Portugal - the westernmost country of mainland Europe - small in size. Only neighbor - Spain surpasses it in size in five and a half times. Hospitality - one of the traits of the national character of the Portuguese. Coming here, you will immediately feel that you are really pleased. Portugal - the vast sandy beaches and rugged coastal cliffs of the waves of the Atlantic Ocean, the gentle hills covered with verdure, and mountain peaks, an abundance of flowers ...
Portugal - a state in south-western Europe, in the western part of the Iberian Peninsula. In the north and east by Spain in the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean. The northern part of the country is occupied by low mountains of the Serra da Estrela (altitude up to 1991 m.), The southern and central parts - Portuguese lowlands, hills and low mountains. The total area of the country - 92 thousand. Sq. km.
The capital Lisbon.
Sufficiently small area, Portugal nevertheless united in their land rich historical heritage and numerous ancient castles, cathedrals and palaces, the mild climate and beautiful beaches of the Atlantic Ocean, calm hospitable people and modern resorts. Beaches of the Algarve (southern province of the country) and the island of Madeira, the resort areas of Estoril and Cascais, spa resorts in Caldas da Rainha and Caldas de Monchique, all this attracts annually to more than 10 million. Tourists from all over the world.
Lisbon ("beloved Bay") - one of the most beautiful cities in the world, spread out on the hilly slopes of the valley of the Tagus River near its confluence with the ocean. The city has a well-recognizable "face" formed an abundance of old buildings, steep stairs, cable cars, cobblestone streets of the old quarters, lots of tiny parks with ponds and convenient overview of terraces 'Mirador'. The center of the city is picturesque, paved with mosaic Rossio Square with bronze fountains, colorful flower beds, a statue of King Pedro IV and the building of the National Theatre Dona Maria II. North of the square Rossio Square is Reshtauradoresh with pink palace Palacio Foz, which starts from the central thoroughfare of the capital - framed by a chestnut alleys and actual rich mansions, restaurants, hotels and chic shops of Avenida da Liberdade (Liberty Avenue). It ends on a round Marques de Pombal (or Rotunda) with a monument to the Marquis reformer in the center. To the north of the Rotunda on the slopes of the hill stretches green area Parque Eduardo VII.
On the waterfront of the Tagus is a beautiful square Praça do Comércio (Palace) with the monument of Jose I, which starts most trips around the city. On three sides of the area framed by buildings of ministries and banks, and the fourth overlooks the river. One of the symbols of Lisbon - decorated with bas-reliefs and statues of famous people arch, connecting the area with the Commerce Street Augusta. The square in front of City Hall (1865) adorns twisted stone column Pelourinho, the city symbol of justice, which in earlier times was used as a pillory. In the old western region of Belém is the most impressive architectural structure of Lisbon - Jeronimos Monastery (1502) in the style of "Manueline" built in honor of the Vasco da Gama of the sea route to India. In the pantheon of the monastery contains the tombs of Vasco da Gama, the poet Camoes and King Manuel I, and in front of the monastery itself is a beautiful park with a monument to pioneer. Another symbol of Lisbon is considered to be lying nearby, surrounded by the waters of the river, the Torre de Belém (Belém Tower) in the Portuguese Gothic style - a former lighthouse and outpost, completely renovated in 1845 along the street you can reach Belém Belém Palace with the president's residence republic, the former royal riding school and a unique Museum of coaches. From this it can be seen on the left bank of the river the majestic statue of Christ with outstretched arms (height of 35 m.) And the famous "Bridge on April 25" - the city's longest bridge in Europe (2278 m.).
Founded by the Visigoths castle São Jorge (St.. George, V c.) Is on a hill in the eastern part of the city. During its long history the fortress was rebuilt several times, and served as a royal residence and prison, where Vasco da Gama celebrated the success of his expedition to India, and now from the observation deck of the fortress, you can enjoy the magnificent panorama of the city. Surrounding the foot of the fortress hill Alfama district is the oldest part of the city, hence starting again Roman and later Moorish Lisbon. Low stone houses with tiled roofs frame the picturesque streets of the Alfama steep, paved with cobblestones. Interesting Romanesque Cathedral Se, which was built in 1150 on the site of the mosque as a symbol of the victory of the Christians over the Moors - is the oldest temple of the city. The attractions of this area are also the church of Madre de Deus (Mother of God, the beginning of the XVI century.), The Museum of coaches in the heart of Vasco da Gama and the palace Mitra (XVII century.) With the Museum of Lisbon.
