1 - New year.
March-April - Easter (usually 1-2 weeks before the Orthodox).
March-April - Easter Monday.
may 1 - Labor Day.
3 may - Constitution Day 1791.
May-June - corpus Christi (usually Thursday).
August 15 - Feast of the Polish Army (the Day of Accession).
August - The Assumption.
30 October - 2 November - all saints ' Day and all souls Day.
11 November - independence Day.
25-26 December - Christmas.
The classical music festivals are held in Lancut (may), toruń (September) and Wroclaw (December), festivals of contemporary music in Wroclaw (February), Poznan (March), Zakopane (July), Warsaw (September) and Krakow (November). Festivals of organ music held in Krakow (April) and Gdansk (July and August), song festivals in Krakow (April), Opole (June), Gdansk (June to August), Sopot (August) and Wroclaw (September).
Jazz festivals are held in Wroclaw (may), Warsaw (October) and Krakow (September and October). Beautiful folk festivals are held in Torun (may), Gyvez (August) and Zakopane (August). Film festivals are held in Krakow (may) and Gdansk (September).
Annual street fair held in Poznan (June or July) and in Gdansk (June and August). In Warsaw interesting jazz festival "Zlota Tarka" in June, the Mozart Festival (mid June - mid July), the Festival of contemporary music "Warsaw autumn" (September), and "Jazz Jamboree" the end of October.
Krakow is the most a large number of cultural events in Poland, in addition to the above attractive Days of organ music and the Festival of student songs in April, the Polish short film festival in may, Krakow Days" and blowing wreaths on the Vistula in June, the festival "Music in Old Krakow" in August, the fair folk art and jazz festival-group "Solo-duet-trio" in September, dance contest "Polonaise" in October, the jazz festival "Halloween" and international exhibition of contemporary ballet in November, an exhibition of folk art Christmas eve and other During the Easter week is the famous weekly view "Passionate game" and the solemn procession in traditional costumes during the feast of the assumption in the nearby Kalwaria-Zebrzydowska.
In Poznan annually about a dozen trade fairs and exhibitions, the largest of which is the international technical fair in June and consumer goods Fair in October. International book fair in Warsaw held in may.
At the entrance to the Church should lay his head or stand up on his knee and cross, therefore, entering into the interior, to watch out for mini-forerunners parishioners not to bump into them. For service you can watch or from the back or from the side aisles. Shooting in churches is not forbidden, but to use flash or other device which impedes the service, not - this is usually notifies a special sign at the entrance to the Church, crossed the camera with flash. The exception is the special occasion (weddings, celebration of first communion and so on)when legally allowed all kinds of shooting. In the churches-museums with paid admission for shooting you have to pay separately. Museums are usually all kinds of shooting paid, they require to purchase tickets for photo or video (more expensive).
Almost all tours are conducted in Polish (although in advance you can order room service and in Russian or English), so it is better to buy a guide or special tourist map.
The crime rate in Poland is still quite high, so you must be very careful in crowded places, in transport and in areas crowded. Large amounts of cash to carry around is not recommended. Passport and securities should also be kept in a secure place.
Public toilets (open until 22.00) paid, with the exception of WC in catering, supermarkets and cinemas.
Traditional cuisine Poland
Polish cuisine is quite diverse and original. For many components, it is similar to Ukrainian and Russian cuisine, using, however, and introduced elements of the culinary traditions of the German and Baltic peoples. Meals are usually very rich, the number of herbs and spices is small, but they are used with great skill.
Carvery well-known famous sausage, ham with horseradish, roast beef, baked potatoes and brisket under onion sauce, veal brains with herbs, fried tripe with boiled vegetables "tricks", stewed in cream sauce with tomatoes and red pepper chicken, roast duck "pitching"cabbage with smoked bacon "pozhibroda", goose with apples "GES", meat in cream sauce "SRA", stuffed goose neck, terrine of rabbit, pork chicken "cutlets of above"pork leg with pea puree "golonka", roast wild boar and the famous "bigos" - a dish of various meats and sauerkraut. Preference is given to fried dishes.
Poland is a country of soup, there are hundreds and hundreds of species. Vegetable soups are good beetroot soup "Botvina"cabbage soup "kapusniak", a soup made of potatoes, vegetables and cereals - "Krupnik", a broth with dumplings and pieces of meat "ROSOL"soup noodles "zacherka and sour soup "Zurek". No less interesting soup of goose blood "Chernin", Polish cabbage soup, soup made from fresh cucumbers and a variety of soups.
Not less popular fish dishes - famous baked pike, baked fish with horseradish, salad herring, herring in cream sauce, carp Polish (head of carp fed separately and is a festive dish), carp, tench or bream in the sauce Polish, meatballs, fish in sauce with pickles, ear hunting, roll of cod or walleye, etc.
