United Kingdom - a visit to historical sites, relaxing silence province, exciting English language training and entertainment tastes. England, with its regal splendor and pomp, and a variety of unique features, is pleased to welcome its guests in opening up their values and providing all the opportunities for recreation. Stonehenge and the Tower of London, Eton and Oxford - just a few of saved wealth of bygone eras England. But the country is not stuck in the past; modern fashion, gourmet cuisine, clubs, opportunities to make purchases - in all this England takes one of the leading positions in the world ...
United Kingdom - a state in north-western Europe, the British Isles. Occupies the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and the island of Ireland, as well as independent administrative units - the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands.
Britain by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the North Sea to the east and the Irish Sea in the west, the south is separated from the mainland by the English Channel and the Pas-de-Calais. In the west and north of the country is dominated by mountainous, heavily dissected terrain, south-eastern and central - elevated plains and wastelands. The highest point - of Ben Nevis in Scotland (1,343 m.). Country's total area 244.1 thousand. Sq. km.
Territory of the UK is full of natural contrasts - ancient and dreary moors, heaths and improbably blue lake in the north of Scotland, scenic coastal cliffs and crystal clear calm waters off the southern and western coasts, hilly Cultivated Central England with parks and lawns, majestic mountains and green valleys of Wales in the west. Each region of the country has a distinctive appearance, their distinctive traditions, culture and customs.
London - a cosmopolitan mix of all styles and eras of history of the country, generously "seasoned" a colorful multi-ethnic population. In the capital, an incredible number of attractions, including the world-famous historical sites, a lot of great shops and incomparable to anything nightlife. In London, about 80 theaters, more than 30 museums, among which the most popular British Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum, Natural History Museum, London's history, museum of history of imperial wars, Transport Museum in Covent Garden, a charming museum of toys, the famous wax museum Madame Tussauds, the Tate Gallery, the National Gallery and the Courtauld Institute - the largest collection of paintings and sculptures, and many others.
Of a broad array of cultural and historical monuments are particularly known Westminster Abbey (XIII-XVIII cc.) And grandiose St. Paul - the Cathedral of St.. Paul (XVII-XVIII centuries.), The main cathedral of the capital, built in honor of the patron saint of London and became one symbol of the city. One of the curiosities of the Cathedral - "gallery whispers," which, put your ear to the wall, you can hear the words, spoken in a whisper at a distance of 30-40 meters.
Castle Tower of London (XI-XIV centuries.), The former at different times then simply fortress, the royal palace, the terrible prison that served as a prison and place of political criminals executions, the Observatory or the zoo. Known the world over the castle was built by the Norman King William the Conqueror in the XI century. Tower these days - it's not just a museum and a treasure trove of English kings, but also quite independent small town with its inhabitants - "Beefeater" (soldiers guard), guards and "official residents" - crows at a special royal contentment. Continued interest of tourists is the symbol of London - Tower Bridge Gothic. The castle is open to visitors on weekdays and Saturdays from 9.00 am on Sunday from 10.00 to 18.00.
West End is famous for its sparkling storefronts expensive shops of Piccadilly, "bohemian" Covent Garden, Soho, with its eclectic nightlife and a symbolic figure of Eros, here are the aristocratic residential district Mayfair, as well as the famous Westminster and Buckingham Palace Royal - "a study of the monarchy" . Here, the focus of the royal power, hence all begins ceremonial and public action dynasty here open session of the Parliament (House of Commons, the door is open daily to the public) or a ceremony in honor of the Queen's birthday. If the flag is fluttering above the palace, then Her Majesty home. In the Royal Gallery permanently hosts exhibitions from the Royal Collection.
Trafalgar Square - the main square of the country and the capital, from where all distances are measured in the country. The area is decorated with a three-meter monument to Admiral Nelson's figure, which stands on a column of 45 meters.
Westminster Abbey (in translation from English - "Cathedral in the west") was created by members of the royal family of different generations, since 1040. In this most famous Abbey kingdom, since 1066, all English monarchs are crowned. Buried in the cemetery of Westminster prominent people in the country - from the crowned heads of England to Dickens, Kipling and Shaw. The temple is applicable even today, there are own choir and indispensable school choir.
