Switzerland

SwitzerlandSwitzerland - the country the world's best watches, the most delicious cheese and safest banks, it has long been a symbol of prestige for tourists and well-being .... Switzerland - a country located in the heart of Europe and is bordered by France, Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy, landlocked has not. Almost all of Switzerland lies in the mountains of the Alps and the Jura. The highest peak - Dufour Peak (4,634 m.) In the south. The total area - 41.3 thousand. Sq. km. The capital of Bern.

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Switzerland - a classic example of a tourist destination - an elegant city and the famous resorts with comfortable hotels, majestic mountains, pristine lakes and scenic hillsides. Here in a small space are concentrated all the natural beauty and outstanding works of human hands. In a country rife with small towns with unique flavor, such as Bill - "the capital of the hour" with two official languages, the famous Solothurn - a city with buildings in the baroque style and a variety of cultural monuments, Chur - the oldest city in Switzerland (2500 BC. Oe. ), Disentis with interesting Benedictine Monastery and the museum (VIII cent.) in Myustere - Benedictine convent (VIII century. UNESCO-protected monument), Guarda and Splügen - a typical alpine village with many beautiful "chalet", the birthplace of Le Corbusier - La Chaux-de-Fonds, with its International Museum of watches, Afoltern and Emmental, known for its cheese-making shows or romona with his Swiss museum glass painting. Each town has a unique charm and deserves special attention. West of the country, where the picturesque Jura Mountains (highest point - the city of Mont Tendre, 1679 m.), A huge natural park, with deep canyons, the picturesque slopes of the mountains planted with vineyards, beautiful Lake Neuchâtel, Biel and Leman (Geneva). Lake Geneva itself can be regarded as completely independent attraction of the country, is the largest reservoir in Switzerland - its length of 72 km, width - up to 13 km. at a depth of up to 310 m. Lakeside are among the most beautiful in the world, and its surrounding towns are full of monuments. This area is often called the "Swiss Riviera", and the name he received clearly deserved. On the campus of Neuchâtel deserve the attention of tourists castle lords Neuchâtel, prison tower at the foot of the hill and the magnificent cathedral (1185-1276), with a monument to Guillaume Farel. You can take a walk on the rocky slopes of the valley Breu, from visible bend of the river or visit the Sarin founded in 1157 Fribourg with its medieval center, the Cathedral of St.. Nicholas (1490) with a 74-meter tower and the organ in 1834, the castle Polya, fortress Tour Rouge, Augustinian monastery (XVIII c.), the Jesuit church of St. Michael, a great Museum of Art and History, as well as the famous bridge - suspended Zaringen (1834) and wooden Berskim. Luxury resort of Yverdon-les-Bains is located on the shores of Lake Neuchâtel, and is known for its sulfur and magnesium thermal waters. Yverdon water are known for their ability to treat respiratory diseases, orthopedic diseases, the effects of trauma and fractures, neuritis and neuralgia. Water temperature, rising from a depth of 598.5 m., Is + 29 C. Among the many attractions of the resort - the castle of the XIII century, the ruins of the Roman fort and archaeological sites of the Celtic era. Lausanne, the capital of the canton of Vaud, lies on the northern shore of Lake Geneva. A city famous for its magnificent Gothic cathedral of St. Francis (1145-1275), the towering over the old part of town with its original houses and the old bridges over rivers Flon and Louvet. On the north side of the tower of the Cathedral offers a unique view of the city and lake. Be sure to visit the Olympic Museum with extensive sports exposition Elysee Museum, Castel Sant'Angelo. Mary (now the seat of government here canton) and Beaulieu, Fair Centre Palais de Villiers, Mon Repos Park and University. The city has many theaters and a variety of museums, good and rich Cinematheque Switzerland. The constant attention of the tourists are a major trading house "Bel-Air Metropole" with a tower height of 67 m., Lovely "folklore" restaurants, the old port district Ouhi and stretching for several kilometers beautiful lakeside. Vevey - a small resort town and one of the centers of "Swiss Riviera", is located just a few kilometers from Lausanne. It was here in the fall on Saturdays tastings of local wines in the Market Square and the most colorful festival of wine, which is not surprising - the region's wine-making tradition dates back to the XI century already. Last years of his life here had a Charlie Chaplin and Graham Greene. Also of interest is located on a mountain terrace Church of St. Martin (1530) with a massive square tower and four bell towers. It is interesting to visit and Russian church in the northern style (XVII century.), Richly decorated with a variety of valuable icons, which was built by Count Shuvalov. Geneva, founded in 500 BC. e. on the right bank of the Rhone More Celts, considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The city is famous for its elegance and beautiful parks located along the lake. On the left bank of the Rhone rises the city center with the Cathedral of St.. Peter (1160-1232), the Town Hall, the Arsenal, the Opera House (1879), Conservatory (1856) and the famous Jet d'Eau fountain (1891) located on a beautiful lake, surrounded by magnificent gardens and parks. One of the interesting and unique attractions of Geneva - Watch of the colors on the Promenade du Lac with the largest second hand in the world (its length up to 2.5 m. Diameter - 5 m., To create 6.5 thousand hours of use. Alive colors). On the right bank of the Rhone - "International Geneva" to the Palace of the United Nations, the international workers' center, the International Red Cross and other organizations. Palace of Nations (1936), situated in a large and beautiful park preeminence largest Versailles - a real little "state within a state" (there's even own the Post Office and produced their own brand), and the largest exhibition center in Europe - is held every year up to 5 thousand . various conferences and congresses. There are more than 30 museums worth visiting, such as the International Museum of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum of Art and History with an extensive collection of Impressionist, beautiful Clock Museum, Museum of Art (1825), The Natural History Museum, Ariana Museum (porcelain and crystal), university Museum and the Museum of the Reformation Rousseau, the International automobile Museum, a unique and rare cars prestigious brands (over 500 items) and the Museum of the Automobile, Jean Tyua with a collection of unique vehicles built before 1939 Near Geneva, on the shores of Lake Geneva, is the "pearl of the Swiss Riviera" - Montreux. The city is known worldwide for its closed private schools and institutes of beauty, nightclubs and cabarets, bars and casinos, music festivals