Vietnam - a green paddy fields and coconut groves along the large rivers in the distance beyond the horizon - blue mountains in ghostly haze, blue crystal clear sea water, hot sun, bustling Vietnamese markets, the sea of exotic fruits, lots of variety of marine products, cute smiling Vietnamese women in palm hats ...
Vietnam - a country in Southeast Asia, located on the Indochina Peninsula in the north bordering China, on the west by Laos and Cambodia, and to the south and east by the South China Sea. Area - 331,000 km2. Vietnam has a large number of islands and two large Hoang Sa archipelago and Chyongsha, the length of the coastline is 3260 km. Three-quarters of the country - mountains, there are two fertile delta main waterways of the country: the delta of the Mekong River and the Red River Delta.
The capital of Vietnam: Hanoi (with suburbs - about 3.5 million. Inhabitants).
Vietnam has an ancient culture, according to the excavation in the vicinity of the mountains to the (Thanh Hoa province) were found prints Wee Sean culture that existed 10,000 years ago. Currently preserved 7300 monuments throughout Vietnam and many ancient traditions, customs and festivals.
The Vietnamese nation was born among the lagoons and marshes of the delta Red River (Red River) approximately 4000 years ago, and for almost the entire time of its independent existence ruled from Hanoi - small, elegant capital city of Vietnam, located in the heart of the northern delta.
Stay in Hanoi will be accompanied by the unusual atmosphere of the city. Given the political and historical importance of Hanoi and its people in the amount of three million people, one can only wonder how this city has kept its discreet character and habits of a provincial town. Although it is significantly increased Western influence on the style of life in the capital of Vietnam - has sharply increased the traffic flow and the number of shopping centers - Hanoi still very behind the brash young Ho Chi Minh. Currently, the situation in the city is still relaxed.
In Hanoi courthouse survived the eleventh century, which was founded by the father of King Thai people Ly Thai To, also during the stay will be interesting to visit the Temple of Literature and some of the streets in the old quarter, where it is still selling the same goods as 500 years ago. In 1887, the French turned the Hanoi government center of all of Indochina, replacing all the ancient monuments of the masterpieces of architecture and sculpture. Hanoi became the capital of an independent Vietnam until 1954, and was the first president Ho Chi Minh City. The most visited place in Hanoi - a mausoleum of the first President Ho Chi Minh.
City suffered heavy losses during the Vietnam-American War, especially during the infamous bombing in 1971 on Christmas Day. Explore the history of this war can be at the Army Museum. Until recently, political isolation and lack of resources kept the city in the form in which it was in the 1950s, but in parallel with the development of tourism since 1993, the city experienced a burst of modernization and restoration, passing thousands of owning a street cafe, mini-hotels and an internet café. Be sure to walk on Hang Bac - one of the main streets of the old quarter, where the most popular and favorite tourist bars and shops. The main question, which is now worried about the capital's residents and tourists, is how modernization affects the central districts of the city and will be spared any historical monuments and buildings.
Hanoi will give you a great vacation - full of exotic Vietnam, and at the same time provide all the creature comforts.
Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City is located slightly above the Mekong Delta, 40 km to the north of the South China Sea. Ho Chi Minh City - a city that has arisen as a result of economic recovery, where an absolute monarch - a dollar. This bustling city perched on the west bank of the Saigon River and has fine restaurants, immaculate hotels and luxury bars, which are combined with colonial villas, venerable pagodas and austere, apartment houses of the Soviet period. If you decide to spend your holidays in Vietnam it is here you will find Ho Chi Minh City is quite interesting and intriguing city.
Unfortunately, the city of Ho Chi Minh City also faced with a gap between progress and tradition, so there still are people who belief or tradition prohibit recognition of progress, which is why they can not find a job, live practically on the street and support its existence with the help of theft and prostitution. Level of petty crime in Ho Chi Minh City in recent years has increased very significantly, especially theft is booming, so please keep an eye on your belongings and do not walk through the dark streets, if your tour takes you here.