Mushrooms in Poland is very popular as boiled (serve a mandatory element, for example, many borscht), and fried, pickled, marinated with spices. Cucumbers are served svezhesrezannye with honey, pepper and sour cream. Popular salad red beet salad potato with beans, pumpkin pancakes with sausage, salad with horseradish and apples, salad of red cabbage red cabbage and other Potato is served fried, boiled and in the form of hash Browns with onions and sour cream. The most popular quick Polish dish - casserole", long bun, baked with onions, cheese and mushrooms.
Pastry is an indispensable attribute of a traditional table. Besides well-known dumplings ("polity")that go to many dishes, popular cheese pancakes "cheesecakes", pies with potatoes, cheese or mushrooms "pierogi", lazanki with cracklings, "ears" with stuffing and so on, Traditional Polish dessert is cake "Mazurek", "Rakovnik, pretzels with poppy seeds, sand rolls with walnut stuffing, bread, and cakes, and jams, cakes and other pastries.
Drinks preference traditionally given vodka ("vyborova", "corn" or "sweet grass"), tinctures ("mysliwska", "Portanova", "Karmelicka", "apelsinovy" or "Limonova"), brandy ("plum" and "vinnic") and beer (Zywiec, Lezajsk, Okocim or Piast). Very popular non-alcoholic drinks - beer, jelly, and juice of red and black currants.
Breakfast is often served kefir, sour milk, and curdled milk, usually served hot boiled potatoes. The first dish is most often represented by borscht, cabbage soup, stewed vegetables, beet soup, glasswort, soups-mashed potatoes. To borscht and cabbage soup in Poland usually served instead of bread hot boiled potatoes. Favorite dishes of Polish cuisine are dishes made of scars (tricks in Warsaw, tricks sauce, soup with tripe).
A variety of Polish cuisine fruit and berry sweet (fruit salads, ice cream, sweet pancakes), confectionery and bakery products.
Political system Poland
Poland is a democratic parliamentary Republic. The head of state is the President. The head of government is the Prime Minister. The legislature is bicameral National Assembly (Parliament - 460 ambassadors and the Senate has 100 senators).
About 38.6 million people. Poles make up about 98% of the population. There are also Germans, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Lithuanians, Tatars, Armenians, Jews and others More than 16 million poles living outside the country.
The import of foreign currency is allowed without restrictions, but all the currency in excess of 2500 USD should be necessarily included in the customs Declaration. The export of currency is allowed up to the amount specified in the customs Declaration. It is prohibited to export abroad and import in Poland the Polish currency and other Polish currency values without permission. You also need to declare antique jewelry and books published before 1945
Duty-free imported meat, fish, poultry and canned them up to 2 kg, animal fats and vegetable - up to 1 kg, dairy products - up to 1 kg, chocolate and chocolate products - from 1 kg of natural coffee 200 gr., spirits or alcohol to 1 liter, wine - up to 3 liters of beer up to 1 HP, cigarettes up to 250 pieces, cigars up to 50 PCs, tobacco - 250 gr., as well as Souvenirs for the amount not exceeding USD 100 and goods for personal use not more than 1 piece of each item per person. Allowed to import gold, platinum, precious stones and natural pearls, if their total weight does not exceed 50 grams.
Allowed to import hunting, sports, firearms or gas weapons and up to 100 pieces of ammunition on the mandatory permission from the appropriate consular establishments of Poland.
Strictly prohibited the importation of explosives and radioactive substances, poisons, and drugs. Limited import of medicines (insulin, a necessary recipe) and gasoline (only within the volume of the tank of the machine).
Medical aid Poland
No special vaccinations for entry into the country is not required. First aid and emergency situations is provided free of charge, for further treatment is required to pay. If you call an ambulance will be recognized as unjustified, it shall be paid on the basis of total costs. Most medicines sold in pharmacies by prescription. In every major city there are drugstores on duty, working around the clock.
Working hours Poland
Banks are open from 8.30 to 13.00 (Central offices to 17.00 on weekdays. Some banks are open until 18.00. Exchange offices are usually open till 19.00-20.00 and in the major tourist centers and longer.
Shops are open from 9.00 to 17.00-19.00 on weekdays and from 9.00 to 14.00 on Saturdays. Grocery stores in large cities are open on weekdays from 06.00 to 18.00-19.00, Saturdays from 07.00 to 13.00. Sunday and public holidays, and often at night, opened many supermarkets.
Avia company LOT has a fairly extensive network of routes in Poland, however, they all start in Warsaw. One of the main goals of these routes is bringing passengers to distant international flights departing from Warsaw airport. Flights between provincial cities, as a rule, is only possible with a stopover in Warsaw. In each of the directions has several flights a day, the regular fare for most of them (including transplantation) is approximately $80-100 for the flight there and back.
Bus lines in Poland are mainly used for trips on short and medium distances, but there are also long-haul trips. Lines are dozens of regional bus companies usually have the abbreviation PKS in his name. Schedule regional lines often can be viewed on the websites of the respective cities. Many long-haul trips performed by the company Polski Express.