Big Ben - another symbol of London. Usually referred to as Big Ben tower or placed on it a watch, but actually referred to as the 16-ton bell, the largest in the country, one of the five bells "Great Clock Tower", named in honor of Benjamin Hall, who led his unit. Fight "Westminster clock" is a symbol of the United Kingdom, it is possible to hear the time signal even BBC radio BBC - they are the most accurate public clock in England.
St. James's Palace was built for Henry VIII in the XVI century. Lives in the palace royal chancellor. Country Osborne House, one of the residences of Queen Victoria, the centenary of the death, which the country is widely celebrated in 2001 - another "royal" attraction of the country. Queen always loved this house on the beach, built for her and Prince Albert in 1845 in a quiet area not far from London. Here so far, everything looks exactly as it was during the life of one of the most revered in England queens. Another of the most interesting historical sites of the country - the main country residence of the kings of England - Windsor Castle.
The National Gallery, founded by King George IV - one of the best museums in the world. Broadly representative collection of Western painting - a collection of 2.5 thousand. Paintings, among which the best artists of the Renaissance, paintings of famous Flemish, Dutch and Italian masters, great exhibition of contemporary art.
British Museum - one of the richest museums in the world, famous for its historical collections. The best works of art of ancient Egypt, Assyria, Ancient Greece, India, medieval manuscripts and many other rarities of all time gathered in this enormous exposure. One of the most unique museums in the world - Sherlock Holmes Museum in Baker Street. Undoubted attraction of London - the oldest subway in Europe, which opened in 1863
Capital affects the abundance of parks, the most famous of which - Hyde Park, Regent's Park with a beautiful zoo, located near Madame Tussauds, Kew Gaydnz with a greenhouse, an aquarium and the "House of Butterflies", as well as St. James - the oldest park capital. Also in a great many places, in one way or another connected with the music. In addition to classic Covent Garden and many theaters, be sure to visit "Hard Rock Cafe", which was visited by the Beatles, Elvis Presley, Elton John, Mick Jagger and many others, "Club 100" - the most famous and oldest jazz club in England as well as the museum "Rock sёkus", which presents an exposition dedicated to the history of rock and pop music.
Wonderful and very provincial England - sung in many legends Lincoln city with an ancient fortress of England, the city of Bath, got its name from the Roman baths located there, north of Chester, founded by the Romans another 2 thousand. Ago or York - one of the most beautiful medieval cities in England Ministerial magnificent cathedral (the largest cathedral in Europe).
Durham - the most "dramatic" city in England. Situated on a peninsula surrounded on three sides by the waters of the River VEA, the city "at the mercy" of the massive Norman cathedral, which was built on a wooded promontory and looks more like an old rock than a temple. No other of the hundreds of British cathedrals has no such impact on the audience for its architecture. Cathedral adjacent to the ancient Norman castle and university colleges, while the rest of the rather picturesque Durham itself barely fit in the remaining space on having the shape of a teardrop Cape.
Stratford, where the house-museum of Shakespeare and the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, and the University of Cambridge and Oxford - the best places from which to explore the English tradition. Oxford - the oldest university town in England, the stronghold of English education and a very beautiful city with distinctive architecture.
Legendary Stonehenge (dated around 3100-1800 BC. E.) - The most famous prehistoric site in Europe. On the appointment of Stonehenge debate for centuries, were among the versions and the assumption that it is a temple of the ancient Celts, and an astronomical observatory, and the fact that the creators of this megalithic ring of vertical stone slabs were aliens, but the mystery of his and not solved .
Northumberland - one of the "wild" and least "unspoilt" counties in England. Located here, probably the largest number of castles and battlefields than anywhere else in England. The most interesting and famous tourist attractions district - "Hadrian's Wall" and the Northumberland National Park. Grassy Cheviot Hills, the raised part of the park is the most beautiful part of the North of England and is the best suited for travel on foot or horseback tours.
Cotswolds - a huge limestone escarpment 18 miles north-east of Bristol, is a stunningly beautiful place, full of picturesque charm of Agatha Christie, and decorated with majestic cliffs, picturesque English villages and wonderful views.
