Qatar

QatarThe State of Qatar on a peninsula jutting into the Persian Gulf from the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. In the south is bordered by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, but the boundaries are not demarcated. Qatar peninsula bordering on all sides by the waters of the Persian Gulf. The total length of the border 60 km coastline - 563 km. Area Qatar about 11437 km2. The capital of Doha. The State of Qatar on a peninsula jutting into the Persian Gulf from the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. In the south is bordered by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, but the boundaries are not demarcated. Qatar peninsula bordering on all sides by the waters of the Persian Gulf. The total length of the border 60 km coastline - 563 km. Area Qatar about 11437 km2. The capital of Doha.

Tours, Deals Qatar

Sights Qatar

Among the most striking cultural attractions include Qatar National Museum, Centre for traditional crafts, castle, Kut and, of course, the Arab bazaars. The capital has become famous for its mosques (there are a relatively small Doha 260). Among them, the Great Mosque with a plurality of domes, the mosque of Abu Bakr and Umar. The city has many libraries, the most important of which - the National Library, which houses the richest country in the collection of books and manuscripts. Because of its natural and climatic features, Qatar is not rich in historical and natural monuments. The main attraction of the country - its rich history, the proof of which are ever expanding archeological excavations that reveal more and more traces of ancient civilizations in Qatar. Also attractive are milder than in neighboring countries, the Islamic traditions, unique culture and beautiful local crafts. Doha - the capital of the country - has evolved over the past few years into a modern city. Many public and private buildings of the capital is a harmonious fusion of traditional Arabic architecture and modern trends in architecture. Seven kilometers along Doha Bay stretches bordered by palm trees, flower beds and green turf terrace with ample space for walks. It is a popular place in town, offering panoramic views of the sea. Doha (Al-Douri) earned the unenviable reputation of being a dull city in the world, but it is not so. Located in a tough arid climate, the capital of Qatar, a relatively young (founded in 1867) is located in a picturesque area of the bay. Many houses in traditional Arabic style, for centuries to create the basis of the maximum adaptation to local climatic conditions, creating distinctive style of urban development. Old quarters framed blocks ultramodern buildings with mirrored windows, palm avenues and alleys which have grown over the years "oil boom." Sights of the capital are considered "old town", Doha Fort, Government House, the complex "City Centro-Doha" shopping malls "Landmark" and "Hyatt Plaza", the Corniche, an entertainment center, "Palm Island" amusement park "Alladin -Kingdom ", Aquarium, Zoo, Doha and, of course, the traditional eastern markets (" bitches ")" Souq Waqif "," Gold Souk "et al., as well as many small traditional markets located mainly on the outskirts of the city. Individual attention, museums of the capital. The ancient land of Qatar is only in recent years began to open its secrets to researchers, and yet it is precisely this area was one of the centers of the spread of humanity in Asia. Qatar National Museum is located in the palace of Sheikh Abdullah bin Mohammed, who ruled the country from 1913 until 1951 the main exhibition of the museum is a two-level aquarium with local fish fauna underwater, not less interesting materials on the Arab sea expeditions and the period of discovery by Europeans a sea route to India. It also presents the traditional astronomical navigation methods of ancient seafaring history of the formation of Islam, life, astronomy, industry and traditional way of life of Qatar. Museum of Weapons of capital based on the weapons collection Sheikh, which collected weapons of all time, including a unique collection of long-barreled flintlock rifles Arab XVIII-XIX centuries. Ethnographic Museum of Qatar is in a restored traditional Qatari house, found during construction in the courtyard of the new shopping complex. The museum shows the life of the local people before the oil boom and includes unique exhibits, including one of the few remaining "wind towers" - the traditional form of the home with a unique system of natural air conditioning and ventilation of dwelling, so indispensable in the hot region. On the territory of Fort Doha is another museum of the capital, largely repeating the exposure of the National Museum and famous for a good exposition of traditional crafts of the country, including threads, embossing and gold knurled metal, carpet weaving and tapestries. In the capital, there is also a small postal museum. 25 km. north of Doha is located fort Umm Salal Mohammed - small snow-white building with two towers and a small mosque with minaret old, who only recently restored to its original state. The only reason that justifies a visit to this place - some truly unreal feeling that Umm Salal Mohammed is in another world and another dimension - so fantastic contrast to the azure sea, the white from the heat of the desert and the ancient brick walls of the fort. Umm Salal Ali, which lies 40 km. north of Doha, is the most famous archaeological sites of the country. Mounds and mounds, which are now being studied by archaeologists, very old and probably date back to III-st millennium BC. e. Scientists theorize that because Islam prohibits funeral barrows, these stone mounds should be left some ancient tribes of pre-Islamic times. Some romance even argue that it is the tomb of the mythical Aryan tribes, or even less than the fabulous Atlantis. 65 km. north of Doha, on the eastern coast of the country, lies the small town of Al Khor - by local standards, a whole collection of open-air museum consisting of a small (though it is rarely open), and many mosques scattered throughout the city of the old towers , some of which have been restored to their original form. The real reason for the stop at Al Khor - huge and extremely picturesque view of the ocean, opening the mosque (in a completely "flat" the country is in itself a rarity). Lying along the northwest coast of Qatar to Al-Zubar was for centuries the main populated area of the country. For nearly 200 years, the region was ruled al-Khalifa dynasty, the ruling family of Bahrain, but hotly contested between them and al-Thani - the royal family of Qatar. Fort, which you can see today was built in 1938, shortly after the transition of complete control over the domain to the House of al-Thani. A couple of kilometers from the sand in the city are the ruins of ancient Zubarev coastal fortifications probably XVII and XVIII century. One of the most popular activities offered to tourists in Qatar - safari. Unlike the UAE, here safari more extreme and more reminiscent of attraction "roller coaster."

