Russia

RussiaRussia - a great power, is the largest country in the world in the occupied territory! A country with a great spiritual and cultural heritage! With the enormous natural wealth of historical monuments and beautiful! The Russian people, the Russian soul - it is a mystery that every tourist tries to unravel in their own way ... Russia - a federal state with a rich cultural heritage and natural resources. It is the largest state by area - more than 17 thousand. Sq. km. Russia is on two continents - Europe and Asia. In the south and south-eastern borders with China, in the south-east - with North Korea, in the south - with Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Azerbaijan and Georgia in the south-west - with Ukraine in the west - with Finland, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia and Norway. In addition, the Kaliningrad region, Russian enclave on the Baltic Sea, bordered by Poland and Lithuania. Russia belong to the same island of Novaya Zemlya, Severnaya Zemlya, Vaygach archipelago of Franz Josef Land, the New Siberian Islands, Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean; Kuril Islands (part of the Kuril Islands - Iturup, Shikotan - contested by Japan) and Sakhalin Island in the Pacific Ocean. Russia in the east bordering the Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk and the Bering Sea and the Bering Strait to the north - the Barents, Kara, East Siberian and Chukchi seas, the Laptev Sea in the west - the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, in the south - the Black and Azov Seas. Russia can be divided into three very broad regions: European Russia, occupying an area to the west of the Ural Mountains; Siberia, stretching from the Urals almost to the Pacific coast and the Russian Far East. In turn, these regions have distinct physiographic features. Capital: Moscow.