and jazz classics, television festival "Golden Rose" and the festival of laughter. The exhibition center is constantly organizes international exhibitions and fairs, including the International Symposium on Tele. In Montreux lived many great writers and musicians, including Vladimir Nabokov, who is buried in the local cemetery. On a small rocky island off the coast of Montreux is sung by Byron famous Chillon Castle (XIII c.) With medieval dungeons, knight's hall, a hall of Justice, the ducal bedroom and a wooden chapel. Halfway between Geneva and Lausanne town of Nyon, founded in 46 BC. e. Julius Caesar on the spot settlement of the Helvetii. Undoubtedly, the most interesting sights are the Roman Museum with ancient archaeological finds and the layout of the ancient city, the Museum of Lake Geneva with aquariums, ship models and an extensive art collection, as well as a medieval castle located in the beautiful Porcelain Museum. The northern part of the country - the center of business activity, as well as the picturesque valley of the foothills of the Alps, the Rhine rapids, beautiful vineyards and waterfalls. Zurich is the most important commercial and financial center of Switzerland, as well as the largest banking center in Europe, the center of commercial and industrial establishments, a paradise for shopping and "cultural mecca" of the country. The city center is situated on both banks of the Limmat River, which flows into Lake Zurich (length - 39 km, depth up to 143 m.). Acquaintance with the city's best to start with the historic center of Niederdorf, with its pedestrian area and picturesque narrow streets, cobbled and built-up houses in the Gothic style. In the evening, the area is transformed into an entertainment center - played by street musicians, beer and wine "flowing river", here singing and dancing until midnight. Financial center of the city and one of the most famous shopping streets in Europe - Bahnhofstrasse. Here are concentrated numerous shops and the best stores of the city - "Globe" and "Dzhelmoli" and division "gnomes of Zurich background" - one of the largest banks in Switzerland and around the world. To Bahnhofstrasse adjacent Armes, where the pompous buildings of the bank "Credit Swiss" (1876) and the hotel "Savoy Bor-en-Ville" (1838), as well as the famous confectionery "Shpryungli." The city has many wonderful medieval buildings - the Romanesque-Gothic cathedral Grossmunster (XII-XV centuries.), The famous church of St. Peter with the largest clock in Europe (1538, dial diameter of 8.7 m.) Vasskirhe chapel, church Fraumuenster (XIII-XIV centuries.) with colored stained glass work of Chagall, monumental Town Hall (1694-1698), with an exquisite baroque hall for ceremonies, Lindenhof ("Lime House"), and many other equally notable buildings. The most famous museum of the city - at the Kunsthaus Art Museum Haymplatts, at the entrance of which is a statue of Rodin's "Gates of Hell", and which is famous for first-class exhibition on the history of European art, as well as French and Swiss collections. In the Swiss historical museum features a large collection of exhibits on the history and culture of Switzerland. Museum Rietberg has a huge collection of oriental and African art. The museum boasts a collection of tin toy of almost 400 thousand antique toys. Also of interest to the Hauptbahnhof Chocolate Museum and the Museum of Modern Art on Limmashtrase. Many tourists visit the observation deck Politerasse, which offers a beautiful view of the city and its scenic surroundings. Basel - the second largest city in Switzerland, located on the border of the "German" and "French" part of the country on both sides of the Rhine. The city was founded by the Romans in 44 BC. e. on the site of a Celtic settlement, and in the written sources "Fort Basilea" first mentioned in 374, today it is a major industrial, commercial and banking center of the country. Here, a high concentration of educational institutions, including the oldest university in Switzerland, major shopping centers and banks, and at the same time - the first national musical theater, numerous art galleries, book stores, a great number of bars and pubs. Center of the old Basel - square Marktplatz ("Market Square"), and to this day affects a riot of colors and an abundance of goods sold. Here is one of the symbols of the city - a beautiful Town Hall (1507-1513), with a bright red painted facade of brick, gilded bell tower, the roof of glazed tiles and a statue Minatsiusa Plankusa. In the former Franciscan church Barfyussenkirhe (XIV c.) Is now open Historical Museum, and the nearby area Fischmarkt is the most beautiful fountain in Basel, decorated with a statue of the Virgin (1390). Another symbol of the city - Cathedral Munster (1019) with two steeples and a gallery with a colonnade surrounded by huge chestnut trees. Square in front of the beautiful temple is lined with wrought iron gates with stone blocks, and in the courtyard has a powerful telescope, with which you can admire the beautiful panorama of the city. Another attraction of Basel - Spalentor (1400) of red sandstone, which on both sides adjacent two round crenellated tower. In Basel, more than 20 museums, which brings together the best examples of medieval and modern art. Basel Museum of Fine Arts in St. Alben-Graben is small, but has an international reputation for the world's largest body of work Holbein family, is also unique "amerbahovsky cabinet" - a collection of paintings of the famous Basel Collector Basilius Amerbaha. Painting department of the "old masters" and the collection of Impressionism and Art Nouveau is also on the level of the best European collections. Also of interest are the original Museum of paper and book publishing in the medieval mill at St. Alben-Tal, Museum Jean Tinguely, a house in Kirshgartene ("cherry orchard"), the Museum of Antiques and Sammlung Ludwig, a beautiful zoo and others. Eastern Switzerland - one of the most beautiful areas of Europe. In the mountain spurs hiding numerous lakes, slopes are lined with beautiful mountain resorts and pastoral villages with colorful chalets, guest houses and hotels, and colorful floral carpet of alpine meadows creates a unique and full of charm edge landscape. In the eastern part of Switzerland and is one of the most spectacular natural attractions in the country - a majestic Reynfal ("Rhine Falls" debit reaches 1.1 thousand. Cubic meters per second. Near the Falls is a picturesque old town of Schaffhausen, the oldest preserved buildings that date back to the late Gothic . The city is also interested in a unique museum of all the saints in the church and the castle of the same name Mino (Munot, XVI c.). Center of Eastern Switzerland - Sankt Gallen, founded in VII. Irish monk Gallus. In the XV century monastery began to develop around the city, has now turned into a major tourist center of the country, famous for its Baroque cathedral (1755) with two towers, a unique library of the Abbey with a collection of ancient manuscripts and manuscripts, as well as the monastery of St.. Catherine (1228 