Tunisia - it is one of the oldest resorts in the world - even in very ancient times, the times of the Phoenicians, ancient Greece and the Roman Empire in these places vacationing members of the nobility. Tunisia - it is more than a thousand miles of beautiful sandy beaches, hundreds of modern hotels with a highly developed infrastructure and services, sources of medicinal thermal waters, which built the modern spa center, as well as a huge number of unique historical monuments.
Tunisian Republic (al-Jumhuriyah al-Tunisi) state on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa. In the north and east by the Mediterranean Sea to the west and south-west it is bordered by Algeria to the south-east - with Libya. Around one third of the country is the eastern spurs of the Atlas Mountains, the rest area is covered by savannas and, for the most part, empty. The lowest point is in Tunisia Shot Al Garza (17 m. Below sea level), and the highest - of Jabal Hamby (1,544 m.). Surface Area 163.6 thousand. Sq. km. - It is the smallest country of the Maghreb.
The capital of Tunisia.
Tunisia - a relatively young tourist country in the modern sense - its intensive development started only in the 80s of the twentieth century. But in historical terms - this is one of the oldest resorts in the world - even in the days of the Phoenicians, ancient Egypt and the Roman Empire are vacationing members of the nobility. Tunisia now - is 1,200 km. sandy beaches, hundreds of modern hotels, excellent sources of thermal waters, which built the modern spa center, as well as many historical monuments.
Tunisia (founded in the IX century. BC. E.) - The capital (since 1956) and the country's main port, is located on the shores of the lake. This is a very original city, which combines the most modern spa centers, the traditional Muslim architecture, numerous markets and great museums. Tunisia is considered the center of the walled Medina ("old city"), which stretches around the mosque Jami ez Zeitun (Zitouna, 'Mosque of the Olive ", 703) - the spiritual center of the country, surrounded by numerous madrasas. Narrow streets, mosques, markets and shops of the medina - the main attraction of the city. In the upper part of the Medina, near the casbah ("Citadel"), is size of government, which are located around the institutions of state power, the most colorful building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Dar El Bey (Bey's House).
Nearby is the Souk El Attarine - the most exotic quarter of the city, which grew on the site of the medieval market incense. Here and now sells a variety of perfumes and spices. Kept trimmed multicolored marble and painted palaces Dar Othman (XVII century.) With the Museum of Applied Arts and Dar Ben Abdallah (XVIII-XIX centuries.) With the city Museum of Art and Popular Traditions. Among the other historic buildings attract the attention of Yusuf Bey Mosque (1616) and Hamouda Pasha (XVII century.), Mausoleum Hasanidov Turbet El Bey Mosque and Mausoleum of Sidi Mahreza (Abu Mohammed Mahreza EU-Sadiq), the Cathedral of St. Vincent -de-Paul, as well as the city's oldest building - Dar El-Haddad. Medina of Tunis in 1981, has been listed as a World Heritage Site of the United Nations.
One of the main attractions of the capital - the National Museum Alaun (Bardo Museum) in the palace of Dar Hussein (Bardot) near the Tunisian Parliament - it is the largest museum in the Maghreb with the world's largest collection of Roman mosaics, as well as extensive collections of archaeological finds from all eras. The public library of the city - the largest (after Cairo) in the Islamic world repository of Arabic literature, and the University of Tunis, almost equal in age to the famous Oxford.
The central street of Tunis, picturesque Avenue Habib Bourguiba, comes from the gate Bab al Bahar ("gate of the French", XIII c.) Medina Lake El Bahira. One should visit the vast indoor market with all the trappings of eastern commercial life, many small markets in the area of Medina, Belvedere Park, located on the territory of which the zoo and amusement park Dah-Dah, as well as a small Salammbo Oceanographic museum in the suburbs of the capital.