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Sights Russia

Russia - a country with a vibrant long history and rich culture. Some architectural, historical and cultural monuments on the territory of the Russian Federation on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square, the historic center of St. Petersburg and the palace and park complexes of its neighborhoods, historical monuments of Novgorod, historical and cultural complex of the Solovetsky Islands , White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal ancient lands and cities "Golden Ring of Russia" Boris and Gleb Church in Kideksha, Trinity Sergius Lavra in Sergiev Posad, Ascension Church in Kolomenskoye, State Historical-Architectural and Ethnographic Museum-reserve "Kizhi", etc. . Historical places - Moscow, Novgorod, Borodino, Rostov, Smolensk, Pskov, Tula, Ryazan, Orel, Volgograd, numerous cities in Siberia - in each of them (and in many other places in the country) are sure to find a look. Moscow Moscow, the capital and largest city of the country - a place of concentration of such unique attractions like the Tretyakov Gallery, the Arc de Triomphe on Kutuzov Avenue, Pushkin Museum, gallery Shilov, Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Epiphany Cathedral and St. Danilov Monastery. Numerous churches and monasteries of Moscow, the memorial complex at Poklonnaya Hill, New and Old Arbat, Boulevard Ring, Kutuzov Avenue, Sergiev Posad, Kolomna, Kuskovo, Arkhangelsk, Tsaritsyno, Abramtzevo Dvor and Manezh Square, the famous "high-rise" of the Stalin era, VVC with "Worker and Collective Farm", a zoo, "Japanese Garden" in the Botanical Gardens, circuses and famous all over the world, numerous theaters - that attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors. St. Petersburg St. Petersburg has received for its historical and architectural ensemble of the unofficial status of "Venice of the North". Here are the Hermitage, Peter and Paul Fortress, and Kronstadt Peterhof, famous museums - Russian Cabinet of Curiosities, Pushkin, Dostoevsky and others., 16 professional theaters (in Vol. H. Famous Mariinsky Theatre of Opera and Ballet. Mussorgsky, Large Theatre). Cathedrals - Kazan, St. Nicholas, St. Isaac's, the Savior on Spilled Blood, Alexander Nevsky Lavra. The unique architectural monuments include the Admiralty, the building of the University, the arrow of Vasilevsky island Stock Exchange building, the Palace Square with the Winter Palace, the Alexander Column and the arch of the General Staff, the Decembrists' Square (formerly the Senate) with a monument to Peter I ("The Bronze Horseman", 1782) Smolny and Summer Garden. Unique ensemble of Nevsky Prospect - the Kazan Cathedral, Architect Rossi Street and Ostrovsky Square with the St. Petersburg Academic Theater of Drama and the Russian National Library, Arts Square with the building of the Russian Museum, Field of Mars, Summer Garden, and the Engineers' Castle. Among the monuments of Classicism and Empire St. Petersburg - Academy of Fine Arts (1764-88), the Admiralty (1806-23), the Mountain Institute (1806-11), the Narva Gates (1827-34), the famous bridges , each of which is a work of art and a model of engineering excellence. In memory of the victims of the siege of Leningrad during the Great Patriotic War in 1960 created the architectural memorial complex at Piskarevsky. In the suburbs of St. Petersburg - Petrodvorets (Peterhof), Pushkin (Tsarskoye Selo), Pavlovsk, Gatchina, etc.. Are unique palaces and parks of XVIII-XIX centuries. Volgograd Volgograd - the memorial complex "Mamaev Kurgan" with a unique huge monument "Motherland", a panorama of the Battle of Stalingrad and the scenic waterfront. Vladimir Vladimir - medieval Assumption and St. Demetrius Cathedral, Bogoljubovo, Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, Golden Gate (1164) with the gate church (restored in 1469), the Assumption Cathedral (1158-60), the frescoes by Andrei Rublev and Daniil black, carved Baroque iconostasis (1773-74), the Cathedral of Saint Demetrius (1194-97), the church of St. Nicholas (XVII century.) and Savior (XVIII c.) at the foot of the shaft Kozlov, the Baroque church of St. George (1783-84 g .), the Church of St. Nicholas in Gal Wet (1732-35), the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin (1649), Nikita Church (1765), church of the Ascension (1724). Monastery complexes Nativity Monastery (Cathedral of the Nativity, 1192-95, rebuilt in 1859-64), the walls (XVIII c.) Knyaginin Monastery (founded in XII-XIII c.), Assumption Cathedral (1200-01 g ., murals 1647-48), with the burial place of Princess Mary, her sister Anna, as well as the wives and daughters of Alexander Nevsky. Veliky Novgorod Veliky Novgorod - monument "Millennium of Russia", St. Sophia Cathedral (1045-50), the churches of St. Nicholas Dvorischenskogo (1113) and St. George's St. George's Monastery (about 1117), the Church of the Savior on Nereditsa (1198 ), Theodore Stratilatus-on-Creek (1360-61), the Savior on Ilyin (1374). Archaeological excavations the remains of many ancient buildings, wooden bridge, artefacts and unique birch bark. Suzdal Protective town of Suzdal is included in the "Golden Ring" of Russia, as well as a part of Vladimir-Suzdal History, Art and Architectural Museum-Reserve. First mentioned in 1024 in the Laurentian Chronicle, the city is famous for its historical and architectural ensembles - the Kremlin, churches, Shopping Arcade, Basil and others. Monasteries reserve wooden architecture. Deserve compulsory attendance ramparts of the Kremlin (XI-XII c.), Cathedral of the Nativity (1222-25, the frescoes in XIII-XVII Iconostasis XVII, Belfry 1635), Rizopolozhenskiy (1207) and Vasilevsky Monastery (XVII century.), bishop's Chambers (XV-XVIII c.), Assumption church (built in 1650, rebuilt in 1720), Afanasyevskaya (1720), Alexander's Monastery (founded in the XIII century.) Joachim and Anne, Nativity (1771), Nicholas (1719), a wooden church of St. Nicholas in the village of Glotovo (1766). In the area of the old city tenements - Church of St. John the Baptist (1720), Entry into Jerusalem (1707), Pyatnitska and Nicholas (1772), Resurrection (1720), Kazan (1739), Tsar Constantine (1707 ), Sorrow (1787), Lazarus (1667), Antipievskaya (1745) and others. interesting monastic complexes Saviour and St. Euthymius (1352) with thick walls length of about 1200 meters, with 12 towers XVII in. Pokrovsky nunnery (founded in 1364, built in the XVI-XVII., monastery wall end of the XVII century.) grave Dmitry Pozharsky (on site Suzdal monastery) and the necropolis of the royal dynasties under St. Basil's Cathedral, as well as numerous domestic built in the XVI-XVIII. Arkhangelsk Arkhangelsk - the starting point of many polar expeditions, one of the main bases of the Northern Sea Route and one of the most original Russian cities. In addition to the unique nature of the city is famous for its museums: local history, fine arts and wooden architecture, folk art. Seating yard (XVII century.) Of the old