History of Ho Chi Minh City has its origins in the period Ankvor (early fifteenth century), at this time here is based settlement Prey Nokor - a small fishing village that thrived due to the ability to repair the boat, and provided services for temporary storage Cambodian ships that went down the Mekong. By the seventeenth century there settled Khmer garrison and the community of Malay, Indian and Chinese traders. Throughout the eighteenth century, the dynasty Nuys Nken, which at that time was in exile at the Khmer Prey Nokor renames the city to Saigon and makes it his temporary capital from 1772 to 1802, after which the Emperor Gia Long has long used the city as a regional administration center. In 1861, Saigon was captured by the French, and a year later the city was declared the capital of the French Kochinchiny. The French started the huge public works program, building roads, dried swamps, but the board was very strict. After the Thirty Years' War against the French, Saigon finally became the capital of the Republic of South Vietnam President: Format in 1955, but quickly turns into a hostage of American investment and the center of military operations against the Americans. In the end, American troops departed in 1973, and two years later, as a result of the coup, the government moved to Ho Chi Minh and the Communist Party. The following year, Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.
With such a turbulent history, Ho Chi Minh City will not disappoint you if you decide to start your acquaintance with Vietnam here.
Danang - Vietnam's main port and the fourth largest city in the country. Danang harbors few attractions, except Khan Museum, but pleasantly and unexpectedly surprised by the excellent transport links with the rest of the country - the airport and the railway, which can not increase the number of rounds here.
During the American War, this city served as the massive South Vietnamese air base, as well as here found shelter thousands of American soldiers and refugees who settled here in search of work. Walking while relaxing on the Da Nang today, you all will feel the impact of Vietnam on France, which is especially evident on the leafy boulevards and when the colonial-style building. Strange and uncomfortable feature of the city is that Danang has long been in the process of replacing street house numbers, leading to potential confusion and there was a situation where the old and new street numbers mixed up and is still sometimes difficult to find a house at .
Two blocks south of Market Han Cho begins colonial Danang, where, in addition to the pink walls of the cathedral that is a small amount of wood, covered with stucco buildings in oriental style. If there turn right and walk along the river 750 m, it is possible to get to the museum Khan, who is in the southern end of Bach Dang (open daily from 7 am to 17.30; entrance - $ 1.30), most multi-faceted exposure which includes art Khan collected from around the world. This collection is elegant, and sometimes terribly serious, terracotta figurines made of sandstone, attracts with its tantalizing glimpse of the submission of the artists inspired by the culture, which has managed to control most of southern Vietnam for a thousand years. The museum will surely love the fact that not imagine a holiday without exploring the historic curiosities.
Temple Danang - Sanga Dai, Hai Phong on front of the hospital, was built in 1956 and is the second most important temple in Vietnam after Thea Nikhil. This temple was built by the elderly Archbishop, assisted by seventeen priests. This temple - is a smaller, simpler version of Thea Nikhil over which is the all-seeing eye of the Supreme Being, here are the main images of the saints - Cao Dai, Lao-tzu, Confucius, Jesus and Buddha. Supporters of all faiths gather here four times a day to worship (6.00, 12.00, 18 - and 24.00).
City of Hue (Hue) is located in the central part of Vietnam on the Perfume River (Song Huong), a three-hour drive from Danang International Airport. This former capital of ancient Vietnam, like Kyoto, Japan. In 1744 the town Fusuan, future Hue was the capital of South Vietnam, and from 1802 to 1945. city, has experienced eighteen monarchs of the Nguyen Dynasty, being the capital of the united empire of Annam and the residence of Vietnamese emperors. In the mid-20th century Hue lost the status of the capital city, and today it is of interest to lovers of antiquities. In the modern history of Vietnam, the city entered the participation in the war with the United States - in 1968 it was the scene of a major battle in the Vietnam War, the so-called "New Year's attack" followed by the liberation of the country.
Hue City, with its grandiose complex of cultural monuments, including 300 architectural sites recognized by UNESCO in 1993, a monument of world cultural heritage.
In the intermountain valley behind the thick walls of the ancient citadel, hiding Imperial city Dai Noi. In the past century, it occupied an area of about 40 hectares and a population of up to 100 buildings, located six blocks. In Dai Noi were four roads through the Gate of Peace in the north, the east gate Humanity, Gate of Virtue in the west and Ngo Mon Gate (Ngo Mon) in the south. Last symbolized the emperor and were discovered only during ceremonies.