y), the Textile Museum and, of course, the beauty of the surrounding mountains. In Rorschach interesting old granary Kornhaus (1748), a Benedictine monastery, museum of old cars and nearby castles Rorschacherberg, Vartegg (1577), Vartenze (1806) and St. Anne (1210). In Bad Ragaz - thermal spas "Tamina Gorge-Altes" and Bad Pfafers in Tamina Gorge, Palace Hof (1774), Chapel St. Leonard (1414-1418), the parish church of St. Pancras (1705 g .) and the ruins of Freudenberg (XII century.). Central Switzerland - "most Swiss" part of the country. Here are the most undeveloped mountainous areas, a lot of great green valleys and vast areas of scenic alpine meadows dissected crystal-clear mountain streams. Falls Bernese Oberland, originating from the secular glaciers make their way through narrow canyons and Rosenlaui Aare. Mountain ranges are reflected in the turquoise waters of the lakes Brienzersee and Thunersee, on the shores of picturesque villages which are scattered with colorful chalets, guest houses and hotels. Admired the ancient castles and palaces lovingly restored in the region. And above it all the majestic peaks of the Eiger, Jungfrau and Monje. Near the Great St. Bernardskogo pass (2469 m.) Is the eponymous monastery, which is still bred St. Bernards, which brought specifically for the rescue of victims of avalanches. And on the Gotthard Pass in the rock knocked the 12-meter cross in memory of the storming of the embattled "Devil's Bridge" Suvorov's army soldiers. Here is the capital of the country - Bern, founded in steep bend of the river Aar in 1191 on the orders of the Duke Berthold V. The historic city center - chain streets Spitalgasse, Marktgasse and Kramgasse, abutting the bridge Niderbryukke. The main sights are concentrated here, in the old center - Prison Tower (1256) with a bell tower (1643), the famous street fountains (XVI c.), Clock Tower (1191, chimes with moving figures - 1527- 1530), the Gothic Cathedral (1421-1573), with the highest bell tower in Switzerland (about 100 m.), stained-glass windows in the XV., statues of the XVI century. and the main portal of the Kung (1457). It is impossible not to visit the Town Hall (1406) with a large hall receptions with wooden ceilings of the XV century., And gave the city its name "Bear crypt." In Bern, you can see the magnificent museums, the real treasure of Art - Museum of Fine Arts Bern on Hodlershtrasse with a fine collection of European art museum "Abeggshtiftung Riggisberg" Postal Museum, the house-museum of Albert Einstein on Kramgasse, Swiss Alpine Museum, and others. This city works home to many embassies and international organizations here in the palace of the XIX century sits the Federal Government (Bundesrat) and the Federal Congress, has a national bank and a variety of international commercial organizations. It hosts great concerts of classical music played Bern Symphony Orchestra, and every year at Easter to the public are "honorary citizens" of the capital - the newly born cubs. Lucerne - the main city in Central Switzerland, which arose in the VII century on the site of the Benedictine monastery, located on the northern shore of Lake Firvaldshtegger and rightfully belongs to the most beautiful cities of the country. The most famous attractions of the city include the wooden Chapel Bridge (1300, is the oldest in Europe), the baroque Jesuit church Iezuitenkirhe (1666) with two towers, the octagonal Water Tower (XIII c.), The majestic building of the old town hall Kornmarkt (1606 g .), fortification Muzermauer with 9 towers (1350-1408), the Renaissance Palace of government (1557), the Franciscan Church (1561), "the saddest monument in the world" - "the Lion", the Church of St.. Charles, the numerous gable decorations, lovely wooden bridges, picturesque area with traditional fountains, observation deck, the Pilatus (2132 m.) and the modern resort on the shores of the lake. Be sure to visit the Museum of the means of communication with the super cinema "IMAX", which is considered to be the most interesting in the world, the Museum of National Costume, Museum of Local Lore "Utenberg", the Picasso Museum, the Museum of Richard Wagner and the Ice Palace Ice Garden "Gletchergarden" - a geological phenomenon that has been preserved since the time of the Ice Age. Lugano - the largest and most important city of the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino (Tessin), located on the shores of the lake in the south-eastern part of the country. The city is surrounded by mountains Monte Bre (923 m.) And Monte San Salvatore (912 m.), Forming a magnificent panorama around the city and its mild climate. In the old town are monuments of great historical value - Palazzo-Civica in a magnificent park Parco Civica, which are regularly held open-air concerts, Villa Malpensata, the church of Santa Maria Delhi-Andzholi (XVI c.) With frescoes "Crucifixion Christ "and" The Last Supper "by Bernardo Luini, located near the railway station San Lorenzo Cathedral (1517), the church of San Rocco (1349) with the famous altar and frescoes painted Diskopoli, and many other unique structures. The distinctive features of this hospitable Swiss cities are arches, blood-red geraniums in the squares and orange tile roofs. In the center is an extensive pedestrian zone. From Piata Chokarno the cable car you can go to the mountains. In the vicinity of Lugano are full of charm historic towns with typical Italian architecture - rich in cultural monuments Locarno, Ascona famous "city of castles" Bellinzona "little Tuscany" Mendrisio and others. You can make a boat trip to the park "Switzerland in miniature" in Melida, which presents the most interesting and scenic attractions of the country reproduced in 1:25 scale. 2 km. Lugano, on the other side of the lake, is an Italian enclave of Campione, who is nonetheless under the jurisdiction of Switzerland. Now it is a major center of gambling and "special economic zone" in whose territory the biennial awards ceremony held cultural and art workers "Golden Mask", as well as water-race "Formula 1". And, of course, most importantly, "decoration" Schveytsarii - ski resorts. By their number and the level of service the country confidently holds the leading position in the world. Snow-capped mountains and mineral springs of St. Moritz, located in the southeastern part of the country, in the heart of the Engadine Valley and along the shores of the lake, enjoy the greatest love of skiers around the world. Twice St. Moritz became the venue for the Olympic Winter Games - in 1928 and 1948. In addition, St. Moritz - the world-famous spa resort, famous for its mineral waters, which have begun to use a very long time. In St. Moritz and its surrounding area is full of luxury villas, including the most luxurious mountain hotel in the world - Badrutts Palace, here in 1891, was "invented" bobsled, here are the only Swiss National Park and the abbey church with a variety of treasures, inclined Roman tower, Segantini Museum, championship golf, surfing and sailing, racing, and even summer ski race. Operate indoor and outdoor pools and ice