Climate Qatar

The climate is hot tropical Qatar, the average July temperature - 42C, in January - about 20C. From November to May, the rainy season lasts. The average annual rainfall in the south - 55 mm in the north - 125 mm per year.

Time Qatar

Summer behind Moscow for 1 hour, with the last Sunday in September to the last Sunday in March, coincides with Moscow.

Language Qatar

Arabic (official), English.

Money Qatar

Qatari riyal (QR, in fact tied to the dollar), equal to 100 dirhams. In circulation are banknotes in denominations of 500, 100, 50, 10, 5 and 1 riyal, as well as coins of 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1 dirham (but in a wide circulation are coins only in 50 and 25 dirhams, chasing others discontinued in the 70-ies of XX century, although they are still found in circulation in the markets in the hinterland).

Visa Qatar

Visa regime. Required documents: 3 questionnaire (English or Arabic), 3 photos, invitation (fax) or hotel confirmation. Validity of the visa to enter specified in the visa. The minimum period of registration of documents - 30 days. Consular fee is $ 33. A visa may be affixed in the Doha International Airport, if consent Qatar Ministry of Interior, where the receiving party (guarantor or sponsor) is obliged to inform about the upcoming visit, as well as passport data coming, his religion, date, time of arrival and flight number. Usually charge for a visa at the airport is about $ 30. A tourist visa is valid for 14 days and can be extended for another 14 days in the local offices of the Department of Immigration. Children under 16 years fit into the visa parent (mother). Visa restrictions for unmarried women under the age of 30 years is not. When proceeding through the country needed a transit visa. Holding an Israeli passport to enter the country is prohibited.