Warsaw public transport consists of metro, buses and trams. Tickets are sold at metro stations, as well as everywhere in the newspaper, tobacco and other kiosks. Buying a ticket from the driver's worth the extra 0.6 zloty. A standard single ticket on any kind of transport costs 2.4 zlotys. On working days from 9 to 14 hours the same ticket costs PLN 2. Ticket for 10 trips costs 21,6 PLN. Trips to the suburbs are twice as expensive. Ticket for unlimited travel during the hours of 3.6 PLN for 1.5 hours to 4.5 PLN, 2 hours - 6 PLN. For day ticket costs 7.2 PLN, for three days - 12 PLN, for a week - 24 PLN. Monthly travel costs 76 PLN bearer (n travel - 66 PLN). Card Warszawa Tourist Card gives you free travel on public transport, free or discounted entry to museums and attractions. The cost card for 1 day - 35 PLN 3 days - 65 PLN.
Around the city you can get around by using the line commuter trains, but they have a different tariff system. In other cities of Poland, as a rule, there are only buses and trams.
Taxis are very common and must be labeled "Taxi" and the company phone number on the door. In machines that do not have such signs, to sit down is not recommended. The machine can take on the sites or to order by phone (usually there is a discount of 5-10%). Act 2 tariff - day (from 6.00 to 22.00) and night (22.00-6.00, much more expensive), as well as tariffs for country trips and weekends. In the absence of the counter should negotiate the price in advance. Taxis ("beads") are typically the commuter routes, and fare on them even lower than on the buses.
Polish Railways (PKP) - the main type of long-distance transportation in Poland, although in some regions, particularly in the East of the country, the trains run infrequently.
In Poland there are the following types of trains:
Osobowy (Os) - slow day regional train.
Pospieszny (P) - fast train. Sometimes, as day and night.
InterRegion (IRN) - day fast train with compulsory reservation.
Express (Ex) - day Express. Express fare plus 10 PLN for compulsory redundancy.
InterCity (IC), which is analogous to Express a high level of comfort and light meals. Express fare plus 18-25 PLN for compulsory redundancy.
EuroCity (EC) is similar in InterCity and international traffic. Express fare plus 18 PLN for compulsory redundancy.
Nocny-Express (NEx) - sleeping train with no stops from 0 to 5 hours. The usual fare plus fee per bed.
Tariffs for different types of trains differ dramatically. For example, from Warsaw to Poznan cheaper and can be reached with two changes at the regional trains for 5 hours and 25 PLN. However, these options are only three per day. Express trains go for 3-3,5 hours and 43 PLN. Travel by high-speed trains across Poland with any transfers is about 54 PLN. First class costs about one and a half times more expensive. Express the rate is much higher. On the same line Warsaw-Poznan Express trains go 3 hours and cost 74 PLN (Express) or 82-89 PLN (InterCity and EuroCity). For young people under 26 years travel in trains IC and EC cheaper by a third. The first class is more expensive about the same. These are the same rates and line Warsaw-Krakow. On longer routes, fare increases slightly. For example, travel from Warsaw to Szczecin is 51 zloty in a short (6-7 hours), 82 PLN in the Express and 90 PLN in InterCity (5 hours). Night trains used the rate of rapid trains. Night soon there are all types of cars and trains Nocny-Express - usually just lying. Co-pay for a sleeping berth is 50 PLN for six-seater couch, 60 per Quad, 80 per shelf in a triple bedroom, 140 - twin, 270 - single. There are several special fares. In particular, the number of Express lines between provincial cities it is possible to buy a ticket for 11 PLN for half an hour before departure of the train if there were places.
On weekends and holidays there is a special ticket weekend trains Ex, IC and EC. It costs 99 zloty in the second grade and 149 in the first and acting with unlimited 18 PM last working day until midnight last weekend. Reservations without having. Travel to a specific person for a month worth PLN 725 in the second grade and 1088 in the first. The same travel with the right to transfer to another person is one and a half times more expensive. Reservations free of charge.
If you intend to actively travel to Poland on business days, then you probably will suit ticket Euro Domino Poland. This ticket costs € 45 for three random days of unlimited travel within one month plus 10 euros for each additional day. You can buy up to 5 additional days. For young people under 26 years of lower prices - 39 Euro for the first three days plus 8 euros for each additional. Tickets purchased in advance in Russia.
Voltage - 220 V, 50 Hz. Appliances must have a European plug".
The restaurant - 10% of the bill (if it did not include the cost of services, otherwise you can round); Tipping taxi drivers in Poland do not give. With any amount the taxi driver should give you the change, no matter how small it may be.
Helpful information Poland
Tour Desk Krakow - 422-60-91, Warsaw - 635-18-81.
Telephone service - 913.
Reference code long-distance communication - 912.
Reference codes international relations - 908.
City background - 911.
Phone the customs information centre in Warsaw - 650-2873.
The information Desk airlines - 952, 953.
Reference Bureau of Railways (internal) - 620-03-61, (international) - 620-45-12.
The police - 997.
Fire brigade - 998.
Ambulance - 999.
Phone security for foreign tourists - 0-800-200-300, additional + 48 608 599 999 (calls him pay). Calls are accepted from 8.00 to 20.00.