Lake District ("Lake District") in the County of Lancashire - the most green and pleasant corner of England, with abundant green valleys, low but steep mountains, picturesque lakes and medieval villages, blends harmoniously into the mountain landscape. Each of the lakes is quite unlike the "neighbor": Ullswater, Grasmere and Windermere are the most beautiful, and the West Water, the Water and Krammok Battermere more exciting and much less crowded crowds of tourists.
Isles of Scilly, which lie 28 miles south-west of Lands End, represent 140 rocky islets in the heart of the warm Gulf Stream. The temperate climate allows to grow plants and trees here, which do not grow anywhere else in England, and abundant bird colonies and interesting wildlife have made this region one of the best eco-tourism sites in the country. Green hills of Shropshire to form one of the most beautiful, peaceful and characteristic areas of England. Soft landscape and low population density make these places very unusual tourist area - near the center of the densely populated country can be completely free to enjoy extreme bike riding or take a light trekking. The capital of the county, Shrewsbury, is probably the most beautiful city Tudor, and is known for its Romanesque buildings and windy medieval streets in many places has not changed over the past century. Near Vrokstera lie the ruins Virokonuma - the fourth largest city in Roman Britain. Ironbridge Gorge Museum (south of Telford) - The best museum of industrial archeology in Britain, and possibly - in the world.
Scotland, with its castles and mountainous scenery - it's a completely different country, harsh and proud, whose landscapes created her well-deserved reputation of the most popular areas in the UK. Total in Scotland has 787 islands, almost all of them are inhabited. The Western Isles can be especially good to feel that Scotland is not for nothing is one of the last countries in Europe oases of wildlife. The famous Highlands ("high ground") - the unique natural landscape of the north-west of the country, where the mountains interspersed by sea and meadows - forests.
It is here that the highest point of the UK - the mountain Ben Nevis, as well as the legendary Loch Ness, in whose waters supposedly inhabited by prehistoric monster Nessie, which attracts thousands of tourists to the Museum of the Loch Ness monster in the village of Drumnadrochit. There is also a variety of plants to produce first-class whiskey, medieval castles, fortresses and museums. The whole world known palace Holiroud House in Edinburgh, Kelvingrove Museum in Glasgow, the national natural museum "Snowdonia" with Bryn Bras Castle, park and waterfalls.
The largest city in Scotland - Glasgow (translated from Celtic - "dear green place"). The city is really quite expensive and the whole is surrounded by greenery, but it has a very distinctive architectural appearance, which combines Gothic, Italian Renaissance, the Gregorian and Victorian styles. Glasgow is the center of the arts in Scotland and the venue for many festivals. There is also owned by one of the richest museums and galleries of Europe Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow Kelvingrove. A completely unique flavor of the city give the Cathedral of St.. Mungo (1136), Hunterian Museum and Botanical Gardens and Glasgow Zoo. The city has more than 30 art galleries and museums, including the famous "Burell Collection" - one of the largest private art collections in the world, as well as the Gallery of Modern Art.
Edinburgh - pattern weave times, history itself is divided into several parts: the Old Town (early Middle Ages), the "new" (XVIII century) and modern. Edinburgh is considered one of the most beautiful but also the most expensive European capitals and is famous for its castle Castle Rock (XII century.), The majestic church of St.. Margarita (XI cent.) And the royal palace Holiroud House (the former palace of Mary Queen of Scots, and now the residence of the Queen of England). Georgian period, the city is represented by numerous squares and shopping streets, the main of which - the ancient streets of the Royal Mil and Princes Street, which are the famous "Scottish monument" and the National Art Gallery. Very picturesque church of St.. Gilles (XV c.), The building of the Scottish Parliament (1639) and the house of the Protestant reformer of the XVI century. John nonce. Edinburgh and Glasgow have contested the right to be called the cultural capital of the country - here are the famous National Gallery of Scotland and the Portrait Gallery, the Royal Museum, the Museum of Contemporary History and the history of Scotland. A number of ongoing festivals and concerts are simply not amenable to the account.