North of La Goulette respectable 35 km. from the capital, are the ruins of ancient Carthage (founded in 814 BC. e.) - the capital of one of the great nations of antiquity. There was a center of Phoenician trading empire, which included almost all the Mediterranean trade routes converged here across the Sahara and West Asia, where the famous battle rattled the Punic Wars and the great empire flourished. To our days here on the slopes of the hill Bierce, the ruins of the term of Antoninus Pius - one of the largest resort complexes that time, inferior in size only therms of Trajan in Rome, numerous Roman villas, the remnants of the Capitol, the amphitheater at 50 thousand. Spectators, reservoirs and 70 -kilometrovy aqueduct that runs in Carthage from the Water Temple in Zaghouan, the ancient cemetery on the site of the temple of Baal and Tanita (Ammon), as well as numerous ancient port facilities, which stretch along the coast. Most of the buildings of the ancient period severely damaged. From later periods were the ruins of numerous Byzantine churches, the cathedral Sep-Louis (1890) in the back aisle of which is placed the National Museum, the Cathedral of St.. Cyprian and Museum Lavizheri.
You can also visit Zigvan (40 km. From Tunisia), with its ruins of the Temple of Water, Forum, the Capitol, the market, the Temple of Mercury and terms. Lovers of Roman antiquity will be interesting complex of ruins Tuburbo-Maius with the remains of the Roman city, forums, Colosseum, temples, thermal baths and gyms. The pearl of the Tunisian town of Sidi called Bou Said, whose shelter at the foot of the cliff houses are painted in a dazzling white and blue, stands on a cliff top "Ribat" (castle), and from the observation deck at the lighthouse on a cliff top (by the way - built from debris fort IX cent.) offers stunning views of the capital and its surroundings. This is a delightful place to stroll in the narrow cobbled streets lined with old stone slabs. Charming as Orthodox Alexander Nevsky Church, built by Russian sailors in 1939 (almost all of them are buried here, in the churchyard.
Hammamet - an ancient fishing port and one of the most popular seaside resorts in the country, located on the coast, 70 km away. to the south-east of the capital. At the site of the city in 180 AD. e. there was a Roman colony Putput, later renamed as the Arabs in Hammamet ("bathing place"). Medina - the main historical attraction of the city, is a quadrangular castle on the beach, the Grand Mosque (X cent.) And the market. Buildings in the city are designed in traditional Arabic style, with harmonious arches and domes, and even a pair of identical buildings are to be found - each of them has its own unique architectural form. Next to the Medina is the former tomb of Sidi Bou Hadid and built with ancient elements of the picturesque home of George Sebastian, in the garden is an annual International Arts Festival. It is interesting to visit the park kiddie rides "Fabilend" amusement park "1001 Nights" and a water park, or the largest golf club of the country - "Golf Citrus", houses numerous luxury hotels, set among trees and gardens, and also spend time on the beautiful beaches of the city stretching almost 14 km. or to correct health in the best thalassotherapy centers in the country - "Bioazur", "Royal Thalassa" (the largest in the Mediterranean) and "Nahraves Sentra."
In the southern part of the city is a young resort area of Yasmine Hammamet (or "Hammamet-Sud") - one of the largest and most modern in the country. The complex consists of several beaches, Port Marina to moor up to 740 pleasure craft, well-planned promenade with a variety of institutions, modern Medina, a children's entertainment center Karfagolend, landscaped city parks with fountains, dive centers, numerous discos, casinos, restaurants and golf club. It serves a wide variety of boating and water sports.
7 km. north of Hammamet is based more in the IV. BC. e. city Nabeul (Nabeul, former Neapolis) - Centre of pottery production in the country, famous for other than its blue glazed pottery, excellent market Souk El Juma, a small archaeological museum, folk cuisine, wines and jagged rock grottoes coast.