town - a vivid example of Russian architecture. Nearby are Pinezhsky Reserve and Solovetsky historical, architectural and natural museum on the same island in the White Sea. Anapa The picturesque valley Sukkah is 20 kilometers south of Anapa and stretches almost 7 kilometers. Here is a unique climate, healthy air, clean warm sea and pebble beach with no shallow water. Vitjazevo - large resort village located 8 km from Anapa, has everything you need for a comfortable stay: a landscaped sandy beach width of about 200 meters, plenty of bars and restaurants. Sandy beach, which is a continuation of Anapa. Anapa is located at the junction of the Greater Caucasus and the Taman Peninsula. The city is situated on the plain, the spurs of the Caucasus mountain range begins a few kilometers from the city, so there is a unique way combines features of the steppe, mountain and sea climate. At night there are no large changes in temperature, as in the mountains, the summer is very warm, sunny and long (heat soften sea breezes), and winters are mild, with unstable snow cover. The average temperature in July + 20 ° C, in July is 23 ° C, August + 24 ° C, September + 20 ° C, January + 2 ° C. The water temperature in June 16 + 18 ° C, in July-August 28 + 30 ° C. Main Street resort of Anapa - Pioneer Avenue, which runs along the sea 5 km. On either side are all the main resorts. Anapa beaches - the best in the whole of the northern Black Sea coast. 40 kilometers of beaches - with fine sand, 10 km - the pebble. The width of the beach in some places reaches 500 meters. From the southern part of the city and beyond towards Novorossiysk pebble beaches, with occasional large boulders. From the city center and beyond towards Crimea begin sandy beaches, which are sometimes 20-30 meters from the water depth is less than one meter, which allows plenty of children to swim. The swimming season lasts from May to September-October. Urban sand beach, is divided into "zones of responsibility" and resorts, in resorts on Pioneer Avenue - their own beaches. Division beaches - conventional, without fences and fences, but with their rescuers and their infrastructure. large Gelendzhik Gelendzhik resort area stretches for 102 km and includes the coastal climatic resorts and villages: Kabardinka Gelendzhik, Divnomorskoe, Dzhanhot, Praskoveevka, Bette, Arkhipo-. From the north-east coastal strip bounded spurs Markhotsky low ridge. Dry subtropical climate makes it possible to extend the season from May to mid-October. Seawater temperature at this time: 18 + 24 ° C. The resort area has more than 170 resorts, guest houses, holiday homes, hotels and tourist complexes, tens of thousands of travelers able to take and the private sector, where there is recent mini-hotel with a cozy courtyard and a low cost of living. Gelendzhik resorts have excellent medical-diagnostic base. In most Gelendzhik Bay - pebble beaches with a sandy bottom and a moderate bias in depth. In the central part of the bay there is a wide artificial sandy town beach, which stretches along the seafront at 1.5 km. In Kabardinka and the Blue Bay sandy and pebbly beaches, gently sloping seabed and sand - are the best conditions for families with children. Between Gelendzhik and Kabardian prevail rather narrow pebble beaches. From Gelendzhik to Dzhanhot coast is rocky and steep: suitable for swimming lane narrow or non-existent. However, in areas Divnomorskoe-Dzhanhot always possible to find among the rocks easy descent to the sea and be on a rocky or pebbly patch. Between Dzhanhotov and Praskoveevka places horizontal layers of rocks down to the sea, creating a sea baths with a perfectly smooth, polished bottom. Natural small beaches and Divnomorskoe Dzhanhotov - gravel and pebbles, but near the resorts are equipped with decks and created artificial sandy beaches. Betty - pebble in Arkhipo-- sand and pebble beaches. Divnomorskoe Small resort town 10 kilometers southeast of Gelendzhik. Breathe freely and easily here, because it is here along the coast in the direction of the famous forest stretches Dzhanhot pitsundskoy pine. Pebble beach, sandy seabed. Betta A small resort village in the cozy little bay, 30 kilometers from Gelendzhik to Sochi. There are only five resorts and private houses of the village. On the waterfront, decorated in the same style for Gelendzhik - cozy cafes and restaurants, souvenir shops. Pebble beach. Arkhipo- Farthest from Gelendzhik resort village, located 50 km south-east right on the seafront. Is located in a broad valley, at the mouth of rivers and Vulan Teshebs, surrounded by picturesque mountains. The climate is much milder than in other coastal towns resort: the area is protected from the cold north-westerly winds mountain knot with vertices Shamraeva and Gebeus. On the waterfront - cozy bars, souvenir shops, a small amusement park and mini-water park. The beach is a small bay stretches about one kilometer and is composed of small pebbles and sand. The bottom of the shallow and gently sloping. Greater Sochi Modern Sochi stretches along the eastern coast of the Black Sea from the river Psou Magri. Greater Sochi resort consists of four areas: the Lazarev, Central, Hostinsky and Adler. Lazarevsky area is located 50 km north-west of Sochi and 29 km southeast of Tuapse. Central District - is directly the resort city of Sochi. The sunniest region in the entire resort, in the summer the average temperature is 27 ° C. The central area is suitable for both youth and family-friendly. The disadvantages of the region can be attributed a large crowd of holidaymakers during the holiday season, as well as the high cost of stay compared with other areas. Khostinsky district (Hosta) stretches along the coast for 20 km, taking territory from the river to the river Kudepsty Vereschaginki. Here are the districts Hosta, Kudepsta and Macesta. It is a small resort village, a place for a quiet holiday: there is no such a hustle and bustle as in the central region. Infrastructure, meanwhile, developed a good idea: there are restaurants, bars, clubs, discos, cinema. The southernmost part of the Greater Sochi, Adler consists of neighborhoods Fun, Blinov, Center Adler and Blue gave Chkalovo. The district also includes the mountain resort - the village of Read Glade, located at an altitude of 550-600 meters above sea level, at the foot of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the resort town of Adler, located between Adler and Sochi. Pebble beaches. Depending on the neighborhood resort can be recommended for the youth and for families. A large number of entertainment is concentrated in the resort town of Adler, so this place is very often recommended for families with children. In Sochi, there are three types of beaches: the "wild" beaches resorts and health centers (at the most expensive resorts are closed beaches) and the beaches are public. In the first few people, relatively clean, but there are no amenities - cabins for changing clothes, shower, etc. Private beaches - the most comfortable, there