rinks, swimming pools with hot mineral water, tennis courts, squash courts, held flights on delta and paragliding are actively developing equestrian sports. St. Moritz is famous and exotic winter fun - on the ice along with skijoring (horse races) are held annually and at such tournaments only summer sports like cricket, polo and golf. The difference in height in the region of 1768-3303 m skiing., There are more than 350 km. ski and 150 km. lowland trails all levels of difficulty, 60 lifts and 3 fan park. Straight from St. Moritz railway funicular lift to a height of 2486 m. (Corviglia station), the area is suitable for intermediate skiers. Piz-Noir (3057 m.) Is only good for "advanced skiers" - leads down a steep "black" route. To Corviglia adjoin two more comfortable area - Margus and Suvretta (Corvatsch, 3451 m.) - One of the most beautiful ski areas in the world (about 70 km. Runs). Offers a good ride and the adjoining area Corvatsch Furchellas. Lovers of virgin land is recommended to climb the gorge to Diavolentsa-Lagalb where laid "black" route length of more than 3 km. and a plurality of virgin lands. At 60 km. from St. Moritz at an altitude of 1250 m. near the national park, there is the resort Scuol, famous for its unique thermal springs, rich Glauber salts, as well as the only Engandinah treatment and water fun center with a 37-degree pools, jacuzzi, sauna and Turkish baths. There is also 80 km. of slopes at altitudes of 1250-2800 m., 14 lifts and a lot of walking trails through the mountains. Zermatt - ski and climatic resort, one of the most prestigious resorts in Switzerland, located in the upper valley of Visp, at an altitude of 1620 m. At the foot of the Matterhorn, and is surrounded by 36 "four-thousander" Main Alpine Ridge. This is the perfect place for skiers of any level, having the longest winter season in the country, it is forbidden to car traffic, so the air is extremely clean. Instead of cars used by the crew in the summer, drawn by horses, and in winter - sleigh rides, running between the old farmhouses Walliser and 117 elegant hotel. For all international standards Zermatt in the top ten resorts - you can climb the highest lift station in Europe (Klein Matterhorn, 3885 m.) And go down with her ski on any of the three major sectors, almost unrelated. You can go down to the south to Italy and try yourself on the famous highway Cervinia. For tourists 82 lifts, 256 km. slopes at altitudes of 1610-3889 m., 115 km. lowland trails, fun park and 2 toboggan runs, ski school, skiing, horse and dogs, 15 indoor pools, 20 saunas and steam baths, solariums 12, 2 tennis courts, indoor squash courts, billiards, more than 100 restaurants, bars and discos, as well as 38 mountain restaurants. Upmarket resort of Davos, the venue of the annual conference of the World Economic Forum, located in the east of Switzerland, at an altitude of 1560 m. Symbol of Davos - the lake, which is the largest natural ice rink area of 22 thousand. Sq. m. Skiers waiting for 320 km. perfectly prepared slopes of all degrees of difficulty at altitudes of 1540-2844 m. along both sides of the valley (6 ski areas), 55 lifts, 75 km. plain Trail, indoor and outdoor skating rinks and ice rink. Interesting and the local Museum of the Protestant Church. Saas-Fee - one of the highest resorts in Switzerland. Recognized as one of the most beautiful corners of the world, Saas-Fee is the highest of 13 Alpine peaks over 4,000 m. Surrounding this picturesque valley. Resort altitude - 1800 m., Here laid 120 km. slopes at altitudes of 1800-3500 m., 30 km. lowland trails all difficulty levels, epic ski resort Mittelallalin, outdoor skating rink, sports center with facilities, special toboggan runs, cross-country skiing, snowboarding, outdoor skating rink, restaurants, bars, discos, cinema, and so on. d. At an altitude of 3500 m. is "the most high" revolving restaurant in the world, a few steps from the restaurant is the largest museum in the world, "Ice pavilion" and the chapel, which held nuptials. Crans-Montana is the sunniest resort in the country, is located 150 km. from Geneva and 280 km. Zurich, in the heart of the Alps, at an altitude of 1500 m. resort is very good for beginners and intermediate skiers - here 178 km. slopes at altitudes of 1500-3000 m. (glacier Plaine Morte - 8-kilometer descent), about 50 km. plain Trail, 45 lifts with a capacity of 41 thousand. persons per hour, 50 km. trails for hiking, 7 indoor tennis courts, a squash center, outdoor skating rink, ski school for children from 3 to 6 years, a saltwater swimming pool, delta and paragliding, lovely shops and boutiques, luxurious restaurants, nightclubs and much more. It is also one of the best places for snowboarders - there are several specially treated areas, halfpipe and snowpark. The nearby Aminona located 6 km long toboggan run, starting right from the threshold of the restaurant "Petit Bonvin" (2400 m.). Crans-Montana - one of the European capitals golf here each September to the famous tournament "Canon - European masters," and the first golf course to 18 holes already appeared here in 1906. The famous mountain resort of Verbier is located above the Rhone valley on a small plateau, at an altitude of about 1500 m., In the western part of the extensive ski area "Four Valleys" Valais. In the region also includes such famous resorts as Veyzon-tion and Nendaz. Nendaz lies on a sunny terrace c stunning views of the mountains 175 km. from Geneva. Ski - 400 km. trails of varying degrees of difficulty with changes in elevation 1300-3330 m., 89 lifts, for snowboarders - snowpark with half-pipe, as well as a diverse night life, a variety of restaurants, bars and cafes. The local tracks, especially the area of the vast array of Mont Fort and Mont Zhel differ sporty character and 2-3 of them - on the verge of extreme and require the skier of excellent physical condition and technical perfection. From the top of the ridge of Mont Zhel down goes the famous slope and mounds "black" route "Torten" as well as no less formidable descent Les Attel. Internationally known luxury 15-kilometer route from Mont-handicap in Le Châble with a vertical drop of 2,530 m. More "quiet" tracks lie on the spacious slopes near La Chaux (2210 m.), At himself Verbier or sunny circus Sevoleyr. In the area of about 410 km. pistes, 101 lift, 3 fan park, 128 km. raznovysotnyh plain Trail and the largest in Europe cableway "Jumbo", the cabin is at once raises to 150 people at the height of 3300 m. There is a great sports center, swimming pools, saunas, ice rink, tennis courts, a solarium, and so on. d. Slightly south of the famous passes from Ruth - the most popular route ski tour connecting Chamonix and Zermatt. Leukerbad, another of the resort centers of the "Four Valleys", located in the valley. Dala, 215 km. from Geneva. The resort is famous for its thermal springs Burgerbad and Alpentherme, which are equipped with several thermal pools, jacuzzi, sauna, massage and beauty treatments, in which you can get directly from the mountain slopes! More than 60 km. slopes at altitudes of 1034 to 2971 m., 