In the western part of the city you should definitely visit the old quarter near Bairro Alto, outside of San Bento, Ratu and Amoreiras area, as well as the palace of the National Assembly (1834), the Church of St.. Vincent-to-handicap, San Domingo and Loreto Municipal Palace with elegant staircases, numerous mansions of Portuguese nobility and see the Roman aqueduct "free water" in height 66 m.
Commercial center of Lisbon, Baixa, very different from the rest of the city by its clear layout of the streets. There were no palaces or churches, but the mass of banks and department stores. Here is one of the many cable cars - openwork metal tower Elevador de Santa Justa, built on the model of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, with a magnificent view of the upper and lower town.
The city has many beautiful parks, botanical gardens, interesting and numerous museums, among which the most remarkable do Chiado Museum (Portuguese art XIX-XX centuries.), The National Museum of Ancient Art (painting XII-XIX cc.), Museum of Modern Art, the National natural History Museum, the Ethnographic Museum, the Archaeological and Marine museums, museum Kalosta Gulbenyana (collection of art from the III. BC. Oe. till XX century.), a unique museum of ceramics and others.
In the vicinity of Lisbon is a picturesque mountain range of the Arrábida coast and lovely "Blue Beach" and Costa do Sol, aristocratic manor Azeitão, as well as many impregnable medieval fortresses and castles converted into a hotel - "pouzady" cozy restaurants and cafes.
30 km. west of Lisbon is Sintra - the pearl of the Portuguese Riviera and across the country. This is the summer residence of Portuguese kings from the XIV to the XX century., City of royal palaces, exotic parks, impregnable fortresses and castles, declared by UNESCO "heritage of humanity". It is eclectic in Sintra Royal Palacio da Pena (Pena Palace, XIX c.) With a splendid park of 270 hectares, the palace Kashtellu dos Morush (palace of the Moors), the royal palace Paco Real (XIV c.), The palace Flared (1747) and other unique architectural patterns. 20 km. north of Sintra is a giant palace-monastery complex Mafra (XVIII c.), bringing together the area of 10 hectares of the palace and monastery, as well as about 880 other rooms, including marble basilica in the Austrian style with a gorgeous body and a rich library in which contains about 30 thousand. volumes.
Port - one of the oldest cities and former capital of the country, originated in the VI. BC. e. on the right bank of the river Douro. It is interesting to visit the rebuilt of the old fortress Cathedral (XII-XVIII centuries.) Granite tower Klerigosh (XVIII c., Height of 75 m. - The highest church tower in Portugal), the Franciscan church of San Francisco (1233), with the Town Hall 70-meter bell tower (1920), a masterpiece of Portuguese baroque architecture of the XVIII century. - Bishop's Palace to the museum by Machado de Castro, designed by Eiffel double-deck bridge over the Douro (length 172 m.) And the São Bento Train Station, with huge tiled paneled walls. You should definitely go through the Avenida dos Aliados with impressive houses late XIX - early XX century, visit the bustling waterfront quarter of Ribeira, the famous wine cellars or a colorful and bustling market. The oldest botanical garden in Portugal Porto (1772) is a fine example of late Baroque garden art, remained beautiful old orangery of the castle and park type. In the suburb of Vila Nova de Gaia has been 300 years are the main cellars for storage port and placed a unique Museum of Port Wine.
To the north of Porto is known more from II. BC. e. Braga city - an important industrial, cultural and religious center of the country, the bishop's residence. 5 km. Braga is the shrine of Portugal - standing on a mountain terrace height of 564 m. church of Bom Jesus do Monte (Church of Christ on Calvary, 1723-1811) - the one of the most important pilgrimage centers of the country. Near the church is divided magnificent park with many small chapels, fountains and ponds. City proud of its architectural monuments, among which are the "Old Town" with dozens of churches and palaces on the small streets and squares decorated with fountains, Arch da Porto Nova, also attractive Cathedral with the Chapel-dos-Reis (XIV c.) Town Hall (XVIII c.) Mizerekordia church (XVI c.), Santa Cruz (XVII century.) Igreya-to-do Carmo, Nostra Senhora a Branca, Igreya dos Terseyros, Chapel St. Mark (XV -XVIII cc.), Casa dos Koimbras (1525) and others. surrounded by a beautiful park archbishop's palace (XVII century.) now houses the Museum of the Roman relics and Roman sanctuary Fonte de idol (I c. n . e.) is considered one of the best preserved in the country.