Just an hour's drive from Scotland's capital city by the sea is a small ancient town of St Andrews, where the oldest Scottish university and the oldest in the country of the golf course. Tourists tend to visit Inverary to see the beautifully preserved Gothic castle of the XII century. on the shore of the lake and the remains of the fort Fain the IV., or one of the Scottish islands. Noteworthy is the Isle of Arran (can be reached by ferry from Androssana), which is a museum of "Scotland in miniature". A half an hour from Edinburgh city Stirling - fabulously beautiful old university town. "Out of the corner of waterfalls" a place called Vale-of-Neath near the National Park of the Brecon Beacons. In the north-east coast of Scotland's historic Aberdeen, often called the "Silver City" for the special color of the granite, from which many of the buildings are composed. The city is mentioned in medieval chronicles in the time of William the Conqueror, and even then he was known throughout Europe, and in the XII-XIV centuries. it was the residence of the Scottish kings. In addition to the magnificent Gothic cathedral (1336-1552 gg.) Now he is also famous for its parks, botanical gardens and exhibits of live flowers in force all year round. Inverness - a small town 260 km. north of Edinburgh, but it is believed that it is from Inverness occurs most ancient Scottish families, it is - the real birthplace of porridge, whiskey and bagpipes.
Wales - the land of beautiful landscapes and majestic medieval castles - per square kilometer, it has more castles than anywhere else in the world. The best known castles "defensive ring", built during the reign of King Edward I, conquered Wales in the XIII century .: Castle Harlech, towering on a cliff in the heart of Wales, Conwy Castle, located at the mouth of the river, the castle on the island of Anglesey Boumaris and, of course, the most impressive castle - Caernarfon. In 1969, it took place in the castle ceremony introducing the Queen's son Charles in the title of Prince of Wales. About one fifth of the territory of Wales is a National Park - rocky peaks and glassy surface of lakes, sandy coves and bays, the mysterious underground caves Dan-ir-Ogof - the realm of stalactites and stalagmites.
Cardiff, capital of Wales, - the historical, commercial and cultural center of the country. You should definitely take a look at the magnificent Cardiff Castle, which is a combination of a Roman fort and a luxurious mansion of the XIX century. with strolling peacocks. Fabulously beautiful and its neighboring castle Castle Koch with the existing drawbridge and conical turrets, recovered from the ruins of the XVI century., As well as the Cathedral and the Church of Landaf John the Baptist (XV cent.). St. Deyvidz - the smallest cathedral city in the country. Here, in the cathedral of the XII century., The relics of St. David, the patron saint of Wales. In the area of Solvin Bay can ride over the mountains in suspended cabins right on the slopes or on the old trams. The ropes are pulled up so high in the sky, that during the trip, you can explore all the nearby rocky coast and surrounding hills.
Belfast (North. Ireland) famous Protestant Cathedral of St.. Anna, Ulster Museum and City Hall. Of the natural attractions of Northern Ireland can distinguish the "Road of the Giants" - a rock formation thousands of polygonal basalt columns up to 6 m. Altitude, as well as all of its coastline, full of quiet charm of a modest nature and constant dimensional sound of the wind and surf.
Climate United Kingdom
Temperate oceanic, mild and humid (more humid in Northern Ireland, in Scotland - a cold and dry). The weather is mostly formed by the warm Gulf Stream ocean current. The coldest month - January (from +3 C to +7 C), the warmest - July (from +11 C to +17 C). The annual rainfall is 600-750 mm, most of it falling from September to January in the form of rain, frequent fogs. North-east of the island - the coldest region, while the area of London, the south-east and Westland - the warmest parts of the country.
Time United Kingdom
Far from Moscow at 3:00 (Greenwich).
Language United Kingdom
English, in the province remains the use of the "national" languages.
Money United Kingdom
Pound equal to 100 pence. The appeal notes 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 pound and coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 pence and 1 pound. Often in everyday life, especially in the provinces, to use the name of the old British coins - "guinea", "shilling", "penny" and others., But the actual payment system is still a pound. From 1 January 2002, despite the introduction of "euro" in the territory of the EU, the UK is kept local currency.
Visa United Kingdom
To enter, you must have a passport (the validity of which is not less than six months) and a visa obtained on the basis of the invitation, as well as in a number of cases demonstrate an ability to pay for their expenses. To obtain a visa must have a passport, an invitation (tourist, private or official), two profiles with photos, certificate of employment stating position, date of joining and annual income, bank statements, previous passports with visas and stamps from different countries on past trips.