On the northern coast of the country are rocky beaches "Coral Beach", surrounded by cliffs, reefs and historic ruins. Bizerte (65 km. North of Tunisia) is famous for its magnificent forests on the slopes of towering above the extinct volcano, as well as a huge casbah (VI-XVII centuries. N. E.), Spanish Fort (1570), always noisy port small but very meaningful oceanographic museum in the premises of the "small fort", white marble Martyrs' Square, the Grand Mosque (1652) with a striking octagonal minaret, a fountain Youssef Dey (1642), picturesque Moorish houses, the stunning lake Eshkel (Garaet Ishkel, 30 km. southwest of Bizerte) and wonderful fish market. Nearby is Shemtov - a relatively new archaeological site, where they found the ruins of the Roman Forum and the theater, the ancient marble quarries and numerous buildings.
Tabarka ("place, covered with bushes"), located at the foot of the mountain massif Krumiriya - an ancient Phoenician port from Genoese fortress (XVI c.), Picturesque rocks, get behind your form named "Needles", and an ideal place for diving and fishing fishing. At 105 km. south-west of Tunisia is an ancient Dougga (Tuggen) - the most grandiose Roman ruins in Tunisia. Here in the valley of the river Medjerda, found arch of Alexander Severus, the ruins of the Forum to the Capitol (166 AD. E.) And the temple of Saturn, mosaic size of the Winds, the sanctuary of Juno Celeste, perfectly preserved temple portico of the Capitol, Punic mausoleum Atebana (III-II centuries. BC. e.) terms, the House of Dionysos, House of Ulysses with beautiful mosaics (exhibited at the Museum of Bardo) and crashed into the side of the theater (188 AD. e.) by 3.5 thousand. places.
"Pearl of the Plains" Sousse (140 km. South of Tunis) was founded by the Phoenicians in the XI century. BC. e. under the name Hadrumet, later renamed to capture it in Hunerikopolis Vandals and Byzantines - in Yustinianpolis. Medieval monastery-fortress Ribat (IX cent.) With thick walls and a 30-meter tower, the Great Mosque and extensive catacombs (length of more than 5 km.) With 25 thousand graves of the early Christian era - the city's main attractions. The Museum of Sousse stored Roman mosaics III-IV centuries., Which are considered the best ever found in Africa and around the town are the remains of Phoenician tombs, Roman houses and Byzantine fortifications.
5 km. north of Sousse is a world famous resort area of Port El Kantaoui - luxurious and fairly modern tourist complex with a complete set of facilities for entertainment and recreation - artificial harbor Marina, Botanical Garden "Oasis Park El Kantaoui" with a huge collection of rare plants, a water park, numerous shopping malls, casinos "Miramar golf" disco "Samara" and "Moroccan", House ice cream, beer bar "Brow" with its own brewery, one of the largest in Tunisia golf Club, as well as a diving center and sailing club. Nearby lies a charming coastal village Ergl with majestic mosque of Sidi Bou Mendil.
"Holy City" of Kairouan is situated 60 km. south-west of Sousse. Founded in 670 AD. Oe. Kairouan in the Islamic world is considered the fourth holiest site after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. In the Maghreb countries believe that a sevenfold pilgrimage to Kairouan is equivalent to Hajj in Mecca. His biggest mosque of Sidi Okba a forest of marble columns brought from Carthage and mighty minaret in the form of a 100-meter three-tiered pyramid towers, is one of the masterpieces of Islamic architecture. Interest barber mosque the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad personal barber - Abu Jama al-Balawi (Sidi Zahib), the Mosque of the Three Doors (IX cent.), The iconic source Barut Bir, where was found a golden cup from Mecca kayruanskie madrassas, the cemetery where the soul Muslim goes straight to paradise located near the city wall irrigation pools (IX cent.), Center for carpet (Kairouan is the center of production of the famous knotted carpets), the National Museum of Islamic Art and the ruins of the Prince's Palace in Rekkade.