"The cradle of Portugal" is considered Guimaraes (founded in 840, 50 kms. North of Porto), the birthplace of the first king of the country - Afonso Henriques I. Preserve the old fortress with seven towers on the "Holy Hill", the old streets of the city, numerous mansions and temples, also an interesting museum of religious art and utensils in a former monastery and located 7 km. to the south-east of the city Moshteyro former convent of Santa Maria da Costa (1154), transformed today into a luxurious hotel.
South of Porto is one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in Portugal - Aveiro, declared by UNESCO "heritage of humanity". Here are the only preserved Roman temple in the country - the Temple of Diana with 14 Corinthian columns, Church of San Francisco with a "chapel of bones", the church of Santo Antao (XVI c.), The Church of Our Lady da Graça, Cathedral Se (1186 ), the Roman-Gothic church Art Museum, and many other unique structures.
Old university city of Coimbra is in the middle of the river Mondego. His famous University - one of the oldest in Europe (founded in 1290). This is a complex of unique historic buildings, among which the most interesting Colonnade Via Latina, luxurious auditorium Sala dos Kapelosh, elegant Capella University, clock tower with a bell and the old library (1716-1728 year). Among the architectural monuments of the city stand in close and intricate "Old Town", the cathedral Sé Velha in the Romanesque style (XII century.) With an altar in 1508, the Augustinian monastery of Santa Cruz (XVI c.) To the tomb of the first king of Portugal, Afonso Henriques I, Museum Machado de Castro in the episcopal palace (XVI c.), the beautiful Ponte de Santa Clara, a park with "fountain of Love", a small museum park "Portugal in miniature", "House of Tears" and the Roman aqueduct. 16 km. southwest of Coimbra is located Fatima - a world famous place of pilgrimage, two kilometers from where 13 May 1917 was a miracle of the Virgin Mary children phenomenon. Every year on May 13, hundreds of thousands of Catholics come here to pay homage to Our Lady of Fatima. Pilgrimage center is a large area, the esplanade in front of the Basilica of St.. Virgin of local white limestone (to accommodate all the faithful, the area is made twice the area of St. Peter in the Vatican, 1928) and Visions Church, built on the site of the miraculous phenomenon. Currently, the city has gained international importance are regularly held religious ceremonies, and at the Basilica there was a lot of religious orders.
It is interesting to visit the former capital of the dynasty Avishskoy - Evora, one of the oldest cities in the Iberian Peninsula, is known from the beginning of the I century. n. e. The main attractions are the former Archbishop's Palace and Cathedral of Se (1186), Roman temple (II c. N. E.), The oldest aqueduct country - Agua da Prata, the palace of Count Basto, gallery Dash Damash, churches Igreya -de-San-Juan (1485), John the Baptist, Eshpiritu Santo, Sao Mamede, San Francisco and others., as well as the palace-castle Palacio dos Duc de Kadaval, Praça do Zhiraldu with a series of graceful arches, the University (founded. in the XVI century.), Graça church and palace of King Emanuel with a lovely garden. In Bragança Bragança interesting fortress (1187), a medieval building of the city government Domush-Munitsipalis, "Old Town" to the Cathedral (XVI c.) And the central Avenida with many sidewalk cafes. Medieval abbey of Santa Maria (XII - XIII c.) And the burial place of the representatives of the Burgundian dynasty in Alcobaça is also an important landmark of the country. Here is a beautiful wine museum. In Batalha (20 km. Southwest of Alcobaca), in a unique monastery of Santa Maria da Victoria (1385), are located the tomb of Henry the Navigator and the representatives of the royal dynasty of Aviz. In Tomar is like a fortress monastery of the Knights of Christ (1160), the Church of Charolais (XII century.) Synagogue (1460) to the Museum of Abraham Zacuto, church Igreya de São João Baptista (V c.) Renaissance basilica Igreya de Nossa Senhora da Conceição (XVI c.), the Monastery of Santa Iria, Anunsiada, San Francisco and the castle of the Knights Templar - another unique architectural and historical monument of Portugal with a lot of beautiful buildings in the style of "Manueline" .