Traditions Qatar

State religion - Islam. The indigenous people of Qatar to hold Wahhabism - religious and political movements in Islam, whose founder was Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703 - 1787). Advocating for the "purity" of Islam, Wahhabism preach simplicity of manners, and the idea of uniting the Arabs. Wahhabism - the official ideology in Saudi Arabia. Other Muslims Qatar - Sunni and Shia supporters. Much of the country is subject to the customs and traditional Islamic norms, so you should follow certain rules of conduct. Most of the inhabitants of Qatar hold Wahhabi laws, but the accepted norms, oddly enough, are less stringent than in many neighboring countries - it is alcohol available in the hotel bars and restaurants, as there are no restrictions on the management of women cars, their participation in public life, and so . d. Nevertheless women in public places should be avoided too open or tight clothes and mini-skirts, and men - shorts or sleeveless shirts. Go to the mosque to non-Muslims is forbidden. Most hotels and restaurants are licensed to sell alcoholic beverages. Removal of alcohol on the street, drinking in public places, driving under the influence of alcohol and transportation are prosecuted and punished with quite harshly (including imprisonment). Alcohol prices high. During Ramadan, no alcoholic beverages are sold. "Night Life" as such in Qatar is not. Upon entering the house, be sure to take your shoes off and follow the instructions of the owner. Meal passes without tables and chairs - guests are accommodated on the floor on special mats and cushions. Treats are usually very light (tea, coffee, fruit, sweets and so on. Etc..), But abundant enough (the cup will fill permanently) and from it is not accepted to give up - the rules of politeness is recommended to drink at a party not less than one and not more than three cups of coffee (this is not difficult, as the size of the cups is extremely small). Take food with your left hand is not accepted. Figure take a pinch, some pasty dishes (Hommus, mutabbel), you can take a piece of bread. Guests are served in order of seniority. Among the guests are traditional Arab rule hierarchy - do not interrupt it, the eldest or the head of the family, should give every consideration to the owner and guests. In such cases, a tour is recommended to follow the manners of the guests and do the same. Qatar - one of the safest countries in the world. The crime rate is extremely low. Even in the province, and at night you can not fear any problems with the locals. Do not remove the military and police facilities, airports, and the interior of mosques. In the household survey should also be very careful - do not take pictures or even to direct the lens at the men without their consent. Especially not recommended to photograph women and priests, sometimes even actively prevent shootings by police. When communicating with a local should not talk about his personal life (of the family - as they want), about religion, about the local women, laws and customs. At the same time, the question to the woman about her husband or her children an amount considered to be quite relevant. You should not complain about some of his problems and all - restraint is welcome. Monarch enjoys the unquestioned authority in the country, so any statements about him or his family may be perceived at least hostile. Milk is not pasteurized and therefore must be subjected to heat treatment. Should only eat well-done meat or fish. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit - cleaned. The natural hazards are also thermal (solar) pass, a high level of solar radiation (should use protective creams, sunglasses, and clothing), the peculiar structure of the local food and water. Dangerous wild animals virtually none. Other natural risks include some risk of contracting typhoid, hepatitis B, and skin diseases, theoretically inherent in the inland areas. Almost all furnished beaches of the country belong to the hotels. Log on them for hotel guests is free for foreign visitors - for a small fee. Similarly, you can use the services of sports centers and swimming pools at hotels, not even living in them.

Traditional cuisine Qatar

This Qatari cuisine is largely unknown for foreign tourists. For many centuries, the locals living in conditions of strict deficit of food resources, have developed a very austere recipe cooking. Almost all of the dishes were created on the basis of all three components - in all kinds of dates, camel milk and butter from it though. Meat has always been in short supply, so these days these dishes can be tasted only in Bedouin tents in the desert. All of the restaurants and cafes practice cooking "more European" dishes and recipes brought from a "rich" in the culinary traditions of the Arab countries - traditional "hummus", "shish-kebab", "tikka", "mutabbal" grilled meat on a skewer or fish (despite the "ocean" location of the country, the fish in the diet of Qatar has rather weak). Are found throughout the Indian and Pakistani restaurants and cafes with adequate kitchen. Traditional drink is fruit juice and coffee. Coffee is usually brewed "in the Bedouin" - very weak and with a lot of sugar, but it is becoming increasingly common and traditional Arabic coffee - strong brewed, without sugar, but with the addition of cardamom, milled seed dates, etc. Alcohol is almost never used. Although it is limited to only selling licenses (available in large hotels and expensive restaurants), the Qataris themselves alcoholic beverages consumed very little.