24 km. south of Sousse is Monastir (Phoenician Rus Penn later - Roman Ruspenna), an ancient religious capital of Tunisia and modern international recreation center. The main historical attraction in Monastir - Rabat Hartema residues, a defensive structure in the VIII., Later to become part of a powerful fortress-casbah, the gates of Bab al Sur and Bab al-Darby (XIII c.), Vaulted mosque (IX-X 1 cc.) decorated with four domed mausoleum of the first president of independent Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba, the Museum of Islamic Art with a luxurious collection of ancient manuscripts, textiles and glass products Fatimid era, as well as the mosque of Imam Sidi Ali el-Mather on a huge cemetery Kubba, to be buried on which is considered by Muslims a great honor. Coast here is quite "boring", but the hotels pools are created with the latest design and technology.
To the north of Monastir nearly 6 km. stretches unbroken chain of hotels of the resort area of Skanes with magnificent golf club and an excellent Riding School.
45 km. south of Monastir is an ancient Punic port and the capital of Tunisia in the era of the Fatimids - Mahdia. The main highlight of the area - gorgeous beaches with white sand and a relatively small number of tourists. Interesting medieval Medina, the center of souvenir shops, cafes and restaurants, scenic waterfront, delicious small square Place du Cairo octagonal minaret of the mosque, Mustafa Hamza (1772), The Great Mosque (1965) - an exact copy built in the 921 mosques destroyed in 1554 by the Spanish, a small mosque Slimane Hamza, the Islamic Art Museum, National Museum of Mahdia at the gate Skiff el-Kala fortress of Borj el-Kebir (XVI c.), Punic cemetery of the museum Salatka and diving centers.
The second largest after the capital city of Tunis - Sfax, Mahdia lies south, on the northern headland of the Gulf of Gabes. In this large industrial city, however, there is still a lot of interesting tourist sites - the walls of the medina aglabitskoy broad Bab al-Sofa ("Gate of the Council", XIV c.), Jamia Mosque el Azuzeyn ("Mosque of the Two Old Women", 849 g) with a massive minaret and Sidi El-Bahri ("Master of the Sea"), three monumental arches, palace of Dar Dzhelluli (XVII century.), which now houses the Museum of Folk Traditions and the Archaeological Museum. 20 km. from Sfax is covered with palm groves archipelago Kerkenna - new and just starting to develop tourist district. On the islands of Sidi Frege (Ramle), Sharga (Big Kerkenna) and Gharbi (Melita), you can enjoy a peaceful retreat surrounded by clear sea.
Closes the Gulf of Gabes city, named by the Romans Takapsa. Lying on the edge of the Great Desert, it is a vast oasis of three hundred thousand trees. During the battles of the Second World War, this ancient city has lost almost all of its attractions, and today it is of interest only as a starting point of many tours and safaris in the sands of the Sahara. In the city center lies the "Heart Ueda" - the pond, which gives life to the city, spreading in all directions, the whole system of irrigation canals.
Djerba Island is known since antiquity. More Odyssey, first visited the island, called it "an island lotofagov" (lotus eaters). Even today, this resort is connected to the mainland by the old Roman road. Besides the nice beaches with crystal clear water, the sights of the island is one of the oldest synagogues in the world and a place of pilgrimage for Jews from all over the world - Fungus (VI cent. BC. E.) In Riyadh (here scrolls are kept one of the oldest in the world of Torah and rests one of the authors of the Talmud - Shimon Bar Yaskhan). Also of interest are Fort Borj el-Kebir ("big tower", XIII c.) In Houmt Souk, National History Museum in the mausoleum of Sidi Zitouni, and many mosques, among which are the Jamaa el Humpback Oh Sheikh and Jamaa Ettruk belonging different directions in Islam. In the maze of the medina Houmt Souk lurk dozens of homes "Menzeli" with domes in traditional Arabic architectural style, and in the coastal cliffs, as they say legends, hidden a huge treasure of the legendary pirate Droguta Reis.