extraneous or not allowed at all, or charge a fee for entry. Most popular beaches - public. They are crowded, dirty, but there is concentrated all the entertainment and all the services. Sun beds and umbrellas (ie awnings and trestle) in most resorts are issued upon presentation of the resort books. Beach lazarevskeyeo region - a vast gravel, to a width of 40 meters. Sea deep enough. Size of the stones in the water vary greatly depending on the location: close to Sochi are large (15-30 cm), near Tuapse - less than about 5 cm. Gentle descent to the sea, well-maintained. All the beaches of the Central district pebble. On the central city beach can jump into the sea to "bungee", which turned the rescue tower, there is planing, inflatable "banana", jet skis and other water-based activities. On the Beach "Lighthouse" near the sea port is a water park. Beaches Hosts pebbly, sometimes comes across sea sand silver-gray color. Most beaches are well-appointed, either urban or attached to and resorts. In the vicinity of Cape prominent is the "wild" beach. KMV The variety of terrain creates a noticeable difference in the climate of the resorts of Caucasian Mineral Waters. In Pyatigorsk summers are warm, winter is moderately soft (a third of winter days - with the rains, thaws, fogs) and 98 clear days a year. Kislovodsk is famous as a winter climatic resort, winter there is clear and dry, and the number of sunny days a year - 150 Kislovodsk also stands constancy of atmospheric pressure, which has a positive effect on the healing process. Climate Zheleznovodska corresponds to the mining and forestry and moderately dry climate of middle of the Alps. Here 117 sunny days a year. Climate Essentukov different contrast - the summers are hot and dry, winters are frosty and rainy, the number of clear days a year - 112 Average temperatures in January / July: Kislovodsk -4 / + 19 ° C, Essentuki -4 / + 20 ° C, -4 Zheleznovodsk / + 21 ° C, Pyatigorsk -4 / + 22 ° C. Essentuki Green and well-maintained resort area Essentukov occupies the northern part of the city. From the north and south of the resort adjacent two large parks - Chief and Komsomol. Medical factor: mineral water "essentuki." Zheleznovodsk Zheleznovodsk - most small and cozy town Kavminvod. Its main therapeutic factors: hot and warm natural springs. The most famous are "Slavyanovskaya" and "Smirnoff". Here take tourists with children, there is a children's sanatorium. Kislovodsk Kislovodsk - spa and climatic resort, the southernmost, largest and most well-maintained in the Caucasian Mineral Waters. It is linked to other resorts of railways and highways. On the streets there is no crowding and noise, even at the height of the holiday season. The main curative factor: mineral water "seltzer". Pyatigorsk Pyatigorsk - a multi-resort spa and mud. Most spa facilities located in the eastern part of the city. The main therapeutic factors are hot hydrogen sulphide and radon mineral water, are also widely used mud Tambukansky lake. The variety of medical factors and methods are possible to treat a variety of diseases. It is a good stay and relax with the kids, there is a rich excursion program. Greater Caucasus Caucasus - a vast area between the Black, Azov and Caspian Seas. Caucasus mountain system stretches for 1,100 km between the Black and Caspian seas, separating the North Caucasus from the Caucasus. The system of the Greater Caucasus are three regions: Western Caucasus (up to Elbrus), the Central Caucasus (between Elbrus and Kazbek) and Eastern Caucasus (east of Kazbek). Western Caucasus - is a system of middle and high ranges, combining mountain forest landscape with rocky peaks and towers, covered with glaciers and snowfields. This is the most attractive tourist part of the Caucasus, where extensive network of hostels and alpine camps. In winter, skiers take camp sites and hotels located in Read Glade, Arhyz, Dombaysk Glade, Elbrus. Central Caucasus - the highest and difficult region, the main peaks are higher than 5,000 meters, among them - the highest mountain in Europe, Elbrus (5642 m). Eastern Caucasus stretches for 480 km from east to Kazbek Apsheron Peninsula. The mountains are lower and less changes in elevation than in the Central Caucasus, but more than 30 vertices are all the same height of more than 4000 meters. On the whole area is a labyrinth of highly disparate ridges and deep gorges. Here there are peaks with flat tops (Yarydag array), and the top of the pyramid-shaped (Babakudag, 3997 m), and the jagged peaks of black rock. Tuapse Tuapse resort area stretches along the coast of the Black Sea at 60 km from the river mouth to the administrative border Dzhubad Lazarevsky area south Shepsi. The composition of the Tuapse district includes towns Agha, Giselle-Dere Dzhugba, Lermontov, Novomihalkovsky, Nebug Ol'ginka and Shepsi. As a rule, the beaches here are removed from the resort villages. They are mostly small pebbles, sea deep enough, the bottom is flat. In the Tuapse - pebble beaches with small pebbles and smooth slope in depth. In Dzhubga beach (800 m) is composed mainly of sand, although there is a pebble and stone areas. Bottom of the sea near the shore is flat, without rocky ledges, the depth increases gradually. Beach at Lermontovo called "Gold Coast", the length of it about 2 km, width - 50 meters. It is composed of fine-grained and coarse-grained sand. Beach "Eaglet" (village Novomikhailovsky), perhaps the best in the Tuapse district. Its width is 40 meters, and it is composed of pure yellow quartz sand. Seabed over a large fine and smooth, the water warms up quickly. Beach at Olginskaya bay - well run-pebbles, width - about 10-12 meters. The bay is deep, depth starts right from the shore. To the south-east of are pebble beaches near the village Shepsi replaced pebble and sand. Shepsi Shepsi village is located 9 miles southeast of Tuapse railway station, a highway-Novorossiysk Sukhumi. The beach of small pebbles and sand seabed convenient for bathing. The village is located monkey nursery - the only place on the coast, where the animals are kept in almost natural conditions. Nebug Nebug village located 15 km from Tuapse at the confluence of the river to the sea with the same title. Here - only the Tuapse Coast 4 * hotel, a few resorts, the largest water park in Russia "Dolphin" water disco, attractions, whirlpool. In recent years, Nebug turned into a real center of recreation on the water, where available in almost all types of water sports. Going up the river valley to the mountains for 15-20 kilometers, you can see several dolmens. Camping requires ownership of certain skills and tourist takes more than one day, so it should perform with the instructor. Novomikhailovsky 35 km from Tuapse in the direction of Gelendzhik. The village is a children's center "Eaglet". From the center of the village to the sea - about 2-2.5 km. The sea here is deep enough, and the depth increases very sharply at a distance of two to three meters from the shore, it reaches two meters.