49 lifts, 60 km. hiking trails, more than 70 km. trails for cross-country skiing, toboggan chute, open and closed skating rinks, curling, thermal mineral water pools, indoor tennis court, excellent conditions for hiking, squash and fishing - that's "trump card" of the region. Especially good are sequentially into each other "black" world-class slopes Rinderhalde - Alter Shtafel - Valdpishte coming from the north-eastern shoulder of Torrent (2,800 m.). One of the most visited and popular mountain resorts in Switzerland - Interlaken, situated between Lake Brienzersee and Thunersee, at the foot of the Jungfrau (4158 m.) And Eiger. The holiday season is almost here is not interrupted throughout the year. Summer - all imaginable kinds of water activities, walks around the neighborhood on foot or by mountain bike, visit the caves, an underground lake of Saint-Leonard or Trimmelbah gorge with 70 waterfalls, visits to medieval castles Shtokalp, Valais and Turbilon or wonderful museums Pierre Dzhanadda in Martigny Museum of viticulture in Sierre et al. winter - 183 km. first-class runs at altitudes of 576-3454 m. served by 49 lifts, visit "Ice Palace" in the 30-meter ice thickness, and dinner in the panoramic restaurant "Piz Gloria" at the top of the Schilthorn (2970 m.), in which the movie was made about James Bond, or a trip on the longest in the country (19 km.) mountain railway to the gear train to the Jungfraujoch (3454 m.). Nearby village of Wengen (1274 m.) And "free cars" Mürren (1650 m.), Which hosts the annual extreme games for amateurs "Inferno" has long become independent luxury resorts. Grindelwald is a 15-minute drive from Interlaken. This is one of the most beautiful mountain resorts in the country. Mountain glaciers are down almost to the very resort that creates excellent conditions for winter sports - here is one of the longest ski season in the country. Grindelwald glaciers brought and another glory - you can visit the "Blue ice cave" and exotic Glacier Gorge, a meteorological station and a viewing platform from which you can admire a vast panorama of the Alps and the surrounding peaks of the Eiger (3970 m.), Munich (4099 m.) And Jungfrau (4158 m.), facing each other. On their slopes were laid 213 km. slopes with altitudes 1034-2971 m., 47 lifts, including - Europe's longest gondola lift to the Männlichen (2230 m.), 25 km. plain Trail, an 8-kilometer toboggan run with Bussalpa (1800 m.) and alpine hiking trails with a total length of 300 km. On the other side of the valley is an interesting ski area Voest (1050-2500 m.). There is a sports center with indoor swimming pool, gym, courts for squash, indoor skating rink with artificial ice, a variety of shops, restaurants, tea shops, cafes and bars, there are several nightclubs and more. On the western shore of beautiful Lake Brienzersee, almost opposite the Interlaken is a popular resort of Meiringen, famous as the place where Sherlock Holmes sank his nemesis - Professor Mariarti. The hotel, which allegedly stopped famous detective, was even named "Sherlock Holmes." Gstaad, one of the most famous and expensive resorts in the world, is notable for the most amazing snow fields in Europe, there are excellent conditions for any kind of outdoor activities not only in winter, but also at other times of the year. Gstaad feshenebelen and roads, is the resting place of kings, movie stars and the biggest business in the world. At altitudes of 1000-3000 m. Beat 250 km. ski trails, served by 69 ski lifts, 70 km. plain Trail, countless hiking trails, its own mineral spring La Pinta, numerous restaurants, tennis and squash courts, and trails for equestrian sports, ballooning and swimming pools. Gstaad is close to the main family resort in the country - the Chateau d'Eau, where in the second half of January, International Week held ballooning - "World Air Balloon Festival", which involved up to 100 teams from 15 countries. Flims Laax and - two neighboring resort, forming a so-called "Alpine arena" - the largest ski area in Switzerland with guaranteed snow. It boasts the highest number of runs in one-equipped ski area - only 220 km. at altitudes of 1020-3018 m., with the longest track starts from the very top, and is 16 km away. with vertical drop of 1900 m., beautiful trails mogul, 29 lifts with one of the highest throughput in the country, 6 kilometers. plain Trail (in Vol. h. floodlit slopes), 6 km. toboggan runs, indoor tennis courts, shooting ranges and go-karting, squash, swimming pools (in Vol. h. underwater massage) and Border parks. In the valley ski Portes du Soleil includes 12 French and Swiss stations: Champery Le Crozet, Champoussin, Morgins, Torzhon, Avoriaz, Chatel, Morzine, Les Gets, Montriond, Saint-Jean d`Alp, Abondance, Lyapunov Chapelle d`Abondans. Champery is located 10 km. from Val d`Ies at an altitude of 1580 m., is famous for the enormous length - 650 km served by 228 ski lifts, there is also an indoor ice rink (60x30 m.), a heated outdoor pool, fitness center with solarium, sauna and modern physiotherapy complex. Bürgenstock, located in the heart of central Switzerland, is known for the oldest in Europe, the hotel complex, founded in 1873 The complex consists of three five-star hotels - Palace Hotel, the Grand Hotel and Park Hotel, located on a hilly peninsula surrounded by the waters of the picturesque Lake Lucerne. Ovronnaz resort - the perfect place for skiers average. Engelberg - one of the oldest resorts in the country. His name shall Engelberg and still current Benedictine abbey, built in 1120 unforgettable panorama of the elevator car-oriented "Rotayr" from a height of 3200 m. (This is the longest lift the country, raising the height of the tourists on the 3333 m.), The majestic Mount Titlis (the highest point in Central Switzerland), the beautiful mountain slopes with 82 km. slopes at altitudes of 1050-3028 m., 27 lifts, numerous restaurants, bars and discos - this undoubted merits of this place. Most of the resort is a pedestrian zone. Le Diablere, often called "alpine paradise", located at an altitude of 1300 m. Mining on the site, which offers a grand panorama, covering a vast territory from Lake Geneva to the French Alps. At altitudes of 1,200 to 3,000 m. Beat 120 km. trails, 50 lifts operate on a well-planned public transport system (included in the lift pass), you can continue riding on the slopes of Gstaad, Leyzena, Chateau d'Oex, Saanen and Villars. Operate a sports complex with a swimming pool and ice skating rink, a sports club (badminton, squash), facilities for bowling and billiards, golf tennis and golf, as well as a riding school. One of the benefits of the resort - close to Geneva, as well as the most important cultural centers such as Lausanne, Montreux, Vevey, Le Moss (1450 m., Black slopes), Chateau d'Oex and Gstaad. All over the world are also known in the mountain resorts, as Falera, Leyzen with its famous revolving restaurant "Kuklos", "family paradise" - Villars, "virgin" Anzer, cozy Pontresina is located in the wind-protected valley with its own microclimate Arosa and spa resorts Shvefelberg-Bad and Yverdon.