Former hunting palace of the last Portuguese monarchs in Bussaco today turned into a luxury hotel - one of the most romantic hotels in Europe, surrounded by centuries-old park of about 500 hectares. Chaves is famous for its hot springs, Roman fortress and the Church of Mercy. City museum under the open sky Obidos, resting place of the Portuguese monarchs, is now under the protection of monuments. In Setubal attractive Gothic church of Santa Maria (XVI c.), The church of San JESUS (1491), Castello San Felipe, the Roman Temple of Diana and the City Museum with a collection of paintings by Portuguese artists XV-XVI centuries. and jewelry.
Subtropical Mediterranean. Soft, without sharp fluctuations in temperature. In the north is dominated by a maritime climate due to the Gulf Stream. Summer here is dry and sunny, but not hot (average temperature of about 20 C, in the mountains - about 18 C) and cool winters (from +4 C to +10 C) and rainy. In the south the climate is warm and dry. Average January temperatures range from +5 ° C to +10 ° C, in July - from +20 C to +27 C. Precipitation in the plains is from 400 to 800 mm in the mountains from 1000 to 2500 mm. per year.
Far from Moscow at 3:00.
Official language - Portuguese, also used Spanish and English.
Euro, equal to 100 cents. In the back there are notes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros, as well as coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents. More information is available on the website of the European Central Bank.
Most convenient way to change money at the airport in Lisbon (favorable rate, lower fee), banks and hotels rate below and above the collection (in the banks commission is 0.5%). Exchange rates of different banks may differ significantly from each other. Some commercial banks do not charge a commission on transactions valued at less than 30 euros. In some private shops and markets can pay in dollars USA. Traveler's checks are accepted everywhere and their rate is more favorable than for cash, but the fees are quite high (up to 13%), with the exception - checks American Express, which can be exchanged without commission at Amex. Eurocheques with check guarantee cards are exchanged at many banks. Credit cards MasterCard, American Express and Visa are accepted everywhere. In all the tourist centers are located ATMs ("multibancos").
Portugal - one of the countries participating in the Schengen Agreement. Russian citizens can get a Schengen visa at the Embassy of Portugal. In this case it is necessary to enter the Schengen zone through Portugal.
To obtain a national visa for tourism purposes, you must have a valid passport, signed by the owner and the remaining validity of at least 3 months after your planned return of the country, 2 color photographs measuring 3 to 4 cm. (Must be made no more than 6 months prior to travel) , 2 forms in English, which must indicate the availability of home and work telephone numbers and names of parents (even if they have died), a copy of the passport (all pages containing the mark), hotel voucher with proof of payment, a certificate of work (original on letterhead of the organization - a copy or fax will not be accepted) and medical insurance valid in all Schengen countries (a copy is not accepted, as well as not acceptable and insurance card without the policy). For private and tourist invitation is issued only 1-fold visa can be issued by the service multivisa for a specified period.
If entering children under 18 years of age, you must provide a copy of the original birth certificate. If children under 18 enter, accompanied by one of the parents also need to provide a notarized authorization from the other parent (the original and a copy). To obtain a visa the child of a single mother made the appropriate book. Trip with children in the service invitation difficult. Tax collected - for up to 30 days - the equivalent of $ 30, up to 90 days - the equivalent of $ 35 for a multiple entry visa - the equivalent of $ 45 (for a visa children inscribed in the parent's passport, the visa fee is not charged to have its passport - will be charged the full amount).
Religion: Roman Catholic (97%) and Protestants (1%).
Slowness - a national trait of the Portuguese, so many events are not held on schedule, to which constantly need to be prepared. Traditional "siesta" from 12.00 to 15.00 respected no less carefully than in Mediterranean countries. At this time, most schools closed, and even the phone call no one answers. Portuguese dine quite early, some restaurants close early as 21.30-22.00.
The criminal situation in the country is very quiet, but a growing number of pickpocketing and fraud, especially at airports, railway stations, public transportation, museums and tourist areas.
An interesting feature of stay in Portugal is living in "pouzadah" - old castles and fortresses, carefully renovated and transformed into a luxury hotel (there are more than 300). Stay in a "pouzadah" is considered prestigious, and organized tours are more informative than the usual maintenance, so places must be booked in advance.
Beaches have been quite clean and very well maintained, but the proximity to the beaches of sea communications continental Portugal makes itself felt. If the coast exposed to the red flags, it means that swimming is prohibited in this area, if the yellow - you need to be careful, and if green, then swimming in this place safely. On the islands of the problem practically does not occur.