Internal, desert areas of the country, often less interesting than the seaside. 30 km. Mahdia west (210 km. south of Tunis) is the famous El Jem (Roman Fisdrus), famous for its well-preserved huge Coliseum (230-238 n. e., listed as a World Heritage Site of the United Nations), height of 38 m. diameter 430 m. - his three floor accommodates up to 40 thousand. viewers (largest - the third in the world and first in safety). Preserved cave, which contained the gladiators and wild animals. Every year from July to August in the arena of the Colosseum festivals of classical music - the acoustics of this building just gorgeous. El Jem is also a good Archaeological Museum with an interesting collection of Roman mosaics.
The largest city in the south of Tunisia and one of the oldest cities in Tunisia - Gafsa, in which interesting fortress of XV century, and Grand Mosque. In the "capital of the oasis" Tozeur (Tozёr) should read the "date-markets", one of the country's best museum Dar Cher, Blood-mosque El Hadhar (XI cent.), A maze of streets in the old town of Ouled el Hadef, the zoo (it in the desert some !!) and surreal saline Chott El Jerid, the entire surface is covered with a layer of salt in 50 m.
Between Gafsa and Tozeur extend beautiful landscapes, including the most beautiful oases of Tunisia - Mides, Shebika and Tamerza, which was filmed more than one hundred films. To the north of Gafsa is Sbeitla (ancient Sefetula), rightly proud of the best preserved ensemble of Roman buildings in the country - the triumphal arch, the gate of Antoninus Pius, the arch of Diocletian, the ruins of the Forum and the Capitol with the temples of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva, and theater, as well as the tomb of the Christian martyr - bishop Yukundusa, Byzantine fortifications and Christian churches IV-V centuries.
"The capital of the Sahara" - oil, is considered second only to Kairouan religious center of the country, and has 24 mosque with gold domes, many of which were built during the XV-XVI centuries. There is also the so-called "basket" - hollow in the rock, giving rise to the set of pure artesian springs that give life to a waterless desert.
"The Gate of the Desert" - Douz, is surrounded by sand dunes of the desert and is famous for its carefully saves traditions, "Festival of the Sahara", a traditional bazaar and their date-groves (say that there are more than 800 thousand. Palm trees). Of Douz you can go many days journey across the Sahara, to visit the area of El Jofre, where converge stone and sand of the desert, or visit the unique mountainous region of Matmata (400 km. South of Tunis), where are the most "wild" landscapes, starring "Star Wars," Lucas and where there are ancient cave dwellings of the country. Scattered throughout the area dozens of fortified settlements, castles "Ksar" and Berber settlements such as Medenine, metameasure Dzhuama, Tataouine, Duire, Shenini or Germessa.
Subtropical Mediterranean in the north and along the coast in the south and in the interior - a tropical desert. The average January temperature in the north of +10 ° C, +21 C in the south, in July - 26 and 33 C, respectively. Precipitation (mainly - in the form of rain) falling between 100 mm. in the south and up to 1500 mm. per year in the mountainous areas, although some desert areas receive no precipitation for many years in a row. The summer heat is on the coast of the sea breeze is relaxed, so subjectively seems a little cooler than it actually is. In the desert regions of night frosts are frequent even in spring and autumn, although daytime temperatures during this period can be up to 25-27 + C. The best time to visit the country - September-November and March-June.
Far from Moscow at 3:00.
Official language - Arabic, the second official language of Tunisia is French, he is known almost all the inhabitants of the country. Are also Italian, English and German.
Currency - Tunisian dinar, one dinar 1000 millimes. The country also has the old and new banknotes in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 30 dinars and coins in 1 dinar, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 millimes. Hardly come across coins of 1 milli.
Russian citizens visa is not required. Entry stamp put on arrival at the airport. Also on the site is filled with the immigration card. The basis for the entry of a travel voucher.
However, be aware that the entry on the basis of tourist voucher does not imply the possibility to travel to neighboring countries and to return back. For example, you can not take a trip to Tunisia to travel to neighboring Algeria and returning back to Tunisia. Entry into Algeria happen without problems, but in Tunisia will not be allowed, as the voucher is valid only within a single entry and stay.
Restrictions on movement in the country is not.