Visa applications can be submitted in person or by proxy. All applications are accepted on a standard letterhead profiles. The application form must be signed personally. Failure to do so may result in denial of entry. Persons arriving in the UK for a trip to visit as tourists, for business, for science, sports, art, and so on. D. Qualify at the embassy as "Visitors" and the rules for them alone.
The fee for a visitor visa (6 months, multiple), work permit up to 6 months, transit and student visa is 50 pounds for a visitor visa for a period of 1 year - £ 85 for 2 years - 85 pounds on 5 years - 85 pounds. Only cash in rubles at the embassy. Consular fee paid before the examination of the visa application, the application shall be accepted for consideration only after publication. In the case of visa refusal or withdrawal of the application fee is not refundable.
Special requirements apply to photos attached on the profiles. Pin up photographs should be stapled to the edge so that the staples did not go on a person's face. Questionnaire on which pictures are pinned so that the bracket is located on top of the face of the applicant are not considered. Background of pictures must be light, so that features can be readily discerned and they are contrasted with the background. Photos should be clear and of good quality, made in the last 6 months, and should be printed on normal photographic paper. Not Framed photo size should be 45 to 35 mm, and the person's face should be fully fit in the photo (not taken photos taken in hats or other headgear or sunglasses, unless the applicant wears them for religious reasons or for reasons ethnic character.
To obtain a visa a child under 18, or making it into a visa to one of the parents needed a copy of his birth certificate and notarized permission to travel from not following them with their parents. If one of the parents is dead, deprived of parental rights, has gone missing, and so on. G., Need relevant documents (for example, if the father is divorced from the child's mother, but not deprived of parental rights and the child did not refuse him need permission). To obtain a visa the child of a single mother made the appropriate book.
Since February 12, 2006 on visa children who are going to the UK, put a special mark "Children's visa" of two types:
1 "Accompanied" - for children traveling with one or two parents (guardians), or other accompanying. Visa on the name of the accompanying and passport number. In the case of two attendants, due to lack of space, indicated only passport numbers. The child can not travel on this visa without an accompanying specified there.
2 "Unaccompanied" - for children who are allowed to travel alone (this type of visa does not prevent the child to travel with any of the adults).
If a child is having a visa with such notes, reaches his eighteenth birthday, after his visa will be treated as an ordinary tourist visa.
Citizens of the Russian transit visa is not required, provided the arrival of the aircraft and the presence of the ticket, confirming that within 24 hours of the passenger flies into the country, which is framed visa. At the same visa-free transit is at the discretion of the immigration service of the United Kingdom who are eligible for one reason or another to deny visa-free stay at the airport. Therefore advised to transit visa at the British Embassy. To obtain a one-time transit visa with a stay in the country for more than 48 hours, you must have a visa of the country of destination (purpose of the trip must be outside the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Republic of Ireland), proof of sufficient funds and travel documents to stay. To obtain reusable transit visa is required a passport and visa to the country of destination, the validity of which must exceed the validity of the transit visa (6 months). Short way out of the airport building is possible.
On November 25, 2005 the British Consulate in Moscow no longer accepts visa applications from the public. On April 1, 2006 Filing with the embassy through a third-party organization, whose functions will include receiving and checking of documents, data entry into the computer, obtaining consular fees and transfer them to the bank, as well as the delivery of documents to the British Embassy in Moscow and the General Consulates in St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg. In the interim period, as the issue of visas to all private customers will be borne by the consulate recommended tour operators. However, these measures do not apply to the British Consulate in St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg, continue to operate as before.
Traditions United Kingdom
As the saying came courtesy of the British. British diligently avoid colloquially any personal moments, that is all that may seem an invasion of privacy and steadfast in all that regards the rules, laws and their enforcement. Here, they do not allow either to indulgence themselves or others. Ability to patiently listen to the interlocutor, while not objecting to it, does not always mean consent. In conversations at the table is better to avoid topics relating to Northern Ireland, privacy and money. Not accepted at a party and exchange of business cards. By lunchtime, made dress, it should be the other clothes than the one in which you were the day. In addition, if you are stopped at a British family have to change clothes every day into something new. But this is not necessarily an evening dress, clothes can be democratic.