Climate Switzerland

Moderately continental, alpine. Massive mountain ranges cause differences in the climatic conditions of different regions of Switzerland. In the mountains in the summer is not hot - 16-18 C in the lowlands and in the northern part of the country's warm enough - 18-27 C. In Geneva, the average January temperature is about 0 C, in July +19 C. Annual precipitation is 800 mm. on the plains to 2500 mm. per year on the western slopes of the mountains. Travel around the country at any time of the year.

Time Switzerland

Far from Moscow at 2:00.

Language Switzerland

Public - German, French and Italian. In the north-east of the country speak Romansh.

Money Switzerland

Swiss Franc (CHF), equal to 100 centimes (rappen in German-speaking Switzerland). In circulation there are denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000 francs, as well as coins of 5, 2, 1 franc, 50, 20, 10 and 5 centimes.

Visa Switzerland

To enter Switzerland need a passport and visa. Switzerland is not a member of the Schengen Convention, so the Swiss visa can not enter the Schengen countries and vice versa. types of visas Tourist visa - granted to persons who intend to spend their holidays in Switzerland in advance to book a hotel, guest house or rented apartment or booking a bus tour of the country. Visitor visa - granted to persons whose purpose of the trip is a visit to friends or relatives who live in Switzerland and having its nationality or residence permit (type B or C). Business visa - issued by persons traveling to meet with business partners. Transit visa - issued to persons who are traveling to a third country through the territory of Switzerland. Student Visa - require persons traveling to school. Work Visa - need to persons recruited for hire. Visa "Medical service" - for those who are in need of medical care or medical advice. Tourist Visa To obtain a visa must be submitted to the consulate the following documents: • a passport, which is valid for at least 3 months after the end of the trip; • a photocopy of the first page of the passport with personal data of the tourist; • a completed application form with the personal signature of the applicant (not fully completed or unsigned forms will not be accepted); • photocopies of your passport with all valid visas; • 1 photograph pasted on the form; • the original and a copy of the ticket, valid for travel to Switzerland and back (tickets with open date will not be accepted); • Original and copy of medical insurance, the insurance amount which shall not be less than EUR 30 000 or 40 000 dollars; • your hotel or apartment with the name, surname, passport number and date of tourist stay in the country or a voucher from Swiss travel agencies. We shall consider only the originals or copies of the fax to the fax paper (printed from the Internet or e-mail will not be accepted); • a certificate from the employer on company letterhead indicating the position, the date of commencement of work, the salary, with signature and seal of the enterprise. The certificate should also be an indication that the employee during the trip given leave with pay in the workplace; • owners and employees of SP / unincorporated business except certificates of employment, you must also provide a copy of the Certificate of Incorporation of the enterprise and its statement on tax accounting; • students and pupils must provide a certificate from the school with address and phone numbers of the institution, a copy of your student card, letter of financing the trip and help with the work funding, as well as a copy of the first page of his passport and proof of relationship; • For children under 18 years traveling with a parent or a third party, you must provide a notarized authorization to travel from the remaining parent (s), a copy of the first page of your passport and a copy of the document confirming the relationship; • proof of sufficient funds (travelers' checks signed originals and copies of bank statements, and so on. Etc..) At the rate of $ 100 per day of stay in the country. The photo must be in color and have a size of 35 x 45 mm. Picture must be performed recently on a light background, with no corners and ovals, and the person shall occupy not less than 70% of its area. If the passport of the parent the child is registered, his picture is pasted next to the photo of the parent when traveling by car must be submitted to the Consulate: • A copy of an international driver's license; • a copy of the certificate of registration of the vehicle; • the original and a copy of the international third party liability insurance policy ("Green card"). In some cases, the Consulate reserves the right to ask for additional documents, transfer the documents are presented for consideration to the Swiss authorities, or to invite the applicant to the consulate for a personal conversation. By private invitation only single entry visa is issued, the tourist and the service can be issued multi visa for a specified period. Validity of a visitor's visa may be up to 90 days. To obtain a visa must be submitted to the consulate the following documents: • a passport, which is valid for at least 3 months after the end of the trip; • a photocopy of the first page of the passport with personal data of the tourist; • a completed application form with the personal signature of the applicant (not fully completed or unsigned forms will not be accepted); • photocopies of your passport with all valid visas; • 1 color photograph of the applicant's 3.5 x 4.5 cm (made recently, on a light background, with no corners and ovals, the image should occupy not less than 70% of the photograph), pasted on the form; • the original invitation (copies are not considered!) Containing the following information: • name, surname, date of birth and passport number, the invitee; • length of stay, the invitee in the country; • nature of the relationship of host and invitee (kinship or friendship); • approval of the host side to bear all the costs associated with being a guest in Switzerland (the costs of accommodation, food, transportation, health insurance, and so on. D.). • a copy of Swiss passport (page with photo and signature) or a residence permit (B / C) of the inviting person. • the original and a copy of the ticket, valid for travel to Switzerland and back (tickets with open date will not be accepted); • Original and copy of medical insurance, the insurance amount which shall not be less than EUR 30 000 or 40 000 dollars; • a certificate from the employer on company letterhead indicating the position, the date of commencement of work, the salary, with signature and seal of the enterprise. Owners and employees of the PI / unincorporated business other than certificates of employment, you must also provide a copy of the Certificate of Incorporation of the enterprise and its statement on tax accounting; • students and pupils must provide a certificate from the school with address and phone numbers of the institution, a copy of your student card, letter of financing the trip and help with the work funding, as well as a copy of the first page of his passport and proof of relationship; • For children under 18 years traveling with a parent or a third party, you must provide a notarized authorization to travel from the remaining parent (s), a copy of the first page of your passport and a copy of the document confirming the relationship; • proof of sufficient funds (travelers' checks signed originals and copies of bank statements, and so on. Etc..) At the rate of $ 100 per day of stay in the country. If for some reason the invitee can not provide all the necessary documents from this list, you can provide a "Declaration on the guarantee" (assuming that all other documents specified in the list are present). This document can be obtained by contacting the visa section of the Consulate of Switzerland. Declaration must be sent to Switzerland, where the inviting party fills it and sends to the Division of Police for Foreigners. It should be borne in mind that the consideration of the declaration of guarantee may take up to four weeks. Transit visa is possible without preliminary agreement on passport control at the airport in Zurich. In the passenger climbs passport and instead issued a "pass-permit" that allows you to stay in Switzerland for 24 hours. The passport is given to the passenger back (the next day) at passport control before departure. The fee for registration is 40 Swiss francs (cash). Procedure takes 20 - 30 minutes. For registration of such a transit visa you must be in possession of a confirmed flight ticket with a fixed date of departure from Zurich (the day after the arrival), as well as confirmation of hotel booking. A visa may be denied if to verify the identity will be discovered any previously noted violations. On May 15, 2006 fee is charged in Swiss francs, and its size is 55 Swiss francs for each passport. If applying for visa officer issues a payment receipt with which to pay the fee in the office of the "Raiffeisen" on Vozdvizhenka 7.4. Payment is made in rubles at the exchange rate of the bank for the current day. Bank returns the part of the "B" payment notice to the applicant confirming the payment. In the preparation of this part of the passport must be presented by a visa officer.