Transit and visitor visas
If you intend to travel to the region with a visit to the neighboring countries, are advised to obtain a visa for a private visit or transit in the consulate of Tunisia. To get it you need to provide 1 passport size photograph, 1 questionnaire in English or French, as well as passport and visa invitation or the country of destination. The period required for visa consular department, from 1 to 5 days. Consular fee - $ 12. The visa is valid for entry within 1 month from date of issue at the consulate and 1 month - from the date of entry into the country.
Unlike other Muslim countries, Tunisia is soft enough standards of conduct for tourists and not as strictly enforced Islamic limits (though the interior of the more traditional mores). Alcoholic drinks are available for sale in specialized stores.
State religion - Islam. Most believers (95% of the population) - Sunni Muslims, are also common Judaism and Christianity. Any manifestations of religious intolerance will be prosecuted.
Official holidays and weekends
January 1 - New Year's Eve.
March 20 - Independence Day.
March 21 - Day of Youth.
April 9 - Day of Remembrance of the Martyrs.
May 1 - Labour Day.
July 25 - Proclamation of the Republic.
August 3 - Closed.
August 13 - The Women's Day.
August 15 - Day of withdrawal.
November 7 - Day came to power of President Ben Ali.
Observed religious holidays Ras Al Am (Ras al-Sana, the Muslim New Year), mulid en-Nabi (Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad, June-July), Miaradzh (Ascension Day), Ramadan (Eid al-Fitr), Eid Assembly Segir and Eid al-Kebir, the dates of which change according to the lunar calendar. Unlike all the other Muslim countries, a public holiday in Tunisia not Friday, and Sunday. On Saturdays, most government agencies shorter working hours.
Festivals and Events
Variety of festivals and celebrations is huge for such a small country. At the end of January in Tataouine passes folk "festival QSAR". In Ariana - Colorful Rose Festival (May). In Tabarka in May is the traditional Spring Festival, in June and July - International Jazz Festival, and in early September - a whole series of regattas, among which are the Coral Festival and "Neptune's Trident".
The same aquacade "Trident Neptune" held in June-July in Bizerte, Bizerte anticipating International Festival (July-August). Capital of the country in July and August hosts the International Festival of Carthage, and in the month of Ramadan - the Festival of the Medina. In El Havire in May-June Falcons held a unique festival, which demonstrates the ability and the constitution of game birds, which Tunisians have a particular passion. In Meknassi Festival takes purebred Arabian horses (June-July). In Hammamet Festival takes place in July or Yasmine Hammamet International Cultural Festival of Hammamet. In July and August of El Jem hosts the International Music Festival, Dougga - International Festival of classical drama Dougga and Djerba - Ulysses Festival (July).
At the same time (July-August) in Sousse held a colorful International Festival of Sousse or "Festival D'0ssu" where live bands, performing folk songs and dances of the region, and in Sfax - Festival of plastic arts. Autumn (November) in a four-day festival passes Tozeur oasis with numerous contests and competitions in traditional sports and camel fights. In Carthage International Film Festival is held in October (odd years). In Duse - Sahara Festival, which brings together nomads and peasants oases and around the south of the country in November are numerous "Days of tourism Sahara."
Not recommended to treat women wearing a veil. Not made to eat standing or on the go, to face the person employed food or drink water after fatty meals. During Ramadan, Muslims from sunrise to sunset do not smoke and do not eat. Tourists are also advised to refrain from smoking, eating and drinking in the streets. Appearance of the street in a state of intoxication can result in arrest and a decent fee. At around drinking and smoking can be free, but wine and beer are here two times more expensive than in the city.
A visit to the beach is free, it is also usually sunbeds, pay at some of the beaches are only plastic beds with mattresses (usually removed from the beach at 19.00). Each hotel has its own zone, the purity of which it is responsible, it is recommended that when leaving the beach to collect their garbage in a bag and throw it in the nearest garbage can.