Climate Russia

Climate in Russia is very diverse because of the vast territory of the country, although in most parts of it continental or temperate continental with long cold winters and short cool summers. Highest mountain range in the south of Russia and Central Asia to prevent the penetration of the Russian territory of warm air masses. In the winter months, for example. The Arctic Ocean is completely covered with ice, and is rather a huge mass of ice, contributing to the cold winter of the northern regions of Russia. A bit on the western part of the country the climate affects the Atlantic Ocean, but the effect is weak and is expressed primarily in high humidity on the Baltic coast. The average annual rainfall in the European territory of Russia is about 800 mm, but in the southern regions is reduced to 400 mm. In Siberia, the average annual rainfall ranges from 500 to 800 mm, in mountainous areas reaching 1000 mm. As for temperatures, the coldest region is considered Siberia where near the town of Verkhoyansk is "cold pole" - the average January temperature is about -51 ° C, and in February, the thermometer sometimes drops to -68 ° C. In the Arctic coast temperatures are not so low, however, due to the influence of the Arctic Ocean sometimes drop to -50 ° C. However, the same factors that cause the low winter temperatures, contribute to the warm and sometimes hot summers in these regions: the average July temperature in Verkhoyansk is about 13 ° C. and sometimes summer temperatures reach 37 ° C. In the European part of the climate is more temperate, and the Black Sea coast - soft. The average January temperature in Moscow is from -16 ° C to -9 ° C and an average July temperature - 13 ° C to 23 ° C.