Traditions Switzerland

Religion: 48% - Catholics, 46% - Protestants, 6% other religions. Public holidays in Switzerland: New Year (January 1), Good Friday (28 March), Easter (March 30-31), Ascension Day (May 8), Trinity (May 18-19), Confederation Day (1 August), Christmas (December 25-26). There are also regional and local festivals, such as the 2 January, 1 May (Labour Day), May 29 (Corpus Christi), and others. National characteristics: Switzerland - a small country. In a short time you can see a lot and do not cross the border to go to Germany, France and Italy. Amazing fusion of cultures - its distinguishing feature. Language, cuisine, lifestyle, architecture, and even the nature very different depending on what part of the country you are.

Traditional cuisine Switzerland

Swiss cuisine emerged as a result of complex, long and controversial development is influenced by many people living in the country. Especially large influence of French, Italian and German culinary traditions. A distinctive feature of the local cuisine - plenty of cheese and dairy products, and meat with a variety of spices. Be sure to try the traditional "foie gras" or "cheese fondue" - melted in boiling white wine cheese "Gruyere" or "Emmentaler" flavored with spices. There is a dish to be served hot, dipped in cheese slices of white bread and be sure to "drinking" white wine. Another popular cheese dish - "raclette", which is a special way fried cheese with crispy pickles and potatoes in their jackets. Extremely popular "Bernes Platter" - fried slices of beef and pork with green beans or sauerkraut, as well as "lyurih leshnettseltes" - thin slices of veal in sauce. Widely used appetizing sausages of all kinds, especially famous sausages from the cantons of St. Gallen and Bern, as well as a huge two-meter sausage from Zurich, lovely bacon and specially cooked potato "Rasht", which is best served in combination with white sausage Munich "bratwurst". Swiss chocolate and desserts "hyuhli" and "krepfli" is also known throughout the world. Worth a try and a specially prepared very strong coffee "Ristretto". In the southern cantons used almost exclusively Italian cuisine with its "paste", "pizza", "carpaccio" "scampi" and "risotto" with an abundance of greenery and olive oil. Swiss wines and beer are great. Among the white wines stand out "Yohannioberg", "Ferdan", "Lavyu" of red - "Lamey", "Crowns" and "Dol". Good liquor "Kirsch", "Pflyumli" and "Vilyamin", but they are very strong.

Political system Switzerland

Switzerland - Federal Republic (Confederation), consisting of 23 cantons, each of which has its own constitution, parliament and government. Rights cantons are limited by the federal constitution. The head of state - the president is elected by parliament for a year, alternately from the number of federal advisers. Legislature - bicameral Federal Assembly (National Council and Council of States). Executive power is exercised by the Federal Council (government) of the 7 federal advisers (ministers), elected for 4 years.

Population Switzerland

About 7.3 million. Persons, 84% - Swiss, also live Germans, Italians, Austrians and French.

Customs Switzerland

Upon arrival in Switzerland are allowed duty-free import personal effects: clothing, photo and movie cameras, sports equipment, musical instruments, food supply for 1 day, gifts worth 200 doorman. Franks, 2 liters of alcoholic beverages with strength to 15 °, 200 cigarettes (or 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco). Tobacco and alcohol may be imported by persons at least 17 years of age. When leaving Switzerland restrictions on the export of goods not.

Medical aid Switzerland

Insurance for the entire period of stay in Switzerland is required. Vaccinations are only required to present in the area of epidemics 14 days prior to arrival in Switzerland. In the case of a visit to the doctor or hospital admission deposit is required either to provide health insurance. In the absence of insurance may require on-site medical services to pay in cash. Medicine is very expensive, so serious problems requiring hospitalization or evacuation from the country, can cost several thousand dollars.