In any case it is impossible to photograph military installations, government agencies, and people with weapons and in shape. It is strictly forbidden to take the presidential palace. When visiting the museum, if you plan to make it shoot, you need to buy a special ticket ($ 1 TND). Also better not to take photographs and Tunisians themselves, without first obtaining their consent.
Large stores are responsible for the quality of their products so expensive purchases is better to do it there. Bargain is not accepted. In the markets ("bitches") is welcome and encouraged to intense bargaining - the longer you trade, the more respect you, the more that prices in the markets for the sake of this "custom" is often inflated three times and bargaining contributes to a significant reduction in price.
In any case it is impossible to consume peeled fruits and vegetables, try seafood or other unfamiliar dishes at small restaurants.
Traditional cuisine Tunisia
As in most Arab countries, Tunisian cuisine uses mainly beef, goat, veal and poultry, as well as beans, rice, vegetables and fruits in a variety of combinations. Since Muslims do not eat pork, the "return" is widely used fish (especially tuna, which is reputed to be the country and owes its name) and seafood, egg dishes and lactic acid products (especially cheese).
Particularly popular soup with vegetables and beef "Shorba" ("ciorba"), more like a pizza omelette with meat, cheese and roasted peppers - "tagine", "ozhzhey" - he, but with peppery sausage, veal stew with olives - "tagine ez Zitoun" stewed with chili peppers and cilantro meat "genaoyya" cold stew "shakenuki" (or "shekshuka"), skewers of small pieces of meat or chicken - "Brochette" roasted on a spit ram "mashvi "baked in tomato sauce meat" stamp ", steam lamb in a pot, stuffed peppers with meat" felfel mahchi "little smoked sausages" merguz "and others. Typical thermal processing of meat dishes on a hot frying pan without oil, which gives the dish particularly juicy.
Widely used all kinds of spices, herbs and vegetable oils, mostly olive. Almost all dishes served "Harissa" - spicy red pepper paste and olive oil, seasoned with parsley, garlic and cumin. Consumed and a lot of bread - on each table is sure to present the traditional "pita" and long "loaf" (similar to the "French roll"). Break bread with his hands and is used as a spoon, or as a standalone product.
A distinctive feature of Tunisian cuisine - a variety of dishes from the tuna. It is added in almost everything - from salads to baking! Interesting salad of roasted peppers and tomatoes with tuna or sardines - "meshuya" more like pasties pancakes stuffed with tuna or crab - "brick" and others. Certainly on the table will be served "couscous" - a dish of millet grains stew, sauce and vegetables, which are usually added a variety of ingredients.
Tunisian desserts are traditional for the Arab world - baklava (baklava), "Ashida" "mahrud" and a variety of pastries with almonds, pistachios, dates, etc.. Original "samosa" - rolls of thin dough with toasted almonds and sesame seeds, rice cake and nuts "Malbay" semolina cake stuffed with dates, cinnamon and candied orange - "mahrud" or sorghum cake with walnut filling "Buz".
The traditional drink of Tunisia - strong green tea with mint, brewed with pine nuts or almonds. Very popular also enjoys coffee - especially with cardamom. The process of cooking and drinking is a complex ritual. In a lot of fresh fruit juices and mineral water (especially popular "Safia," "Ayn The doctor" and "Ain Garci"), and in the south - palm milk (drink it chilled).
Political system Tunisia
Tunisia - a presidential republic. The head of state - the president. Legislative power is vested in the unicameral parliament - the Chamber of Deputies. Members of parliament and president are elected in direct universal suffrage for a term of 5 years. The country is divided into 23 Wilaya (province), in turn divided into 254 districts (delegation).
About 9.6 million, Mostly Tunisians (Arabs in Tunisia, 98%) as well as the Berbers (1%) and Europeans (1%). Most of the population lives in an area of the Mediterranean coast, the entire southern part of Tunisia is almost deserted.
Import of foreign currency is unlimited, national - is prohibited. The export of imported foreign currency. In case of import and export of alleged more than $ 1,000 per person is recommended before going through customs to declare currency in a special window "Declaration de devises". National currency changes on the foreign within 30% of the exchange, but not more than 100 TND per person.