In Portugal, pending yawn and stretch in public places, in a conversation is not necessary to discuss issues relating to the family and especially the children. And please, do not put into question the historical greatness of the country - the Portuguese are justifiably proud of their past, especially against the background of a modest place that country occupies today. Also, never compare the Portuguese and the Spaniards - in spite of the absolute similarity of languages, customs, cultures and national Portuguese characters perceive this kind of comparison is very painful.
January 1 - Feast of the Virgin Mary, the New Year.
April 25 - Day of Freedom.
Good Friday - the date varies according to the church calendar.
May 1 - Labor Day.
June 10 - Day of Portugal.
August 15 - Assumption of Mary, the Ascension.
October 5 - Proclamation of the Republic.
November 1 - All Saints' Day.
December 1 - Day of Restoration of Independence.
December 8 - Immaculate Conception.
December 25 - Christmas Day.
Also, there are countless local festivals and calendar dates.
Festivals and Events:
Number of festivals held just huge. The reason for the celebrations can serve as a commemoration of countless saints, pilgrimage, fair, and so on. D. To the north of the country of any, even the smallest village has its own holiday traditions with music, dancing, fireworks and specific rituals. During the holidays in many cities across the country must offer a bullfight - one of the favorite sights Portuguese (conditions less brutal than in Spain - the bull is not killed).
In port on the Praça da Liberdade in the night of June 24, held in honor of the feast of the Apostle John. In late June, the festivities take place in Braga Sao Joao, lasting two days and collected in numerous processes a large number of believers. In Obidos in October, a festival of ancient music. In Coimbra in May Student Festival held Quemoy dos Fitush. Every year in late April - early May in Madeira held a noisy and cheerful colors of Carnival, and in September - a colorful grape harvest (celebrated with 1419). Winter in Madeira are luxurious carnivals, colorful fairs and village festivals and fireworks over the bay of Funchal.
In the Azores, San Miguel, on the first Sunday after Easter is arranged so-called "Procession of patients" on the road, strewn with flowers. In the fifth Sunday after Easter processions are held and a large folk festival in Ponta Delgada. On the day of St. John (June 24) held the largest and most popular holiday in the Azores - Feast of St.. John with bonfires and colorful processions. In the last week of August is held the week of whalers in Lazhish do Pico, Faial in - Week of the Sea (the first Sunday of August), at Santa Maria - Music Festival Mare-d'Agostu (end of August), in São Mateus - holiday Bondarchuk Dzhezhush (August 6), and in the Pico - feasts of the Holy Spirit (Sunday, Monday and Tuesday after Dukhov days).
Traditional cuisine Portugal
Portuguese cuisine - is a simple and satisfying meal based on fish, meat and vegetables. Cooking fish - the main direction of the local cuisine. Here there are more than 300 ways of cooking cod, a favorite dish of sardines, mackerel, perch, trout and other fish species. Always worth a try "kataplana" - the ear of the different types of fish and seafood, Chargrilled sardines with potatoes, hard-boiled eggs and sprouts turnips, seasoned with olive oil and vinegar, the national dish "Bakalyan" (specially stew with chickpea cod), "robolu "(fried wolf bass), fish soup" kaldeyrada "fried clams" La Paz ", croquettes of crabs and other seafood. For starters ("Entrada") are most often used green and black olives, as well as excellent local cheeses (particularly good goat cheese "keyzho da serra" and gorgeous, like Parmesan, "keyzho da Ilha"), oil and fish paste.
An interesting feature of the country is the daily consumption of soups, especially good wide variety of fish soups and "green" soup made with fresh vegetables and potatoes, among which is a thick soup of potato and cabbage - "Caldo verde". Meat is used relatively infrequently, but meat dishes local chefs use an enviable imagination, richly seasoning dishes lots of greenery, garlic, onions and other spices. The most popular are "Betah" and "fevrash" - burgers and steaks of beef or pork, and roast lamb "Borrego" fried chicken "Frango" suckling pig "Leitão" and baked goat "Cabrito". In the depths of the country's common dish made of corn flour, a young horse meat, pork or sausages and baked chicken with giblets, blade lamb with almonds, honey and rosemary. Widely used rice, and not just as a side dish to main courses, but also as a dessert with milk and eggs, sugar, vanilla, cinnamon or lemon peel. For dessert is served "kafezino" (espresso), as well as beautiful Portugese pastries, almond balls, almond nougat, cakes and other sweets of figs, almonds and eggs.