Queen's Birthday (June), 1 and 2 January, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Christmas Day - December 25 and 26, the first Monday in May and the last Monday in August.
World's most famous Flower Festival takes place in Chelsea (almost within the precincts of London) in May. The most grandiose and solemn celebration of the country - the Queen's Birthday, held in London in mid-June. In Edinburgh every summer (in August) the International Festival of Music and Drama "Fringe" ("On the Edge"). Enchanting Glastonbury Music Festival takes place among the Welsh hills in June. Grand "Caribbean Carnival" (the biggest carnival of Caribbean music from outside the region) in Notting Hill (London) is held in late August. Annual international music festival held in July in the town of Llangollen (Wales).
Across the country, every day so be sure to pass any competition for a variety of sports. The most famous - a traditional "boat race" Oxbridge takes place in London on the River. Thames at the end of March, the Grand National Steeple Cup by Chez (the oldest and most honorable horse competitions in the world) is held in Aintree on the first Saturday in April, the national football championship reaches its climax at London's Wembley Stadium (before 2001 year) in May, the most prestigious tennis tournaments planets pass in Wimbledon in late June, the Royal Regatta starts in Heinl-on-Thames in June, and in late July held a real extravaganza of yachting - Cowes Week-Week - on the Isle of Wight .
Traditional cuisine United Kingdom
For the English cuisine is characterized by fairly conservative cooking with little or no use of sauces and hot spices. Very popular fish and vegetable dishes as well as grilled meat in various forms. The national drink - tea, drink it usually with milk and sugar. Somewhat different from the English Welsh (Welsh) and Scottish cuisine - a "bright" and spicy. It is highly recommended to try the lamb chops with a sauce of lemon, coriander, yogurt and mint, the famous British steaks and steaks, a variety of smoked fish, hot pancakes with butter and sweet cakes and, of course, countless types of puddings. Especially good muffins, biscuits, cookies and saffron buns.
Alcoholic beverages are also quite traditional - beer, whiskey and gin all kinds, as well as the famous ale and cider (not what is usually meant by the same name on the continent - English cider is very strong!).
Political system United Kingdom
United Kingdom - a constitutional monarchy, the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. Although the monarchy and deprived of real political power, however, the queen remains an integral part of the British way of life, in many ways defining and political life of the country, and national identity. Legislative power is vested in a bicameral parliament (the House of Commons and House of Lords). The Cabinet of Ministers (the executive branch) is formed by the Prime Minister - the leader of the party that has a majority in parliament. Under the control of the UK are 13 dependent territories - Gibraltar, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin, Cayman, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat and the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and a number of other areas. United Kingdom - a constitutional monarchy, the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. Although the monarchy and deprived of real political power, however, the queen remains an integral part of the British way of life, in many ways defining and political life of the country, and national identity. Legislative power is vested in a bicameral parliament (the House of Commons and House of Lords). The Cabinet of Ministers (the executive branch) is formed by the Prime Minister - the leader of the party that has a majority in parliament. Under the control of the UK are 13 dependent territories - Gibraltar, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin, Cayman, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat and the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and a number of other areas.
Population United Kingdom
About 60 million. Persons. Approximately 78% of the population consider themselves to be British, the other represented the Scots, Welsh (Welsh) and Irish. In addition, the country is home to a large number of immigrants from Central and South-East Asia (Indians, Pakistanis, Chinese), Arabs, Africans and others.
Customs United Kingdom
Import and export of local and foreign currency is unlimited. The import of cigarettes - 200 pcs. (or cigars - 50 pcs., or tobacco - up to 250 gr.), alcohol strength exceeding 22% - up to 1 liter. (strength less than 22% - up to 2 liters.) Perfume - 50 ml Eau de Toilette - 250 ml, souvenirs and gifts - no more than 32 pounds.