Duty-free in Tunisia can import up to 2 liters. alcohol strength to 25%, up to 1 liter. Beverage strength exceeding 25% and up to 20 cigarette packs. Things and objects imported in commercial quantities shall be withdrawn. The transit of antiquities, arms and ammunition, photo and video pornographic content, protected animals and products of their hides and skins, certain medicines and drugs.
You can take out almost all, including carpets, souvenirs, gold, silver, fruit. When exporting Tunisian carpets and silver ornaments on the border must present receipts from stores where purchases were made. Products worth up to $ 250 are not taxed.
Medical aid Tunisia
For entry into the country insurance is not required, vaccination is not necessary, but recommended vaccination against tropical malaria and yellow fever.
For foreigners, health care - are paid. The cost of services is relatively low, and the quality is quite acceptable. In major tourist centers are modern medical clinic. Almost every hotel has a medical center, where first aid, and in severe cases immediately hospitalized or referred to a qualified doctor.
Working hours Tunisia
Banks are open from 07.30 to 11.00 (except Saturday and Sunday) from July to September. From October to June - from 08.00 to 11.00 and from 14.00 to 16.30 (Friday from 08.00 to 11.00 and from 13.00 to 15.00). In the capital and in major tourist centers branches of banks are generally open longer.
Shops are open on weekdays in winter from 9.00 to 12.00 and from 15.00 to 19.00, in the summer - from 8.00 to 12.00 and from 16.00 to 20.00. During Ramadan a special regime of work - from 9.00 to 13.00 and from 19.00 to 21.00.
Their in Tunisia a few species. When you move within the same locality should be stopped a taxi yellow. Cost of 1 km. - 300 millimes tip - up to 500 millimes. To travel to another city designed as a so-called "big taxi" (travel on the counter), and a special shuttle bus with a fixed route, travel cost, which should be agreed in advance. Car with a red stripe should be on a long distance, with blue - runs between nearby settlements. The fare on the Tunisian taxi is relatively low.
With the bus you can reach almost every corner of the country - we just have to learn the schedule and venue of the bus stop on the route you want.
Transport type tram, so named for the first letters of the main destinations that can be reached with the help of (Tunisia - A Gullet - To Mars). Also this kind of transport you can use to travel to Salammbo, Carthage and Sidi Bou Said. Driving time from Tunis to La Mars - about 35 minutes.
Internal air service
Local airline "Tuninter" operates flights between the major cities of the country (Tunisia, Monastir, Sfax, Tozeur, Tabarka, Djerba).
Available to all who have already turned 21 and whose driver's license was issued more than a year ago. Traffic rules are not much different from Russian. Movement speed in urban areas - 50 km / h on all roads of the island of Djerba -70 km / h on the highway - up to 90 km / h (of course, if there are no other indications). Those who want to "go deeper" into the wilderness must warn about his trip and the chosen route of employees of special positions (to know who and where to look if something, God forbid, happen). The cost of the most inexpensive cars - 75 dinars a day.
Potable water Tunisia
You should not drink water from the tap.
Electricity in most tourist centers, 220 V, 50 Hz. Voltage of 110 V. is used in some older neighborhoods and remote areas of the country. Standard European sockets.
Tipping is not mandatory, but with the help of you can thank the people who provided you some services, starting with a simple porter bags to guard the parking lot. As a rule, in cafes and restaurants the tip is already included in the cost of the order, if not - then they are 10% of the cost. Much the same taxi driver to leave.
In resort areas, tourists can dress up in their own discretion, but the capital and the old Muslim quarter in shorts, short skirts and open shirts to walk is not recommended. Be sure to close the shoulders and knees when visiting the holy places. On the beach or by the pool of your hotel allowed topless.
Helpful information Tunisia
Fire service - 198 Police - 197 Ambulance - 190, reference service: local - 120/12, the international - 17.