Working hours Switzerland

Banks and currency exchange are open from 8.00 to 16.00 (some up to 17.00 - 18.00) on weekdays, a break from 12.00 to 14.00. Once a week, banks are open longer than usual. Currency exchange offices at airports and railway stations are open daily from 8.00 to 22.00 - often around the clock. Shops are open on weekdays from 08.30 to 18.30, some work to 21.00-22.00. On Saturday, all the shops are open from 08.00 to 12.00 and from 14.00 to 16.00. In large cities, some shops operate without a lunch break, but closed on Monday morning.

Transport Switzerland

"Swiss Travel System" - a system of universal travel, operating in all kinds of regular transport (trains, commuter buses, lake vessels, urban transport) and give a discount on many types of tourist transport. These travel justify yourself if you intend to make in Switzerland at least two long trips. At the same time, a number of mountain tourist lines, including those that lead to the main peaks of the Swiss Matterhorn and the Jungfrau, these tickets at best provide only a 25% discount to the exorbitant rates of these trains - about 100-150 francs per trip. All of these tickets are selling a number of Russian tourist agencies, but most of them are available in Switzerland. Swiss Pass. These provide an opportunity to travel not limited crossings across the country for 4, 8, 15, 22 days or a whole month. If two or more people traveling together, everyone gets a 15% discount. Youth version - Swiss Youth Pass - gives 25% discount on the full fare for those under 26 years. Swiss Flexi Pass. Swiss Flexi Pass Pass valid for that number of days on which it is acquired (3, 4, 5, 6 or 8 days, which, however, does not necessarily have to be consecutive). If two or more people traveling together, everyone gets a 15% discount. Swiss Transfer Ticket. Swiss Transfer Ticket ticket allows access to any destination in Switzerland and back. Travel may begin on the Swiss border or any Swiss airport. Valid for 1 month. The trip from the initial to the final destination must be made within one day, and the route should be chosen the most direct. Justified only if you need to pass through at least half of the country. This ticket is not for sale in Switzerland. Swiss Card. Ticket Swiss Card - this "extended" version of the ticket Swiss Transfer Ticket. In addition to a trip to the final destination and back, you get a 50% discount on all future travel by train, bus or by boat. This ticket is sold in Switzerland only in airports and border stations. Family ticket Family Card. This ticket allows children under 16 to travel to Switzerland for free, provided that they are traveling, at least one of their parents, who bought a Swiss Pass or Swis Flexi Pass. Road and driving rules Movement sided. Use of seat belts is compulsory for sitting in the front seat, children under 12 should sit in the rear seat of the car. In the rain and in the tunnels use headlights required. It is forbidden to drive with parking lights. Speed limit in urban areas - 50 km / h on the main highways - 80 km / h on highways ("freeway") - 120 km / h (indicated by green pointers for using them to pay the annual road tax "vignette" (40 CHF), purchasing the sign of the payment, it is usually included in the rent). Most parking - paid, the first hour is worth about 1,5 CHF. taxis Taxis can be booked by calling 022 / 321-22-23, 022 / 794-71-11, 022 / 331-41-33. Base rate at landing - CHF 5 per passenger, then charged by CHF 2 per km. In the evenings and on Sundays there is an additional charge. Domestic air in Switzerland do not play a significant role and is gradually reduced. For the most part, they are a means of delivering passengers to distant international flights departing from another airport. Purely domestic flights do not have much sense - by the time the train will not lose, and the price of the flight will be the ultra-high. Swiss Railways (SBB) - perhaps the most reliable and comfortable in the world. Trains between major cities run from clock intervals of at least every half hour. The fastest train - IC, ICN, EC, IR, Schnellzug. All of them are a little different in speed. Local trains are denoted by R and RX, in the suburbs of large cities have trains S-Bahn. Interior night trains no. The price of all kinds of standard trains, surcharges on regular trains in domestic traffic no no. Simple single tickets are very expensive: Zurich-Geneva (3 hours) - 76 francs in the second grade, 126 in the first Geneva-Lugano (5-6 hours) - 104 francs in the second grade, 172 in the first, Bern-Zurich (1 hour ) - 45 in the second, 75 in the first. Round-trip ticket gives you a slight discount to 10 per cent. The easiest way to save with tickets Swiss Travel System (valid for all kinds of regular transport) or a cheaper ticket Evrodomino Switzerland (valid only on the railway). This last ticket costs 85 euros for three days without Limit trips plus 10 euros for each additional day. Total can buy up to 5 additional days. For youth up to 26 years, the prices below - 64 euros for the first three days plus 8 euros for each additional. Apart from the usual state, there are private railways, mainly mountain. The most powerful alternative system - a narrow-gauge Rhä tische Bahn in the south-east of the country. Some mountain scenic routes not covered passes (or their owners get there only 25-50% discount). Especially road routes to the peaks of the Jungfrau and Matterhorn, and route "Glacier Express". At the same time a series of magnificent scenic routes free for holders of travel - "Golden Pass", "Bernina Express", "Arosa Express," "William Tell Express," "Pre Alpine Express," "Route Lotchberg" and others. Public transport in Switzerland is represented in most of the cities buses, trams and trolleybuses. Tickets are the same for any kind of transportation, and they act on any train, even though the international, if you go to them within the urban tariff system. In addition, public transport tickets are "Swiss Travel System". Standard fare in Zurich - 3.8 francs, for a short distance - 2.4 francs, on the day of travel - 7.6 francs. For tourists, there is a ticket Zurich Card, which offers discounts and free entry to museums and tours. It costs 15 francs and 30 francs a day for three days. Single tickets cost in Geneva from 2.2 to 4.6 francs, a day ticket - 8 francs, travel for a week - 35 francs.

Electricity Switzerland

Line Voltage - 220V.

Tip Switzerland

Tipping is not accepted, except for restaurants, where their size is 5-10% of the order value. To comply with the tradition should carefully read through and never exceed 10% tip. Tips are given only after the change will bring to the nearest centime.

Helpful information Switzerland

Certificate of non-subscribers - 111. Information on road conditions - 120 or 163. The Russian Embassy in Bern - 352-05-66, 352-85-17. Consular Section - 352-05-67, 352-77-76. Consulate General in Geneva - 734-90-83, 734-79-55. Aeroflot representative in Geneva - 909-27-70. In Zurich, 211-46-33, 211-46-34. Police - 117. Firefighters - 118. Ambulance - 14. Help in an emergency - 140 ("Autohilfe").