Kitchen Madeira differs from the mainland even greater abundance of fish and seafood, as well as the extensive use of local fruits and spices. The most famous local delicacy is prepared dozens of ways to swordfish, monkfish "Tamboril" skewers of beef on a stick from the laurel tree - "eshpetada" as well as a variety of fruits and dishes of cabbage, beans and carrots.
Portuguese wine deserves special attention. The country produces a huge amount of red, white and green (reminiscent of champagne) wines. Port - the card of Portugal, White drunk as an aperitif, red - for dessert. By law, the grapes for port should be grown only on certain slopes of the Douro River and the wine itself should be stored in Vila Nova de Gaia (suburbs of Porto). In addition to port, got worldwide popularity of Madeira wine - the famous "Madeira" (dry "Sercial" semi-dry "Verdelho" and sweet "Boualem" also elite class "Blandy" "Likosh", "Mayls", "Cossart Gordon," etc. .). Are famous green wine valleys of Minho - "Vinho Verde" of Setubal - "Muscatel di Setubal" of Alentejo - "Borba" and "Rekuenkos" white wine "Vimesh" and "Verdosh" from Bairrada, Kolarezha and Dan. All wines are certified and produced only in certain areas of the law. Also good almond liqueur "Allmend Amarga" strong wines from Lagos, beer "Coral" vodka "Aguaridiente de metronome" of the fruit of the strawberry tree.
Political system Portugal
Portugal - a parliamentary republic with a presidential form of government. Head of Government - Prime Minister (leader of the party which won the majority in parliament). The President is elected for a term of 5 years. Parliament - unicameral Assembly (Council) of the Republic is elected for a term of 4 years.
About 10.5 million. Persons, mostly - the Portuguese, but quite a lot and immigrants from former colonies (Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, etc.).
Import of foreign and national currency is not limited, amounting to more than 500 euros must be declared. The export of imported foreign currency, but more than 2,500 euros you can take only the case if evidence of entry of this amount. There are no restrictions on the movement of credit cards or travelers' checks issued outside Portugal.
The import of drugs, weapons, explosives, and jewelry worth more than 150 euros. Duty-free import of 200 pcs. Cigarette 1 liter. spirits and 2 liters. wines.
Medical aid Portugal
Medical aid paid. Medical insurance is mandatory.
Working hours Portugal
Banks and currency exchange are open weekdays from 8.30 to 15.00, some bank branches in Lisbon, and the tourist areas are closed at 18.00, and major shopping centers of the Algarve are open daily from 9.00 to 21.00. ATMs national system "MULTIBANCO" round the clock.
Shops are open on weekdays from 9.00 to 19.00, a break - from 13.00 to 15.00. On Saturdays shops close at 13.00 (in December - 19.00). Some malls in resort areas are open from 10.00 to 24.00. Most of the shops in Madeira operates on weekdays from 9.00 to 13.00 and from 15.00 to 19.00 and on Saturdays - just before lunch.
The main means of transportation in the country - the buses in Lisbon - the subway. Payment depending on the distance, coupons or small change from the driver. There are taxis. In Portugal, an extensive network of roads and railways. Tickets readily available to small-town travel. Ticket prices for domestic airlines are quite high. If you hire a car, you should know that most of the roads in Portugal paid, their quality is generally good. However, no fee will be charged from the second half of the day on Friday until Sunday.
Car rental: rent a car in Portugal is quite simple. Driver to rent a car must be at least 21 years (in some companies - not less than 23 years) and have a driving experience of 1 year. The car is usually on presentation of a credit card. Perhaps getting a car when you make a pledge amount. The price of gasoline around $ 1.
220 V, 50 Hz, standard European sockets.
Tipping in restaurants is about 10%, a bar and cafe - at the discretion of the guest at the hairdresser - 1 euro, the porter at the hotel - at least 50 cents, hotel maid tips are not mandatory, usher in a movie or the theater - to 20 cents, the superintendent in closet, theater or restaurant - to 20 cents, the taxi driver also decided to leave "tea" 10% of the fare.
Helpful information Portugal
In the event of an emergency - 115 (from anywhere in the country, at any time of the day). In the event of an accident, use the closest (orange) phone 308, ambulance, police, fire protection - 112 Referral Service - 118.