Imperial Citadel in Closed Purple City - home of the emperor and his family, was built in the first half of the XIX century. She suffered greatly after the battles of 1968, but some structures survived - the best preserved southern gate of Ngo Mon. Inside the rooms are preserved mandarins, which hosted the official ceremony, and the palace of Thai Hoa, where the emperor received ambassadors. On the contrary, the main gate is the highest flagpole in the country with the national flag on it. At the entrance to the Citadel on either side of the flagpole survived 9 sacred guns manufactured in 1804 and dedicated to the 4 corners of the earth, and 5 elements. Not less magnificent imperial tombs (Royal Tombs) - this 6 tombs of former rulers, each of which includes several buildings - temples, monuments, arches, steles and the actual tomb. Necropolis is located on the banks of the Perfume River to the south-west of the city. Tomb of Khai Dinh, built from 1920-1925., Is a small palace on the top of a hill. To get to it, you need to overcome more than one flight of stairs. In the center of the tomb, richly decorated with colorful glass and porcelain mosaics, under the high arches calmly seated golden figure of the emperor.
Thien Mu Pagoda (Thien Mu) - one of the most famous pagodas in Vietnam. It was founded in 1601 on the north bank of the Perfume River, 4 km west of Hue. Its construction is associated with the legend of the holy woman (thien mu), which was the residents and said that they will build their master pagoda and the local ruler had to start the project. Dongba Market (Dong Ba) is the main city market. Here you can buy a home proudly Hue - Vietnamese conical hat. Quality and exquisite paintings hats really better than similar models in other cities, sometimes on the hat displayed a whole poem with illustrations.
Vietnam, thanks to an extended form of their territories, and has a variety of climatic conditions. In the north of Vietnam, there is a clear separation of the seasons: the short-lived winter gives way to the sun in spring, warm summer and mild autumn. In South Vietnam as part of the relevant concepts such as the dry season and the rainy season - this time pouring rains regularly, usually in the evening and daytime. In this case, the average daily temperature in Vietnam ranges from twenty-two to twenty-seven degrees Celsius. In the mountainous regions of Vietnam, for example, in Dalat and Sapa summer temperature does not exceed twenty degrees, which at the time made this place very popular for summer holidays in Vietnam Europeans. There is a clear differentiation of areas of Vietnam by climate and geography makes a visit to Vietnam comfortable at any time of year - everyone is able to choose a vacation in Vietnam in the most comfortable for him climates.
Ahead of Moscow: in the summer time is 3 hours, in the winter - 4 hours.
Each group has its own traditions and language, but the most popular and most widely spoken language in Vietnam is Vietnamese.
Dongs ($ 1 is approximately equal to 15900 Dong), dollars are accepted. Credit cards Visa card, MasterCard ... in supermarkets, business centers and hotels.
When crossing the border of Vietnam to present a passport with a visa, as well as fill out a customs declaration, which must be saved until the date of departure from the country. Vietnam visa issued in diplomatic missions and consular offices of Vietnam abroad.
To stay in Vietnam to Russian citizens need a visa. To do this, the Consular Section must submit:
1 passport, which expires no less than a month after leaving Vietnam.
2 1 4x6 photo (color or black and white).
3 Help with the work on company letterhead, indicating the position and salary, the seal and signature of the responsible person (director, Ch. Accountant).
4 was discharged flights.
Term of the visa - 7 working days.
Visa on arrival
Visa on arrival is placed, it is necessary to go to the bar "Visas upon arrival", which is located in front of the airport passport control and submit the Visa Officer the following documents:
• Allowing for a visa on arrival (visa support), provided the host country.
• Valid passport, valid for at least 6 months at the time of the return trip.
• 2 identical color photographs 40 x 60 mm in the last six months for all the traveling (including children inscribed).
• A completed application form, issued by the tour operator in Moscow or upon arrival at the front "Visas upon arrival".
Religion: Buddhism, and other religion is not prohibited.
Holidays and public holidays in Vietnam:
January 1 (New Year), April 30 (Day of the Liberation of South Vietnam), May 1 (Labour Day). The main national holiday - Independence Day - celebrated on September 2. The most popular holiday "Tet" (the new year on the lunar calendar), usually attributable to the end of January - beginning of February (4 day weekend).