Time Russia

11 time zones. Moscow. Exact time service - 100 in the Russian Federation translate clock to daylight saving time on the last Sunday in March, and in the winter - the last Sunday of September. If you want to know the time difference between Moscow and any city, dial 8-194.

Language Russia

Russian.

Money Russia

1 ruble = 100 kopecks.

Visa Russia

Mandatory and a prerequisite for the entry (transit) on the territory of the Russian Federation all foreign nationals is a Russian visa. Russian entry visas can be obtained at the embassy or consulate of the Russian Federation at the place of residence of a foreign citizen at the official invitation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation at the invitation or authorized travel agencies. Invitation to foreigners to obtain a visa to Russia is made Russian tourist company with all permits to design invitations for foreigners. Depending on the purpose of entry and stay of foreign citizens in the Russian Federation issued a visa, which can be a tourist, business, private, educational, labor, as Russian visa can be single, double and multiple for up to one year. Invitation to foreigners for the Russian visa must have a sufficiently large number of accurate information about the invited foreign citizen, with all the necessary details and you will see sections of our information resource. If the period of stay of foreign citizens in Russia does not exceed thirty days, then the best option is to get a tourist visa to Russia. After receiving an invitation and tourist voucher (visa support), you can issue the Russian visa at any embassy or consulate of the Russian Federation. Join Russian visa - within three working days from the day of entering the Russian foreign citizen is obliged to register, the registration is done in the presence of an identity document and migration card with a mark of customs control on entry to the Russian Federation. Tourist visa to Russia With a tourist visa can be located on the territory of the Russian Federation is not more than 30 days, with one entry. (Entry-exit visa). A visa to enter Russia may be requested at any Russian consulate, the following documents: • Your original passport with at least two blank pages for (term passport must be valid for at least 6 months after intended departure) • 2 passport photographs • Medical insurance for the entire period of stay in Russia • 2 copies of consular visa application form, completed and signed • An official invitation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or from authorized travel agencies • Confirmation (voucher) hotel arrangements from authorized travel company, or directly from the hotel, showing reference number and confirmation number of the visa. At the entrance to the territory of Russia have their own transport, you must specify in the invitation model state. number, vin-number and color of transport. • Invitation, insurance and booking confirmation may be submitted to the Embassy / Consulate in the copies. Business visa to Russia (multiple, long-term) • Your original passport with at least two blank pages for (term passport must be valid for at least 6 months after intended departure) • 2 copies of Russian visa application form, completed and signed • 1 passport photo made recently • For a stay for more than three months, or multi entry visa requires an AIDS test • An official invitation for visitors to Russia for business purposes by the authorized organization The invitation must be issued through the Ministry of the Interior or its local branches, or other authorized organizations of Russia. In contrast to the tourist visa, business visa entitles stay in Russia up to 3 months (single and double-entry visa), and up to a year (multiple entry). Moreover, in this case there is no need to book a hotel or book sightseeing program that is required to obtain a tourist visa. The letter should include: • an official seal and legal address of the organization, • Name and signature of authorized officer, to invite foreigners to Russia. The Embassy reserves the right to request the original invitation. Visa for groups With a tourist visa can be located on the territory of the Russian Federation is not more than 30 days, with one entry. (Entry-exit visa). Entry visa can be requested at any Russian consulate, the following documents: • Your original passport with at least two blank pages for (term passport must be valid for at least 6 months after intended departure) • 2 passport photographs • Health insurance for the term of your stay • 2 copies of consular visa application form, completed and signed • An official invitation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or from authorized travel agencies • Confirmation (voucher) hotel arrangements from authorized travel company, or directly from the hotel, showing reference number and confirmation number of the visa. At the entrance to the territory of Russia have their own transport, you must specify in the invitation model state. number, vin-number and color of transport. • Invitation, insurance and booking confirmation may be submitted to the Embassy / Consulate in the copies.

Traditions Russia

Public holidays: January 1-2 (New Year), January 7 (Christmas), Feb. 23 (Day of the Defender of the Fatherland), March 8 (International Women's Day), 1-2 May (Labour Day), May 9 (Victory Day), June 12 (Independence Day), November 7 (the day of Accord and Reconciliation), Dec. 12 (Constitution Day).