The import of drugs, weapons, knives with blades popping up, counterfeit coins and banknotes, obscene materials, meat, poultry and their products, all kinds of live birds and bird eggs (you can import up to 1 kg. Ready-to-eat poultry or semi-finished products) , radios, plants. The transit of antiques and antiquities without the permission of the respective organizations, as well as rare species of animals. Importation of medicines is prohibited, except for medicines intended for personal use (requires a prescription).
Traveling with pets is difficult, t. To. Requires a long quarantine.
Medical aid United Kingdom
Emergency medical care is provided free of charge. Between Russia and Great Britain signed a mutual agreement on the provision of medical care. The full free treatment in the UK can claim citizens with a specially designed area of the Russian Federation. Medical insurance is formally necessary to pay for services not included in the list of emergency medical care.
Working hours United Kingdom
Banks are open from 9.00 to 15.30 without interruption on weekdays, the big banks are also open on Saturday.
Shops are open from 9.00 to 17.30, large - up to 20.00 on weekdays from 9.00 am to 12.00 pm on Saturday. Sunday - closed.
Transport United Kingdom
Road and driving rules
United Kingdom - a country with left-hand traffic. The road network of high quality covers the entire territory of the country. Use of seat belts is obligatory for everyone in the car. The speed limit outside urban areas - 60-100 km / h, in the settlements - 40-60 km / h on highways - 100-120 km / h.
Driving rules in the UK are very strict. The policeman has the right to write on the spot fine of up to £ 30 for smoking in the cabin, loud music, card-seed, changing CDs in the player, eating, drinking soft drinks, aggressive behavior in respect of passengers, and so on. Penalties for driving under the influence of alcohol (above 0.5 ppm) is very hard.
The UK also introduced fines for using a mobile phone while driving. Violators face a fine of £ 30. Argue with a policeman or prove his innocence not only pointless, but also dangerous - the size of the punishment in this case, can be dramatically increased.
Parking in central London is prohibited. Public transport in London is developed well enough - to anywhere in the city can be reached by subway (the first in the world), the famous double-decker buses, express buses (green) or minibuses. Fares across all modes (even underground) depends on the distance.
Another view of the London transport - train DLR. This is a few trailers without a driver, holds about 250 people. They provide a link of the former docks area to the metro stations and railway, as well as the city center. Metro tickets are valid on the DLR, and vice versa. Transport tickets can be purchased at machines located in subway stations and bus stops on land transport. In addition, bus tickets can be bought from the driver.
Taxi - two types. The famous "black cabs" are relatively expensive. They work on the counter: $ 3 per pickup and $ 1.2 - 1 kilometer. Cheaper machines are called "minicab" (they can not take 5 passengers as real "cabs", but only 4). They only accept orders by phone, operate without meters, so the tariff should inquire in advance.
London subway system consists of twelve lines. Lines are often branch out into separate branches in a particular area of the city, so you should always pay attention to the destination of the train. Furthermore, one and the same path may go different train lines.
All Greater London is divided into six zones, which are concentric circles radiate out from the center. Any ticket must be valid for all areas in which passes the trip.
The most expensive is the first zone, with ample room for the city center and the largest number of tourist attractions. The cost of one trip in it is 1.5 GBP. With the addition of these zones is gradually increased price. Child ticket costs about 40% of the adult price.
In metro tickets are checked at the exit. Buy cheap daily or weekly ticket (ticket required for a weeklong photo). Apart from the main subway, there is another small private line - "Docklands Light Railway". Individual tickets are on the line - their own, but citywide travel are everywhere.
Electricity United Kingdom
Voltage is 220 V, 50 Hz. Sockets - three-prong, grounded. The adapter is available in the hotel.
Tip United Kingdom
Tipping is 10-15% of the bill (if it is not included a service charge). In the hotel bars and cafes is customary to leave small coins. Taxi driver tipping is optional, but usually "good form" is considered to leave up to 10% of the counter. Hotel maid - 10-20 pounds in a week, the porter - 50-75 pence (in a prestigious hotel - 1 pound per bag). Pubs "tea" is not allowed.
Helpful information United Kingdom
Help London - 142.
Fire brigade, police and ambulance - 999.
Road Emergency Service - (0800) 822-87-82 (Automobile Association) or (0800) 888-77-66 (Royal Automobile Club).