Traditional cuisine Vietnam
Vietnamese cuisine is famous for its uniqueness and exquisite taste. She is not like any Chinese nor Korean nor Japanese. Mint leaves, coriander, lemongrass (lemongrass), shrimp, fish sauce "nyok mothers", ginger, black pepper, garlic and basil give Vietnamese cuisine unique kind of flavor. Does not burn, and tender and savory spices, and minimal use of fats, focus on fresh ingredients, a variety of rice dishes, vegetables, and seafood make Vietnamese cuisine is not only delicious, but also useful, and in addition is very popular with the most discerning palate, and the adherents of a healthy diet.
Additional charges Vietnam
Airport tax in Vietnam: International flights. 14USD - Noi Bai Airport, 12 USD - Tan Son Nhat Airport, 8 USD - Da Nang Airport. Domestic flights from 15,000-25,000 dong.
Political system Vietnam
Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Head of State - Secretary General of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
About 83 million. Persons.
The import of alcohol strength above 22 degrees - 1.5 liters, strength below 22 degrees - 2 liters of beer - 3 liters, cigarettes and cigarettes - 400 pcs, cigars - 100 pieces, smoking tobacco - 500 grams of tea - 5 kg coffee - 3 kg; clothes and other luggage items necessary for the purpose of travel. Is also allowed duty-free import and export of Vietnam other pieces of luggage not exceeding $ 300.
The export of currency in an amount not exceeding seven thousand. Dollars and 10 million. VND. At export of currency in excess of this amount, requires special permission of the State Bank of Vietnam.
In addition to the universally accepted prohibitions on the import of such things as drugs, weapons, etc., Vietnam is prohibited to import equipment telegraph and telephone services, all kinds of potent chemicals, poisons; documents, sculptures, books, newspapers, magazines, etc.., the content of which is directed against the political, economic and social security to the detriment of Vietnam culture and morality; substances hazardous to health well-being; saccharin.
Banned the export of substances hazardous to health well-being; valuable species of animals, products of animal origin of valuable raw materials (ivory, tortoise shell, tiger skins); antiques, paintings, documents, printed materials related to the revolutionary past and artistic culture of Vietnam; precious metals, stones, pearls, diamonds and their products, securities; all types of metals, alloys, and mercury; specimens of flora, fauna, mineral resources of Vietnam.
International airports and other border checkpoints of the country are sanitary and quarantine posts, controlling the entry of nationals and import of goods and other items from the areas of epidemics. When entering the country is filled with a declaration of a state of health, with the presentation of a medical certificate, as well as evidence of AIDS, is not required. For import into Vietnam pets must have a veterinary certificate with a notarized translation into Vietnamese. For export from Vietnam pets must have a veterinary certificate.
Medical aid Vietnam
Before the trip to Vietnam is recommended to be vaccinated against malaria and yellow fever, although there is no danger. In major cities, you can get medical care for not much money in the urban clinics, private clinics or medical offices at hotels. In pharmacies, major cities sold drugs of all known pharmaceutical companies in the world. In the larger resorts can buy different liquids from mosquitoes and need to stock up on sunscreen.
Air transport is represented by the national airline of the state "Vietnam Airlines", which carries domestic flights and flights to a number of cities in Europe, the USA, Japan, Korea, Australia, China, and Southeast Asian countries. The airline also operates shareholder "Pacific Airlines" (a mostly flights to Taiwan). Flights from Moscow to Vietnam made "Vietnam Airlines" (twice a week in Hanoi, once - in Ho Chi Minh City), "Aeroflot" from October 2005 temporarily suspended flights to Vietnam. Major freight transportation is by road and water transport.
Car rental is not practiced for foreign citizens. Vietnamese Road Service does not recognize the international driver's license, driver's licenses are issued Vietnamese at least 2 months. You can rent a car with a driver.
Potable water Vietnam
It is not recommended to drink water from the tap. Order iced drinks available only in large cities, in hotels. In rural areas not recommended iced drinks, because the ice can be made from river water, water from Vietnam drink bottles.
In Vietnam, there are no specific rules to give a tip. However, as in the other country, a tip is not forbidden.
Helpful information Vietnam
Ambulance - 115; Fire Brigade - 114; Police - 113 telephone country code - 84.
Vietnamese Tourist Office - (04) 825-7532, 826-4154 (Hanoi), (054) 828-316 (Hue).
Supplemental phone numbers - 116.
Noi Bai International Airport (Hanoi) - (04) 886-6527.
Tansonhat International Airport (Ho Chi Minh City) - (08) 848-5383, 832-0320.
Da Nang International Airport - (0511) 830-339.