Political system Qatar

Qatar - an absolute monarchy, all power belongs to the representative of the House of al-Thani. The activities of political parties and trade unions banned. The head of state - the emir.

Population Qatar

About 599 thousand. Persons. Ethnic groups: Arabs - 40% of Pakistanis - 18%, Indians - 18% Iranians - 10%.

Customs Qatar

Import and export of local and foreign currency is unlimited. The import of tobacco and a reasonable amount of perfume for personal use.

Medical aid Qatar

At the entrance to the medical certificate is not required. Risk of transmission of infectious diseases is low, only in some areas of the coast, there is a small risk of malaria. The health care system in the country is excellent developed, although the level of services in different institutions may be quite different. First aid is free. For all subsequent visits to doctors required to pay. Prices for medical services are very high.

Working hours Qatar

Banks are open from Saturday to Thursday from 7.30 to 13.30. Exchange offices are open on the same days from 8.00-9.00 to 13.00 hours and from 15.00 to 20.00 (some are open until 21.00 or later). Friday - day off in all organizations. Currency exchange is available at almost any bank and shop, as well as in numerous private exchange offices, which provide a slightly better exchange rate than the banks. Shops are open from Wednesday to Saturday from 8.00 to 12.00, Thursday 8.00 - 11.00. The markets are open from 8.00 to 12.00, and some continue to work in the evening, with up to 16.00-16.30 19.00-20.00. Sunday - a day off.

Transport Qatar

Only means of transportation are taxis and private cars. Movement sided. The roads are in excellent condition. High-speed mode controlled automatic radar with cameras, so to argue with the traffic police is useless. The speed limit is 60 km / h in the city, 120 km / h on highways. Paid parking in the city a bit, usually they are only in the narrow streets in the center, and around public buildings. Qatar has no internal bus routes. Taxis are metered and use the official rates (from 5.00 to 21.00 in the city - 10 dirhams per 900 m., When leaving the city limits - 15 dirham), night-time rate is 2 times higher. Trains services only industrial complexes in the hinterland. Renting a car is quite common and simple procedure of registration of the car. The country has the offices of many international rental companies. You must have a driver's license (the first seven days of the tourist can use the law of his country, after this period it is necessary to issue the Qatari provisional license), credit cards (in many agencies charge will take and cash, but will require a deposit of not less than US $ 300 and a passport as collateral) and be at least 21 years. The cost of renting is usually about US $ 30 per day. Motor vehicle liability insurance is mandatory. Minimum rental period - 24 hours, but the practice is widespread and hourly rental car with driver (Limousine with air conditioning costs about US $ 10 per hour). Rental at the airport, usually more expensive than in urban offices and hotels.

Potable water Qatar

To water the whole attitude here is very anxious. Therefore, in any case you can not swim in the local waters (the sea is, of course, does not apply), in open pouring water on the ground (even for hygienic procedures) or leave the tap open. Tap water is mostly artesian or desalinated, so safe to use, but because of the complete absence of mineral salts in it is not recommended to drink - it is better to use bottled water. In provincial areas, all water should be treated as potentially dangerous. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or ice making should be boiled necessarily (in the major hotels in the capital is entirely optional).

Electricity Qatar

The electrical network is designed for 220-240 V, 50 Hz outlet, mainly British Standard - three pins to ground. The adapter can be purchased in stores.

Tip Qatar

In most places give a tip is not necessary. Expensive restaurants are added to the score of 15-17% service charge automatically, but in case of good service is recommended to leave the staff of 5-10% of the total bill. The taxi charge is not accepted, since the fare negotiated in advance. Markets and private shops can and should be traded in large shops prices are fixed, but even there, with the right approach, you can bargain for a small discount.

Helpful information Qatar

International Airport (arrival, departure) - 435-1550. Office of "Aeroflot" - 443-7186. "Talking Clock" (in English) - 140. Police, Ambulance, Fire Brigade - 999.