Traditional cuisine Russia

Russian feast has long been famous for its hospitality. Renowned culinary nineteenth century V. Levshin said: "The establishment of the Russian table consisted of four innings: cold idols, hot or broth, stewed fruit and fried in pastry." As a rule, at the beginning of the meal is served "introductory" snacks. They are salted, fermented and pickled fruits, vegetables and mushrooms. To the XVIII century Russia was the main food of turnips. Ate it boiled, baked, steamed, added to soup, kvass, filling for pies, stuffed. Have become part of everyday life cranberries, radishes, cabbage. Appetizer from beet appeared first in the central and southern parts of the country, and then spread to the northern region. A long time ago in Russia ate the cabbage. The first official mention of it in the annals refers to the XII century. In 1150 the chronicler recorded that "Smolensk prince Rostislav Mstislavovich gave Bishop Manuel garden with a skit." Ancient Slavs borrowed from the culture of the Greco-Roman colonists Crimea. Gradually moved northward cabbage, selected its varieties most suitable for the harsh climatic conditions. Slavs came up with booze cabbage - the original method of preparation and preservation for future use such a valuable vegetable. They learned from fermented Germans and other nations. Initially, cabbage was the privilege of the nobility. It has long been baked pies with cabbage, shredded and salted, stewed, boiled from her soup and cook a variety of dishes. At the end of XVII- beginning of XVIII century revolution in Russian cuisine made potatoes. Of course he had ousted products turnip. It is believed that the potato came to Russia through Kamchatka, Siberia, the Urals. No coincidence that these areas are so common potato dishes. Played an important role mushrooms, because the Russian forests are rich in mushrooms, mushrooms, chanterelles, milk mushrooms, saffron milk caps, boletus, boletus. Mushrooms - an essential tool home table, they are useful and tasty. Loved fruits in Russia, but had to call them vegetables. Already in the XVI century mention apples, pears and plums are used for kvass, "lavashnikov." Then there is the pumpkin, zucchini salad. Later, all come to us tomatoes - in the XIX century. Neither the kitchen can not boast such a variety of entrees. To be better fed to them by tradition fed flour products: cakes, tarts, pies, pie. Favorite entree Russian peoples are considered to be the soup. Their advantage is simplicity of preparation, nutritional value and taste good. If the soup - a popular dish in central Russia, in the central and southern areas of popular borscht. This is due to the fact that the southern lands bring a rich harvest beets. The word "soup" has appeared under Peter I, before all the liquid dish called chowder, sometimes yushkami - from the word "ear", which stands for the first noodle dishes, cereals, vegetables. Soup served in pots or irons. Only ate with wooden spoons. The peculiarity of Russian cuisine is largely due to the peculiarities of processing products in the Russian stove. Until the middle of the XIX century the furnace was "black", as long as it does not appear the chimney. With its design and the associated form of Russian dishes, ceramic first, and then the iron and iron. Slavic pots made on a potter's wheel to have a greater lateral surface, since the heating furnace is laterally. Small area of the bottom of the well controls the thermal regime and the narrow neck reduces evaporation and keeps the volatile properties. In Russia meant and other hearth open flame, tripod, spit. First plate appeared in Peter 1 as taken from the German cuisine, and with them the pots, pans, baking sheets. But Russian oven has not disappeared. Due sovey versatility (it baked bread, brewed kvass, dried food and clothes, its a heated room), it has become firmly established in the life of the people. Yes, and dishes from the oven have a unique flavor. List of Russian dishes would be incomplete without cereals. "Kasha-our mother" - so say the people-grower of dishes made from grains, cereals, which are eternally worshiped and served as a symbol of domestic well-being. Kashi was an essential attribute in the epics and tales. Even the wedding feast called in the old porridge. In baking is most characteristic of Russian cuisine using yeast dough. Some flour products certainly in folk rituals and festivals. None solemn event in the family is not complete without cakes, pie or gingerbread. At the wedding baked Kurnik, on Shrove Tuesday - pancakes and cakes. Carols for Christmas baking - little baked goods rye unleavened dough with various fillings, fruit liqueurs, spreads or full sun. Spring met ornate "larks." In the northern areas of the New Year holidays certainly accompanied by "Roe" and "Tetirka" celebrated the vernal equinox. Dear guest met loaf and salt. Loaf was placed in the center of the table at any feast. Rich Russian cuisine and drinks, brewed aromatic herbs, berries. Tea appeared in Russia only in the XVII century, and before that was popular sbiten and various honeys and jellies.

Political system Russia

The Russian Federation is a parliamentary republic. The head of state - the president, who is elected for a term of 4 years. At the same time it is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. Since March 2000 the President of Russia Vladimir Putin is. Representative and legislative body of the RF-bicameral Federal Assembly (the Federation Council and the State Duma). Executive power is exercised by the Government of Russia.

Population Russia

Around 145 million. Persons. In Russia there are more than 100 nationalities, including Russian - 81.5%, Tatars - 3.8%, Ukrainians - 3%, Chuvash - 1.2%, Bashkirs - 0.9%, Belarusians - 0.8%, Mordvinians - 0.7%, Germans and Chechens - by 0.6%, Avars, Armenians, Jews - 0.4%, and others.

Customs Russia

The import of things, if the imported goods are not intended for production or business operations, or the number of imported goods does not exceed the established norms. Individuals aged at least 17 years without payment of customs duties may be brought up to 2 liters. alcoholic beverages, up to 50 cigars, 100 cigarillos, 200 cigarettes or 0.25 kg. tobacco. Value of imported goods shall not exceed 2 thousand. Dollars. Allowed to import and export without paying customs duties goods necessary for personal use - clothes, toiletries, jewelry, photo and video equipment. In case of import of goods by individuals, the total cost and the total weight of which exceeds the amount established by the legislation, but the cost of not more than 650 thousand. Rubles. and a maximum weight of 200 kg, is a single rate of customs duties and taxes in the amount of 30% of the customs value of goods, but not less than 4 euro per 1 kg. If the imported or exported goods in an amount slightly above the usual requirements, you must submit evidence that it is not intended for commercial purposes. When crossing the border with your car, you can take out the duty-free up to 20 liters. fuel except fuel tank. Medicines you can take no more than one pack each item, fish and shellfish - to 5 kg. Gross per person, Sturgeon caviar (black) is not more than 280 g. per person, non-ferrous metal products (household) weighing less than 20 kg., jewelry - no more than five items weighing up to 130 g. (for articles of gold and platinum), or 120g. (for articles of silver) articles of precious or semi-precious stones - no more than five items per person, commemorative coins of precious metals in circulation in the Russian Federation, in an amount not more than ten pieces per person and per trip without any commitment to bring them back. Export from the Russian Federation commemorative coins made of precious metals individuals are allowed only by special permission of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. Import commemorative coins of precious and non-precious metals can be no restrictions.

Medical aid Russia

Foreign nationals permanently residing in the territory of the Russian Federation, that is, with a residence permit, have the same rights and obligations in the field of health insurance, as well as Russian citizens, unless an international agreement provides otherwise. This means that they are on a par with Russian citizens are entitled to free medical care to the following: 1 Ambulance; 2 inpatient care (hospitalization). In the provision of emergency and inpatient care is carried out free medical care in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Foreign citizens temporarily residing in the territory of the Russian Federation shall have an insurance policy in case of medical emergency. Making such a policy can be in any insurance organization licensed. If there is no insurance, the risk costs of paying for health care lies with the foreigner. When visiting Russia recommended to be vaccinated against hepatitis A, typhoid, diphtheria and tetanus.

Working hours Russia

Schedule banks in Russia: c 8:30 - 9:00 to 18.00 - 20.00. Shopping: There are food around the clock, the main shopping centers in Moscow from 10.00 to 22.00, grocery stores from 9.00 to 21.00.

Potable water Russia

In different parts of the country in the water can be fed either water from groundwater sources (wells), or from surface water - rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. "Surface" water is usually more susceptible to contamination: in ponds can enter drains enterprises and farms, acid rain to fall, it can multiply microscopic algae or pathogens. But this water is purified and more carefully: on special water treatment plants, it is passed through the filters pollutants associated with substance-coagulants, and before it enters the water is disinfected, killing microorganisms. Water from artesian sources tend to be more clear: after all pollutants from the surface is not so easy to get to her. But it is usually more dissolved salts of calcium and magnesium, i.e. it is more rigid. And clean it, hoping for natural purity, not always carefully. But sometimes contaminants through fractures in the rocks penetrate very deeply. Before it enters the water quality of the water is controlled - it must comply with the state standard, which specifies the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) for various pollutants. MPC - safe levels of contaminants, if any substance contained in water in a concentration of less than the maximum allowable, such water can be a healthy way to eat even a lifetime. The main indicator of water quality is considered to be its impact on human health. Tap water drinking in Russia is not recommended.

Electricity Russia

220V and 380V. 50Hz.

Smoking Russia

Smoking is not allowed: public transport - buses, trams, subway and so on; in the elevator; in the plane (while the indicator shows "no smoking"); in concert halls and theaters (except in designated smoking areas); in hospital wards; in restaurants or cafes, if there are no ashtrays on the tables.

Tip Russia

The average size of the tip in Russia is 10-15%. The percentage depends on the class of restaurant, service quality, permanence guest. Sometimes the tip is already included in the bill.

Helpful information Russia

Fire service - 01, the police - 02, gas service - 04, information and help - 09 Rescue - 937-99-11